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6122BEUG-Risk-Management-Task2Guide.docx

Integrated Solid Waste Management Facility

Your company is tendering for a contract to build and run an integrated waste management facility to treat the municipal waste produced by the area around Byromton for the next 30 years. The site is located on a former gasworks in the industrial zone in the south of Byromton.

There are three facilities proposed for this site, as well as a head office for your company:

· a 60 000 tonnes per year (tpy) materials reclamation facility (MRF);

· a 138 000 tpy Energy from Waste Plant (EfW) or incinerator;

· a green waste composting area to treat up to 25 000 tpy.

The plant will be housed in two main buildings (MRF and incinerator), a third, smaller, building will house the two story office block and there will be a ‘Dutch barn’ to store compost. There will be a stack for the EfW plant, access roads, and car parking as well as other small ancillary structures to house the stores and maintenance workshops and raw and dirty water treatment plants etc.

The site, as a whole, will recycle and recover as much waste as possible and the remainder will be incinerated to recover the energy. The bottom ash residue from the incinerator will be taken off-site where a proportion of it will be used as aggregate in the manufacture of industrial concrete blocks with the remainder being disposed of at an industrial waste landfill which already has planning consent granted by a neighbouring planning authority. The fly ash and other incinerator pollution control residues will be taken by tanker and disposed of at a hazardous waste landfill site outside the county.

The proposal will include an element of land decontamination, but this will take end use into consideration.

The proposal has been discussed in detail with the county council and the district councils and it is consistent with their collective long term waste minimisation and disposal strategies.

One key aim of the proposal is to maximise recycling before incineration in the EfW plant and this is achieved in three phases:

1 Organic waste suitable for composting (essentially garden waste) will be collected from households separately from the other wastes and delivered to the compost yard for shredding and composting.

2 Dry recyclable wastes will also be collected in a similar way and processed in the MRF plant.

3 The remaining non-recyclable waste will be incinerated and the energy recovered.

The EfW plant will use the latest combustion technology to harness the excess heat to produce steam and electricity. The plant will generate 13 MW of electricity, of which 2.5 MW will be used on site and the remaining 10.5 MW exported to the National Grid (this represents the power used by approximately 10 500 households). The incineration process will significantly reduce the volume of the residues left for final disposal. Ferrous metals will be drawn out of the bottom ash residue for recycling and around 50% of the remaining bottom ash will be used as a secondary aggregate for block manufacture and the other 50% disposed of to landfill. The solid residue from the flue gas cleaning plant will be disposed of at a hazardous waste landfill outside the county. Hence, there is a very significant reduction in the volume of material for final disposal to landfill.

Need for the plant

The first consideration in this context is the amount of municipal waste that arises from within the local area.

In 2015 the total mass of MSW (municipal solid waste) was 240 000 tonnes.

The proposals will provide facilities for recycling and treating 223 000 tonnes of waste a year. Waste which cannot be processes at the facility will be sent directly to landfill.

The proposal has been developed to complement the wider sustainability objectives set by European and UK waste management policies. Its development will make a considerable contribution towards the implementation of a sustainable waste management strategy.

The specific proposals are in line with European and UK policies to reduce dependence on

landfill in particular because:

· the separate collection of recyclable and compostable wastes will achieve the

maximum possible recycling rate

· EfW complements recycling

· EfW recovers energy which reduces demand on fossil fuels

· EfW is cost effective

· EfW is safe and reliable

· EfW provides long-term security.

The estimate is that the local area has less than four years remaining landfill capacity without the construction of the new facility.

Site location

The site is around 2.2 km to the south of Byromton in an industrial zone. The site occupies an area of approximately 24 hectares and is currently owned by the County Council. It has been identified in the local development and regional waste management plans as suitable for development for waste management purposes (other than landfill).

Since 2000 the site has remained derelict, and has been subject to fly-tipping.

The site is a former gasworks that was originally built in the 1930s and demolished in 1985. The site was substantially cleared but there are the remains of building floor slabs, roadways and gasometer sumps. Site records are poor, but it is likely that there will have been contamination from leaks of fuel oil, tars, phenol and liquid hydrocarbons. Asbestos will have been used in the demolished structures, so it is possible that traces remain. The site is partially overgrown with the flora expected on a derelict land site.

The site is located in an industrial zone to the immediate south of a single track commuter railway. An industrial estate, reservoir and water treatment works are on the north side of the railway. Byromton General Hospital is located at the north-eastern border of the site. The Byromton sewage treatment works and other light industrial buildings lie to the south of the proposed facility.

The site is bounded on the west by the A485 road; a main route into Byromton with housing opposite the proposed site. The eastern boundary of the site is the River Byrom. A long distance footpath follows the river bank and a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) lies close to the hospital.

The facility

The facility comprises the compost area, the MRF and the EfW facility, as well as an office for about 25 staff and associated car parking. Construction of a new access road is part of the project.

The MRF

The MRF will be located in a building of dimensions 50 m × 80 m × 10 m high and is initially expected to process about 55 000 tonnes of material a year.

The ‘dry’ recyclable materials, i.e. paper and card, textiles, cans and plastic bottles and containers, are collected in plastic bags through the local kerbside scheme in a conventional refuse collection vehicle. Glass is collected separately. On arrival at the MRF, the recyclables are discharged into an under-cover tipping area and then transferred onto the main feed-conveyor by means of a mechanical loading shovel. As the feed enters the sorting area it is inspected. Any closed bags are opened manually and large pieces of cardboard and plastic are removed. At this stage, any non-recyclable material is also removed before it can contaminate the products or present any further health risk to the MRF staff. The feedstock then flows onto a vibrating, inclined table with a ‘Velcro-like’ surface, which holds the larger pieces of paper, separating them from the remaining material – mainly plastics and cans. The stream containing the plastics and cans is then passed under a magnetic separator that removes any ferrous metal. Aluminium and the different types of plastic are then removed from this stream by hand. Any material remaining is sent to the incinerator. The paper-rich stream is also passed through a hand-picking station where the different grades of paper are removed. Again, the reject material is sent to the incinerator.

When sufficient amounts of each type of material have accumulated they are baled and transported to the secondary materials industry for reprocessing into new materials.

Glass is delivered to the MRF by the vehicles that service the bottle banks and tipped into storage bays. The bays are periodically emptied into skips by the loading shovel and transported to a glassworks.

The recycled material is then sent to the next stage of recycling either in skips (for glass) or in bales (aluminium, paper etc.).

About 10% of the MRF feed is rejected during processing and used for incineration.

The MRF operation will employ around 35 people and the operational hours will be from 07:00 to 20:00 Monday to Saturday with waste being received between08:00 and 16:00 Monday to Friday. There is scope to increase the throughput in the future by moving to 24-hour-a-day operations.

The composting plant

The composting part of the operation will process garden waste collected from households through the green waste collection scheme, green waste from civic amenity sites and waste from the Council’s Parks and Gardens Department. The plant will be designed to handle up to 25 000 tonnes per year, but the initial input is expected to be about 22 000 tonnes a year. The process will be an open air turned windrow system, so it will not accept any catering waste (including any food waste from households).

The composting area will cover 15 000 m2 of hardstanding fitted with drains leading to a storage tank to collect leachate and run-off. Normally the leachate and run-off would be collected and sprayed over the windrow to maintain optimum moisture content during composting. In periods of prolonged heavy rain the excess would have to be discharged to sewer or removed by tanker. The Environment Agency states that the storage tank should be able to store the runoff produced during the worst rainfall event in any 48-hour period which might happen every five years; for this site, this is approximately 68 mm.

A ‘Dutch barn’ will be built to store the maturing products.

The incoming waste will be inspected and any obviously unsuitable material (large tree stumps, concrete, metal etc.) removed. The waste will then be shredded using a rotary flail shredder. The shredded material will be formed into triangular cross-section windrows about 4 m wide at the base and 2 m high. These windrows will be turned by a self-propelled windrow turner to provide aeration, help moderate the temperature and to mix the material. It is expected that turning will be carried out three times a week for the first two weeks of processing, but thereafter the frequency will reduce to once a week. On completion of composting (about 12 weeks) the product will be screened to remove woody and uncomposted material as well as physical contaminants such as paper and plastic. The finely screened product will either be sent directly to the users or stored for up to three months to mature before being sold to the industry for incorporation into soil conditioners and growing media.

The Energy from Waste Plant (EfW)

An Energy from Waste plant (EfW) will have a 60 m chimney stack. The boilers, plant and abatement equipment will be housed in the tallest building on site and will be 40 m high. This is the minimum height required to totally enclose the proposed plant, in particular the boilers.

The incoming waste will be delivered by refuse collection vehicles or in containers, which are either closed or sheeted, and which will discharge their loads into the storage bunker in the enclosed tipping hall. The hall will be 45 m by 45 m and will have eight, 3m wide, loading bays. The bunker will be able to accommodate two days’ waste supply.

Two overhead cranes will pick up and place the waste in the feed chutes. The waste will then be fed from the bottom of each chute over a step at the furnace entrance and onto a combustion grate by hydraulically powered feeding units. During feeding the escape of combustion gases will be prevented by keeping the chutes full and by the negative pressure in the furnaces.

The furnaces will be computer controlled and will only accept waste when a temperature of 850 °C has been achieved and maintained.

The combustion grates will be made up of fixed and moving grate bars that move from the waste inlet to the residue discharge. During its passage through the furnace the waste will be turned by the moving grate bars. Primary air will be fed by forced draught to the underside of the grate and secondary air admitted above the grate to create turbulence and improve combustion. The plant is designed for, and will be operated to ensure, a temperature of at least 850 °C is maintained for 2 seconds in 6% volume of oxygen.

One major environmental benefit of this plant is heat recovery.

Mains water will be passed through a demineralising plant using ion exchange to produce high-quality water for the boilers. Effluent from the demineralising plant will be discharged to the on-site waste water treatment plant.

There is a NOx emission limit of 200 mg Nm–3 which will be achieved by careful control of combustion air and selective non-catalytic NOx reduction (SNCR). This process involves the injection of ammonia or urea which converts both nitrogen monoxide and nitrogen dioxide (NO and NO2) to nitrogen and water.

Hydrogen fluoride, hydrogen chloride and sulphur dioxide are the main acid gases produced by the process. These will be neutralised by a semi-dry lime injection scrubber process. The acid gases will be neutralised as they react with the calcium hydroxide (slaked lime) suspension. The water will evaporate and the residue recovered at the outlet of the flue-gas treatment system. Activated carbon will be injected into the flue gas stream to minimise the emissions of dioxins, mercury and other heavy metals.

After the gas scrubber and injectors the gases will be drawn through bag filters to remove particulates, including residues from the lime and activated carbon injection processes (the Air Pollution Control (APC) residues). The bag filters will be cleaned by pulses of compressed air. The flue gases will then pass through an induced draught fan into the stack for release.

The stack will be dual flue and 70 m high to ensure adequate dispersion.

There are two sources of ash, the very fine APC residues (fly ash) and bottom ash from the grates and boilers, with each having separate storage and disposal routes.

The APC residues consist of very fine particles of ash from combustion and residues from the APC process including un-reacted lime and activated carbon. They will be collected in bag filters and transferred to silos. The ash will be conveyed into insulated hoppers and kept above 100 °C to be dry and then to silos before final disposal off-site by sealed tankers to a suitable licensed waste disposal facility. All air vents etc. will be fitted with arrestment plant to minimise dust release during ash handling.

The bottom ash is approximately 30% of the input and will fall into a quench bath to cool it and reduce dust emissions. A discharger will push the ash onto a conveyor where the oversized material will be separated and a magnet used to separate the ferrous metals for recycling. The ash will be removed off-site for refining to recover the metals and processing into secondary aggregates for road construction and block making.

A total of 35 people will run the EfW plant 24 hours a day.

There will be no discharge of process effluents to watercourse or foul sewer. Roof drainage will need to be dealt with. Any areas used for the storage and handling of waste will discharge to the wastewater treatment plant. Sewage from the office and messing facilities will be discharged to the mains foul sewer.

The process water from ash quenching, boiler draining and wash down water will all be treated as contaminated. The pH will be neutralised and the water recycled for ash quenching. Any excess will be removed in sealed tankers for further specialist treatment and final disposal.

Site contamination

Soil samples were taken at nine points randomly selected across the site; the results are shown in the Table below.

Concentration (mg kg–1) of contaminants in soil samples

Sample number

Cu

Pb

Cd

B

Sb

As

Ni

Zn

1

115

410

0.8

1.4

0.6

13.0

8

420

2

380

5900

0.3

2.6

0.2

3.6

40

120

3

48

200

0.5

2.1

<0.1

10.0

65

940

4

112

28

0.2

1.9

0.4

14.0

56

680

5

4800

1100

0.8

1.4

<0.1

12.0

25

776

6

180

480

2.1

1.9

<0.1

19.0

15

220

7

38

680

0.6

2.0

<0.1

3.0

45

75

8

290

490

2.9

1.6

<0.1

4.0

38

170

9

152

610

1.4

0.5

0.4

7.0

30

245

1


Output-sheet-for-radway-green.xlsx

Sheet1

PLANNING OUTPUTS & LEAD-INS
Bill Ref Description Quantity Rate Unit Time Unit Resoure Quantity Resource Type Man Days Gang Size Duration in Days Duration in Weeks Lead-in (weeks)
Blockwork 10 m2 day 1 Bricklayer 6
Brickwork 6 m2 day 1 Bricklayer 6
Bulk Excavation 20 m3 hr 1 Machine + 1 4
Bulk Filling 10 m3 hr 1 Machine + Roller + 2 4
Cladding 70 m2 day 1 Gang 10
Curtain Wall 10 m2 day 1 Gang 12
Foundations 6 pad day 1 Gang 4
Slab 200 m3 day 1 Gang 4
Metal profile roof 500 m2 week 1 Gang 10
Steel 15 t day 1 Gang 10
Platerboard Lining 50 m2 day 1 Fixer 4
Metal Stud Partitions 10 m2 day 1 Fixer 4
Suspended Ceilings 30 m2 day 1 Ceiling Fixer 4
Windows 30 m2 day 1 Window fixer 10
Access Floors 60 m2 day 1 Floorlayer 6
Metal Staircase 1 per week 1 Gang 12
Lifts 1 floor 3weeks 1 Gang 20

Sheet2

Sheet3


Planning-output-rates.zip


Costain Outputs.doc

T004
Planning Production Output Rates

Notes on Output Rates

GENERAL

Outputs are for carrying out major works with clear access and large enough areas to permit ease of material deliveries and rubbish away with no double handling, and sufficient work volumes for continuous employment of plant and labour.

For contracts where conditions differ from those stated above, additional time needs to be added into the individual time outputs.

Outputs reflect the actual man operative time taken to carry out the works inclusive of material deliveries and rubbish away, if any, but account for the operative time only. Therefore they should not be used for pricing purposes before applying a gang factor.

DEMOLITION


Exclusions:

Removal of asbestos or other contaminants.

Production and approval of method statements by Local Authority.

Erecting temporary works or hand balling around temporary works.

Making good.


Comments

“Dealing with hard materials” – some buildings take longer due to their individually constructed peculiarities e.g. grillage reinforced concrete/setting aside special listed features/underground bunkers/restrictions to city centre sites to working hours/retaining backgrounds that may collapse due to the age of the building.

Removal of floor boarding includes for de-nailing joists.

Removal of staircase is for a floor to ceiling height of 2.70 metres in timber.

Soft stripping of offices assumes an open plan type of arrangement.

EXCAVATE AND FILL


Comments

Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang.

Strip topsoil assumes topsoil for setting aside for re-use. If removed as a bulk dig exercise, outputs would be as per reduce level excavation.

Basement excavation assumes a traditional “bottom up” dig.

Basement and large dig exercises are significantly dependant upon the volume of soil that can be removed from Site -. eg. County Hall basement (size 140mx40m with access to one long side total 50,000m3 approx 9m deep) peaked at 4,000m3 per week removal from Site in a continual operation. – averaged 2,500m3 week due to wet weather etc.

Soil capacity on one lorry load = 10m3/load as dug.

Excavation in underpinning by hand shallow – 6 hours/m3; deep – 10hr/m3

DRAINAGE

Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang.

Trench excavation (page 4 excavate and fill) – outputs are to open trench “continuous” style service trenches with no time allowed to set aside or dispose of soil or to sheet up sides.

Manholes and gullies (page 5 drainage) – outputs are for the elements only shown ie manhole rings/bricks etc. and do not include for excavation, jointing in pipes, benchings, channels.

ROADS/EXTERNAL WORKS

Sub base – weight of Type 1 fill: 2.2tonnes/m3.

Road surfacing/kerbs/paviors – reduce by half -ie double the time for areas to building projects.

Fencing/streetlighting/landscaping – reduce by half – ie double the time for areas to building projects.

PILING AND GROUND ENGINEERING

Piling – outputs are per piling rig.

Secant piling outputs exclude time taken for constructing a guide wall – guide wall time same as in Diaphragm Walling.

Pile trimming – outputs are per man

Vibrocompaction output is per nett treated floor area, based on vibro columns at 2.20m ctrs both ways for stone columns up to 8m deep.

FOUNDATIONS/CONCRETE STRUCTURES

Formwork outputs are per m2 nett area of formwork per shuttering carpenter

Holorib decking/concrete topping – see suspended slabs/formwork

Placing concrete by tower crane – outputs dependant on hook time cycle and are per crane/gang

STRUCTURAL STEELWORK

Outputs include for use of a crane on a crane/gang resource.

WALLS AND SCAFFOLDS

Outputs for masonry are for quantities per bricklayer trowel.

Outputs are for general masonry. Walls incorporating cutting to accommodate different types of bricks/small areas/protruding or recessed panels/contrasting bands/building in white mortar/laying blocks flat on face are excluded.

Outputs are for building in stretcher bond (half brick) English bond (I brick).

Reduce outputs by 10% for building in dpc/expansion jointing/head structural restraints.

Adjust precast lintol outputs for large boot lintols to 0.50 per hour.

EXTERNAL CLADDING

Stone/cladding restoration outputs are totally dependant on works to be carried out ie stitch new stones or bricks in, resin repair cracks – advice needed from specialists for job in question.

Stone cladding outputs are for a gang hour and include for structural fixings.

Carpentry carcassing/roof carcassing/carpentry second fix outputs are per Carpenter.

Roof trusses are assumed to be in timber. Large trusses (exceeding 6m span) 0.5 per hour.

Timber staircases assume per 2.60m-storey height in one single flight.

Stud partitioning outputs for gyproc to ceilings assume areas of rooms in a domestic location.

Toilet partitioning outputs assume outputs per Carpenter and exclude back panelling (1m2 per hour)

ROOF FINISHES

Outputs for roof tiling include for felt and battening and are per tiler.

BUILDING FINISHES

Outputs for raised access flooring assume large open plan arrangement

Demolition


Ref

Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Excavate & Fill


Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Strip Top Soil

per excavator

Excavate & Load Lorry

10

m3/hr

General Bulk Excavation & Load Lorry

 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds

18.0

 m3/hr

 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Gravel Beds

35.0

 m3/hr

 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk

16.0

 m3/hr

 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk

30.0

 m3/hr

 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Hard Ground

13.0

 m3/hr

 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Hard Ground

20.0

 m3/hr

Large Volume Excavation

 Hydraulic Excavator,>2m3 bucket, gravel/clay ground

2500.0

 m3/day

Basement Excavation and Load Lorry

 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Sand/Soil

18.0

 m3/hr

 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel

16.0

 m3/hr

 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel

25.0

 m3/hr

 Hydraulic Excavator, >1m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel

35.0

 m3/hr

Bottom Up Excavation By Hand

6.0

m2/hr

Excavate & Remove From Site

overall

Central London (Large Project)

4000.0

5,000

m3/Week

London Perimeter (Large Project)

5000.0

7,500

m3/Week

Excavate Foundations

per excavator

 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Pits

5.0

 m3/hr

 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Trenches

6.0

 m3/hr

Soil Bulking Factors & Densities

 Excavation Bulking Factor, Sand/Soil

–  

15.0 

 %

 Excavation Bulking Factor, Gravel

–  

33.0 

–  

 %

 Excavation Bulking Factor, Clay/Chalk

–  

40.0 

–  

 %

 Excavation Bulking Factor, Boulder Clay

–  

45.0 

–  

 %

 Excavation Bulking Factor, Rock

–  

60.0 

–  

 %

 Spoil Weight, Rock

–  

2.5 

–  

 Te/m3

 Spoil Weight, Concrete

–  

2.4 

–  

 Te/m3

 Spoil Weight, Landfill/CDG

–  

1.9 

–  

 Te/m3

 Spoil Weight, Sand

–  

1.8 

–  

 Te/m3

Spoil Weight, Clay

2.0

 Te/m3

Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Strip Out Finishes

per man

 Remove & Cart away, Lathe and Plaster Ceilings

3.2 

4.6 

5.0 

 m2/Mhr

 Remove & Cart away, Plaster to Walls

2.1 

3.1 

5.9 

 m2/Mhr

 Remove & Cart away, External Render

–  

2.5

–  

 m2/Mhr

 Remove & Cart away, sand & cement Floor Screed

–  

3.0

–  

 m2/Mhr

 Remove & Cart away, grano or reinforced Floor Screed

1.5

2.0

 m2/Mhr

 Remove & Cart away, Concrete Paving

–  

4.0 

–  

 m2/Mhr

 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 1.0 brick thick

–  

1.5 

–  

 m2/Mhr

 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 0.5 brick thick

–  

1.0

–  

 m2/Mhr

 Remove & Cart away, Floor Boards

–  

2.0

–  

 m2/Mhr

 Remove & Cart away, Staircase

–  

8.0

–  

 hrs/no

Soft Strip Rule of Thumb Rates

Office Block

per gang

1000m2 Flr Plate

1

weeks/flr

2000m2 Flr Plate

1.5

weeks/flr

Hard Demolition Rule of Thumb Rates

Office Block

per gang

1000m2 Flr Plate

1.5

weeks/flr

2000m2 Flr Plate

1.5

weeks/flr

Removal of Pavings

Concrete Slabs

Non reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator)

20.0

m2/hr

Reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator)

5.0

10.0

m2/hr

Breaking Out (By Machine)

Concrete

per excavator

 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm

30.0

m2/hr

 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm

20.0

m2/hr

 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm

10.0

m2/hr

 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm

8.0

m2/hr

 Concrete Walls, reinforced

8.0

m2/hr

 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced

1.5

 hrs/m3

 Concrete Foundations, reinforced

2.0

 hrs/m3

 Concrete Beams

2.8

 hrs/m3

 Concrete Columns

3.0

 hrs/m3

Grillage Reinforced Foundation

6.0

 hrs/m3

Tarmac

 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick

0.3

 hrs/m3

 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick

–  

0.4

–  

 hrs/m3

Concrete Crushing On-Site

Concrete down to a General Hardcore

800.0

1000

Te/Day

Concrete down to Type 1

500.0

600

Te/day

Breaking Out (By Hand)

