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Please write a paragraph responding to the discussion bellow. Add citations and references in alphabetical order.

The American Cancer Society has a variety of resources on their website that will help individuals and families suffering from cancer find the education and support they need. If I had a friend recently diagnosed with cancer, I would explain that the American Cancer Society has a website where they can go to find answers regarding cancer, including what causes cancer, its signs and symptoms, how cancer is treated, and support resources (American Cancer Society [ACS], 2019). The ACS services I would especially recommend would be under the “Treatment and Services” tab. From there, I would navigate them to the section called “Facing a Diagnosis”. This is an important service because ACS provides a guide for patients and families after they have received their diagnosis of cancer. This guide provides information to help understand your diagnosis, treatment options, how to cope and what to expect moving forward (ACS, 2019). Having the answers to the basic questions about cancer can help someone feel more in control, know what questions to ask and be able to cope better with their diagnosis (ACS, 2019).

According the ACS, causes of the increasing incidence of several forms of cancer are unclear, but is believed to be from changes in risk factors and detection systems for cancer (American Cancer Society [ACS], 2019). There are several risk factors contributing to the yearly incidence and mortality rates of various cancers in Americans. The CDC reports “the number of cancer deaths is expected to increase from about 575,000 per year in 2010 to 630,000 per year in 2020. However, the rate of people who die from cancer is expected to decrease from about 171 per 100,000 people in 2010 to 151 per 100,000 people in 2020” (CDC, 2015).Research shows that due to the rise in Americans being overweight and obese, over the next decade there will be an increase in breast, colorectal, esophageal, uterine, pancreas, and kidney cancers (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2015). Due to this data, weight related cancers should increase from 30% to 40% by 2020 (CDC, 2015). Additionally, cancers from infectious disease are believed to increase by 50%. The CDC reports that liver cancers due to number of hepatitis infections in those who were born from 1945-1965 will be the result of this increase (CDC, 2015). Furthermore, oral cancers are expected to increase by 30% in males due to HPV infections (CDC, 2015).

The reason for an increase in cancer related deaths among white and black Americans from 1975-2009 was due to the aging population of Caucasians and growing population of African Americans (CDC, 2015). Overall the death rates have been dropping since the 90’s and the rates of cancer related deaths per 100,000 is projected to decline in the US (CDC, 2015). The types of cancer that will have a decrease in mortality overtime include, prostate, colorectal, lung, breast, cervical and melanoma (CDC, 2015).

Changes in policy and practice that are most likely to affect these figures overtime include; preventative care. The CDC states the importance of early detection, from regular screenings, staying current with vaccinations, and making healthier choices in life, involving maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding tobacco and limiting or not consuming alcohol (CDC, 2015). In addition, there are several programs funded by the CDC and ACS that gather data of cancer cases every year in each state allowing them to track cancer trends, enhance prevention strategies, reducing cancer related disparities (CDC, 2015).

Clinical Cancer Research, Nutrition, and Immunology is a program funded by ACS that focus is on therapies for cancer (American Cancer Society [ACS], 2019). “The scope of the program includes basic, preclinical, clinical, and epidemiological investigations of immunotherapy, inflammatory responses, immunosurvellience, and innate and adaptive immune responses” (ACS, 2019). This program places an emphasis on developing and applying new imaging and techniques on how physical activity, nutrition and environment impact the ways cancer can be prevented, treated and the progression (ACS, 2019). These prevention studies help ACS save lives by allowing researchers to identify cancer risk factors by studying large groups of people over a long period of time (ACS, 2019). Key findings from this research include: The evidence basis for the Society’s Guidelines on Nutrition and Physical Activity for Cancer Prevention (ACS, 2019). Data showed that a diet involving, consumption of red and processed meat, alcohol, and minimal exercise all increase the risks of cancer and mortality. Overall, these findings allowed researchers to develop the Society’s Guidelines on Nutrition and Physical Activity for Cancer Prevention (ACS, 2019).

References:

American Cancer Society. (2019). Cancer Facts & Figures 2012. Retrieved from https://www.cancer.org/research/cancer-facts-stati…

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