please respond to Carolyn a,b,c,d
Discussion board #1 – Genetics –
A.)Do you believe that genetic enhancements should be legal? Why or why not? Explain in detail. (75 points)
The general understanding in public policy is that human genetic engineering, whether done for therapeutic or aesthetic purposes, is morally wrong. The main justification is that using current genetic engineering technologies in people entails an unacceptable level of risk.
Genetic enhancement is not necessarily evil, and the distinction does not provide a clear line between moral and immoral genetic operations. Examining the pertinent facts in the context of moral standards is necessary to determine the acceptability of any specific genetic intervention. Some forms of genetic therapy and some forms of genetic augmentation are morally undesirable. I will examine a number of approaches to attempting to make a clear moral distinction between therapy and enhancement in support of this position.
B.)Give a detailed example of a genetic enhancement that you believe has benefits to humans? Explain in detail why it is beneficial. (75 points)
The following are potential advantages of genetic engineering: higher-nutrient food. tastier food plants that can withstand disease and drought and use fewer resources from the environment (such as water and fertilizer)
Selective breeding can sometimes produce undesirable features, which is one of its drawbacks. One particular gene can be inserted via genetic engineering. By doing this, additional genes carrying undesirable features are avoided. Using genetic engineering can hasten the process of developing novel foods with desired properties.
The following are potential advantages of genetic engineering:
plants that can withstand disease and drought and use fewer resources from the environment (such as water and fertilizer)
Using fewer insecticides
increased food supply with lower prices and a longer shelf life
faster-growing animals and vegetation
Food with better qualities, such potatoes that fry with less of a chemical that causes cancer
foods used in medicine that could be utilized as vaccinations or other treatments
Concerns concerning GE foods have been voiced by a few people, including:food production that can result in an allergic or harmful reaction
Unexpected or detrimental genetic alterations
accidentally transferring genes from one genetically modified plant or animal to another that wasn’t supposed to be modified
foods with fewer nutritional benefits
C.)Give a detailed example of a genetic enhancement that you believe is detrimental to humans? Explain in detail why it is detrimental. (75 points)
Technology exists to use human genome editing on somatic (non-heritable), germline (not for reproduction), and germline cells (for reproduction). Application of somatic human genome editing, including in vivo editing, has previously been made, for example to treat HIV and sickle-cell disease.
It is against the law to deviate from a person’s genetic legacy, which is something that subsequent generations are entitled to. Other objections have also been raised.
Because terrorists can use both the information and the technology to replicate dangerous viruses like the poliovirus, the availability of genomic information and genetic engineering technology poses a grave threat to civilization.
D.)What other comments or ideas do you want to offer regarding genetic enhancement with humans? Explain in detail. This question is not optional.
Before human genetic engineering becomes widespread, there are eight issues to ask:
1.)Can embryos give their consent? There are now more than 2,000 human clinical trials for gene therapy. To cure blindness, for instance, some
must take place throughout a child’s developmental stage. The greatest risks can result from doing nothing. Delaying retinal gene therapy, for instance, may cause youngsters to be able to detect light patterns but never develop the ability to recognize faces.
2.)Will genetic engineering alter civilization indefinitely?
3.)What constitutes the limit? Future ethical and governmental restrictions on genetic engineering will necessitate nuance.
4.)Can the risk to embryos be reduced?
5.)Will there eventually be genetic repercussions?
6.)Will it worsen wealth disparity?
7.)Certain traits may seem overly complicated.
8.)Are we looking for the perfect person? We require diversity, not just in terms of skin melanin concentrations, as history and evolution have taught us. Diversity in the immune system, metabolism, culture, and mind is necessary, thus we also need people with high-functioning autism, OCD, ADHD, bipolar disorder, dyslexia, and narcolepsy.