Concrete

per man

 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm

5.5

 hrs/m3

 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm

6.5

 hrs/m3

 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm

6.5

 hrs/m3

 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm

8.0

 hrs/m3

 Concrete Walls, reinforced

8.0

 hrs/m3

 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced

6.0

 hrs/m3

 Concrete Foundations, reinforced

9.0

 hrs/m3

 Concrete Beams

8.0

 hrs/m3

 Concrete Columns

8.0

 hrs/m3

Grillage Reinforced Foundation

10.0

 hrs/m3

Tarmac

 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick

3.0

 hrs/m3

 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick

–  

3.5

–  

 hrs/m3

Brickwork

 Brickwork, walls and columns

3.0

 hrs/m3

 Brickwork, foundations

3.5

 hrs/m3

Dewatering System

 Setup large 15 hole system

–  

21.0 

–  

 days

Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units


Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Spread & Level Fill

per excavator

Hardcore Layers 100-150mm

5.0

6.0

10.0

m3/hr

 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to

stockpile

13.9 

20.4 

25.0 

 m3/hr

 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m

to stockpile

11.6 

16.9 

21.3 

 m3/hr

 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to

stockpile

23.8 

28.5 

35.7 

 m3/hr

 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m

to stockpile

19.6 

24.5 

30.3 

 m3/hr

 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, over 200m2, Hardcore

47.6 

51.6 

55.6 

 m3/hr

Trench Excavation

 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds

18.2 

22.2 

26.0 

 m3/hr

 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Gravel Beds

26.3 

28.6 

33.2 

 m3/hr

 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, < 2.0m wide

3.0 

4.2 

6.5 

 m2/hr

 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, > 2.0m wide

6.2 

6.7 

9.2 

 m2/hr

Drainage


Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Excavate Drain Trenches

Small-Medium Sized Projects

per gang

Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 225mm

20

m/day

Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 225mm

10

m/day

Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 450mm

6

m/day

Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 450mm

3

m/day

Large Road Projects

250-450mm pipes

35

m/day

Drain Laying

Small-Medium Sized Projects

per gang

Lay Small Diameter Pipes up to 150mm

30

m/day

Lay Large Diameter Pipes up to 225mm

20

m/day

Lay large Diameter Pipes up to 450mm

8

m/day

Large Road Projects

250-450mm pipes

70

m/day

Connecting Drainage

per gang

 PVC Drainage, 3m pipes, 150-200mm dia, 5-30m run

–  

10.6 

–  

 m/hr

 Hepsleve Rubber Joint System, over 375mm dia, 5-30m run

–  

2.3 

–  

 m/hr

Land Drains

Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, 5-30m run

6.0

–  

14.0

 m/hr

Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, over 30m run

10.0

–  

19.0

 m/hr

Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, 5-30m run

4.0

–  

10.0

 m/hr

Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, over 30m run

6.0

–  

12.0

 m/hr

Manholes & Gullies

 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 610 x 455 x 51 mm

–  

1.2 

–  

 hrs/no

 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 990 x 610 x 64 mm

–  

1.6 

–  

 hrs/no

 Brickwork Manhole, 1.0 brick engineering

–  

0.3 

–  

 m2/hr

 Brickwork Manhole, 1.5 brick engineering

–  

0.2 

–  

 m2/hr

 Benching to Manhole, under 0.5m2

–  

0.9 

–  

 hrs/no

 Benching to Manhole, 0.5-0.75m2

–  

1.2 

–  

 hrs/no

 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, under 150mm dia

–  

0.1 

–  

 hrs/no

 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, 150-225mm dia

–  

0.2 

–  

 hrs/no

 Brickwork Manhole, build in cast iron covers

0.6 

 hrs/no

 Yard Gulleys, 75-150mm dia pipes, bed and level

–  

2.2 

–  

 no/hr

 Yard Gulleys, 150-225mm dia pipes, bed and level

–  

1.8 

–  

 no/hr

 Road Gulleys, 600mm deep, bed and level

–  

1.2 

–  

 no/hr

 Road Gulleys, 750mm deep, bed and level

–  

0.8 

–  

 no/hr

 Road Gulleys, 1,200mm deep, bed and level

–  

0.3 

–  

 no/hr

 Road Gulleys, install gratings

–  

5.0 

–  

 no/hr

Roads & External Works


Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Sub Base

Large Road Job

gang day

Spread & level Granular Material

1200

T/day

Trim Fill

1500

m2/day

Concrete Road Surfacing

per gang

 Concrete Road surfacing, 150mm thick

–  

12.5 

–  

 m2/hr

 Concrete Road surfacing, 200mm thick

–  

7.7 

–  

 m2/hr

 Concrete Road surfacing, 300mm thick

–  

6.7 

–  

 m2/hr

Tarmac Road Surfacing

per gang

Barbour Greene Large Sized Project

Road Base

Winter Working

300

1200

m2/day

Summer Working

700

2500

m2/day

Wearing Course

500

Te/day

12,000

m2/day

Barbour Greene Medium Sized Project

Tarmacadam

160

m2/hr

Asphalt

145

m2/hr

Manual Laying

Tarmacadam

8.0

m2/hr

Asphalt

5.0

m2/hr

Road Markings

180

500

m/day

Kerbs & Haunching

per man

 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid straight

–  

4.0

–  

 m/hr

 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 5m radius

–  

2.5

–  

 m/hr

 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 10m radius

–  

3.0

–  

 m/hr

 Stone/Granite Kerbs or Channels, laid straight

–  

2.5

–  

 m/hr

 Concrete Edging, laid straight

–  

6.0

–  

 m/hr

 Concrete Edging, laid to 5m radius

–  

4.0

–  

 m/hr

 Concrete Edging, laid to 10m radius

–  

4.5

–  

 m/hr


Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Pavings & Paviors

 Concrete Slabs, laid on bedding, to slight falls

2.0

4.0

 m2/hr

 Concrete Slabs, laid in mortar, to falls

1.5

2.3 

 m2/hr

 Concrete Slabs, laid on sand, to falls

2.0

2.8 

 m2/hr

 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, no patterns

0.3 

–  

 m2/hr

 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, with patterns

0.2 

–  

 m2/hr

 Brick Paviors, in mortar, straight joints

1.3 

1.9 

 m2/hr

 Brick Paviors, in mortar, herringbone pattern

–  

1.0 

1.2 

 m2/hr

 Gravel Paths, including preparation of sub-base

–  

10.5 

–  

 m2/hr

Fencing

Small/Medium sized Project

per gang

 Fence Erection, Chainlink, posts at 2.0m

–  

4.4 

–  

 m/hr

 Post Erection, Timber / Metal, dig, erect, fix

3.3 

4.5 

–  

 no/hr

 Fence Erection, Chestnut Pailings, posts at 2.0m

–  

33.3 

–  

 m/hr

Safety Fencing – (Large Road Project)

– Driven Posts

400

m/day

– Augered Posts

200

m/day

Streetlighting & U/Ground Services

 Lay Street Lighting Cables and connect

–  

6

8

 m/hr

Communications Duct & pit Installation

60

100

m/day

Lighting Columns

3

4

no/day

Commissioning

2

weeks

Landscaping

 Top Soil, spread, level and prepare for turf or seeding

–  

2.5 

–  

 m2/hr

 Top Soil, rake in fertilizer for seeding

–  

25.0 

–  

 m2/hr

 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, under 750mm high

–  

4.0 

–  

 no/hr

 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, over 750mm high

–  

1.5 

–  

 no/hr

 Planting, Saplings, under 3.0m high

–  

1.7 

–  

 no/hr

Piling & Grnd Eng.


Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Unit/rig

Bored Concrete Piling

per rig

CFA Piling <15m Long

6.0

8.0

10.0

no/day

CFA Piling 15 – 25m Long

5.0

7.0

8.0

no/day

Short augered piles <6m long <750mm dia

15.0

no/day

Rotary Bored Piling < 750mm Dia

6.0

7.0

9.0

no/day

Rotary Bored Piling 750 – 1200mm Dia

2.0

3.0

4.0

no/day

Rotary Bored Piling 1200 – 2000mm Dia

1.0

1.5

2.0

no/day

Contiguous Pile Wall 15-20m long

8.0

9.0

10.0

no/day

Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/Hard

2.0

4.0

5.0

no/day

Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/soft

6.0

7.0

8.0

no/day

Tripod Piling

8

m/day

Precast & Steel Piling

 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells

75.0 

100.0 

120.0 

 m/day

 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles

80.0 

120.0 

135.0 

 m/day

 H Piles, driven steel H-beams

200.0 

350.0 

500.0 

 m/day

Precast Concrete Piling

 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells

75.0 

100.0 

120.0 

 m/day

 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles

80.0 

120.0 

135.0 

 m/day

Steel Sheet Piling

 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 10m deep Sand

–  

55.0 

60.0 

 m/day

 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 35m deep Sand

3.5 

32.0 

10.5 

 m/day

King Post Temporary Wall

Posts at 3m Centres

58

m2/wk

Mini Piling

 Mini Piles, driven 235mm dia, 35m deep

2.5

3

 m/hr

Hand Dug Piling

per man

 Excave shaft by grab, general fill/uppr levels

–  

3.5 

–  

 m/hr

 Excave shaft by grab, sand/minor rubble

–  

2.1 

–  

 m/hr

 Excave shaft by grab, marinve/aluvium

–  

2.5 

–  

 m/hr

 Install reinforcement cages

–  

2.0 

–  

 hrs/no

 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after excavation

–  

8.0 

–  

 hrs

 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after cage installed

–  

2.0 

–  

 hrs

 Shaft concreting/extract casing 5-70m deep

–  

12.0 

–  

 hrs


Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Unit/rig

Cut Down Piles

 Concrete Piles, 300-750mm deep and 0.6m dia

2.0

 hrs/no

 Concrete Piles 300-750mm deep and 1.1m dia

5.0

 hrs/no

Diaphram Walls

 Guide Walls, construction

0.3 

0.5 

0.8 

 m/Mhr

Construct Diaphram Wall – retained face

70.0

m2/rigday

Ground Anchors

 Drill 30m shaft

–  

7.0 

–  

 hrs

 Install strands/setup anchor

–  

6.0 

–  

 hrs

 Grout in strands

–  

2.0 

–  

 hrs

Soil Nailing

–  

–  

–  

–  

Ground Improvement

Vibrocompaction (8m long 2.2m ctrs)

1000

m2/rig/wk

Dynamic Compaction

m2/rig/wk

Sundry Activities

 Grout curtain installation

–  

6.2 

–  

 hrs/m run

 Dig Caisson 800mm dia, 26m deep

55.0 

33.0 

25.0 

 days/no

Site Investigation

 Pre Drilling, Rercussive or Rotary, soft deposits

8.0 

10.0 

14.0 

 m/hr

 Pre Drilling, Wash Boring, grade V/IV rock

2.5 

3.2 

3.9 

 m/hr

 Pre Drilling, Triple Tube Sampling, grade V/IV rock

0.4 

0.8 

0.9 

 m/hr

 Pre Drilling, Rotary, grade III/II rock

0.2 

0.5 

0.7 

 m/hr

Tunnelling


Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Conventional Tunneling

 Excavate vertical access shaft, 6m diameter

0.4 

0.6

0.8

 m/day

 Excavate vertical access shaft, 10m diameter

0.5

0.7

0.9

 m/day

Cut & Cover

Formwork Tunnel Forms, Wall and Slab poured as one

–  

15.6 

17.5 

 m2/hr

NATM

 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter under 7.0m

2.5 

2.9 

3.2 

 m/day

 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m

1.5 

2.0 

2.5 

 m/day

 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter over 10.0m

1.0 

1.3 

1.5 

 m/day

 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 2.0-

7.0m

1.5 

1.8 

2.0 

 m/day

 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 7.0-

10.0m

–  

1.5 

–  

 m/day

 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter over

10.0m

–  

1.0 

1.5 

 m/day

 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 2 crews

190.0 

225.0 

279.0 

 m3/day

 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 4 crews

255.0 

300.0 

366.0 

 m3/day

 Mucking Capacity, 2 access with 4 crews

382.0 

450.0 

549.0 

 m3/day

 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter under 6.5m

2.1 

2.5 

2.8 

 m/day

 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter over 6.5m

1.5 

2.0 

2.4 

 m/day

 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Vertical Shafts, diameter over

6.5m

2.2 

2.5 

3.1 

 m/day

 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnel Junctions

–  

0.2 

0.3 

 m/day

 Insitu Permanent Lining, 12m bays, 350-400mm reinforced

with PCV backing

–  

3

4

 m/day

 Excavate and Line Cycle Time , Running Tunnels

3.2 

4.0 

4.9 

 m/day

 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Station Access Adits

3.3 

3.9 

4.2 

 m/day

 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Concourse Tunnels

2.2 

2.5 

2.7 

 m/day

 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Escalator Tunnels

1.2 

1.5 

1.7 

 m/day

Rock Tunnelling

 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, cycle time

8.0 

6.0 

5.5 

 mins

 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class I Granite

0.3 

0.9 

1.2 

 m3/cycle

 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class II

Granite

2.0 

2.6 

2.9 

 m3/cycle

 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class III

Granite

1.2 

1.4 

1.8 

 m3/cycle

Foundations


Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Unit/man

Formwork

per man

 Pilecaps, small

0.7

 m2/hr

 Pilecaps, medium-large

1.0

 m2/hr

 Pilecaps, large

1.3

 m2/hr

 Ground Beams, < 0.7m2

0.8

 m2/hr

 Ground Beams, 0.7-1.5m2

1

 m2/hr

 Ground Beams, 3.0-5.0m2

1.2

 m2/hr

Reinforcement

40mm

8

9

12

hrs/tonne

32mm

10

12

14

hrs/tonne

20mm

14

18

20

hrs/tonne

16mm

12

15

20

hrs/tonne

Concrete Placing

large Sized Pours (pump)

20.0

40.0

m3/hr

Medium Sized Pours (direct discharge)

8.0

12.0

m3/hr

Small Pours (Backactor)

3.0

4.0

m3/hr

Underpinning

 Concrete Pinning, every 4th/5th pin cycle

–  

1.2 

2.2 

 m/day

 Brickwork Pinning, 1.0 brick thick

–  

0.4 

0.7 

 m2/hr

 Brickwork Pinning, 1.5 brick thick

0.1 

0.3 

–  

 m2/hr

 Brickwork Pinning, 2.0 brick thick

–  

0.2 

–  

 m2/hr

 Wedge and Pin Method, 102mm wall

–  

0.8 

–  

 m/hr

 Wedge and Pin Method, 215mm wall

–  

0.7 

–  

 m/hr

 Wedge and Pin Method, 317mm wall

–  

0.5 

–  

 m/hr

Trench Support

Open Boarding

4

m2/hr

Close Boarding

3

m2/hr

Concrete Structures


Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units/man

Formwork

Walls Including Stop-ends etc

per man

 Walls,1.0-2.0m2

0.8

 m2/manhr

 Walls, 2.0-5.0m2

0.8

 m2/manhr

 Walls, over 5.0m2

0.8

 m2/manhr

 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 5.0-15.0m2

1.0

 m2/manhr

 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, over 15.0m2

1.0

 m2/manhr

Columns

 Columns, Square Timber csa < 0.1m2

0.65

 m2/manhr

 Columns, Square Timber csa 0.1-0.4m2

0.65

 m2/manhr

Slabs & Beams

Suspended Plain Slab Soffit

1

 m2/manhr

 Beams, on falsework, width 300-500mm

0.5

 m2/manhr

 Beams, on falsework, width over 750mm

0.5

 m2/manhr

Troughed/Waffle Slabs

0.65

 m2/manhr

 Table Form, Aluminum System, 400m2 bays

100

150

 m2/gangday

 Stop Ends, no perforations

2.5

3

 m2/manhr

 Stop Ends, minor perforations

1.2

1.6

 m2/manhr

 Stop Ends, dense perforations

0.6

0.9

 m2/manhr

 Box Outs, 0.01-0.05m2

6

8

 no/manhr

 Box Outs, over 0.05m2

3

5

 no/manhr

Staircases

 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Sloping

0.6

0.8

 m2/manhr

 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Flat Landing

0.8

1

 m2/manhr

 Staircases, Wall Strings

0.4

–  

 m2/manhr


Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units/man

Reinforcement

Reinforcement Ratios

 Pile Cap, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes

–  

14.8 

–  

 % ratio

 Base Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes

–  

13.2 

14.1 

 % ratio

 Suspended Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes

13.0

18.0

23.0

 % ratio

 Columns, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes

15.8 

18.7 

28.7 

 % ratio

 Walls, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes

14.7 

15.0 

–  

 % ratio

General Steelfixing rates

Links

30.0

25.0

hrs/tonne

10mm

30.0

20.0

hrs/tonne

12mm

25.0

16.0

 hrs/tonne

16mm

20.0

15.0

 hrs/tonne

20mm

18.0

13.0

 hrs/tonne

25mm

15.0

12.0

 hrs/tonne

32mm

12.0

11.0

 hrs/tonne

40mm

12.0

9.0

 hrs/tonne

General Column Construction rate

Formwork, Reinforcement & Concrete (3man gang)

2

6

No/day

Slip Forming

 Shaft Slip Forming

–  

300

400

 mm/hr

Post Tensioned Concrete

 Lag for Initial Stress Tensioning after 1st bay cast

–  

48.0 

–  

 hrs

 Lag for Final Stress Tensioning after Initial Stress

–  

120.0 

–  

 hrs

Concrete Placing

 Hollorib Decking, concrete topping

2000

2500

 m2/week

 Hollorib concrete topping, incl PowerFloat

50.0 

70.0 

 m2/hr

Tower Crane & Skip, Slabs over 150mm thick

4

4

 m3/hr

Tower Crane & Skip Beams over 150mm thick

4

5

 m3/hr

Tower Crane & Skip Walls

3

4

 m3/hr

Tower Crane & Skip Columns

2.5

4

 m3/hr

Tower Crane & Skip Stairs and Landings

2

4

 m3/hr

Pumping To Slabs

20

40

 m3/hr

Pumping To Walls with Tremie Pipe

6

8

 m3/hr


Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units/man

Concrete Finishing

Wood Float By Hand

20

30

 m2/hr

Power Float

30

40

 m2/hr

Wire Brush, expose aggregate

25

35

 m2/hr

Precast Concrete

 Precast Floor Planks

0.4 

0.2 

0.1 

 hrs/plank

 Precast Stair units

0.5

0.3

 hrs/plank

Beams,Columns & Slabs

500

600

m2/week

Car Park Precast elements

70

75

No/Week

Sundry Information

 Concrete Weight, 1m3

–  

2.4 

–  

 Tonnes

 Readymix Lorry, Length

–  

8.3 

–  

 m

 Readymix Lorry, Width

–  

2.5 

–  

 m

 Readymix Lorry, Height

–  

3.7 

–  

 m

 Readymix Lorry, Turning Circle

–  

16.4 

–  

 m

 Readymix Lorry, Allowable Ramp Gradient

–  

17.0 

20.0 

 degrees

Lorry Weight

24

Tonnes

Structural Steelwork


Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units/gang

Structural Steel Frames

Heavy Structural Steel Frame

10.0

 Tons/day

Medium Sized Structural Steel Frame

9.0

 Tons/day

 Light Steel Frame and Roof Members

4.0 

 Tons/day

 Wall Frame, Bow String Truss and Frame

–  

1.6 

–  

 Tons/day

Metal Deck Flooring

 Hollorib Decking, lay deck

–  

300

350

 m2/day

 Hollorib Decking, shear connecting studs

–  

225

250

 m2/day

General Guides

Tonnage of steel in a building

43

54

Kg/m2

Office Building

60

Kg/m2

Fire Protection

Sprayed Fire protection

40

50

tonnes/week

 Spray Protection to Steelwork

–  

200

–  

m2/week

Board Fire Protection

150

m2/week

Intumescent Paint

250

m2/week

Walls & Scaffolds


Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units/Mn

Brickwork Fairfaced

per man

Stretcher Bond, 0.5 Brick thick

0.75

 m2/hr

Stretcher Bond, 1 Brick thick

0.42

 m2/hr

Stretcher Bond, 1.5 Brick thick

0.28

 m2/hr

Stretcher Bond, 2 Brick thick

0.2

 m2/hr

 Building Brick on Edge Coping

1.5

–  

m/hr

 Building Brick on Edge Canted Cills

1.5

–  

m/hr

Face finish as work proceeds

incl

Special Bricks

0.3

m2/hr

 Face Finish after completion, Flush and Rubbed

2.0 

 m2/hr

 Face Finish after completion, Struck Pointing

1.3 

 m2/hr

 Face Finish after completion, Bucket Handle

2.7 

 m2/hr

Common Bricks 0.5 Brick

1.0

 m2/hr

Common Bricks 1 Brick

0.5

 m2/hr

Common Bricks 1.5 Brick

0.35

 m2/hr

Blockwork

 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick

1.50

 m2/hr

 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick

1.30

 m2/hr

 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick

1.00

 m2/hr

Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick

1.25

 m2/hr

Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick

1.00

 m2/hr

Dense Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick

0.65

 m2/hr

Metal Angle Restraints

Vertical Posts

2.0

no/hr

Head Restraints

3.0

m/hr

Ext Support Angle

2.0

m/hr

Sundries

Concrete Lintels

1.0

no/hr

Steel lintels

2.0

no/hr

Access Scaffolding

 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 2m lifts

5.0

 m run/hr

 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 3m lifts

4.0

 m run/hr

 Metal Tube and Fittings, 5-6 Boards wide

3.5

 m run/hr

Fix Hop-ups Kwickstage

14.0

m run/hr

Re-position Hop-ups Kwickstage

20.0

m run/hr

Birdcage Scaffolding

 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 50-250m3

14.0

 m3/hr

 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 250-1000m3

16.0

 m3/hr

 Tube and Fitting Platforms, over 1000m3

18.0

 m3/hr

 Tube and Fitting Platforms, striking

200.0 

 % x erect

External Cladding

Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Curtain Walling

Per gang

 Glazed Curtain Wall

–  

20.0

30.0

 m2/day

 High Quality Glazed Curtain Walling

–  

15.0

25.0

 m2/day

Rule of Thumb- Multi-Storey Office Block

3.0

wks/Flr

Windows & Glazing

per gang

 Vertical Glazed Lights, 6m x 2.5m

–  

15.0

–  

 m2/day

 Vertical Glazed Walls, large scale

–  

50.0

–  

 m2/day

 Clerestory Frame/Glazing, 3m x 4m

–  

28.0 

–  

 m2/day

 Oriel Window Frame/Glazing, 4m x 2m

–  

35.0 

–  

 m2/day

Patent Glazing

90.0

m2/wk

Windows general

1.0

m2/manhr

Metal Cladding

per gang

 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels

12.2 

15.0 

17.5 

 m2/day

 VE Panel Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels

1.0 

1.4 

1.9 

 m2/day

Flat Metal Cladding Panels (eg Kingspan)

50

70.0

80.0

m2/day

Stone Facade Restoration

per man

 Façade Cleaning, Water Jetting

–  

25.0 

–  

 m2/day

 Façade Cleaning, Acid Etching

–  

9.0 

–  

 m2/day

 Façade Cleaning, Grit Blasting

–  

12.0 

–  

 m2/day

 Cladding Restoration, Brickwork

seek specialist advice

 Cladding Restoration, Stonework courses

seek specialist advice

Stone Cladding

per gang

 Fix 0.5m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame

0.3

0.3

 m2/hr

 Fix 0.5-0.75m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame

0.3

0.35 

 m2/hr

 Fix 0.75-1.0m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame

0.4

0.4

 m2/hr

 Fix Curved Stone Cladding

0.2

0.3

 m2/hr

 Fix Stone Edge Beams/Window Reveals

0.25 

0.3

 m2/hr

 Fix Stone Soffits

0.3

0.4

 m2/hr

 Stone Floors

1.0

1.5

 m2/hr

 Granite/Marble Wall Panels

0.6

0.8

 m2/hr

Portland Stone Final Wash down

300.0

350.0

m2/week

Precast Concrete Cladding

Large storey height panels

2.0

3.0

No/day

(Largely Dependant on Deliveries)

Profiled Metal Sheet Cladding

Large areas factory bldg

400.0

m2/gangwk

Specialist Ext Wall Finishes

Terracotta Tiles

30.0

m2/gangday

Sto Render (with insulation)

2.0

m2/hr

Dry Int. Carcassing


Ref

Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Carpentry Carcassing

per man

 Windows, Timber Frames for Bricklaying

0.5 

0.1 

 hrs/no

 Windows, Drill, Screw & Plug extra over

0.1 

–  

 hrs/no

 Door Frames, Softwood, 1.0-3.0m2

1.8

–  

 hrs/no

 Door Frames, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2

2.5

–  

 hrs/no

 Cut Access Hatch

0.3 

–  

 no/hr

 Floor Joists,

26

30

m/hr

 Ceiling Joists

30

35

m/hr

 Floor Boards, Butt Jointed

2.5

3

 m2/hr

 Floor Boards, T&G Boards

3

3.5

 m2/hr

 Plywood Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed

4

5

 m2/hr

 Chipboard Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed

5.1 

5.8 

 m2/hr

 Windows, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2

0.4 

0.3 

 hrs/no

 Windows, Softwood, 7.0-10.0m2

0.9 

0.6 

 hrs/no

 Fix Metal and Timber Windows After Wall Complete

2.0 

–  

 m2/hr

 Window Glazing

1.3 

–  

 m2/hr

Roof Carcassing

per man

 Roof Trusses

1.3 

–  

 no/hr

 Wall Plates

3.0

–  

 m/hr

 Roof Rafters

1.2 

–  

 m/hr

 Ceiling Joists

8.0

–  

 m/hr

 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, 3-6mm

8.0

 m/hr

 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, over 6m

6.0

 m/hr

 Roof Carcass, Jack Rafters, 3-6mm

8.0

 m/hr

 Roof Carcass, Purlins, 3-6mm

8.0

 m/hr

 Roof Carcass, Purlins, over 6m

6.0

 m/hr

 Roof Soffits, Softwood, screwed

4.0

–  

 m/hr

Carpentry 2nd Fix

per man

 Window Boards, screwed

0.3

 hrs/m

 Mouldings, Softwood, Screwed

6.0

 m/hr

 Mouldings, Hardwood, Screwed

4.0

 m/hr

 Mouldings, Hardwood, Gun Nailed

6.0

 m/hr

 Skirting

6.0

 m/hr

 Architrave Mouldings

6.0

 m/hr

 Architrave, Fix to Doors

1.0

–  

 hrs/door

 Door Stop Mouldings

6.0

 m/hr

 Glazed Bead Mouldings

6.0

 m/hr

 Hanging Doors, Softwood, Single Pair Butts

1.5

 hrs/no

 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Softwood

0.5

–  

 hrs/no

 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Hardwood

0.6 

–  

 hrs/no


Ref

Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Carpentry 2nd Fix

per man

General Door & Frame Fixing Rates(per Pair)

External Double Leaf

1.5

No/day

Internal Double Leaf

2

No/day

Internal Single Leaf

3

No/day

Fix Bath Panel

0.4 

–  

 hrs/no

 Kitchen Cupboards, Floor Units

1.0

 hrs/no

 Kitchen Cupboards, Wall Units

1.0

 hrs/no

 Kitchen Cupboards, Shelf Units

1.0

 hrs/no

 Staircase, pre-made, simple, straight flight

1.5 

 hrs/no

 Staircase, pre-made, 2 straight flights, 1 landing

2.9 

 hrs/no

 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix horizontal

0.6 

 hrs/no

 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix raking

0.5 

 hrs/no

Timber Panelling Pine

1

m2/hr

Timber Panelling Hardwood

0.5

m2/hr

Stud Partitioning/Dry Lining

Gyproc Partitions (single layer)

