PLEASE DO ME THE ANALYSIS OF THIS LETTER……. DIRECTIONS ARE IN THE BOTTOM.
Letter 1: Sherman to Senator John Sherman (1/25/1863):
Note: John Sherman was Sherman’s brother.
Two years have passed and the rebel flag still haunts our nationâ€™s capital â€“ our armies enter the best rebel territory and the wave closes in behind, scarcely leaving a furrow mark behind. The utmost we can claim is that our enemy respects our power to do them physical harm more than they did at first; but as to loving us any more, it were idle even to claim it. Our armies are devastating the land and it is sad to see the destruction that attends our progress â€“ we cannot help it. Farms disappear, houses are burned and plundered, and every living animal killed and eaten. General officers make feeble efforts to stay the disorder, it is idle. . . .
The South abounds in corn, cattle and provisions and the progress in manufacturing shoes and cloth for the soldiers is wonderful. They are as well supplied as we and they have an abundance of the best cannon, arms and ammunition. In long range cannon they rather excel us and their regiments are armed with the very best rifles and cartridges . . . and I still say they have now as large armies in the field as we. They give up cheerfully all they have. I still see no end or even the beginning of the end . . . .
The early actors and heroes of the war will be swept away, and those who study its progress, its developments, and divine its course will be most appreciated. We are in for the war, and must fight it out, cost what it may. As to making popularity out of it, it is simply ridiculous and all who attempt it will be swept as chaff before the wind.
- what the letter reveals about Shermanâ€™s rationale/reasons for waging a â€œdestructive war.â€
- what clues does the letter provide us as to his reasoning for breaking with military tradition, both by cutting off from his armyâ€™s supply lines, AND his willingness to impose hardship on southern civilians.
- specifically, how does his reasoning seem influenced by the overall context of the war and the direction the war had taken (see our Landscape of Destruction lecture and Death and the Civil War video).