1

 m2/manhr

Gyproc Partitions (double layer)

0.5

 m2/manhr

Gyproc Shaftwall (single layer)

1

 m2/manhr

Gyproc Shaftwall (double layer)

0.5

 m2/manhr

 Boarding to Stud-work/Metal Lathes

4.0

6.0

 m2/manhr

 Boarding 19mm nailed to studding

6.0

10.0

 m2/manhr

 Tape, Joint Sand and Top Coat Plasterboard

1.5 

 m2/manhr

 Skimming to Plasterboard

6.1 

 m2/manhr

Gyproc Dry Lining System – Walls

5

7

 m2/manhr

Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (single layer)

6

10

 m2/manhr

Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (double layer)

3

5

 m2/manhr

Acoustic Ceiling Lining

170

250

m2/wk

Acoustic Wall Lining

200

330

m2/wk

Steelwork Encasement (single layer)

2

 m2/manhr

Steelwork Encasement (double layer)

1

 m2/manhr

Proprietary Partitions

 Fix Toilet Partition System, Separation panels

–  

1.5

–  

 hrs/no

 Fix Toilet Partition System, Wall Front Panels

–  

1.5

–  

 hrs/no

 Fix Toilet Partition System, End Front Panels

–  

1.5

–  

 hrs/no

 Fix Toilet Partition System, Hang Door to Panel

–  

0.4 

–  

 hrs/no

 100mm Pine Paneling, excluding studding time

0.8 

1.1 

1.4 

 m2/hr

General rate for Toilet Cubicle

2

No/manday

Demountable Partitions (Full Height)

1

m/manhour

Bldg Services

Ref

Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Rule of Thumb

Deduct 15% for OH&P

Labour Cost on Systems

Electrical

33

%

Mechanical & sprinklers

30

%

Plumbing

33

%

Hot Water

25

%

Ventillation

17

%

Air Conditioning

9

%

Divide amount by anticipated weekly gross labour rate to derive No of man weeks

Plumbing

 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Pipes

–  

1.2 

–  

 m/hr

 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Branches

–  

2.2 

–  

 hrs/no

 Cast Iron Spigot Joint Pipes, 100mm

–  

1.1 

–  

 m/hr

 Water Mains, 150-200mm dia

–  

2.1 

–  

 m/hr

 Water Mains, 1,050mm dia

–  

0.4 

–  

 m/hr

 Gas Mains, 200mm dia

–  

1.8 

–  

 m/hr

 Gas Mains, 300mm dia

–  

1.2 

–  

 m/hr

 UPVC Downpipes, 75mm

–  

3.3 

–  

 m/hr

 UPVC Guttering, 75mm

–  

3.1 

–  

 m/hr

 Cast Iron Downpipes, 75mm

–  

2.1 

–  

 m/hr

 Cast Iron Guttering, 75mm

–  

2.5 

–  

 m/hr

 Cast Iron RWP Fittings, 75mm

–  

2.2 

–  

 no/hr

Bldg Services

Mechanical

Per Man

Major Plant

–  

30

–  

days each

Pumps

–  

6

–  

days each

Pipework Large Dia

–  

10

–  

 m/day

Pipework Small Dia

20

 m/day

Insulation

35

m/day

Ductwork

8

12

m/day

Grills/Diffusers

3

4

No/day

Electrical

per man

Substation/Switchroom

40

days

HV Cables

10

15

m/day

LV Cables

25

40

m/day

Light Fittings

6

8

no/day

Structured Cabling

Installation in new Building

250

300

No/day

Test & commissioning

Radiator & Convector System

4

7

weeks

Simple ventillation System

8

weeks

Full Air Conditioning System

12

16

weeks

Hospital/laboratory Systems

16

24

weeks

Roof Finishes


Ref

Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Asphalt & Felt Roofing

per gang

 Asphalt Roof in layers

–  

50

–  

 m2/day

 Felt Roofs, large areas

–  

35

52

 m2/day

 Felt Roofs, small or complicated

–  

20

30

 m2/day

 Asphalt coatings, horizontal surfaces

3.5 

4.2 

5.8 

 m2/hr

 Asphalt coatings, vertical surfaces

1.2 

1.7 

2.2 

 m2/hr

 Bituminous Brushed application, 2 coats

4.8 

5.0 

6.3 

 m2/hr

 Bituminous Brushed application, 3 coats

3.3 

3.5 

4.4 

 m2/hr

 Bituminous Sheets, horizontal surfaces

3.8 

4.0 

4.8 

 m2/hr

 Polythene Sheets, horizontal surfaces

–  

20.0 

–  

 m2/hr

Roof Screeding

per gang

Laid in Medium sized Bays to falls

–  

50

–  

 m2/day

Laid in Large Bays (pumped)

–  

100

–  

 m2/day

Membrane Roof Sheeting

Trocal Single Ply Membrane

300

400

m2/wk

Metal Decking & Roofing

per gang

 Metal Decking, large areas

–  

70.0 

–  

 m2/day

 Metal Decking, small or complicated

–  

28.0 

–  

 m2/day

 Titanium Sheeted Roofs

–  

9.5 

–  

 m2/day

 Copper Roofs, flat work

–  

3.0 

–  

 m2/day

 Copper Roofs, sloping work

–  

2.7 

–  

 m2/day

 Zinc Roofs, flat work

–  

2.4 

–  

 m2/day

 Zinc Roofs, sloping work

–  

2.1 

–  

 m2/day

 Aluminium Roofs, flat work

–  

2.8 

–  

 m2/day

 Aluminium Roofs, sloping work

–  

1.9 

–  

 m2/day

 Lead Roofs, flat work

–  

2.5 

–  

 m2/day

 Lead Roofs, sloping work

–  

2.1 

–  

 m2/day

 Lead Roofs, dormer cheeks

–  

1.3 

–  

 m2/day

 Lead Roofs, flat gutters

–  

88.0 

–  

 m/day

 Lead Roofs, flat copings

–  

76.0 

–  

 m/day

 Lead Roofs, stepped gutters

–  

3.5 

–  

 m/day

 Lead Roofs, shaped copings

–  

3.3 

–  

 m/day

 Lead Roofs, cover step flashings

–  

3.2 

–  

 m/day

 Lead Roofs, rooflight flashings

–  

0.8 

–  

 no/day

 Lead Roofs, domed roof coverings

–  

0.7 

–  

 m2/day

 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels

12.2 

15.0 

17.5 

 m2/day

Insulation

 Polystyrene Boards

–  

8.5 

–  

 m2/hr

 Glass Fibre, low pitch

–  

12.0 

–  

 m2/hr


Ref

Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Slates & Tiles

per man

 Slate Roofs, Welsh Slate 3-5mm

–  

12.0

18.0

 m2/day

 Slate Roofs, Cumbrian Slate 8-11mm

–  

8.5 

–  

 m2/day

 Slate Roofs, Asbestos Slates

–  

24.0

36.0

 m2/day

 Tiled Roofs, Concrete Tiles

–  

40.0

52.0

 m2/day

 Tiled Roofs, Clay Pan Tiles

–  

12.0

20.0

 m2/day

Roof Windows & Atrium

per gang

Rooflights

–  

1

–  

no/day

Velux Type windows

2

no/day

Atrium Roof Glazing

60

70

m2/wk

Rainwater Goods

per man

Gutters

–  

2

2.5

m/hr

Downpipes

2.5

3

m/hr

Wet Bldg Trades


Ref

Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Plastering

 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high

2.8 

3.1 

 m2/hr

 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high

2.6 

2.8 

 m2/hr

 Covings

4.0

–  

 m/hr

 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high

6.7 

7.3 

 m2/hr

 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high

6.1 

6.7 

 m2/hr

General Plastering rate – (2+1 gang)

150

200

m2/week

Fibrous Plaster -General

25

m2/week

Rendering

 Large Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats

–  

2.2 

2.7 

 m2/hr

 Small Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats

–  

1.5 

1.7 

 m2/hr

 Narrow Widths, applied in 2 coats

–  

1.2 

1.4 

 m2/hr

Floor Screed

Hoist & Barrow (2+1 Gang)

 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 20-40mm thick

35

50

 m2/day

 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 40-65mm thick

30

40

 m2/day

 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 65-100mm thick

25

30

 m2/day

Pumped Screed

(large areas) (2+1 Gang)

170

m2/day

Cutting Chases

 Concrete, cutting by hand, 50-75mm wide

1.0 

1.4 

2.1 

 m/hr

 Concrete, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide

2.5 

3.3 

5.0 

 m/hr

 Concrete, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide

1.8 

2.4 

3.7 

 m/hr

 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 25-50mm wide

1.6 

2.3 

3.5 

 m/hr

 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 75-100mm wide

1.2 

1.6 

2.5 

 m/hr

 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide

3.3 

4.5 

6.7 

 m/hr

 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide

2.5 

3.3 

5.0 

 m/hr

Cutting Switchboxes

 Cutting in Concrete, small box

7.1 

9.5 

12.5 

 no/hr

 Cutting in Concrete, large box

3.6 

4.5 

5.6 

 no/hr

 Cutting in Brickwork, small box

6.6 

9.5 

12.5 

 no/hr

 Cutting in Brickwork, large box

4.2 

5.3 

6.3 

 no/hr

Building Finishes


Ref

Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Suspended Ceilings

 Suspended Ceilings, office situations

–  

2.6 

3.5 

 m2/hr

 Suspended Ceilings, First Fix

–  

1.4 

–  

 m2/hr

 Suspended Ceilings, Second Fix

–  

1.2 

–  

 m2/hr

Flooring Finishes

 Raised Flooring, metal system

–  

7.0

8.0

 m2/hr

 Granolithic Flooring

–  

3.1 

–  

 m2/hr

 Terrazzo Flooring, in-situ

–  

3.6 

–  

 m2/hr

 Terrazzo Flooring, pre-cast

–  

4.6 

5.1 

 m2/hr

 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m

–  

1.5 

2.2 

 m2/hr

 Clay, quarry Tiles, small areas, much cutting

–  

0.8 

1.1 

 m2/hr

 Clay, quarry Tiles, large areas, little cutting

–  

2.2 

2.8 

 m2/hr

 Linolium/Thermo-Plastic Flooring

–  

3.1 

5.0 

 m2/hr

 Thermo-Plastic Floor Tiles

–  

3.3 

5.6 

 m2/hr

 Wood Block Flooring, lay blocks

–  

1.5 

2.1 

 m2/hr

 Wood Block Flooring, sand and polish

–  

3.1 

–  

 m2/hr

Underlay & Grippers

–  

5.0

6.0

 m2/hr

 Carpeting, Fully Fitted

–  

2.0 

3.0

 m2/hr

 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, small areas

–  

3.7 

4.1 

 m2/hr

 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, large areas

–  

6.6 

7.2 

 m2/hr

Metalwork

 Install Metal Door and Frame

–  

0.2 

–  

 no/hr

 Install Balustrade & Railings

–  

1.5 

–  

 m/hr

General Rate – (Flights)

4

No/wk

Ceramic Tiling

 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m

–  

1.3

1.5 

 no/hr

 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, setout and level

–  

55.5 

–  

 m/hr

 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, fix, grout and clean

–  

1.5 

–  

 m2/hr

 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Ledges/Upstands

20.4 

27.1 

32.0 

 no/hr

 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas under 1.5m2 per room

0.9 

1.0 

1.2 

 m2/hr

 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas of 1.5-2.5m2 per room

1.4 

1.6 

1.9 

 m2/hr

 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas over 2.5m2 per room

1.5 

1.7 

2.1 

 m2/hr

 Ceramic Tiles, Grouting Works

2.2 

2.5 

2.6 

 m2/hr


Ref

Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Painting

 Prepare Walls

–  

14.2 

–  

 m2/hr

 Prepare Doors

–  

12.5 

–  

 m2/hr

 Prepare Door Frames

–  

25.0 

–  

 m/hr

 Burn Off / Heat Strip Paintwork

–  

1.1 

–  

 m2/hr

Timber, knot, 1 primer, stop, 2 undercoat, 1 gloss

–  

1.7 

2.1 

 m2/hr

Timber, touchup primer, 1 undercoat, 1 coat gloss

–  

3.1 

3.8 

 m2/hr

 Internal Timber, polyurethane varnish, 2 coats

–  

3.3 

–  

 m2/hr

 External Timber, 2 coats wood preservative

–  

4.0 

–  

 m2/hr

 External Timber, 3 coats polyurethane varnish

–  

2.0 

–  

 m2/hr

(For all the above take 50% of rate if for frames)

 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to plaster

–  

8.0 

–  

 m2/hr

 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to brick/blockwork

–  

6.0 

–  

 m2/hr

 Internal Walls, 1 mist, 2 coats emulsion to plaster

–  

6.0 

–  

 m2/hr

 Internal Walls, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss to plaster

–  

2.3 

–  

 m2/hr

Portaflec Spray

10

m2/hr

 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to render/concrete

–  

2.5 

–  

 m2/hr

 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to brick/blockwork

–  

2.0 

–  

 m2/hr

 Floors, epoxy paint

–  

2.9 

–  

 m2/hr

 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 2 coats

–  

6.1 

–  

 m2/hr

 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 3 coats

–  

5.0 

–  

 m2/hr

 Internal Steelwork, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss

1.3 

2.4 

–  

 m2/hr

 External Steelwork, 1 primer, 2 undercoats, 1 gloss

0.9 

1.7 

–  

 m2/hr

Wallpapering

 Strip Existing Wallpaper (3 layers) & Prepare Walls

–  

4.0

–  

 m2/hr

 Fix Wallpaper and lining paper

–  

6.0

–  

 m2/hr

 Fix Vinyl and Washable paper

–  

4.2 

–  

 m2/hr

 Fix Ceiling Lining Paper

–  

4.0 

–  

 m2/hr

Lifts & Escalators


Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Lift Installations

Install 2 to 3 storeys

–  

3.0 

–  

 wks/floor

Install 4 storeys and above

–  

2.0 

–  

 wks/floor

Testing allow 2 wks plus

–  

1.0 

–  

 day/floor

 Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver

–  

18

26

 wks

 Non-Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver

75.0 

65.0 

52.0 

 wks

Escalator Installations

Develop concept design and gain client approval

–  

16.0 

–  

 wks

Prepare preliminary design and gain approval

–  

12.0 

–  

 wks

 Assemble truss , position/level

–  

1.0 

–  

 wks

Install decking and glazing etc

–  

3.0

–  

 wks

Performance testing

–  

1.0

–  

 wks

Full load testing

–  

1.0

–  

 wks

Final test and inspection

–  

1.0

–  

 wks

Fitting Out


Task / Description

Slow  

Ave  

Fast  

 Units

Kitchen Fit Out

 Overall Installation for 100 persons or 50m2

–  

3.0 

–  

 wks

 Overall Installation for 500 persons or 150m2

–  

5.0 

–  

 wks

T005
Target Sheet

1.

Project or Tender Name :

Tender/Project No:

Date:

Planner:

Ref Code

Activity Description

Length

Area

Volume

Number

Output

Rate

Units

Resource

No of Days

Comment

_1075537582.xls

Notes on Rates

Notes on Output Rates
GENERAL
Outputs are for carrying out major works with clear access and large enough areas to permit
ease of material deliveries and rubbish away with no double handling, and sufficient work volumes
for continuous employment of plant and labour.
For contracts which dictate conditions that differ to those stated above additional time needs to be
added into the individual time outputs.
Outputs reflect the actual man operative time taken to carry out the works inclusive of material
deliveries and rubbish away, if any, but account for the operative time only. Therefore they should
not be used for pricing purposes before applying a gang factor.
DEMOLITION
Exclusions:
Removal of asbestos or other contaminants.
Production and approval of method statements by Local Authority.
Erecting temporary works or hand balling around temporary works.
Making good.
Comments
“Dealing with hard materials” – some buildings take longer due to their individually constructed
peculiarities e.g. grillage reinforced concrete/setting aside special listed features/underground
bunkers/restrictions to city centre sites to working hours/retaining backgrounds which may collapse
due to the age of the building.
Removal of floor boarding includes for de-nailing joists.
Removal of staircase is for a floor to ceiling height of 2.70 metres in timber.
Soft stripping of offices assumes an open plan type of arrangement.
EXCAVATE AND FILL
Comments
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Strip topsoil assumes topsoil for setting aside for re-use. If removed as a bulk dig exercise outputs
would be as per reduce level excavation.
Basement excavation assumes a traditional “bottom up” dig.
Basement and large dig exercises are significantly dependant upon the volume of soil that can
be removed from Site -. e.g. County Hall basement (size 140mx40m with access to one long side
total 50,000m3 approx 9m deep) peaked at 4,000m3 per week removal from Site in a continual
operation. – averaged 2,500m3 week due to wet weather etc.
Soil capacity on one lorry load = 10m3/load as dug.
Excavation in underpinning by hand shallow – 6 hours/m3 deep 10hr/m3
DRAINAGE
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Trench excavation (page 4 excavate and fill) – outputs are to open trench “continuous” style
service trenches with no time allowed to set aside or dispose of soil or to sheet up sides.
Manholes and gullies (page 5 drainage) – outputs are for the elements only shown ie manhole
rings/bricks etc and do not include for excavation, jointing in pipes, benchings, channels
ROADS/EXTERNAL WORKS
Sub base – weight of type 1 fill :2.2tonnes/m3
Road surfacing/kerbs/paviors – reduce by half -ie double the time for areas to building projects.
Fencing/atreetlighting/landscaping – reduce by half – ie double the time for areas to building
projects.
PILING AND GROUND ENGINEERING
Piling – outputs are per piling rig
Secant piling outputs exclude time taken for constructing a guide wall – guide wall time
same as in Diaphragm Walling
Pile trimming – outputs are per man
Vibrocompaction output is per nett treated floor area based on vibro columns at 2.20m ctrs both
ways for stone columns up to 8m deep.
FOUNDATIONS/CONCRETE STRUCTURES
Formwork outputs are per m2 nett area of formwork per shuttering carpenter
Holorib decking/concrete topping – see suspended slabs/formwork
Placing concrete by tower crane – outputs dependant on hook time cycle and are per crane/gang
STRUCTURAL STEELWORK
Outputs include for use of a crane on a crane/gang resource.
WALLS AND SCAFFOLDS
Outputs for masonry are for quantities per bricklayer trowel.
Outputs are for general masonry. Walls incorporating cutting to accommodate different types
of bricks/small areas/protruding or recessed panels/contrasting bands/building in white mortar/
laying blocks flat on face are excluded.
Outputs are for building in stretcher bond (half brick)English bond (I brick)
Reduce outputs by 10% for building in dpc/expansion jointing/head structural restraints.
Adjust precast lintol outputs for large boot lintols to 0.50 per hour.
EXTERNAL CLADDING
Stone/cladding restoration outputs are totally dependant on works to be carried out ie stitch new
stones or bricks in,resin repair cracks – advice needed from specialists for job in question.
Stone cladding outputs are for a gang hour and include for structural fixings.
Carpentry carcassing/roof carcassing/carpentry second fix outputs are per Carpenter.
Roof trusses are assumed to be in timber. Large trusses (exceeding 6m span) 0.5 per hour.
Timber staircases assume per 2.60m storey height in one single flight.
Stud partitioning outputs for gyproc to ceilings assume areas of rooms in a domestic location.
Toilet partitioning outputs assume outputs per Carpenter and exclude back panellling (1m2 per hour)
ROOF FINISHES
Outputs for roof tiling include for felt and battening and are per tiler.
BUILDING FINISHES
Outputs for raised access flooring assume large open plan arangement
&L&”Times New Roman,Regular”Tool T028&C&”Times New Roman,Bold”&14Costain Limited
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&A

Demolition

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Out Finishes per man
 Remove & Cart away, Lathe and Plaster Ceilings 3.2  4.6  5.0   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Plaster to Walls 2.1  3.1  5.9   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, External Render –   2.5 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, sand & cement Floor Screed –   3.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, grano or reinforced Floor Screed 1.5 2.0  m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Concrete Paving –   4.0  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 1.0 brick thick –   1.5  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 0.5 brick thick –   1.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Floor Boards –   2.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Staircase –   8.0 –    hrs/no
Soft Strip Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Hard Demolition Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Removal of Pavings
Concrete Slabs
Non reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 20.0 m2/hr
Reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 5.0 10.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Excavate & Fill

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Top Soil per excavator
Excavate & Load Lorry 10 m3/hr
General Bulk Excavation & Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 35.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 30.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Hard Ground 13.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Hard Ground 20.0  m3/hr
Large Volume Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator,>2m3 bucket, gravel/clay ground 2500.0  m3/day
Basement Excavation and Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 25.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, >1m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 35.0  m3/hr
Bottom Up Excavation By Hand 6.0 m2/hr
Excavate & Remove From Site overall
Central London (Large Project) 4000.0 5,000 m3/Week
London Perimeter (Large Project) 5000.0 7,500 m3/Week
Excavate Foundations per excavator
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Pits 5.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Trenches 6.0  m3/hr
Soil Bulking Factors & Densities
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Sand/Soil –   15.0   %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Gravel –   33.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Clay/Chalk –   40.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Boulder Clay –   45.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Rock –   60.0  –    %
 Spoil Weight, Rock –   2.5  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Concrete –   2.4  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Landfill/CDG –   1.9  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Sand –   1.8  –    Te/m3
Spoil Weight, Clay 2.0  Te/m3
Breaking Out (By Machine)
per excavator
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 30.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 20.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 10.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 1.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 2.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 2.8  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 3.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 6.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 0.3  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   0.4 –    hrs/m3
Breaking Out (By Hand)
per man
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 5.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 6.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 9.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 8.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 10.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 3.0  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   3.5 –    hrs/m3
Brickwork
 Brickwork, walls and columns 3.0  hrs/m3
 Brickwork, foundations 3.5  hrs/m3
Dewatering System
 Setup large 15 hole system –   21.0  –    days
Spread & Level Fill per excavator
Hardcore Layers 100-150mm 5.0 6.0 10.0 m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 13.9  20.4  25.0   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 11.6  16.9  21.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 23.8  28.5  35.7   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 19.6  24.5  30.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, over 200m2, Hardcore 47.6  51.6  55.6   m3/hr
Trench Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.2  22.2  26.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 26.3  28.6  33.2   m3/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, < 2.0m wide 3.0  4.2  6.5   m2/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, > 2.0m wide 6.2  6.7  9.2   m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Drainage

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Excavate Drain Trenches
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 10 m/day
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 6 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 3 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 35 m/day
Drain Laying
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Lay Small Diameter Pipes up to 150mm 30 m/day
Lay Large Diameter Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Lay large Diameter Pipes up to 450mm 8 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 70 m/day
Connecting Drainage per gang
 PVC Drainage, 3m pipes, 150-200mm dia, 5-30m run –   10.6  –    m/hr
 Hepsleve Rubber Joint System, over 375mm dia, 5-30m run –   2.3  –    m/hr
Land Drains
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, 5-30m run 6.0 –   14.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, over 30m run 10.0 –   19.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, 5-30m run 4.0 –   10.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, over 30m run 6.0 –   12.0  m/hr
Manholes & Gullies
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 610 x 455 x 51 mm –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 990 x 610 x 64 mm –   1.6  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.0 brick engineering –   0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.5 brick engineering –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Benching to Manhole, under 0.5m2 –   0.9  –    hrs/no
 Benching to Manhole, 0.5-0.75m2 –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, under 150mm dia –   0.1  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, 150-225mm dia –   0.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in cast iron covers 0.6   hrs/no
 Yard Gulleys, 75-150mm dia pipes, bed and level –   2.2  –    no/hr
 Yard Gulleys, 150-225mm dia pipes, bed and level –   1.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 600mm deep, bed and level –   1.2  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 750mm deep, bed and level –   0.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 1,200mm deep, bed and level –   0.3  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, install gratings –   5.0  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roads & External Works

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Sub Base
Large Road Job gang day
Spread & level Granular Material 1200 T/day
Trim Fill 1500 m2/day
Concrete Road Surfacing per gang
 Concrete Road surfacing, 150mm thick –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 200mm thick –   7.7  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 300mm thick –   6.7  –    m2/hr
Tarmac Road Surfacing per gang
Barbour Greene Large Sized Project
Road Base
Winter Working 300 1200 m2/day
Summer Working 700 2500 m2/day
Wearing Course 500 Te/day
12,000 m2/day
Barbour Greene Medium Sized Project
Tarmacadam 160 m2/hr
Asphalt 145 m2/hr
Manual Laying
Tarmacadam 8.0 m2/hr
Asphalt 5.0 m2/hr
Road Markings 180 500 m/day
Kerbs & Haunching per man
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 5m radius –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 10m radius –   3.0 –    m/hr
 Stone/Granite Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid straight –   6.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 5m radius –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 10m radius –   4.5 –    m/hr
Pavings & Paviors
 Concrete Slabs, laid on bedding, to slight falls 2.0 4.0  m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid in mortar, to falls 1.5 2.3   m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid on sand, to falls 2.0 2.8   m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, no patterns 0.3  –    m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, with patterns 0.2  –    m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, straight joints 1.3  1.9   m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, herringbone pattern –   1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Gravel Paths, including preparation of sub-base –   10.5  –    m2/hr
Fencing
Small/Medium sized Project per gang
 Fence Erection, Chainlink, posts at 2.0m –   4.4  –    m/hr
 Post Erection, Timber / Metal, dig, erect, fix 3.3  4.5  –    no/hr
 Fence Erection, Chestnut Pailings, posts at 2.0m –   33.3  –    m/hr
Safety Fencing – (Large Road Project)
– Driven Posts 400 m/day
– Augered Posts 200 m/day
Streetlighting & U/Ground Services
 Lay Street Lighting Cables and connect –   6 8  m/hr
Communications Duct & pit Installation 60 100 m/day
Lighting Columns 3 4 no/day
Commissioning 2 weeks
Landscaping
 Top Soil, spread, level and prepare for turf or seeding –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 Top Soil, rake in fertilizer for seeding –   25.0  –    m2/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, under 750mm high –   4.0  –    no/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, over 750mm high –   1.5  –    no/hr
 Planting, Saplings, under 3.0m high –   1.7  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Piling & Grnd Eng.

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/rig
Bored Concrete Piling per rig
CFA Piling <15m Long 6.0 8.0 10.0 no/day
CFA Piling 15 – 25m Long 5.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Short augered piles <6m long <750mm dia 15.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling < 750mm Dia 6.0 7.0 9.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 750 – 1200mm Dia 2.0 3.0 4.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 1200 – 2000mm Dia 1.0 1.5 2.0 no/day
Contiguous Pile Wall 15-20m long 8.0 9.0 10.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/Hard 2.0 4.0 5.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/soft 6.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Tripod Piling 8 m/day
Precast & Steel Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
 H Piles, driven steel H-beams 200.0  350.0  500.0   m/day
Precast Concrete Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
Steel Sheet Piling
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 10m deep Sand –   55.0  60.0   m/day
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 35m deep Sand 3.5  32.0  10.5   m/day
King Post Temporary Wall
Posts at 3m Centres 58 m2/wk
Mini Piling
 Mini Piles, driven 235mm dia, 35m deep 2.5 3  m/hr
Hand Dug Piling per man
 Excave shaft by grab, general fill/uppr levels –   3.5  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, sand/minor rubble –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, marinve/aluvium –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Install reinforcement cages –   2.0  –    hrs/no
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after excavation –   8.0  –    hrs
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after cage installed –   2.0  –    hrs
 Shaft concreting/extract casing 5-70m deep –   12.0  –    hrs
Cut Down Piles
 Concrete Piles, 300-750mm deep and 0.6m dia 2.0  hrs/no
 Concrete Piles 300-750mm deep and 1.1m dia 5.0  hrs/no
Diaphram Walls
 Guide Walls, construction 0.3  0.5  0.8   m/Mhr
Construct Diaphram Wall – retained face 70.0 m2/rigday
Ground Anchors
 Drill 30m shaft –   7.0  –    hrs
 Install strands/setup anchor –   6.0  –    hrs
 Grout in strands –   2.0  –    hrs
Soil Nailing
–   –  
–   –  
Ground Improvement
Vibrocompaction (8m long 2.2m ctrs) 1000 m2/rig/wk
Dynamic Compaction m2/rig/wk
Sundry Activities
 Grout curtain installation –   6.2  –    hrs/m run
 Dig Caisson 800mm dia, 26m deep 55.0  33.0  25.0   days/no
Site Investigation
 Pre Drilling, Rercussive or Rotary, soft deposits 8.0  10.0  14.0   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Wash Boring, grade V/IV rock 2.5  3.2  3.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Triple Tube Sampling, grade V/IV rock 0.4  0.8  0.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Rotary, grade III/II rock 0.2  0.5  0.7   m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Tunnelling

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Conventional Tunneling
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 6m diameter 0.4  0.6 0.8  m/day
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 10m diameter 0.5 0.7 0.9  m/day
Cut & Cover
Formwork Tunnel Forms, Wall and Slab poured as one –   15.6  17.5   m2/hr
NATM
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter under 7.0m 2.5  2.9  3.2   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m 1.5  2.0  2.5   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter over 10.0m 1.0  1.3  1.5   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 2.0-7.0m 1.5  1.8  2.0   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m –   1.5  –    m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter over 10.0m –   1.0  1.5   m/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 2 crews 190.0  225.0  279.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 4 crews 255.0  300.0  366.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 2 access with 4 crews 382.0  450.0  549.0   m3/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter under 6.5m 2.1  2.5  2.8   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter over 6.5m 1.5  2.0  2.4   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Vertical Shafts, diameter over 6.5m 2.2  2.5  3.1   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnel Junctions –   0.2  0.3   m/day
 Insitu Permanent Lining, 12m bays, 350-400mm reinforced with PCV backing –   3 4  m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time , Running Tunnels 3.2  4.0  4.9   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Station Access Adits 3.3  3.9  4.2   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Concourse Tunnels 2.2  2.5  2.7   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Escalator Tunnels 1.2  1.5  1.7   m/day
Rock Tunnelling
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, cycle time 8.0  6.0  5.5   mins
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class I Granite 0.3  0.9  1.2   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class II Granite 2.0  2.6  2.9   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class III Granite 1.2  1.4  1.8   m3/cycle
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Foundations

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/man
Formwork per man
 Pilecaps, small 0.7  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, medium-large 1.0  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, large 1.3  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, < 0.7m2 0.8  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 0.7-1.5m2 1  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 3.0-5.0m2 1.2  m2/hr
Reinforcement
40mm 8 9 12 hrs/tonne
32mm 10 12 14 hrs/tonne
20mm 14 18 20 hrs/tonne
16mm 12 15 20 hrs/tonne
Concrete Placing
large Sized Pours (pump) 20.0 40.0 m3/hr
Medium Sized Pours (direct discharge) 8.0 12.0 m3/hr
Small Pours (Backactor) 3.0 4.0 m3/hr
Underpinning
 Concrete Pinning, every 4th/5th pin cycle –   1.2  2.2   m/day
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.0 brick thick –   0.4  0.7   m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.5 brick thick 0.1  0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 2.0 brick thick –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 102mm wall –   0.8  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 215mm wall –   0.7  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 317mm wall –   0.5  –    m/hr
Trench Support
Open Boarding 4 m2/hr
Close Boarding 3 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Concrete Structures

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/man
Formwork
Walls Including Stop-ends etc per man
 Walls,1.0-2.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, 2.0-5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, over 5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 5.0-15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, over 15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
Columns
 Columns, Square Timber csa < 0.1m2 0.65  m2/manhr
 Columns, Square Timber csa 0.1-0.4m2 0.65  m2/manhr
Slabs & Beams
Suspended Plain Slab Soffit 1  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width 300-500mm 0.5  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width over 750mm 0.5  m2/manhr
Troughed/Waffle Slabs 0.65  m2/manhr
 Table Form, Aluminum System, 400m2 bays 100 150  m2/gangday
 Stop Ends, no perforations 2.5 3  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, minor perforations 1.2 1.6  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, dense perforations 0.6 0.9  m2/manhr
 Box Outs, 0.01-0.05m2 6 8  no/manhr
 Box Outs, over 0.05m2 3 5  no/manhr
Staircases
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Sloping 0.6 0.8  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Flat Landing 0.8 1  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Wall Strings 0.4 –    m2/manhr
Reinforcement
Reinforcement Ratios
 Pile Cap, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   14.8  –    % ratio
 Base Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   13.2  14.1   % ratio
 Suspended Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 13.0 18.0 23.0  % ratio
 Columns, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 15.8  18.7  28.7   % ratio
 Walls, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 14.7  15.0  –    % ratio
General Steelfixing rates
Links 30.0 25.0 hrs/tonne
10mm 30.0 20.0 hrs/tonne
12mm 25.0 16.0  hrs/tonne
16mm 20.0 15.0  hrs/tonne
20mm 18.0 13.0  hrs/tonne
25mm 15.0 12.0  hrs/tonne
32mm 12.0 11.0  hrs/tonne
40mm 12.0 9.0  hrs/tonne
General Column Construction rate
Formwork, Reinforcement & Concrete (3man gang) 2 6 No/day
Slip Forming
 Shaft Slip Forming –   300 400  mm/hr
Post Tensioned Concrete
 Lag for Initial Stress Tensioning after 1st bay cast –   48.0  –    hrs
 Lag for Final Stress Tensioning after Initial Stress –   120.0  –    hrs
Concrete Placing
 Hollorib Decking, concrete topping 2000 2500  m2/week
 Hollorib concrete topping, incl PowerFloat 50.0  70.0   m2/hr
Tower Crane & Skip, Slabs over 150mm thick 4 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Beams over 150mm thick 4 5  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Walls 3 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Columns 2.5 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Stairs and Landings 2 4  m3/hr
Pumping To Slabs 20 40  m3/hr
Pumping To Walls with Tremie Pipe 6 8  m3/hr
Concrete Finishing
Wood Float By Hand 20 30  m2/hr
Power Float 30 40  m2/hr
Wire Brush, expose aggregate 25 35  m2/hr
Precast Concrete
 Precast Floor Planks 0.4  0.2  0.1   hrs/plank
 Precast Stair units 0.5 0.3  hrs/plank
Beams,Columns & Slabs 500 600 m2/week
Car Park Precast elements 70 75 No/Week
Sundry Information
 Concrete Weight, 1m3 –   2.4  –    Tonnes
 Readymix Lorry, Length –   8.3  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Width –   2.5  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Height –   3.7  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Turning Circle –   16.4  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Allowable Ramp Gradient –   17.0  20.0   degrees
Lorry Weight 24 Tonnes
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Structural Steelwork

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/gang
Structural Steel Frames
Heavy Structural Steel Frame 10.0  Tons/day
Medium Sized Structural Steel Frame 9.0  Tons/day
 Light Steel Frame and Roof Members 4.0   Tons/day
 Wall Frame, Bow String Truss and Frame –   1.6  –    Tons/day
Metal Deck Flooring
 Hollorib Decking, lay deck –   300 350  m2/day
 Hollorib Decking, shear connecting studs –   225 250  m2/day
General Guides
Tonnage of steel in a building 43 54 Kg/m2
Office Building 60 Kg/m2
Fire Protection
Sprayed Fire protection 40 50 tonnes/week
 Spray Protection to Steelwork –   200 –   m2/week
Board Fire Protection 150 m2/week
Intumescent Paint 250 m2/week
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Walls & Scaffolds

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/Mn
Brickwork Fairfaced per man
Stretcher Bond, 0.5 Brick thick 0.75  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1 Brick thick 0.42  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1.5 Brick thick 0.28  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 2 Brick thick 0.2  m2/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Coping 1.5 –   m/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Canted Cills 1.5 –   m/hr
Face finish as work proceeds incl
Special Bricks 0.3 m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Flush and Rubbed 2.0   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Struck Pointing 1.3   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Bucket Handle 2.7   m2/hr
Common Bricks 0.5 Brick 1.0  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1 Brick 0.5  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1.5 Brick 0.35  m2/hr
Blockwork
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.50  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.30  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.25  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 0.65  m2/hr
Metal Angle Restraints
Vertical Posts 2.0 no/hr
Head Restraints 3.0 m/hr
Ext Support Angle 2.0 m/hr
Sundries
Concrete Lintels 1.0 no/hr
Steel lintels 2.0 no/hr
Access Scaffolding
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 2m lifts 5.0  m run/hr
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 3m lifts 4.0  m run/hr
 Metal Tube and Fittings, 5-6 Boards wide 3.5  m run/hr
Fix Hop-ups Kwickstage 14.0 m run/hr
Re-position Hop-ups Kwickstage 20.0 m run/hr
Birdcage Scaffolding
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 50-250m3 14.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 250-1000m3 16.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, over 1000m3 18.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, striking 200.0   % x erect
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

External Cladding

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Curtain Walling Per gang
 Glazed Curtain Wall –   20.0 30.0  m2/day
 High Quality Glazed Curtain Walling –   15.0 25.0  m2/day
Rule of Thumb- Multi-Storey Office Block 3.0 wks/Flr
Windows & Glazing per gang
 Vertical Glazed Lights, 6m x 2.5m –   15.0 –    m2/day
 Vertical Glazed Walls, large scale –   50.0 –    m2/day
 Clerestory Frame/Glazing, 3m x 4m –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Oriel Window Frame/Glazing, 4m x 2m –   35.0  –    m2/day
Patent Glazing 90.0 m2/wk
Windows general 1.0 m2/manhr
Metal Cladding
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
 VE Panel Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 1.0  1.4  1.9   m2/day
Stone Facade Restoration per man
 Façade Cleaning, Water Jetting –   25.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Acid Etching –   9.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Grit Blasting –   12.0  –    m2/day
 Cladding Restoration, Brickwork seek specialist advice
 Cladding Restoration, Stonework courses seek specialist advice
Stone Cladding per gang
 Fix 0.5m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix 0.5-0.75m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.35   m2/hr
 Fix 0.75-1.0m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.4 0.4  m2/hr
 Fix Curved Stone Cladding 0.2 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Edge Beams/Window Reveals 0.25  0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Soffits 0.3 0.4  m2/hr
 Stone Floors 1.0 1.5  m2/hr
 Granite/Marble Wall Panels 0.6 0.8  m2/hr
Portland Stone Final Wash down 300.0 350.0 m2/week
Precast Concrete Cladding
Large storey height panels 2.0 3.0 No/day
(Largely Dependant on Deliveries)
Profiled Metal Sheet Cladding
Large areas factory bldg 400.0 m2/gangwk
Specialist Ext Wall Finishes
Terracotta Tiles 30.0 m2/gangday
Sto Render (with insulation) 2.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Dry Int. Carcassing

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Carpentry Carcassing per man
 Windows, Timber Frames for Bricklaying 0.5  0.1   hrs/no
 Windows, Drill, Screw & Plug extra over 0.1  –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 1.0-3.0m2 1.8 –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 2.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Access Hatch 0.3  –    no/hr
 Floor Joists, 26 30 m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 30 35 m/hr
 Floor Boards, Butt Jointed 2.5 3  m2/hr
 Floor Boards, T&G Boards 3 3.5  m2/hr
 Plywood Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 4 5  m2/hr
 Chipboard Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 5.1  5.8   m2/hr
 Windows, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 0.4  0.3   hrs/no
 Windows, Softwood, 7.0-10.0m2 0.9  0.6   hrs/no
 Fix Metal and Timber Windows After Wall Complete 2.0  –    m2/hr
 Window Glazing 1.3  –    m2/hr
Roof Carcassing per man
 Roof Trusses 1.3  –    no/hr
 Wall Plates 3.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Rafters 1.2  –    m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 8.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Jack Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Soffits, Softwood, screwed 4.0 –    m/hr
Carpentry 2nd Fix per man
 Window Boards, screwed 0.3  hrs/m
 Mouldings, Softwood, Screwed 6.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Screwed 4.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Gun Nailed 6.0  m/hr
 Skirting 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave, Fix to Doors 1.0 –    hrs/door
 Door Stop Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Glazed Bead Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Hanging Doors, Softwood, Single Pair Butts 1.5  hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Softwood 0.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Hardwood 0.6  –    hrs/no
General Door & Frame Fixing Rates(per Pair)
External Double Leaf 1.5 No/day
Internal Double Leaf 2 No/day
Internal Single Leaf 3 No/day
Fix Bath Panel 0.4  –    hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Floor Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Wall Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Shelf Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, simple, straight flight 1.5   hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, 2 straight flights, 1 landing 2.9   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix horizontal 0.6   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix raking 0.5   hrs/no
Timber Panelling Pine 1 m2/hr
Timber Panelling Hardwood 0.5 m2/hr
Stud Partitioning/Dry Lining
Gyproc Partitions (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Partitions (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
 Boarding to Stud-work/Metal Lathes 4.0 6.0  m2/manhr
 Boarding 19mm nailed to studding 6.0 10.0  m2/manhr
 Tape, Joint Sand and Top Coat Plasterboard 1.5   m2/manhr
 Skimming to Plasterboard 6.1   m2/manhr
Gyproc Dry Lining System – Walls 5 7  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (single layer) 6 10  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (double layer) 3 5  m2/manhr
Acoustic Ceiling Lining 170 250 m2/wk
Acoustic Wall Lining 200 330 m2/wk
Steelwork Encasement (single layer) 2  m2/manhr
Steelwork Encasement (double layer) 1  m2/manhr
Proprietary Partitions
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Separation panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Wall Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, End Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Hang Door to Panel –   0.4  –    hrs/no
 100mm Pine Paneling, excluding studding time 0.8  1.1  1.4   m2/hr
General rate for Toilet Cubicle 2 No/manday
Demountable Partitions (Full Height) 1 m/manhour
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Bldg Services

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plumbing
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Pipes –   1.2  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Branches –   2.2  –    hrs/no
 Cast Iron Spigot Joint Pipes, 100mm –   1.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 150-200mm dia –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 1,050mm dia –   0.4  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 200mm dia –   1.8  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 300mm dia –   1.2  –    m/hr
 UPVC Downpipes, 75mm –   3.3  –    m/hr
 UPVC Guttering, 75mm –   3.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Downpipes, 75mm –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Guttering, 75mm –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron RWP Fittings, 75mm –   2.2  –    no/hr
Rule of Thumb
Deduct 15% for OH&P
Labour Cost on Systems
Electrical 33 %
Mechanical & sprinklers 30 %
Plumbing 33 %
Hot Water 25 %
Ventillation 17 %
Air Conditioning 9 %
Divide amount by anticipated weekly gross labour rate to derive No of man weeks
Test & commissioning
Radiator & Convector System 4 7 weeks
Simple ventillation System 8 weeks
Full Air Conditioning System 12 16 weeks
Hospital/laboratory Systems 16 24 weeks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roof Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Asphalt & Felt Roofing per gang
 Asphalt Roof in layers –   50 –    m2/day
 Felt Roofs, large areas –   35 52  m2/day
 Felt Roofs, small or complicated –   20 30  m2/day
 Asphalt coatings, horizontal surfaces 3.5  4.2  5.8   m2/hr
 Asphalt coatings, vertical surfaces 1.2  1.7  2.2   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 2 coats 4.8  5.0  6.3   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 3 coats 3.3  3.5  4.4   m2/hr
 Bituminous Sheets, horizontal surfaces 3.8  4.0  4.8   m2/hr
 Polythene Sheets, horizontal surfaces –   20.0  –    m2/hr
Roof Screeding per gang
Laid in Medium sized Bays to falls –   50 –    m2/day
Laid in Large Bays (pumped) –   100 –    m2/day
Membrane Roof Sheeting
Trocal Single Ply Membrane 300 400 m2/wk
Metal Decking & Roofing per gang
 Metal Decking, large areas –   70.0  –    m2/day
 Metal Decking, small or complicated –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Titanium Sheeted Roofs –   9.5  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, flat work –   3.0  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, sloping work –   2.7  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, flat work –   2.4  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, flat work –   2.8  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, sloping work –   1.9  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat work –   2.5  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, dormer cheeks –   1.3  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat gutters –   88.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, flat copings –   76.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, stepped gutters –   3.5  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, shaped copings –   3.3  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, cover step flashings –   3.2  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, rooflight flashings –   0.8  –    no/day
 Lead Roofs, domed roof coverings –   0.7  –    m2/day
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
Insulation
 Polystyrene Boards –   8.5  –    m2/hr
 Glass Fibre, low pitch –   12.0  –    m2/hr
Slates & Tiles per man
 Slate Roofs, Welsh Slate 3-5mm –   12.0 18.0  m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Cumbrian Slate 8-11mm –   8.5  –    m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Asbestos Slates –   24.0 36.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Concrete Tiles –   40.0 52.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Clay Pan Tiles –   12.0 20.0  m2/day
Roof Windows & Atrium per gang
Rooflights –   1 –   no/day
Velux Type windows 2 no/day
Atrium Roof Glazing 60 70 m2/wk
Rainwater Goods per man
Gutters –   2 2.5 m/hr
Downpipes 2.5 3 m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Wet Bldg Trades

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plastering
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 2.8  3.1   m2/hr
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 2.6  2.8   m2/hr
 Covings 4.0 –    m/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 6.7  7.3   m2/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 6.1  6.7   m2/hr
General Plastering rate – (2+1 gang) 150 200 m2/week
Fibrous Plaster -General 25 m2/week
Rendering
 Large Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   2.2  2.7   m2/hr
 Small Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   1.5  1.7   m2/hr
 Narrow Widths, applied in 2 coats –   1.2  1.4   m2/hr
Floor Screed
Hoist & Barrow (2+1 Gang)
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 20-40mm thick 35 50  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 40-65mm thick 30 40  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 65-100mm thick 25 30  m2/day
170 m2/day
Cutting Chases
 Concrete, cutting by hand, 50-75mm wide 1.0  1.4  2.1   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 1.8  2.4  3.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 25-50mm wide 1.6  2.3  3.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 75-100mm wide 1.2  1.6  2.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 3.3  4.5  6.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
Cutting Switchboxes
 Cutting in Concrete, small box 7.1  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Concrete, large box 3.6  4.5  5.6   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, small box 6.6  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, large box 4.2  5.3  6.3   no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Building Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Suspended Ceilings
 Suspended Ceilings, office situations –   2.6  3.5   m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, First Fix –   1.4  –    m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, Second Fix –   1.2  –    m2/hr
Flooring Finishes
 Raised Flooring, metal system –   7.0 8.0  m2/hr
 Granolithic Flooring –   3.1  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, in-situ –   3.6  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, pre-cast –   4.6  5.1   m2/hr
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.5  2.2   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, small areas, much cutting –   0.8  1.1   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, large areas, little cutting –   2.2  2.8   m2/hr
 Linolium/Thermo-Plastic Flooring –   3.1  5.0   m2/hr
 Thermo-Plastic Floor Tiles –   3.3  5.6   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, lay blocks –   1.5  2.1   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, sand and polish –   3.1  –    m2/hr
Underlay & Grippers –   5.0 6.0  m2/hr
 Carpeting, Fully Fitted –   2.0  3.0  m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, small areas –   3.7  4.1   m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, large areas –   6.6  7.2   m2/hr
Metalwork
 Install Metal Door and Frame –   0.2  –    no/hr
 Install Balustrade & Railings –   1.5  –    m/hr
General Rate – (Flights) 4 No/wk
Ceramic Tiling
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.3 1.5   no/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, setout and level –   55.5  –    m/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, fix, grout and clean –   1.5  –    m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Ledges/Upstands 20.4  27.1  32.0   no/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas under 1.5m2 per room 0.9  1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas of 1.5-2.5m2 per room 1.4  1.6  1.9   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas over 2.5m2 per room 1.5  1.7  2.1   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles, Grouting Works 2.2  2.5  2.6   m2/hr
Painting
 Prepare Walls –   14.2  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Doors –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Door Frames –   25.0  –    m/hr
 Burn Off / Heat Strip Paintwork –   1.1  –    m2/hr
Timber, knot, 1 primer, stop, 2 undercoat, 1 gloss –   1.7  2.1   m2/hr
Timber, touchup primer, 1 undercoat, 1 coat gloss –   3.1  3.8   m2/hr
 Internal Timber, polyurethane varnish, 2 coats –   3.3  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 2 coats wood preservative –   4.0  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 3 coats polyurethane varnish –   2.0  –    m2/hr
(For all the above take 50% of rate if for frames)
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   8.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to brick/blockwork –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 mist, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss to plaster –   2.3  –    m2/hr
Portaflec Spray 10 m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to render/concrete –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to brick/blockwork –   2.0  –    m2/hr
 Floors, epoxy paint –   2.9  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 2 coats –   6.1  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 3 coats –   5.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Steelwork, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss 1.3  2.4  –    m2/hr
 External Steelwork, 1 primer, 2 undercoats, 1 gloss 0.9  1.7  –    m2/hr
Wallpapering
 Strip Existing Wallpaper (3 layers) & Prepare Walls –   4.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Wallpaper and lining paper –   6.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Vinyl and Washable paper –   4.2  –    m2/hr
 Fix Ceiling Lining Paper –   4.0  –    m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Lifts & Escalators

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Lift Installations
Install 2 to 3 storeys –   3.0  –    wks/floor
Install 4 storeys and above –   2.0  –    wks/floor
Testing allow 2 wks plus –   1.0  –    day/floor
 Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver –   18 26  wks
 Non-Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver 75.0  65.0  52.0   wks
Escalator Installations
Develop concept design and gain client approval –   16.0  –    wks
Prepare preliminary design and gain approval –   12.0  –    wks
 Assemble truss , position/level –   1.0  –    wks
Install decking and glazing etc –   3.0 –    wks
Performance testing –   1.0 –    wks
Full load testing –   1.0 –    wks
Final test and inspection –   1.0 –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Fitting Out

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Kitchen Fit Out
 Overall Installation for 100 persons or 50m2 –   3.0  –    wks
 Overall Installation for 500 persons or 150m2 –   5.0  –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

_1075537842.xls

Notes on Rates

Notes on Output Rates
GENERAL
Outputs are for carrying out major works with clear access and large enough areas to permit
ease of material deliveries and rubbish away with no double handling, and sufficient work volumes
for continuous employment of plant and labour.
For contracts which dictate conditions that differ to those stated above additional time needs to be
added into the individual time outputs.
Outputs reflect the actual man operative time taken to carry out the works inclusive of material
deliveries and rubbish away, if any, but account for the operative time only. Therefore they should
not be used for pricing purposes before applying a gang factor.
DEMOLITION
Exclusions:
Removal of asbestos or other contaminants.
Production and approval of method statements by Local Authority.
Erecting temporary works or hand balling around temporary works.
Making good.
Comments
“Dealing with hard materials” – some buildings take longer due to their individually constructed
peculiarities e.g. grillage reinforced concrete/setting aside special listed features/underground
bunkers/restrictions to city centre sites to working hours/retaining backgrounds which may collapse
due to the age of the building.
Removal of floor boarding includes for de-nailing joists.
Removal of staircase is for a floor to ceiling height of 2.70 metres in timber.
Soft stripping of offices assumes an open plan type of arrangement.
EXCAVATE AND FILL
Comments
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Strip topsoil assumes topsoil for setting aside for re-use. If removed as a bulk dig exercise outputs
would be as per reduce level excavation.
Basement excavation assumes a traditional “bottom up” dig.
Basement and large dig exercises are significantly dependant upon the volume of soil that can
be removed from Site -. e.g. County Hall basement (size 140mx40m with access to one long side
total 50,000m3 approx 9m deep) peaked at 4,000m3 per week removal from Site in a continual
operation. – averaged 2,500m3 week due to wet weather etc.
Soil capacity on one lorry load = 10m3/load as dug.
Excavation in underpinning by hand shallow – 6 hours/m3 deep 10hr/m3
DRAINAGE
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Trench excavation (page 4 excavate and fill) – outputs are to open trench “continuous” style
service trenches with no time allowed to set aside or dispose of soil or to sheet up sides.
Manholes and gullies (page 5 drainage) – outputs are for the elements only shown ie manhole
rings/bricks etc and do not include for excavation, jointing in pipes, benchings, channels
ROADS/EXTERNAL WORKS
Sub base – weight of type 1 fill :2.2tonnes/m3
Road surfacing/kerbs/paviors – reduce by half -ie double the time for areas to building projects.
Fencing/atreetlighting/landscaping – reduce by half – ie double the time for areas to building
projects.
PILING AND GROUND ENGINEERING
Piling – outputs are per piling rig
Secant piling outputs exclude time taken for constructing a guide wall – guide wall time
same as in Diaphragm Walling
Pile trimming – outputs are per man
Vibrocompaction output is per nett treated floor area based on vibro columns at 2.20m ctrs both
ways for stone columns up to 8m deep.
FOUNDATIONS/CONCRETE STRUCTURES
Formwork outputs are per m2 nett area of formwork per shuttering carpenter
Holorib decking/concrete topping – see suspended slabs/formwork
Placing concrete by tower crane – outputs dependant on hook time cycle and are per crane/gang
STRUCTURAL STEELWORK
Outputs include for use of a crane on a crane/gang resource.
WALLS AND SCAFFOLDS
Outputs for masonry are for quantities per bricklayer trowel.
Outputs are for general masonry. Walls incorporating cutting to accommodate different types
of bricks/small areas/protruding or recessed panels/contrasting bands/building in white mortar/
laying blocks flat on face are excluded.
Outputs are for building in stretcher bond (half brick)English bond (I brick)
Reduce outputs by 10% for building in dpc/expansion jointing/head structural restraints.
Adjust precast lintol outputs for large boot lintols to 0.50 per hour.
EXTERNAL CLADDING
Stone/cladding restoration outputs are totally dependant on works to be carried out ie stitch new
stones or bricks in,resin repair cracks – advice needed from specialists for job in question.
Stone cladding outputs are for a gang hour and include for structural fixings.
Carpentry carcassing/roof carcassing/carpentry second fix outputs are per Carpenter.
Roof trusses are assumed to be in timber. Large trusses (exceeding 6m span) 0.5 per hour.
Timber staircases assume per 2.60m storey height in one single flight.
Stud partitioning outputs for gyproc to ceilings assume areas of rooms in a domestic location.
Toilet partitioning outputs assume outputs per Carpenter and exclude back panellling (1m2 per hour)
ROOF FINISHES
Outputs for roof tiling include for felt and battening and are per tiler.
BUILDING FINISHES
Outputs for raised access flooring assume large open plan arangement
&L&”Times New Roman,Regular”Tool T028&C&”Times New Roman,Bold”&14Costain Limited
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&A

Demolition

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Out Finishes per man
 Remove & Cart away, Lathe and Plaster Ceilings 3.2  4.6  5.0   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Plaster to Walls 2.1  3.1  5.9   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, External Render –   2.5 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, sand & cement Floor Screed –   3.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, grano or reinforced Floor Screed 1.5 2.0  m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Concrete Paving –   4.0  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 1.0 brick thick –   1.5  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 0.5 brick thick –   1.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Floor Boards –   2.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Staircase –   8.0 –    hrs/no
Soft Strip Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Hard Demolition Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Removal of Pavings
Concrete Slabs
Non reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 20.0 m2/hr
Reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 5.0 10.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Excavate & Fill

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Top Soil per excavator
Excavate & Load Lorry 10 m3/hr
General Bulk Excavation & Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 35.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 30.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Hard Ground 13.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Hard Ground 20.0  m3/hr
Large Volume Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator,>2m3 bucket, gravel/clay ground 2500.0  m3/day
Basement Excavation and Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 25.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, >1m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 35.0  m3/hr
Bottom Up Excavation By Hand 6.0 m2/hr
Excavate & Remove From Site overall
Central London (Large Project) 4000.0 5,000 m3/Week
London Perimeter (Large Project) 5000.0 7,500 m3/Week
Excavate Foundations per excavator
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Pits 5.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Trenches 6.0  m3/hr
Soil Bulking Factors & Densities
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Sand/Soil –   15.0   %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Gravel –   33.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Clay/Chalk –   40.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Boulder Clay –   45.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Rock –   60.0  –    %
 Spoil Weight, Rock –   2.5  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Concrete –   2.4  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Landfill/CDG –   1.9  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Sand –   1.8  –    Te/m3
Spoil Weight, Clay 2.0  Te/m3
Breaking Out (By Machine)
per excavator
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 30.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 20.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 10.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 1.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 2.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 2.8  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 3.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 6.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 0.3  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   0.4 –    hrs/m3
Breaking Out (By Hand)
per man
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 5.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 6.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 9.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 8.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 10.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 3.0  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   3.5 –    hrs/m3
Brickwork
 Brickwork, walls and columns 3.0  hrs/m3
 Brickwork, foundations 3.5  hrs/m3
Dewatering System
 Setup large 15 hole system –   21.0  –    days
Spread & Level Fill per excavator
Hardcore Layers 100-150mm 5.0 6.0 10.0 m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 13.9  20.4  25.0   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 11.6  16.9  21.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 23.8  28.5  35.7   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 19.6  24.5  30.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, over 200m2, Hardcore 47.6  51.6  55.6   m3/hr
Trench Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.2  22.2  26.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 26.3  28.6  33.2   m3/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, < 2.0m wide 3.0  4.2  6.5   m2/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, > 2.0m wide 6.2  6.7  9.2   m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Drainage

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Excavate Drain Trenches
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 10 m/day
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 6 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 3 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 35 m/day
Drain Laying
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Lay Small Diameter Pipes up to 150mm 30 m/day
Lay Large Diameter Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Lay large Diameter Pipes up to 450mm 8 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 70 m/day
Connecting Drainage per gang
 PVC Drainage, 3m pipes, 150-200mm dia, 5-30m run –   10.6  –    m/hr
 Hepsleve Rubber Joint System, over 375mm dia, 5-30m run –   2.3  –    m/hr
Land Drains
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, 5-30m run 6.0 –   14.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, over 30m run 10.0 –   19.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, 5-30m run 4.0 –   10.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, over 30m run 6.0 –   12.0  m/hr
Manholes & Gullies
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 610 x 455 x 51 mm –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 990 x 610 x 64 mm –   1.6  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.0 brick engineering –   0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.5 brick engineering –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Benching to Manhole, under 0.5m2 –   0.9  –    hrs/no
 Benching to Manhole, 0.5-0.75m2 –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, under 150mm dia –   0.1  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, 150-225mm dia –   0.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in cast iron covers 0.6   hrs/no
 Yard Gulleys, 75-150mm dia pipes, bed and level –   2.2  –    no/hr
 Yard Gulleys, 150-225mm dia pipes, bed and level –   1.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 600mm deep, bed and level –   1.2  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 750mm deep, bed and level –   0.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 1,200mm deep, bed and level –   0.3  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, install gratings –   5.0  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roads & External Works

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Sub Base
Large Road Job gang day
Spread & level Granular Material 1200 T/day
Trim Fill 1500 m2/day
Concrete Road Surfacing per gang
 Concrete Road surfacing, 150mm thick –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 200mm thick –   7.7  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 300mm thick –   6.7  –    m2/hr
Tarmac Road Surfacing per gang
Barbour Greene Large Sized Project
Road Base
Winter Working 300 1200 m2/day
Summer Working 700 2500 m2/day
Wearing Course 500 Te/day
12,000 m2/day
Barbour Greene Medium Sized Project
Tarmacadam 160 m2/hr
Asphalt 145 m2/hr
Manual Laying
Tarmacadam 8.0 m2/hr
Asphalt 5.0 m2/hr
Road Markings 180 500 m/day
Kerbs & Haunching per man
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 5m radius –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 10m radius –   3.0 –    m/hr
 Stone/Granite Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid straight –   6.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 5m radius –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 10m radius –   4.5 –    m/hr
Pavings & Paviors
 Concrete Slabs, laid on bedding, to slight falls 2.0 4.0  m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid in mortar, to falls 1.5 2.3   m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid on sand, to falls 2.0 2.8   m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, no patterns 0.3  –    m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, with patterns 0.2  –    m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, straight joints 1.3  1.9   m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, herringbone pattern –   1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Gravel Paths, including preparation of sub-base –   10.5  –    m2/hr
Fencing
Small/Medium sized Project per gang
 Fence Erection, Chainlink, posts at 2.0m –   4.4  –    m/hr
 Post Erection, Timber / Metal, dig, erect, fix 3.3  4.5  –    no/hr
 Fence Erection, Chestnut Pailings, posts at 2.0m –   33.3  –    m/hr
Safety Fencing – (Large Road Project)
– Driven Posts 400 m/day
– Augered Posts 200 m/day
Streetlighting & U/Ground Services
 Lay Street Lighting Cables and connect –   6 8  m/hr
Communications Duct & pit Installation 60 100 m/day
Lighting Columns 3 4 no/day
Commissioning 2 weeks
Landscaping
 Top Soil, spread, level and prepare for turf or seeding –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 Top Soil, rake in fertilizer for seeding –   25.0  –    m2/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, under 750mm high –   4.0  –    no/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, over 750mm high –   1.5  –    no/hr
 Planting, Saplings, under 3.0m high –   1.7  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Piling & Grnd Eng.

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/rig
Bored Concrete Piling per rig
CFA Piling <15m Long 6.0 8.0 10.0 no/day
CFA Piling 15 – 25m Long 5.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Short augered piles <6m long <750mm dia 15.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling < 750mm Dia 6.0 7.0 9.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 750 – 1200mm Dia 2.0 3.0 4.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 1200 – 2000mm Dia 1.0 1.5 2.0 no/day
Contiguous Pile Wall 15-20m long 8.0 9.0 10.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/Hard 2.0 4.0 5.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/soft 6.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Tripod Piling 8 m/day
Precast & Steel Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
 H Piles, driven steel H-beams 200.0  350.0  500.0   m/day
Precast Concrete Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
Steel Sheet Piling
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 10m deep Sand –   55.0  60.0   m/day
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 35m deep Sand 3.5  32.0  10.5   m/day
King Post Temporary Wall
Posts at 3m Centres 58 m2/wk
Mini Piling
 Mini Piles, driven 235mm dia, 35m deep 2.5 3  m/hr
Hand Dug Piling per man
 Excave shaft by grab, general fill/uppr levels –   3.5  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, sand/minor rubble –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, marinve/aluvium –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Install reinforcement cages –   2.0  –    hrs/no
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after excavation –   8.0  –    hrs
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after cage installed –   2.0  –    hrs
 Shaft concreting/extract casing 5-70m deep –   12.0  –    hrs
Cut Down Piles
 Concrete Piles, 300-750mm deep and 0.6m dia 2.0  hrs/no
 Concrete Piles 300-750mm deep and 1.1m dia 5.0  hrs/no
Diaphram Walls
 Guide Walls, construction 0.3  0.5  0.8   m/Mhr
Construct Diaphram Wall – retained face 70.0 m2/rigday
Ground Anchors
 Drill 30m shaft –   7.0  –    hrs
 Install strands/setup anchor –   6.0  –    hrs
 Grout in strands –   2.0  –    hrs
Soil Nailing
–   –  
–   –  
Ground Improvement
Vibrocompaction (8m long 2.2m ctrs) 1000 m2/rig/wk
Dynamic Compaction m2/rig/wk
Sundry Activities
 Grout curtain installation –   6.2  –    hrs/m run
 Dig Caisson 800mm dia, 26m deep 55.0  33.0  25.0   days/no
Site Investigation
 Pre Drilling, Rercussive or Rotary, soft deposits 8.0  10.0  14.0   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Wash Boring, grade V/IV rock 2.5  3.2  3.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Triple Tube Sampling, grade V/IV rock 0.4  0.8  0.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Rotary, grade III/II rock 0.2  0.5  0.7   m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Tunnelling

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Conventional Tunneling
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 6m diameter 0.4  0.6 0.8  m/day
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 10m diameter 0.5 0.7 0.9  m/day
Cut & Cover
Formwork Tunnel Forms, Wall and Slab poured as one –   15.6  17.5   m2/hr
NATM
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter under 7.0m 2.5  2.9  3.2   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m 1.5  2.0  2.5   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter over 10.0m 1.0  1.3  1.5   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 2.0-7.0m 1.5  1.8  2.0   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m –   1.5  –    m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter over 10.0m –   1.0  1.5   m/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 2 crews 190.0  225.0  279.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 4 crews 255.0  300.0  366.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 2 access with 4 crews 382.0  450.0  549.0   m3/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter under 6.5m 2.1  2.5  2.8   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter over 6.5m 1.5  2.0  2.4   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Vertical Shafts, diameter over 6.5m 2.2  2.5  3.1   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnel Junctions –   0.2  0.3   m/day
 Insitu Permanent Lining, 12m bays, 350-400mm reinforced with PCV backing –   3 4  m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time , Running Tunnels 3.2  4.0  4.9   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Station Access Adits 3.3  3.9  4.2   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Concourse Tunnels 2.2  2.5  2.7   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Escalator Tunnels 1.2  1.5  1.7   m/day
Rock Tunnelling
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, cycle time 8.0  6.0  5.5   mins
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class I Granite 0.3  0.9  1.2   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class II Granite 2.0  2.6  2.9   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class III Granite 1.2  1.4  1.8   m3/cycle
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Foundations

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/man
Formwork per man
 Pilecaps, small 0.7  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, medium-large 1.0  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, large 1.3  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, < 0.7m2 0.8  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 0.7-1.5m2 1  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 3.0-5.0m2 1.2  m2/hr
Reinforcement
40mm 8 9 12 hrs/tonne
32mm 10 12 14 hrs/tonne
20mm 14 18 20 hrs/tonne
16mm 12 15 20 hrs/tonne
Concrete Placing
large Sized Pours (pump) 20.0 40.0 m3/hr
Medium Sized Pours (direct discharge) 8.0 12.0 m3/hr
Small Pours (Backactor) 3.0 4.0 m3/hr
Underpinning
 Concrete Pinning, every 4th/5th pin cycle –   1.2  2.2   m/day
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.0 brick thick –   0.4  0.7   m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.5 brick thick 0.1  0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 2.0 brick thick –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 102mm wall –   0.8  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 215mm wall –   0.7  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 317mm wall –   0.5  –    m/hr
Trench Support
Open Boarding 4 m2/hr
Close Boarding 3 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Concrete Structures

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/man
Formwork
Walls Including Stop-ends etc per man
 Walls,1.0-2.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, 2.0-5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, over 5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 5.0-15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, over 15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
Columns
 Columns, Square Timber csa < 0.1m2 0.65  m2/manhr
 Columns, Square Timber csa 0.1-0.4m2 0.65  m2/manhr
Slabs & Beams
Suspended Plain Slab Soffit 1  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width 300-500mm 0.5  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width over 750mm 0.5  m2/manhr
Troughed/Waffle Slabs 0.65  m2/manhr
 Table Form, Aluminum System, 400m2 bays 100 150  m2/gangday
 Stop Ends, no perforations 2.5 3  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, minor perforations 1.2 1.6  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, dense perforations 0.6 0.9  m2/manhr
 Box Outs, 0.01-0.05m2 6 8  no/manhr
 Box Outs, over 0.05m2 3 5  no/manhr
Staircases
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Sloping 0.6 0.8  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Flat Landing 0.8 1  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Wall Strings 0.4 –    m2/manhr
Reinforcement
Reinforcement Ratios
 Pile Cap, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   14.8  –    % ratio
 Base Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   13.2  14.1   % ratio
 Suspended Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 13.0 18.0 23.0  % ratio
 Columns, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 15.8  18.7  28.7   % ratio
 Walls, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 14.7  15.0  –    % ratio
General Steelfixing rates
Links 30.0 25.0 hrs/tonne
10mm 30.0 20.0 hrs/tonne
12mm 25.0 16.0  hrs/tonne
16mm 20.0 15.0  hrs/tonne
20mm 18.0 13.0  hrs/tonne
25mm 15.0 12.0  hrs/tonne
32mm 12.0 11.0  hrs/tonne
40mm 12.0 9.0  hrs/tonne
General Column Construction rate
Formwork, Reinforcement & Concrete (3man gang) 2 6 No/day
Slip Forming
 Shaft Slip Forming –   300 400  mm/hr
Post Tensioned Concrete
 Lag for Initial Stress Tensioning after 1st bay cast –   48.0  –    hrs
 Lag for Final Stress Tensioning after Initial Stress –   120.0  –    hrs
Concrete Placing
 Hollorib Decking, concrete topping 2000 2500  m2/week
 Hollorib concrete topping, incl PowerFloat 50.0  70.0   m2/hr
Tower Crane & Skip, Slabs over 150mm thick 4 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Beams over 150mm thick 4 5  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Walls 3 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Columns 2.5 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Stairs and Landings 2 4  m3/hr
Pumping To Slabs 20 40  m3/hr
Pumping To Walls with Tremie Pipe 6 8  m3/hr
Concrete Finishing
Wood Float By Hand 20 30  m2/hr
Power Float 30 40  m2/hr
Wire Brush, expose aggregate 25 35  m2/hr
Precast Concrete
 Precast Floor Planks 0.4  0.2  0.1   hrs/plank
 Precast Stair units 0.5 0.3  hrs/plank
Beams,Columns & Slabs 500 600 m2/week
Car Park Precast elements 70 75 No/Week
Sundry Information
 Concrete Weight, 1m3 –   2.4  –    Tonnes
 Readymix Lorry, Length –   8.3  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Width –   2.5  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Height –   3.7  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Turning Circle –   16.4  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Allowable Ramp Gradient –   17.0  20.0   degrees
Lorry Weight 24 Tonnes
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Structural Steelwork

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/gang
Structural Steel Frames
Heavy Structural Steel Frame 10.0  Tons/day
Medium Sized Structural Steel Frame 9.0  Tons/day
 Light Steel Frame and Roof Members 4.0   Tons/day
 Wall Frame, Bow String Truss and Frame –   1.6  –    Tons/day
Metal Deck Flooring
 Hollorib Decking, lay deck –   300 350  m2/day
 Hollorib Decking, shear connecting studs –   225 250  m2/day
General Guides
Tonnage of steel in a building 43 54 Kg/m2
Office Building 60 Kg/m2
Fire Protection
Sprayed Fire protection 40 50 tonnes/week
 Spray Protection to Steelwork –   200 –   m2/week
Board Fire Protection 150 m2/week
Intumescent Paint 250 m2/week
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Walls & Scaffolds

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/Mn
Brickwork Fairfaced per man
Stretcher Bond, 0.5 Brick thick 0.75  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1 Brick thick 0.42  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1.5 Brick thick 0.28  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 2 Brick thick 0.2  m2/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Coping 1.5 –   m/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Canted Cills 1.5 –   m/hr
Face finish as work proceeds incl
Special Bricks 0.3 m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Flush and Rubbed 2.0   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Struck Pointing 1.3   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Bucket Handle 2.7   m2/hr
Common Bricks 0.5 Brick 1.0  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1 Brick 0.5  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1.5 Brick 0.35  m2/hr
Blockwork
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.50  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.30  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.25  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 0.65  m2/hr
Metal Angle Restraints
Vertical Posts 2.0 no/hr
Head Restraints 3.0 m/hr
Ext Support Angle 2.0 m/hr
Sundries
Concrete Lintels 1.0 no/hr
Steel lintels 2.0 no/hr
Access Scaffolding
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 2m lifts 5.0  m run/hr
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 3m lifts 4.0  m run/hr
 Metal Tube and Fittings, 5-6 Boards wide 3.5  m run/hr
Fix Hop-ups Kwickstage 14.0 m run/hr
Re-position Hop-ups Kwickstage 20.0 m run/hr
Birdcage Scaffolding
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 50-250m3 14.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 250-1000m3 16.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, over 1000m3 18.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, striking 200.0   % x erect
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

External Cladding

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Curtain Walling Per gang
 Glazed Curtain Wall –   20.0 30.0  m2/day
 High Quality Glazed Curtain Walling –   15.0 25.0  m2/day
Rule of Thumb- Multi-Storey Office Block 3.0 wks/Flr
Windows & Glazing per gang
 Vertical Glazed Lights, 6m x 2.5m –   15.0 –    m2/day
 Vertical Glazed Walls, large scale –   50.0 –    m2/day
 Clerestory Frame/Glazing, 3m x 4m –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Oriel Window Frame/Glazing, 4m x 2m –   35.0  –    m2/day
Patent Glazing 90.0 m2/wk
Windows general 1.0 m2/manhr
Metal Cladding
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
 VE Panel Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 1.0  1.4  1.9   m2/day
Stone Facade Restoration per man
 Façade Cleaning, Water Jetting –   25.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Acid Etching –   9.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Grit Blasting –   12.0  –    m2/day
 Cladding Restoration, Brickwork seek specialist advice
 Cladding Restoration, Stonework courses seek specialist advice
Stone Cladding per gang
 Fix 0.5m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix 0.5-0.75m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.35   m2/hr
 Fix 0.75-1.0m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.4 0.4  m2/hr
 Fix Curved Stone Cladding 0.2 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Edge Beams/Window Reveals 0.25  0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Soffits 0.3 0.4  m2/hr
 Stone Floors 1.0 1.5  m2/hr
 Granite/Marble Wall Panels 0.6 0.8  m2/hr
Portland Stone Final Wash down 300.0 350.0 m2/week
Precast Concrete Cladding
Large storey height panels 2.0 3.0 No/day
(Largely Dependant on Deliveries)
Profiled Metal Sheet Cladding
Large areas factory bldg 400.0 m2/gangwk
Specialist Ext Wall Finishes
Terracotta Tiles 30.0 m2/gangday
Sto Render (with insulation) 2.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Dry Int. Carcassing

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Carpentry Carcassing per man
 Windows, Timber Frames for Bricklaying 0.5  0.1   hrs/no
 Windows, Drill, Screw & Plug extra over 0.1  –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 1.0-3.0m2 1.8 –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 2.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Access Hatch 0.3  –    no/hr
 Floor Joists, 26 30 m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 30 35 m/hr
 Floor Boards, Butt Jointed 2.5 3  m2/hr
 Floor Boards, T&G Boards 3 3.5  m2/hr
 Plywood Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 4 5  m2/hr
 Chipboard Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 5.1  5.8   m2/hr
 Windows, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 0.4  0.3   hrs/no
 Windows, Softwood, 7.0-10.0m2 0.9  0.6   hrs/no
 Fix Metal and Timber Windows After Wall Complete 2.0  –    m2/hr
 Window Glazing 1.3  –    m2/hr
Roof Carcassing per man
 Roof Trusses 1.3  –    no/hr
 Wall Plates 3.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Rafters 1.2  –    m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 8.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Jack Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Soffits, Softwood, screwed 4.0 –    m/hr
Carpentry 2nd Fix per man
 Window Boards, screwed 0.3  hrs/m
 Mouldings, Softwood, Screwed 6.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Screwed 4.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Gun Nailed 6.0  m/hr
 Skirting 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave, Fix to Doors 1.0 –    hrs/door
 Door Stop Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Glazed Bead Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Hanging Doors, Softwood, Single Pair Butts 1.5  hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Softwood 0.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Hardwood 0.6  –    hrs/no
General Door & Frame Fixing Rates(per Pair)
External Double Leaf 1.5 No/day
Internal Double Leaf 2 No/day
Internal Single Leaf 3 No/day
Fix Bath Panel 0.4  –    hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Floor Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Wall Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Shelf Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, simple, straight flight 1.5   hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, 2 straight flights, 1 landing 2.9   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix horizontal 0.6   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix raking 0.5   hrs/no
Timber Panelling Pine 1 m2/hr
Timber Panelling Hardwood 0.5 m2/hr
Stud Partitioning/Dry Lining
Gyproc Partitions (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Partitions (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
 Boarding to Stud-work/Metal Lathes 4.0 6.0  m2/manhr
 Boarding 19mm nailed to studding 6.0 10.0  m2/manhr
 Tape, Joint Sand and Top Coat Plasterboard 1.5   m2/manhr
 Skimming to Plasterboard 6.1   m2/manhr
Gyproc Dry Lining System – Walls 5 7  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (single layer) 6 10  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (double layer) 3 5  m2/manhr
Acoustic Ceiling Lining 170 250 m2/wk
Acoustic Wall Lining 200 330 m2/wk
Steelwork Encasement (single layer) 2  m2/manhr
Steelwork Encasement (double layer) 1  m2/manhr
Proprietary Partitions
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Separation panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Wall Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, End Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Hang Door to Panel –   0.4  –    hrs/no
 100mm Pine Paneling, excluding studding time 0.8  1.1  1.4   m2/hr
General rate for Toilet Cubicle 2 No/manday
Demountable Partitions (Full Height) 1 m/manhour
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Bldg Services

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plumbing
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Pipes –   1.2  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Branches –   2.2  –    hrs/no
 Cast Iron Spigot Joint Pipes, 100mm –   1.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 150-200mm dia –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 1,050mm dia –   0.4  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 200mm dia –   1.8  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 300mm dia –   1.2  –    m/hr
 UPVC Downpipes, 75mm –   3.3  –    m/hr
 UPVC Guttering, 75mm –   3.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Downpipes, 75mm –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Guttering, 75mm –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron RWP Fittings, 75mm –   2.2  –    no/hr
Rule of Thumb
Deduct 15% for OH&P
Labour Cost on Systems
Electrical 33 %
Mechanical & sprinklers 30 %
Plumbing 33 %
Hot Water 25 %
Ventillation 17 %
Air Conditioning 9 %
Divide amount by anticipated weekly gross labour rate to derive No of man weeks
Test & commissioning
Radiator & Convector System 4 7 weeks
Simple ventillation System 8 weeks
Full Air Conditioning System 12 16 weeks
Hospital/laboratory Systems 16 24 weeks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roof Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Asphalt & Felt Roofing per gang
 Asphalt Roof in layers –   50 –    m2/day
 Felt Roofs, large areas –   35 52  m2/day
 Felt Roofs, small or complicated –   20 30  m2/day
 Asphalt coatings, horizontal surfaces 3.5  4.2  5.8   m2/hr
 Asphalt coatings, vertical surfaces 1.2  1.7  2.2   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 2 coats 4.8  5.0  6.3   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 3 coats 3.3  3.5  4.4   m2/hr
 Bituminous Sheets, horizontal surfaces 3.8  4.0  4.8   m2/hr
 Polythene Sheets, horizontal surfaces –   20.0  –    m2/hr
Roof Screeding per gang
Laid in Medium sized Bays to falls –   50 –    m2/day
Laid in Large Bays (pumped) –   100 –    m2/day
Membrane Roof Sheeting
Trocal Single Ply Membrane 300 400 m2/wk
Metal Decking & Roofing per gang
 Metal Decking, large areas –   70.0  –    m2/day
 Metal Decking, small or complicated –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Titanium Sheeted Roofs –   9.5  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, flat work –   3.0  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, sloping work –   2.7  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, flat work –   2.4  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, flat work –   2.8  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, sloping work –   1.9  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat work –   2.5  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, dormer cheeks –   1.3  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat gutters –   88.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, flat copings –   76.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, stepped gutters –   3.5  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, shaped copings –   3.3  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, cover step flashings –   3.2  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, rooflight flashings –   0.8  –    no/day
 Lead Roofs, domed roof coverings –   0.7  –    m2/day
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
Insulation
 Polystyrene Boards –   8.5  –    m2/hr
 Glass Fibre, low pitch –   12.0  –    m2/hr
Slates & Tiles per man
 Slate Roofs, Welsh Slate 3-5mm –   12.0 18.0  m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Cumbrian Slate 8-11mm –   8.5  –    m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Asbestos Slates –   24.0 36.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Concrete Tiles –   40.0 52.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Clay Pan Tiles –   12.0 20.0  m2/day
Roof Windows & Atrium per gang
Rooflights –   1 –   no/day
Velux Type windows 2 no/day
Atrium Roof Glazing 60 70 m2/wk
Rainwater Goods per man
Gutters –   2 2.5 m/hr
Downpipes 2.5 3 m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Wet Bldg Trades

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plastering
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 2.8  3.1   m2/hr
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 2.6  2.8   m2/hr
 Covings 4.0 –    m/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 6.7  7.3   m2/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 6.1  6.7   m2/hr
General Plastering rate – (2+1 gang) 150 200 m2/week
Fibrous Plaster -General 25 m2/week
Rendering
 Large Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   2.2  2.7   m2/hr
 Small Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   1.5  1.7   m2/hr
 Narrow Widths, applied in 2 coats –   1.2  1.4   m2/hr
Floor Screed
Hoist & Barrow (2+1 Gang)
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 20-40mm thick 35 50  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 40-65mm thick 30 40  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 65-100mm thick 25 30  m2/day
170 m2/day
Cutting Chases
 Concrete, cutting by hand, 50-75mm wide 1.0  1.4  2.1   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 1.8  2.4  3.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 25-50mm wide 1.6  2.3  3.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 75-100mm wide 1.2  1.6  2.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 3.3  4.5  6.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
Cutting Switchboxes
 Cutting in Concrete, small box 7.1  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Concrete, large box 3.6  4.5  5.6   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, small box 6.6  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, large box 4.2  5.3  6.3   no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Building Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Suspended Ceilings
 Suspended Ceilings, office situations –   2.6  3.5   m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, First Fix –   1.4  –    m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, Second Fix –   1.2  –    m2/hr
Flooring Finishes
 Raised Flooring, metal system –   7.0 8.0  m2/hr
 Granolithic Flooring –   3.1  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, in-situ –   3.6  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, pre-cast –   4.6  5.1   m2/hr
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.5  2.2   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, small areas, much cutting –   0.8  1.1   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, large areas, little cutting –   2.2  2.8   m2/hr
 Linolium/Thermo-Plastic Flooring –   3.1  5.0   m2/hr
 Thermo-Plastic Floor Tiles –   3.3  5.6   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, lay blocks –   1.5  2.1   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, sand and polish –   3.1  –    m2/hr
Underlay & Grippers –   5.0 6.0  m2/hr
 Carpeting, Fully Fitted –   2.0  3.0  m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, small areas –   3.7  4.1   m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, large areas –   6.6  7.2   m2/hr
Metalwork
 Install Metal Door and Frame –   0.2  –    no/hr
 Install Balustrade & Railings –   1.5  –    m/hr
General Rate – (Flights) 4 No/wk
Ceramic Tiling
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.3 1.5   no/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, setout and level –   55.5  –    m/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, fix, grout and clean –   1.5  –    m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Ledges/Upstands 20.4  27.1  32.0   no/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas under 1.5m2 per room 0.9  1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas of 1.5-2.5m2 per room 1.4  1.6  1.9   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas over 2.5m2 per room 1.5  1.7  2.1   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles, Grouting Works 2.2  2.5  2.6   m2/hr
Painting
 Prepare Walls –   14.2  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Doors –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Door Frames –   25.0  –    m/hr
 Burn Off / Heat Strip Paintwork –   1.1  –    m2/hr
Timber, knot, 1 primer, stop, 2 undercoat, 1 gloss –   1.7  2.1   m2/hr
Timber, touchup primer, 1 undercoat, 1 coat gloss –   3.1  3.8   m2/hr
 Internal Timber, polyurethane varnish, 2 coats –   3.3  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 2 coats wood preservative –   4.0  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 3 coats polyurethane varnish –   2.0  –    m2/hr
(For all the above take 50% of rate if for frames)
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   8.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to brick/blockwork –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 mist, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss to plaster –   2.3  –    m2/hr
Portaflec Spray 10 m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to render/concrete –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to brick/blockwork –   2.0  –    m2/hr
 Floors, epoxy paint –   2.9  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 2 coats –   6.1  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 3 coats –   5.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Steelwork, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss 1.3  2.4  –    m2/hr
 External Steelwork, 1 primer, 2 undercoats, 1 gloss 0.9  1.7  –    m2/hr
Wallpapering
 Strip Existing Wallpaper (3 layers) & Prepare Walls –   4.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Wallpaper and lining paper –   6.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Vinyl and Washable paper –   4.2  –    m2/hr
 Fix Ceiling Lining Paper –   4.0  –    m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Lifts & Escalators

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Lift Installations
Install 2 to 3 storeys –   3.0  –    wks/floor
Install 4 storeys and above –   2.0  –    wks/floor
Testing allow 2 wks plus –   1.0  –    day/floor
 Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver –   18 26  wks
 Non-Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver 75.0  65.0  52.0   wks
Escalator Installations
Develop concept design and gain client approval –   16.0  –    wks
Prepare preliminary design and gain approval –   12.0  –    wks
 Assemble truss , position/level –   1.0  –    wks
Install decking and glazing etc –   3.0 –    wks
Performance testing –   1.0 –    wks
Full load testing –   1.0 –    wks
Final test and inspection –   1.0 –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Fitting Out

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Kitchen Fit Out
 Overall Installation for 100 persons or 50m2 –   3.0  –    wks
 Overall Installation for 500 persons or 150m2 –   5.0  –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

_1075538347.xls

Notes on Rates

Notes on Output Rates
GENERAL
Outputs are for carrying out major works with clear access and large enough areas to permit
ease of material deliveries and rubbish away with no double handling, and sufficient work volumes
for continuous employment of plant and labour.
For contracts which dictate conditions that differ to those stated above additional time needs to be
added into the individual time outputs.
Outputs reflect the actual man operative time taken to carry out the works inclusive of material
deliveries and rubbish away, if any, but account for the operative time only. Therefore they should
not be used for pricing purposes before applying a gang factor.
DEMOLITION
Exclusions:
Removal of asbestos or other contaminants.
Production and approval of method statements by Local Authority.
Erecting temporary works or hand balling around temporary works.
Making good.
Comments
“Dealing with hard materials” – some buildings take longer due to their individually constructed
peculiarities e.g. grillage reinforced concrete/setting aside special listed features/underground
bunkers/restrictions to city centre sites to working hours/retaining backgrounds which may collapse
due to the age of the building.
Removal of floor boarding includes for de-nailing joists.
Removal of staircase is for a floor to ceiling height of 2.70 metres in timber.
Soft stripping of offices assumes an open plan type of arrangement.
EXCAVATE AND FILL
Comments
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Strip topsoil assumes topsoil for setting aside for re-use. If removed as a bulk dig exercise outputs
would be as per reduce level excavation.
Basement excavation assumes a traditional “bottom up” dig.
Basement and large dig exercises are significantly dependant upon the volume of soil that can
be removed from Site -. e.g. County Hall basement (size 140mx40m with access to one long side
total 50,000m3 approx 9m deep) peaked at 4,000m3 per week removal from Site in a continual
operation. – averaged 2,500m3 week due to wet weather etc.
Soil capacity on one lorry load = 10m3/load as dug.
Excavation in underpinning by hand shallow – 6 hours/m3 deep 10hr/m3
DRAINAGE
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Trench excavation (page 4 excavate and fill) – outputs are to open trench “continuous” style
service trenches with no time allowed to set aside or dispose of soil or to sheet up sides.
Manholes and gullies (page 5 drainage) – outputs are for the elements only shown ie manhole
rings/bricks etc and do not include for excavation, jointing in pipes, benchings, channels
ROADS/EXTERNAL WORKS
Sub base – weight of type 1 fill :2.2tonnes/m3
Road surfacing/kerbs/paviors – reduce by half -ie double the time for areas to building projects.
Fencing/atreetlighting/landscaping – reduce by half – ie double the time for areas to building
projects.
PILING AND GROUND ENGINEERING
Piling – outputs are per piling rig
Secant piling outputs exclude time taken for constructing a guide wall – guide wall time
same as in Diaphragm Walling
Pile trimming – outputs are per man
Vibrocompaction output is per nett treated floor area based on vibro columns at 2.20m ctrs both
ways for stone columns up to 8m deep.
FOUNDATIONS/CONCRETE STRUCTURES
Formwork outputs are per m2 nett area of formwork per shuttering carpenter
Holorib decking/concrete topping – see suspended slabs/formwork
Placing concrete by tower crane – outputs dependant on hook time cycle and are per crane/gang
STRUCTURAL STEELWORK
Outputs include for use of a crane on a crane/gang resource.
WALLS AND SCAFFOLDS
Outputs for masonry are for quantities per bricklayer trowel.
Outputs are for general masonry. Walls incorporating cutting to accommodate different types
of bricks/small areas/protruding or recessed panels/contrasting bands/building in white mortar/
laying blocks flat on face are excluded.
Outputs are for building in stretcher bond (half brick)English bond (I brick)
Reduce outputs by 10% for building in dpc/expansion jointing/head structural restraints.
Adjust precast lintol outputs for large boot lintols to 0.50 per hour.
EXTERNAL CLADDING
Stone/cladding restoration outputs are totally dependant on works to be carried out ie stitch new
stones or bricks in,resin repair cracks – advice needed from specialists for job in question.
Stone cladding outputs are for a gang hour and include for structural fixings.
Carpentry carcassing/roof carcassing/carpentry second fix outputs are per Carpenter.
Roof trusses are assumed to be in timber. Large trusses (exceeding 6m span) 0.5 per hour.
Timber staircases assume per 2.60m storey height in one single flight.
Stud partitioning outputs for gyproc to ceilings assume areas of rooms in a domestic location.
Toilet partitioning outputs assume outputs per Carpenter and exclude back panellling (1m2 per hour)
ROOF FINISHES
Outputs for roof tiling include for felt and battening and are per tiler.
BUILDING FINISHES
Outputs for raised access flooring assume large open plan arangement
&L&”Times New Roman,Regular”Tool T028&C&”Times New Roman,Bold”&14Costain Limited
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&A

Demolition

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Out Finishes per man
 Remove & Cart away, Lathe and Plaster Ceilings 3.2  4.6  5.0   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Plaster to Walls 2.1  3.1  5.9   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, External Render –   2.5 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, sand & cement Floor Screed –   3.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, grano or reinforced Floor Screed 1.5 2.0  m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Concrete Paving –   4.0  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 1.0 brick thick –   1.5  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 0.5 brick thick –   1.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Floor Boards –   2.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Staircase –   8.0 –    hrs/no
Soft Strip Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Hard Demolition Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Removal of Pavings
Concrete Slabs
Non reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 20.0 m2/hr
Reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 5.0 10.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Excavate & Fill

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Top Soil per excavator
Excavate & Load Lorry 10 m3/hr
General Bulk Excavation & Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 35.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 30.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Hard Ground 13.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Hard Ground 20.0  m3/hr
Large Volume Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator,>2m3 bucket, gravel/clay ground 2500.0  m3/day
Basement Excavation and Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 25.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, >1m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 35.0  m3/hr
Bottom Up Excavation By Hand 6.0 m2/hr
Excavate & Remove From Site overall
Central London (Large Project) 4000.0 5,000 m3/Week
London Perimeter (Large Project) 5000.0 7,500 m3/Week
Excavate Foundations per excavator
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Pits 5.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Trenches 6.0  m3/hr
Soil Bulking Factors & Densities
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Sand/Soil –   15.0   %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Gravel –   33.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Clay/Chalk –   40.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Boulder Clay –   45.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Rock –   60.0  –    %
 Spoil Weight, Rock –   2.5  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Concrete –   2.4  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Landfill/CDG –   1.9  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Sand –   1.8  –    Te/m3
Spoil Weight, Clay 2.0  Te/m3
Breaking Out (By Machine)
per excavator
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 30.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 20.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 10.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 1.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 2.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 2.8  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 3.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 6.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 0.3  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   0.4 –    hrs/m3
Breaking Out (By Hand)
per man
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 5.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 6.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 9.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 8.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 10.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 3.0  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   3.5 –    hrs/m3
Brickwork
 Brickwork, walls and columns 3.0  hrs/m3
 Brickwork, foundations 3.5  hrs/m3
Dewatering System
 Setup large 15 hole system –   21.0  –    days
Spread & Level Fill per excavator
Hardcore Layers 100-150mm 5.0 6.0 10.0 m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 13.9  20.4  25.0   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 11.6  16.9  21.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 23.8  28.5  35.7   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 19.6  24.5  30.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, over 200m2, Hardcore 47.6  51.6  55.6   m3/hr
Trench Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.2  22.2  26.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 26.3  28.6  33.2   m3/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, < 2.0m wide 3.0  4.2  6.5   m2/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, > 2.0m wide 6.2  6.7  9.2   m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Drainage

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Excavate Drain Trenches
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 10 m/day
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 6 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 3 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 35 m/day
Drain Laying
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Lay Small Diameter Pipes up to 150mm 30 m/day
Lay Large Diameter Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Lay large Diameter Pipes up to 450mm 8 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 70 m/day
Connecting Drainage per gang
 PVC Drainage, 3m pipes, 150-200mm dia, 5-30m run –   10.6  –    m/hr
 Hepsleve Rubber Joint System, over 375mm dia, 5-30m run –   2.3  –    m/hr
Land Drains
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, 5-30m run 6.0 –   14.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, over 30m run 10.0 –   19.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, 5-30m run 4.0 –   10.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, over 30m run 6.0 –   12.0  m/hr
Manholes & Gullies
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 610 x 455 x 51 mm –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 990 x 610 x 64 mm –   1.6  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.0 brick engineering –   0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.5 brick engineering –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Benching to Manhole, under 0.5m2 –   0.9  –    hrs/no
 Benching to Manhole, 0.5-0.75m2 –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, under 150mm dia –   0.1  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, 150-225mm dia –   0.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in cast iron covers 0.6   hrs/no
 Yard Gulleys, 75-150mm dia pipes, bed and level –   2.2  –    no/hr
 Yard Gulleys, 150-225mm dia pipes, bed and level –   1.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 600mm deep, bed and level –   1.2  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 750mm deep, bed and level –   0.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 1,200mm deep, bed and level –   0.3  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, install gratings –   5.0  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
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Roads & External Works

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Sub Base
Large Road Job gang day
Spread & level Granular Material 1200 T/day
Trim Fill 1500 m2/day
Concrete Road Surfacing per gang
 Concrete Road surfacing, 150mm thick –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 200mm thick –   7.7  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 300mm thick –   6.7  –    m2/hr
Tarmac Road Surfacing per gang
Barbour Greene Large Sized Project
Road Base
Winter Working 300 1200 m2/day
Summer Working 700 2500 m2/day
Wearing Course 500 Te/day
12,000 m2/day
Barbour Greene Medium Sized Project
Tarmacadam 160 m2/hr
Asphalt 145 m2/hr
Manual Laying
Tarmacadam 8.0 m2/hr
Asphalt 5.0 m2/hr
Road Markings 180 500 m/day
Kerbs & Haunching per man
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 5m radius –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 10m radius –   3.0 –    m/hr
 Stone/Granite Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid straight –   6.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 5m radius –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 10m radius –   4.5 –    m/hr
Pavings & Paviors
 Concrete Slabs, laid on bedding, to slight falls 2.0 4.0  m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid in mortar, to falls 1.5 2.3   m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid on sand, to falls 2.0 2.8   m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, no patterns 0.3  –    m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, with patterns 0.2  –    m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, straight joints 1.3  1.9   m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, herringbone pattern –   1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Gravel Paths, including preparation of sub-base –   10.5  –    m2/hr
Fencing
Small/Medium sized Project per gang
 Fence Erection, Chainlink, posts at 2.0m –   4.4  –    m/hr
 Post Erection, Timber / Metal, dig, erect, fix 3.3  4.5  –    no/hr
 Fence Erection, Chestnut Pailings, posts at 2.0m –   33.3  –    m/hr
Safety Fencing – (Large Road Project)
– Driven Posts 400 m/day
– Augered Posts 200 m/day
Streetlighting & U/Ground Services
 Lay Street Lighting Cables and connect –   6 8  m/hr
Communications Duct & pit Installation 60 100 m/day
Lighting Columns 3 4 no/day
Commissioning 2 weeks
Landscaping
 Top Soil, spread, level and prepare for turf or seeding –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 Top Soil, rake in fertilizer for seeding –   25.0  –    m2/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, under 750mm high –   4.0  –    no/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, over 750mm high –   1.5  –    no/hr
 Planting, Saplings, under 3.0m high –   1.7  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
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Piling & Grnd Eng.

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/rig
Bored Concrete Piling per rig
CFA Piling <15m Long 6.0 8.0 10.0 no/day
CFA Piling 15 – 25m Long 5.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Short augered piles <6m long <750mm dia 15.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling < 750mm Dia 6.0 7.0 9.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 750 – 1200mm Dia 2.0 3.0 4.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 1200 – 2000mm Dia 1.0 1.5 2.0 no/day
Contiguous Pile Wall 15-20m long 8.0 9.0 10.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/Hard 2.0 4.0 5.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/soft 6.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Tripod Piling 8 m/day
Precast & Steel Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
 H Piles, driven steel H-beams 200.0  350.0  500.0   m/day
Precast Concrete Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
Steel Sheet Piling
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 10m deep Sand –   55.0  60.0   m/day
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 35m deep Sand 3.5  32.0  10.5   m/day
King Post Temporary Wall
Posts at 3m Centres 58 m2/wk
Mini Piling
 Mini Piles, driven 235mm dia, 35m deep 2.5 3  m/hr
Hand Dug Piling per man
 Excave shaft by grab, general fill/uppr levels –   3.5  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, sand/minor rubble –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, marinve/aluvium –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Install reinforcement cages –   2.0  –    hrs/no
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after excavation –   8.0  –    hrs
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after cage installed –   2.0  –    hrs
 Shaft concreting/extract casing 5-70m deep –   12.0  –    hrs
Cut Down Piles
 Concrete Piles, 300-750mm deep and 0.6m dia 2.0  hrs/no
 Concrete Piles 300-750mm deep and 1.1m dia 5.0  hrs/no
Diaphram Walls
 Guide Walls, construction 0.3  0.5  0.8   m/Mhr
Construct Diaphram Wall – retained face 70.0 m2/rigday
Ground Anchors
 Drill 30m shaft –   7.0  –    hrs
 Install strands/setup anchor –   6.0  –    hrs
 Grout in strands –   2.0  –    hrs
Soil Nailing
–   –  
–   –  
Ground Improvement
Vibrocompaction (8m long 2.2m ctrs) 1000 m2/rig/wk
Dynamic Compaction m2/rig/wk
Sundry Activities
 Grout curtain installation –   6.2  –    hrs/m run
 Dig Caisson 800mm dia, 26m deep 55.0  33.0  25.0   days/no
Site Investigation
 Pre Drilling, Rercussive or Rotary, soft deposits 8.0  10.0  14.0   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Wash Boring, grade V/IV rock 2.5  3.2  3.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Triple Tube Sampling, grade V/IV rock 0.4  0.8  0.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Rotary, grade III/II rock 0.2  0.5  0.7   m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Tunnelling

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Conventional Tunneling
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 6m diameter 0.4  0.6 0.8  m/day
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 10m diameter 0.5 0.7 0.9  m/day
Cut & Cover
Formwork Tunnel Forms, Wall and Slab poured as one –   15.6  17.5   m2/hr
NATM
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter under 7.0m 2.5  2.9  3.2   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m 1.5  2.0  2.5   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter over 10.0m 1.0  1.3  1.5   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 2.0-7.0m 1.5  1.8  2.0   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m –   1.5  –    m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter over 10.0m –   1.0  1.5   m/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 2 crews 190.0  225.0  279.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 4 crews 255.0  300.0  366.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 2 access with 4 crews 382.0  450.0  549.0   m3/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter under 6.5m 2.1  2.5  2.8   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter over 6.5m 1.5  2.0  2.4   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Vertical Shafts, diameter over 6.5m 2.2  2.5  3.1   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnel Junctions –   0.2  0.3   m/day
 Insitu Permanent Lining, 12m bays, 350-400mm reinforced with PCV backing –   3 4  m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time , Running Tunnels 3.2  4.0  4.9   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Station Access Adits 3.3  3.9  4.2   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Concourse Tunnels 2.2  2.5  2.7   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Escalator Tunnels 1.2  1.5  1.7   m/day
Rock Tunnelling
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, cycle time 8.0  6.0  5.5   mins
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class I Granite 0.3  0.9  1.2   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class II Granite 2.0  2.6  2.9   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class III Granite 1.2  1.4  1.8   m3/cycle
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Foundations

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/man
Formwork per man
 Pilecaps, small 0.7  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, medium-large 1.0  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, large 1.3  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, < 0.7m2 0.8  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 0.7-1.5m2 1  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 3.0-5.0m2 1.2  m2/hr
Reinforcement
40mm 8 9 12 hrs/tonne
32mm 10 12 14 hrs/tonne
20mm 14 18 20 hrs/tonne
16mm 12 15 20 hrs/tonne
Concrete Placing
large Sized Pours (pump) 20.0 40.0 m3/hr
Medium Sized Pours (direct discharge) 8.0 12.0 m3/hr
Small Pours (Backactor) 3.0 4.0 m3/hr
Underpinning
 Concrete Pinning, every 4th/5th pin cycle –   1.2  2.2   m/day
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.0 brick thick –   0.4  0.7   m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.5 brick thick 0.1  0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 2.0 brick thick –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 102mm wall –   0.8  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 215mm wall –   0.7  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 317mm wall –   0.5  –    m/hr
Trench Support
Open Boarding 4 m2/hr
Close Boarding 3 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
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Concrete Structures

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/man
Formwork
Walls Including Stop-ends etc per man
 Walls,1.0-2.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, 2.0-5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, over 5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 5.0-15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, over 15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
Columns
 Columns, Square Timber csa < 0.1m2 0.65  m2/manhr
 Columns, Square Timber csa 0.1-0.4m2 0.65  m2/manhr
Slabs & Beams
Suspended Plain Slab Soffit 1  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width 300-500mm 0.5  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width over 750mm 0.5  m2/manhr
Troughed/Waffle Slabs 0.65  m2/manhr
 Table Form, Aluminum System, 400m2 bays 100 150  m2/gangday
 Stop Ends, no perforations 2.5 3  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, minor perforations 1.2 1.6  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, dense perforations 0.6 0.9  m2/manhr
 Box Outs, 0.01-0.05m2 6 8  no/manhr
 Box Outs, over 0.05m2 3 5  no/manhr
Staircases
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Sloping 0.6 0.8  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Flat Landing 0.8 1  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Wall Strings 0.4 –    m2/manhr
Reinforcement
Reinforcement Ratios
 Pile Cap, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   14.8  –    % ratio
 Base Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   13.2  14.1   % ratio
 Suspended Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 13.0 18.0 23.0  % ratio
 Columns, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 15.8  18.7  28.7   % ratio
 Walls, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 14.7  15.0  –    % ratio
General Steelfixing rates
Links 30.0 25.0 hrs/tonne
10mm 30.0 20.0 hrs/tonne
12mm 25.0 16.0  hrs/tonne
16mm 20.0 15.0  hrs/tonne
20mm 18.0 13.0  hrs/tonne
25mm 15.0 12.0  hrs/tonne
32mm 12.0 11.0  hrs/tonne
40mm 12.0 9.0  hrs/tonne
General Column Construction rate
Formwork, Reinforcement & Concrete (3man gang) 2 6 No/day
Slip Forming
 Shaft Slip Forming –   300 400  mm/hr
Post Tensioned Concrete
 Lag for Initial Stress Tensioning after 1st bay cast –   48.0  –    hrs
 Lag for Final Stress Tensioning after Initial Stress –   120.0  –    hrs
Concrete Placing
 Hollorib Decking, concrete topping 2000 2500  m2/week
 Hollorib concrete topping, incl PowerFloat 50.0  70.0   m2/hr
Tower Crane & Skip, Slabs over 150mm thick 4 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Beams over 150mm thick 4 5  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Walls 3 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Columns 2.5 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Stairs and Landings 2 4  m3/hr
Pumping To Slabs 20 40  m3/hr
Pumping To Walls with Tremie Pipe 6 8  m3/hr
Concrete Finishing
Wood Float By Hand 20 30  m2/hr
Power Float 30 40  m2/hr
Wire Brush, expose aggregate 25 35  m2/hr
Precast Concrete
 Precast Floor Planks 0.4  0.2  0.1   hrs/plank
 Precast Stair units 0.5 0.3  hrs/plank
Beams,Columns & Slabs 500 600 m2/week
Car Park Precast elements 70 75 No/Week
Sundry Information
 Concrete Weight, 1m3 –   2.4  –    Tonnes
 Readymix Lorry, Length –   8.3  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Width –   2.5  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Height –   3.7  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Turning Circle –   16.4  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Allowable Ramp Gradient –   17.0  20.0   degrees
Lorry Weight 24 Tonnes
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Structural Steelwork

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/gang
Structural Steel Frames
Heavy Structural Steel Frame 10.0  Tons/day
Medium Sized Structural Steel Frame 9.0  Tons/day
 Light Steel Frame and Roof Members 4.0   Tons/day
 Wall Frame, Bow String Truss and Frame –   1.6  –    Tons/day
Metal Deck Flooring
 Hollorib Decking, lay deck –   300 350  m2/day
 Hollorib Decking, shear connecting studs –   225 250  m2/day
General Guides
Tonnage of steel in a building 43 54 Kg/m2
Office Building 60 Kg/m2
Fire Protection
Sprayed Fire protection 40 50 tonnes/week
 Spray Protection to Steelwork –   200 –   m2/week
Board Fire Protection 150 m2/week
Intumescent Paint 250 m2/week
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Walls & Scaffolds

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/Mn
Brickwork Fairfaced per man
Stretcher Bond, 0.5 Brick thick 0.75  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1 Brick thick 0.42  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1.5 Brick thick 0.28  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 2 Brick thick 0.2  m2/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Coping 1.5 –   m/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Canted Cills 1.5 –   m/hr
Face finish as work proceeds incl
Special Bricks 0.3 m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Flush and Rubbed 2.0   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Struck Pointing 1.3   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Bucket Handle 2.7   m2/hr
Common Bricks 0.5 Brick 1.0  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1 Brick 0.5  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1.5 Brick 0.35  m2/hr
Blockwork
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.50  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.30  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.25  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 0.65  m2/hr
Metal Angle Restraints
Vertical Posts 2.0 no/hr
Head Restraints 3.0 m/hr
Ext Support Angle 2.0 m/hr
Sundries
Concrete Lintels 1.0 no/hr
Steel lintels 2.0 no/hr
Access Scaffolding
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 2m lifts 5.0  m run/hr
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 3m lifts 4.0  m run/hr
 Metal Tube and Fittings, 5-6 Boards wide 3.5  m run/hr
Fix Hop-ups Kwickstage 14.0 m run/hr
Re-position Hop-ups Kwickstage 20.0 m run/hr
Birdcage Scaffolding
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 50-250m3 14.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 250-1000m3 16.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, over 1000m3 18.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, striking 200.0   % x erect
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

External Cladding

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Curtain Walling Per gang
 Glazed Curtain Wall –   20.0 30.0  m2/day
 High Quality Glazed Curtain Walling –   15.0 25.0  m2/day
Rule of Thumb- Multi-Storey Office Block 3.0 wks/Flr
Windows & Glazing per gang
 Vertical Glazed Lights, 6m x 2.5m –   15.0 –    m2/day
 Vertical Glazed Walls, large scale –   50.0 –    m2/day
 Clerestory Frame/Glazing, 3m x 4m –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Oriel Window Frame/Glazing, 4m x 2m –   35.0  –    m2/day
Patent Glazing 90.0 m2/wk
Windows general 1.0 m2/manhr
Metal Cladding
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
 VE Panel Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 1.0  1.4  1.9   m2/day
Stone Facade Restoration per man
 Façade Cleaning, Water Jetting –   25.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Acid Etching –   9.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Grit Blasting –   12.0  –    m2/day
 Cladding Restoration, Brickwork seek specialist advice
 Cladding Restoration, Stonework courses seek specialist advice
Stone Cladding per gang
 Fix 0.5m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix 0.5-0.75m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.35   m2/hr
 Fix 0.75-1.0m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.4 0.4  m2/hr
 Fix Curved Stone Cladding 0.2 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Edge Beams/Window Reveals 0.25  0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Soffits 0.3 0.4  m2/hr
 Stone Floors 1.0 1.5  m2/hr
 Granite/Marble Wall Panels 0.6 0.8  m2/hr
Portland Stone Final Wash down 300.0 350.0 m2/week
Precast Concrete Cladding
Large storey height panels 2.0 3.0 No/day
(Largely Dependant on Deliveries)
Profiled Metal Sheet Cladding
Large areas factory bldg 400.0 m2/gangwk
Specialist Ext Wall Finishes
Terracotta Tiles 30.0 m2/gangday
Sto Render (with insulation) 2.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Dry Int. Carcassing

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Carpentry Carcassing per man
 Windows, Timber Frames for Bricklaying 0.5  0.1   hrs/no
 Windows, Drill, Screw & Plug extra over 0.1  –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 1.0-3.0m2 1.8 –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 2.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Access Hatch 0.3  –    no/hr
 Floor Joists, 26 30 m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 30 35 m/hr
 Floor Boards, Butt Jointed 2.5 3  m2/hr
 Floor Boards, T&G Boards 3 3.5  m2/hr
 Plywood Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 4 5  m2/hr
 Chipboard Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 5.1  5.8   m2/hr
 Windows, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 0.4  0.3   hrs/no
 Windows, Softwood, 7.0-10.0m2 0.9  0.6   hrs/no
 Fix Metal and Timber Windows After Wall Complete 2.0  –    m2/hr
 Window Glazing 1.3  –    m2/hr
Roof Carcassing per man
 Roof Trusses 1.3  –    no/hr
 Wall Plates 3.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Rafters 1.2  –    m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 8.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Jack Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Soffits, Softwood, screwed 4.0 –    m/hr
Carpentry 2nd Fix per man
 Window Boards, screwed 0.3  hrs/m
 Mouldings, Softwood, Screwed 6.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Screwed 4.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Gun Nailed 6.0  m/hr
 Skirting 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave, Fix to Doors 1.0 –    hrs/door
 Door Stop Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Glazed Bead Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Hanging Doors, Softwood, Single Pair Butts 1.5  hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Softwood 0.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Hardwood 0.6  –    hrs/no
General Door & Frame Fixing Rates(per Pair)
External Double Leaf 1.5 No/day
Internal Double Leaf 2 No/day
Internal Single Leaf 3 No/day
Fix Bath Panel 0.4  –    hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Floor Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Wall Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Shelf Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, simple, straight flight 1.5   hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, 2 straight flights, 1 landing 2.9   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix horizontal 0.6   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix raking 0.5   hrs/no
Timber Panelling Pine 1 m2/hr
Timber Panelling Hardwood 0.5 m2/hr
Stud Partitioning/Dry Lining
Gyproc Partitions (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Partitions (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
 Boarding to Stud-work/Metal Lathes 4.0 6.0  m2/manhr
 Boarding 19mm nailed to studding 6.0 10.0  m2/manhr
 Tape, Joint Sand and Top Coat Plasterboard 1.5   m2/manhr
 Skimming to Plasterboard 6.1   m2/manhr
Gyproc Dry Lining System – Walls 5 7  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (single layer) 6 10  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (double layer) 3 5  m2/manhr
Acoustic Ceiling Lining 170 250 m2/wk
Acoustic Wall Lining 200 330 m2/wk
Steelwork Encasement (single layer) 2  m2/manhr
Steelwork Encasement (double layer) 1  m2/manhr
Proprietary Partitions
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Separation panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Wall Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, End Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Hang Door to Panel –   0.4  –    hrs/no
 100mm Pine Paneling, excluding studding time 0.8  1.1  1.4   m2/hr
General rate for Toilet Cubicle 2 No/manday
Demountable Partitions (Full Height) 1 m/manhour
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Bldg Services

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plumbing
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Pipes –   1.2  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Branches –   2.2  –    hrs/no
 Cast Iron Spigot Joint Pipes, 100mm –   1.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 150-200mm dia –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 1,050mm dia –   0.4  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 200mm dia –   1.8  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 300mm dia –   1.2  –    m/hr
 UPVC Downpipes, 75mm –   3.3  –    m/hr
 UPVC Guttering, 75mm –   3.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Downpipes, 75mm –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Guttering, 75mm –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron RWP Fittings, 75mm –   2.2  –    no/hr
Rule of Thumb
Deduct 15% for OH&P
Labour Cost on Systems
Electrical 33 %
Mechanical & sprinklers 30 %
Plumbing 33 %
Hot Water 25 %
Ventillation 17 %
Air Conditioning 9 %
Divide amount by anticipated weekly gross labour rate to derive No of man weeks
Test & commissioning
Radiator & Convector System 4 7 weeks
Simple ventillation System 8 weeks
Full Air Conditioning System 12 16 weeks
Hospital/laboratory Systems 16 24 weeks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roof Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Asphalt & Felt Roofing per gang
 Asphalt Roof in layers –   50 –    m2/day
 Felt Roofs, large areas –   35 52  m2/day
 Felt Roofs, small or complicated –   20 30  m2/day
 Asphalt coatings, horizontal surfaces 3.5  4.2  5.8   m2/hr
 Asphalt coatings, vertical surfaces 1.2  1.7  2.2   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 2 coats 4.8  5.0  6.3   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 3 coats 3.3  3.5  4.4   m2/hr
 Bituminous Sheets, horizontal surfaces 3.8  4.0  4.8   m2/hr
 Polythene Sheets, horizontal surfaces –   20.0  –    m2/hr
Roof Screeding per gang
Laid in Medium sized Bays to falls –   50 –    m2/day
Laid in Large Bays (pumped) –   100 –    m2/day
Membrane Roof Sheeting
Trocal Single Ply Membrane 300 400 m2/wk
Metal Decking & Roofing per gang
 Metal Decking, large areas –   70.0  –    m2/day
 Metal Decking, small or complicated –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Titanium Sheeted Roofs –   9.5  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, flat work –   3.0  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, sloping work –   2.7  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, flat work –   2.4  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, flat work –   2.8  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, sloping work –   1.9  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat work –   2.5  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, dormer cheeks –   1.3  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat gutters –   88.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, flat copings –   76.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, stepped gutters –   3.5  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, shaped copings –   3.3  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, cover step flashings –   3.2  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, rooflight flashings –   0.8  –    no/day
 Lead Roofs, domed roof coverings –   0.7  –    m2/day
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
Insulation
 Polystyrene Boards –   8.5  –    m2/hr
 Glass Fibre, low pitch –   12.0  –    m2/hr
Slates & Tiles per man
 Slate Roofs, Welsh Slate 3-5mm –   12.0 18.0  m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Cumbrian Slate 8-11mm –   8.5  –    m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Asbestos Slates –   24.0 36.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Concrete Tiles –   40.0 52.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Clay Pan Tiles –   12.0 20.0  m2/day
Roof Windows & Atrium per gang
Rooflights –   1 –   no/day
Velux Type windows 2 no/day
Atrium Roof Glazing 60 70 m2/wk
Rainwater Goods per man
Gutters –   2 2.5 m/hr
Downpipes 2.5 3 m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Wet Bldg Trades

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plastering
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 2.8  3.1   m2/hr
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 2.6  2.8   m2/hr
 Covings 4.0 –    m/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 6.7  7.3   m2/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 6.1  6.7   m2/hr
General Plastering rate – (2+1 gang) 150 200 m2/week
Fibrous Plaster -General 25 m2/week
Rendering
 Large Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   2.2  2.7   m2/hr
 Small Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   1.5  1.7   m2/hr
 Narrow Widths, applied in 2 coats –   1.2  1.4   m2/hr
Floor Screed
Hoist & Barrow (2+1 Gang)
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 20-40mm thick 35 50  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 40-65mm thick 30 40  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 65-100mm thick 25 30  m2/day
170 m2/day
Cutting Chases
 Concrete, cutting by hand, 50-75mm wide 1.0  1.4  2.1   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 1.8  2.4  3.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 25-50mm wide 1.6  2.3  3.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 75-100mm wide 1.2  1.6  2.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 3.3  4.5  6.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
Cutting Switchboxes
 Cutting in Concrete, small box 7.1  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Concrete, large box 3.6  4.5  5.6   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, small box 6.6  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, large box 4.2  5.3  6.3   no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Building Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Suspended Ceilings
 Suspended Ceilings, office situations –   2.6  3.5   m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, First Fix –   1.4  –    m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, Second Fix –   1.2  –    m2/hr
Flooring Finishes
 Raised Flooring, metal system –   7.0 8.0  m2/hr
 Granolithic Flooring –   3.1  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, in-situ –   3.6  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, pre-cast –   4.6  5.1   m2/hr
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.5  2.2   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, small areas, much cutting –   0.8  1.1   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, large areas, little cutting –   2.2  2.8   m2/hr
 Linolium/Thermo-Plastic Flooring –   3.1  5.0   m2/hr
 Thermo-Plastic Floor Tiles –   3.3  5.6   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, lay blocks –   1.5  2.1   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, sand and polish –   3.1  –    m2/hr
Underlay & Grippers –   5.0 6.0  m2/hr
 Carpeting, Fully Fitted –   2.0  3.0  m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, small areas –   3.7  4.1   m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, large areas –   6.6  7.2   m2/hr
Metalwork
 Install Metal Door and Frame –   0.2  –    no/hr
 Install Balustrade & Railings –   1.5  –    m/hr
General Rate – (Flights) 4 No/wk
Ceramic Tiling
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.3 1.5   no/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, setout and level –   55.5  –    m/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, fix, grout and clean –   1.5  –    m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Ledges/Upstands 20.4  27.1  32.0   no/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas under 1.5m2 per room 0.9  1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas of 1.5-2.5m2 per room 1.4  1.6  1.9   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas over 2.5m2 per room 1.5  1.7  2.1   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles, Grouting Works 2.2  2.5  2.6   m2/hr
Painting
 Prepare Walls –   14.2  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Doors –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Door Frames –   25.0  –    m/hr
 Burn Off / Heat Strip Paintwork –   1.1  –    m2/hr
Timber, knot, 1 primer, stop, 2 undercoat, 1 gloss –   1.7  2.1   m2/hr
Timber, touchup primer, 1 undercoat, 1 coat gloss –   3.1  3.8   m2/hr
 Internal Timber, polyurethane varnish, 2 coats –   3.3  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 2 coats wood preservative –   4.0  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 3 coats polyurethane varnish –   2.0  –    m2/hr
(For all the above take 50% of rate if for frames)
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   8.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to brick/blockwork –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 mist, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss to plaster –   2.3  –    m2/hr
Portaflec Spray 10 m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to render/concrete –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to brick/blockwork –   2.0  –    m2/hr
 Floors, epoxy paint –   2.9  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 2 coats –   6.1  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 3 coats –   5.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Steelwork, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss 1.3  2.4  –    m2/hr
 External Steelwork, 1 primer, 2 undercoats, 1 gloss 0.9  1.7  –    m2/hr
Wallpapering
 Strip Existing Wallpaper (3 layers) & Prepare Walls –   4.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Wallpaper and lining paper –   6.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Vinyl and Washable paper –   4.2  –    m2/hr
 Fix Ceiling Lining Paper –   4.0  –    m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Lifts & Escalators

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Lift Installations
Install 2 to 3 storeys –   3.0  –    wks/floor
Install 4 storeys and above –   2.0  –    wks/floor
Testing allow 2 wks plus –   1.0  –    day/floor
 Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver –   18 26  wks
 Non-Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver 75.0  65.0  52.0   wks
Escalator Installations
Develop concept design and gain client approval –   16.0  –    wks
Prepare preliminary design and gain approval –   12.0  –    wks
 Assemble truss , position/level –   1.0  –    wks
Install decking and glazing etc –   3.0 –    wks
Performance testing –   1.0 –    wks
Full load testing –   1.0 –    wks
Final test and inspection –   1.0 –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Fitting Out

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Kitchen Fit Out
 Overall Installation for 100 persons or 50m2 –   3.0  –    wks
 Overall Installation for 500 persons or 150m2 –   5.0  –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

_1075538666.xls

Notes on Rates

Notes on Output Rates
GENERAL
Outputs are for carrying out major works with clear access and large enough areas to permit
ease of material deliveries and rubbish away with no double handling, and sufficient work volumes
for continuous employment of plant and labour.
For contracts which dictate conditions that differ to those stated above additional time needs to be
added into the individual time outputs.
Outputs reflect the actual man operative time taken to carry out the works inclusive of material
deliveries and rubbish away, if any, but account for the operative time only. Therefore they should
not be used for pricing purposes before applying a gang factor.
DEMOLITION
Exclusions:
Removal of asbestos or other contaminants.
Production and approval of method statements by Local Authority.
Erecting temporary works or hand balling around temporary works.
Making good.
Comments
“Dealing with hard materials” – some buildings take longer due to their individually constructed
peculiarities e.g. grillage reinforced concrete/setting aside special listed features/underground
bunkers/restrictions to city centre sites to working hours/retaining backgrounds which may collapse
due to the age of the building.
Removal of floor boarding includes for de-nailing joists.
Removal of staircase is for a floor to ceiling height of 2.70 metres in timber.
Soft stripping of offices assumes an open plan type of arrangement.
EXCAVATE AND FILL
Comments
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Strip topsoil assumes topsoil for setting aside for re-use. If removed as a bulk dig exercise outputs
would be as per reduce level excavation.
Basement excavation assumes a traditional “bottom up” dig.
Basement and large dig exercises are significantly dependant upon the volume of soil that can
be removed from Site -. e.g. County Hall basement (size 140mx40m with access to one long side
total 50,000m3 approx 9m deep) peaked at 4,000m3 per week removal from Site in a continual
operation. – averaged 2,500m3 week due to wet weather etc.
Soil capacity on one lorry load = 10m3/load as dug.
Excavation in underpinning by hand shallow – 6 hours/m3 deep 10hr/m3
DRAINAGE
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Trench excavation (page 4 excavate and fill) – outputs are to open trench “continuous” style
service trenches with no time allowed to set aside or dispose of soil or to sheet up sides.
Manholes and gullies (page 5 drainage) – outputs are for the elements only shown ie manhole
rings/bricks etc and do not include for excavation, jointing in pipes, benchings, channels
ROADS/EXTERNAL WORKS
Sub base – weight of type 1 fill :2.2tonnes/m3
Road surfacing/kerbs/paviors – reduce by half -ie double the time for areas to building projects.
Fencing/atreetlighting/landscaping – reduce by half – ie double the time for areas to building
projects.
PILING AND GROUND ENGINEERING
Piling – outputs are per piling rig
Secant piling outputs exclude time taken for constructing a guide wall – guide wall time
same as in Diaphragm Walling
Pile trimming – outputs are per man
Vibrocompaction output is per nett treated floor area based on vibro columns at 2.20m ctrs both
ways for stone columns up to 8m deep.
FOUNDATIONS/CONCRETE STRUCTURES
Formwork outputs are per m2 nett area of formwork per shuttering carpenter
Holorib decking/concrete topping – see suspended slabs/formwork
Placing concrete by tower crane – outputs dependant on hook time cycle and are per crane/gang
STRUCTURAL STEELWORK
Outputs include for use of a crane on a crane/gang resource.
WALLS AND SCAFFOLDS
Outputs for masonry are for quantities per bricklayer trowel.
Outputs are for general masonry. Walls incorporating cutting to accommodate different types
of bricks/small areas/protruding or recessed panels/contrasting bands/building in white mortar/
laying blocks flat on face are excluded.
Outputs are for building in stretcher bond (half brick)English bond (I brick)
Reduce outputs by 10% for building in dpc/expansion jointing/head structural restraints.
Adjust precast lintol outputs for large boot lintols to 0.50 per hour.
EXTERNAL CLADDING
Stone/cladding restoration outputs are totally dependant on works to be carried out ie stitch new
stones or bricks in,resin repair cracks – advice needed from specialists for job in question.
Stone cladding outputs are for a gang hour and include for structural fixings.
Carpentry carcassing/roof carcassing/carpentry second fix outputs are per Carpenter.
Roof trusses are assumed to be in timber. Large trusses (exceeding 6m span) 0.5 per hour.
Timber staircases assume per 2.60m storey height in one single flight.
Stud partitioning outputs for gyproc to ceilings assume areas of rooms in a domestic location.
Toilet partitioning outputs assume outputs per Carpenter and exclude back panellling (1m2 per hour)
ROOF FINISHES
Outputs for roof tiling include for felt and battening and are per tiler.
BUILDING FINISHES
Outputs for raised access flooring assume large open plan arangement
&L&”Times New Roman,Regular”Tool T028&C&”Times New Roman,Bold”&14Costain Limited
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&A

Demolition

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Out Finishes per man
 Remove & Cart away, Lathe and Plaster Ceilings 3.2  4.6  5.0   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Plaster to Walls 2.1  3.1  5.9   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, External Render –   2.5 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, sand & cement Floor Screed –   3.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, grano or reinforced Floor Screed 1.5 2.0  m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Concrete Paving –   4.0  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 1.0 brick thick –   1.5  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 0.5 brick thick –   1.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Floor Boards –   2.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Staircase –   8.0 –    hrs/no
Soft Strip Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Hard Demolition Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Removal of Pavings
Concrete Slabs
Non reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 20.0 m2/hr
Reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 5.0 10.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Excavate & Fill

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Top Soil per excavator
Excavate & Load Lorry 10 m3/hr
General Bulk Excavation & Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 35.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 30.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Hard Ground 13.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Hard Ground 20.0  m3/hr
Large Volume Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator,>2m3 bucket, gravel/clay ground 2500.0  m3/day
Basement Excavation and Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 25.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, >1m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 35.0  m3/hr
Bottom Up Excavation By Hand 6.0 m2/hr
Excavate & Remove From Site overall
Central London (Large Project) 4000.0 5,000 m3/Week
London Perimeter (Large Project) 5000.0 7,500 m3/Week
Excavate Foundations per excavator
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Pits 5.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Trenches 6.0  m3/hr
Soil Bulking Factors & Densities
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Sand/Soil –   15.0   %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Gravel –   33.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Clay/Chalk –   40.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Boulder Clay –   45.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Rock –   60.0  –    %
 Spoil Weight, Rock –   2.5  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Concrete –   2.4  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Landfill/CDG –   1.9  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Sand –   1.8  –    Te/m3
Spoil Weight, Clay 2.0  Te/m3
Breaking Out (By Machine)
per excavator
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 30.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 20.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 10.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 1.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 2.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 2.8  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 3.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 6.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 0.3  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   0.4 –    hrs/m3
Breaking Out (By Hand)
per man
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 5.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 6.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 9.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 8.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 10.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 3.0  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   3.5 –    hrs/m3
Brickwork
 Brickwork, walls and columns 3.0  hrs/m3
 Brickwork, foundations 3.5  hrs/m3
Dewatering System
 Setup large 15 hole system –   21.0  –    days
Spread & Level Fill per excavator
Hardcore Layers 100-150mm 5.0 6.0 10.0 m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 13.9  20.4  25.0   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 11.6  16.9  21.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 23.8  28.5  35.7   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 19.6  24.5  30.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, over 200m2, Hardcore 47.6  51.6  55.6   m3/hr
Trench Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.2  22.2  26.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 26.3  28.6  33.2   m3/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, < 2.0m wide 3.0  4.2  6.5   m2/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, > 2.0m wide 6.2  6.7  9.2   m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
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Drainage

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Excavate Drain Trenches
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 10 m/day
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 6 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 3 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 35 m/day
Drain Laying
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Lay Small Diameter Pipes up to 150mm 30 m/day
Lay Large Diameter Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Lay large Diameter Pipes up to 450mm 8 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 70 m/day
Connecting Drainage per gang
 PVC Drainage, 3m pipes, 150-200mm dia, 5-30m run –   10.6  –    m/hr
 Hepsleve Rubber Joint System, over 375mm dia, 5-30m run –   2.3  –    m/hr
Land Drains
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, 5-30m run 6.0 –   14.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, over 30m run 10.0 –   19.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, 5-30m run 4.0 –   10.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, over 30m run 6.0 –   12.0  m/hr
Manholes & Gullies
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 610 x 455 x 51 mm –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 990 x 610 x 64 mm –   1.6  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.0 brick engineering –   0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.5 brick engineering –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Benching to Manhole, under 0.5m2 –   0.9  –    hrs/no
 Benching to Manhole, 0.5-0.75m2 –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, under 150mm dia –   0.1  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, 150-225mm dia –   0.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in cast iron covers 0.6   hrs/no
 Yard Gulleys, 75-150mm dia pipes, bed and level –   2.2  –    no/hr
 Yard Gulleys, 150-225mm dia pipes, bed and level –   1.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 600mm deep, bed and level –   1.2  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 750mm deep, bed and level –   0.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 1,200mm deep, bed and level –   0.3  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, install gratings –   5.0  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roads & External Works

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Sub Base
Large Road Job gang day
Spread & level Granular Material 1200 T/day
Trim Fill 1500 m2/day
Concrete Road Surfacing per gang
 Concrete Road surfacing, 150mm thick –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 200mm thick –   7.7  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 300mm thick –   6.7  –    m2/hr
Tarmac Road Surfacing per gang
Barbour Greene Large Sized Project
Road Base
Winter Working 300 1200 m2/day
Summer Working 700 2500 m2/day
Wearing Course 500 Te/day
12,000 m2/day
Barbour Greene Medium Sized Project
Tarmacadam 160 m2/hr
Asphalt 145 m2/hr
Manual Laying
Tarmacadam 8.0 m2/hr
Asphalt 5.0 m2/hr
Road Markings 180 500 m/day
Kerbs & Haunching per man
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 5m radius –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 10m radius –   3.0 –    m/hr
 Stone/Granite Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid straight –   6.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 5m radius –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 10m radius –   4.5 –    m/hr
Pavings & Paviors
 Concrete Slabs, laid on bedding, to slight falls 2.0 4.0  m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid in mortar, to falls 1.5 2.3   m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid on sand, to falls 2.0 2.8   m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, no patterns 0.3  –    m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, with patterns 0.2  –    m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, straight joints 1.3  1.9   m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, herringbone pattern –   1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Gravel Paths, including preparation of sub-base –   10.5  –    m2/hr
Fencing
Small/Medium sized Project per gang
 Fence Erection, Chainlink, posts at 2.0m –   4.4  –    m/hr
 Post Erection, Timber / Metal, dig, erect, fix 3.3  4.5  –    no/hr
 Fence Erection, Chestnut Pailings, posts at 2.0m –   33.3  –    m/hr
Safety Fencing – (Large Road Project)
– Driven Posts 400 m/day
– Augered Posts 200 m/day
Streetlighting & U/Ground Services
 Lay Street Lighting Cables and connect –   6 8  m/hr
Communications Duct & pit Installation 60 100 m/day
Lighting Columns 3 4 no/day
Commissioning 2 weeks
Landscaping
 Top Soil, spread, level and prepare for turf or seeding –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 Top Soil, rake in fertilizer for seeding –   25.0  –    m2/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, under 750mm high –   4.0  –    no/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, over 750mm high –   1.5  –    no/hr
 Planting, Saplings, under 3.0m high –   1.7  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Piling & Grnd Eng.

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/rig
Bored Concrete Piling per rig
CFA Piling <15m Long 6.0 8.0 10.0 no/day
CFA Piling 15 – 25m Long 5.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Short augered piles <6m long <750mm dia 15.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling < 750mm Dia 6.0 7.0 9.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 750 – 1200mm Dia 2.0 3.0 4.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 1200 – 2000mm Dia 1.0 1.5 2.0 no/day
Contiguous Pile Wall 15-20m long 8.0 9.0 10.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/Hard 2.0 4.0 5.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/soft 6.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Tripod Piling 8 m/day
Precast & Steel Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
 H Piles, driven steel H-beams 200.0  350.0  500.0   m/day
Precast Concrete Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
Steel Sheet Piling
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 10m deep Sand –   55.0  60.0   m/day
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 35m deep Sand 3.5  32.0  10.5   m/day
King Post Temporary Wall
Posts at 3m Centres 58 m2/wk
Mini Piling
 Mini Piles, driven 235mm dia, 35m deep 2.5 3  m/hr
Hand Dug Piling per man
 Excave shaft by grab, general fill/uppr levels –   3.5  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, sand/minor rubble –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, marinve/aluvium –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Install reinforcement cages –   2.0  –    hrs/no
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after excavation –   8.0  –    hrs
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after cage installed –   2.0  –    hrs
 Shaft concreting/extract casing 5-70m deep –   12.0  –    hrs
Cut Down Piles
 Concrete Piles, 300-750mm deep and 0.6m dia 2.0  hrs/no
 Concrete Piles 300-750mm deep and 1.1m dia 5.0  hrs/no
Diaphram Walls
 Guide Walls, construction 0.3  0.5  0.8   m/Mhr
Construct Diaphram Wall – retained face 70.0 m2/rigday
Ground Anchors
 Drill 30m shaft –   7.0  –    hrs
 Install strands/setup anchor –   6.0  –    hrs
 Grout in strands –   2.0  –    hrs
Soil Nailing
–   –  
–   –  
Ground Improvement
Vibrocompaction (8m long 2.2m ctrs) 1000 m2/rig/wk
Dynamic Compaction m2/rig/wk
Sundry Activities
 Grout curtain installation –   6.2  –    hrs/m run
 Dig Caisson 800mm dia, 26m deep 55.0  33.0  25.0   days/no
Site Investigation
 Pre Drilling, Rercussive or Rotary, soft deposits 8.0  10.0  14.0   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Wash Boring, grade V/IV rock 2.5  3.2  3.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Triple Tube Sampling, grade V/IV rock 0.4  0.8  0.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Rotary, grade III/II rock 0.2  0.5  0.7   m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Tunnelling

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Conventional Tunneling
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 6m diameter 0.4  0.6 0.8  m/day
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 10m diameter 0.5 0.7 0.9  m/day
Cut & Cover
Formwork Tunnel Forms, Wall and Slab poured as one –   15.6  17.5   m2/hr
NATM
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter under 7.0m 2.5  2.9  3.2   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m 1.5  2.0  2.5   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter over 10.0m 1.0  1.3  1.5   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 2.0-7.0m 1.5  1.8  2.0   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m –   1.5  –    m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter over 10.0m –   1.0  1.5   m/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 2 crews 190.0  225.0  279.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 4 crews 255.0  300.0  366.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 2 access with 4 crews 382.0  450.0  549.0   m3/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter under 6.5m 2.1  2.5  2.8   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter over 6.5m 1.5  2.0  2.4   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Vertical Shafts, diameter over 6.5m 2.2  2.5  3.1   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnel Junctions –   0.2  0.3   m/day
 Insitu Permanent Lining, 12m bays, 350-400mm reinforced with PCV backing –   3 4  m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time , Running Tunnels 3.2  4.0  4.9   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Station Access Adits 3.3  3.9  4.2   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Concourse Tunnels 2.2  2.5  2.7   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Escalator Tunnels 1.2  1.5  1.7   m/day
Rock Tunnelling
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, cycle time 8.0  6.0  5.5   mins
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class I Granite 0.3  0.9  1.2   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class II Granite 2.0  2.6  2.9   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class III Granite 1.2  1.4  1.8   m3/cycle
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Foundations

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/man
Formwork per man
 Pilecaps, small 0.7  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, medium-large 1.0  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, large 1.3  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, < 0.7m2 0.8  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 0.7-1.5m2 1  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 3.0-5.0m2 1.2  m2/hr
Reinforcement
40mm 8 9 12 hrs/tonne
32mm 10 12 14 hrs/tonne
20mm 14 18 20 hrs/tonne
16mm 12 15 20 hrs/tonne
Concrete Placing
large Sized Pours (pump) 20.0 40.0 m3/hr
Medium Sized Pours (direct discharge) 8.0 12.0 m3/hr
Small Pours (Backactor) 3.0 4.0 m3/hr
Underpinning
 Concrete Pinning, every 4th/5th pin cycle –   1.2  2.2   m/day
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.0 brick thick –   0.4  0.7   m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.5 brick thick 0.1  0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 2.0 brick thick –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 102mm wall –   0.8  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 215mm wall –   0.7  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 317mm wall –   0.5  –    m/hr
Trench Support
Open Boarding 4 m2/hr
Close Boarding 3 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Concrete Structures

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/man
Formwork
Walls Including Stop-ends etc per man
 Walls,1.0-2.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, 2.0-5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, over 5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 5.0-15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, over 15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
Columns
 Columns, Square Timber csa < 0.1m2 0.65  m2/manhr
 Columns, Square Timber csa 0.1-0.4m2 0.65  m2/manhr
Slabs & Beams
Suspended Plain Slab Soffit 1  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width 300-500mm 0.5  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width over 750mm 0.5  m2/manhr
Troughed/Waffle Slabs 0.65  m2/manhr
 Table Form, Aluminum System, 400m2 bays 100 150  m2/gangday
 Stop Ends, no perforations 2.5 3  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, minor perforations 1.2 1.6  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, dense perforations 0.6 0.9  m2/manhr
 Box Outs, 0.01-0.05m2 6 8  no/manhr
 Box Outs, over 0.05m2 3 5  no/manhr
Staircases
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Sloping 0.6 0.8  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Flat Landing 0.8 1  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Wall Strings 0.4 –    m2/manhr
Reinforcement
Reinforcement Ratios
 Pile Cap, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   14.8  –    % ratio
 Base Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   13.2  14.1   % ratio
 Suspended Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 13.0 18.0 23.0  % ratio
 Columns, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 15.8  18.7  28.7   % ratio
 Walls, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 14.7  15.0  –    % ratio
General Steelfixing rates
Links 30.0 25.0 hrs/tonne
10mm 30.0 20.0 hrs/tonne
12mm 25.0 16.0  hrs/tonne
16mm 20.0 15.0  hrs/tonne
20mm 18.0 13.0  hrs/tonne
25mm 15.0 12.0  hrs/tonne
32mm 12.0 11.0  hrs/tonne
40mm 12.0 9.0  hrs/tonne
General Column Construction rate
Formwork, Reinforcement & Concrete (3man gang) 2 6 No/day
Slip Forming
 Shaft Slip Forming –   300 400  mm/hr
Post Tensioned Concrete
 Lag for Initial Stress Tensioning after 1st bay cast –   48.0  –    hrs
 Lag for Final Stress Tensioning after Initial Stress –   120.0  –    hrs
Concrete Placing
 Hollorib Decking, concrete topping 2000 2500  m2/week
 Hollorib concrete topping, incl PowerFloat 50.0  70.0   m2/hr
Tower Crane & Skip, Slabs over 150mm thick 4 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Beams over 150mm thick 4 5  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Walls 3 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Columns 2.5 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Stairs and Landings 2 4  m3/hr
Pumping To Slabs 20 40  m3/hr
Pumping To Walls with Tremie Pipe 6 8  m3/hr
Concrete Finishing
Wood Float By Hand 20 30  m2/hr
Power Float 30 40  m2/hr
Wire Brush, expose aggregate 25 35  m2/hr
Precast Concrete
 Precast Floor Planks 0.4  0.2  0.1   hrs/plank
 Precast Stair units 0.5 0.3  hrs/plank
Beams,Columns & Slabs 500 600 m2/week
Car Park Precast elements 70 75 No/Week
Sundry Information
 Concrete Weight, 1m3 –   2.4  –    Tonnes
 Readymix Lorry, Length –   8.3  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Width –   2.5  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Height –   3.7  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Turning Circle –   16.4  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Allowable Ramp Gradient –   17.0  20.0   degrees
Lorry Weight 24 Tonnes
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Structural Steelwork

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/gang
Structural Steel Frames
Heavy Structural Steel Frame 10.0  Tons/day
Medium Sized Structural Steel Frame 9.0  Tons/day
 Light Steel Frame and Roof Members 4.0   Tons/day
 Wall Frame, Bow String Truss and Frame –   1.6  –    Tons/day
Metal Deck Flooring
 Hollorib Decking, lay deck –   300 350  m2/day
 Hollorib Decking, shear connecting studs –   225 250  m2/day
General Guides
Tonnage of steel in a building 43 54 Kg/m2
Office Building 60 Kg/m2
Fire Protection
Sprayed Fire protection 40 50 tonnes/week
 Spray Protection to Steelwork –   200 –   m2/week
Board Fire Protection 150 m2/week
Intumescent Paint 250 m2/week
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Walls & Scaffolds

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/Mn
Brickwork Fairfaced per man
Stretcher Bond, 0.5 Brick thick 0.75  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1 Brick thick 0.42  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1.5 Brick thick 0.28  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 2 Brick thick 0.2  m2/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Coping 1.5 –   m/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Canted Cills 1.5 –   m/hr
Face finish as work proceeds incl
Special Bricks 0.3 m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Flush and Rubbed 2.0   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Struck Pointing 1.3   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Bucket Handle 2.7   m2/hr
Common Bricks 0.5 Brick 1.0  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1 Brick 0.5  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1.5 Brick 0.35  m2/hr
Blockwork
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.50  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.30  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.25  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 0.65  m2/hr
Metal Angle Restraints
Vertical Posts 2.0 no/hr
Head Restraints 3.0 m/hr
Ext Support Angle 2.0 m/hr
Sundries
Concrete Lintels 1.0 no/hr
Steel lintels 2.0 no/hr
Access Scaffolding
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 2m lifts 5.0  m run/hr
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 3m lifts 4.0  m run/hr
 Metal Tube and Fittings, 5-6 Boards wide 3.5  m run/hr
Fix Hop-ups Kwickstage 14.0 m run/hr
Re-position Hop-ups Kwickstage 20.0 m run/hr
Birdcage Scaffolding
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 50-250m3 14.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 250-1000m3 16.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, over 1000m3 18.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, striking 200.0   % x erect
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

External Cladding

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Curtain Walling Per gang
 Glazed Curtain Wall –   20.0 30.0  m2/day
 High Quality Glazed Curtain Walling –   15.0 25.0  m2/day
Rule of Thumb- Multi-Storey Office Block 3.0 wks/Flr
Windows & Glazing per gang
 Vertical Glazed Lights, 6m x 2.5m –   15.0 –    m2/day
 Vertical Glazed Walls, large scale –   50.0 –    m2/day
 Clerestory Frame/Glazing, 3m x 4m –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Oriel Window Frame/Glazing, 4m x 2m –   35.0  –    m2/day
Patent Glazing 90.0 m2/wk
Windows general 1.0 m2/manhr
Metal Cladding
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
 VE Panel Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 1.0  1.4  1.9   m2/day
Stone Facade Restoration per man
 Façade Cleaning, Water Jetting –   25.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Acid Etching –   9.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Grit Blasting –   12.0  –    m2/day
 Cladding Restoration, Brickwork seek specialist advice
 Cladding Restoration, Stonework courses seek specialist advice
Stone Cladding per gang
 Fix 0.5m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix 0.5-0.75m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.35   m2/hr
 Fix 0.75-1.0m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.4 0.4  m2/hr
 Fix Curved Stone Cladding 0.2 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Edge Beams/Window Reveals 0.25  0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Soffits 0.3 0.4  m2/hr
 Stone Floors 1.0 1.5  m2/hr
 Granite/Marble Wall Panels 0.6 0.8  m2/hr
Portland Stone Final Wash down 300.0 350.0 m2/week
Precast Concrete Cladding
Large storey height panels 2.0 3.0 No/day
(Largely Dependant on Deliveries)
Profiled Metal Sheet Cladding
Large areas factory bldg 400.0 m2/gangwk
Specialist Ext Wall Finishes
Terracotta Tiles 30.0 m2/gangday
Sto Render (with insulation) 2.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Dry Int. Carcassing

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Carpentry Carcassing per man
 Windows, Timber Frames for Bricklaying 0.5  0.1   hrs/no
 Windows, Drill, Screw & Plug extra over 0.1  –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 1.0-3.0m2 1.8 –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 2.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Access Hatch 0.3  –    no/hr
 Floor Joists, 26 30 m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 30 35 m/hr
 Floor Boards, Butt Jointed 2.5 3  m2/hr
 Floor Boards, T&G Boards 3 3.5  m2/hr
 Plywood Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 4 5  m2/hr
 Chipboard Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 5.1  5.8   m2/hr
 Windows, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 0.4  0.3   hrs/no
 Windows, Softwood, 7.0-10.0m2 0.9  0.6   hrs/no
 Fix Metal and Timber Windows After Wall Complete 2.0  –    m2/hr
 Window Glazing 1.3  –    m2/hr
Roof Carcassing per man
 Roof Trusses 1.3  –    no/hr
 Wall Plates 3.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Rafters 1.2  –    m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 8.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Jack Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Soffits, Softwood, screwed 4.0 –    m/hr
Carpentry 2nd Fix per man
 Window Boards, screwed 0.3  hrs/m
 Mouldings, Softwood, Screwed 6.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Screwed 4.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Gun Nailed 6.0  m/hr
 Skirting 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave, Fix to Doors 1.0 –    hrs/door
 Door Stop Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Glazed Bead Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Hanging Doors, Softwood, Single Pair Butts 1.5  hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Softwood 0.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Hardwood 0.6  –    hrs/no
General Door & Frame Fixing Rates(per Pair)
External Double Leaf 1.5 No/day
Internal Double Leaf 2 No/day
Internal Single Leaf 3 No/day
Fix Bath Panel 0.4  –    hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Floor Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Wall Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Shelf Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, simple, straight flight 1.5   hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, 2 straight flights, 1 landing 2.9   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix horizontal 0.6   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix raking 0.5   hrs/no
Timber Panelling Pine 1 m2/hr
Timber Panelling Hardwood 0.5 m2/hr
Stud Partitioning/Dry Lining
Gyproc Partitions (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Partitions (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
 Boarding to Stud-work/Metal Lathes 4.0 6.0  m2/manhr
 Boarding 19mm nailed to studding 6.0 10.0  m2/manhr
 Tape, Joint Sand and Top Coat Plasterboard 1.5   m2/manhr
 Skimming to Plasterboard 6.1   m2/manhr
Gyproc Dry Lining System – Walls 5 7  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (single layer) 6 10  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (double layer) 3 5  m2/manhr
Acoustic Ceiling Lining 170 250 m2/wk
Acoustic Wall Lining 200 330 m2/wk
Steelwork Encasement (single layer) 2  m2/manhr
Steelwork Encasement (double layer) 1  m2/manhr
Proprietary Partitions
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Separation panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Wall Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, End Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Hang Door to Panel –   0.4  –    hrs/no
 100mm Pine Paneling, excluding studding time 0.8  1.1  1.4   m2/hr
General rate for Toilet Cubicle 2 No/manday
Demountable Partitions (Full Height) 1 m/manhour
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Bldg Services

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plumbing
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Pipes –   1.2  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Branches –   2.2  –    hrs/no
 Cast Iron Spigot Joint Pipes, 100mm –   1.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 150-200mm dia –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 1,050mm dia –   0.4  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 200mm dia –   1.8  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 300mm dia –   1.2  –    m/hr
 UPVC Downpipes, 75mm –   3.3  –    m/hr
 UPVC Guttering, 75mm –   3.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Downpipes, 75mm –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Guttering, 75mm –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron RWP Fittings, 75mm –   2.2  –    no/hr
Rule of Thumb
Deduct 15% for OH&P
Labour Cost on Systems
Electrical 33 %
Mechanical & sprinklers 30 %
Plumbing 33 %
Hot Water 25 %
Ventillation 17 %
Air Conditioning 9 %
Divide amount by anticipated weekly gross labour rate to derive No of man weeks
Test & commissioning
Radiator & Convector System 4 7 weeks
Simple ventillation System 8 weeks
Full Air Conditioning System 12 16 weeks
Hospital/laboratory Systems 16 24 weeks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roof Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Asphalt & Felt Roofing per gang
 Asphalt Roof in layers –   50 –    m2/day
 Felt Roofs, large areas –   35 52  m2/day
 Felt Roofs, small or complicated –   20 30  m2/day
 Asphalt coatings, horizontal surfaces 3.5  4.2  5.8   m2/hr
 Asphalt coatings, vertical surfaces 1.2  1.7  2.2   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 2 coats 4.8  5.0  6.3   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 3 coats 3.3  3.5  4.4   m2/hr
 Bituminous Sheets, horizontal surfaces 3.8  4.0  4.8   m2/hr
 Polythene Sheets, horizontal surfaces –   20.0  –    m2/hr
Roof Screeding per gang
Laid in Medium sized Bays to falls –   50 –    m2/day
Laid in Large Bays (pumped) –   100 –    m2/day
Membrane Roof Sheeting
Trocal Single Ply Membrane 300 400 m2/wk
Metal Decking & Roofing per gang
 Metal Decking, large areas –   70.0  –    m2/day
 Metal Decking, small or complicated –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Titanium Sheeted Roofs –   9.5  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, flat work –   3.0  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, sloping work –   2.7  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, flat work –   2.4  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, flat work –   2.8  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, sloping work –   1.9  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat work –   2.5  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, dormer cheeks –   1.3  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat gutters –   88.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, flat copings –   76.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, stepped gutters –   3.5  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, shaped copings –   3.3  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, cover step flashings –   3.2  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, rooflight flashings –   0.8  –    no/day
 Lead Roofs, domed roof coverings –   0.7  –    m2/day
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
Insulation
 Polystyrene Boards –   8.5  –    m2/hr
 Glass Fibre, low pitch –   12.0  –    m2/hr
Slates & Tiles per man
 Slate Roofs, Welsh Slate 3-5mm –   12.0 18.0  m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Cumbrian Slate 8-11mm –   8.5  –    m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Asbestos Slates –   24.0 36.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Concrete Tiles –   40.0 52.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Clay Pan Tiles –   12.0 20.0  m2/day
Roof Windows & Atrium per gang
Rooflights –   1 –   no/day
Velux Type windows 2 no/day
Atrium Roof Glazing 60 70 m2/wk
Rainwater Goods per man
Gutters –   2 2.5 m/hr
Downpipes 2.5 3 m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Wet Bldg Trades

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plastering
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 2.8  3.1   m2/hr
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 2.6  2.8   m2/hr
 Covings 4.0 –    m/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 6.7  7.3   m2/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 6.1  6.7   m2/hr
General Plastering rate – (2+1 gang) 150 200 m2/week
Fibrous Plaster -General 25 m2/week
Rendering
 Large Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   2.2  2.7   m2/hr
 Small Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   1.5  1.7   m2/hr
 Narrow Widths, applied in 2 coats –   1.2  1.4   m2/hr
Floor Screed
Hoist & Barrow (2+1 Gang)
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 20-40mm thick 35 50  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 40-65mm thick 30 40  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 65-100mm thick 25 30  m2/day
170 m2/day
Cutting Chases
 Concrete, cutting by hand, 50-75mm wide 1.0  1.4  2.1   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 1.8  2.4  3.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 25-50mm wide 1.6  2.3  3.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 75-100mm wide 1.2  1.6  2.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 3.3  4.5  6.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
Cutting Switchboxes
 Cutting in Concrete, small box 7.1  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Concrete, large box 3.6  4.5  5.6   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, small box 6.6  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, large box 4.2  5.3  6.3   no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Building Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Suspended Ceilings
 Suspended Ceilings, office situations –   2.6  3.5   m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, First Fix –   1.4  –    m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, Second Fix –   1.2  –    m2/hr
Flooring Finishes
 Raised Flooring, metal system –   7.0 8.0  m2/hr
 Granolithic Flooring –   3.1  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, in-situ –   3.6  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, pre-cast –   4.6  5.1   m2/hr
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.5  2.2   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, small areas, much cutting –   0.8  1.1   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, large areas, little cutting –   2.2  2.8   m2/hr
 Linolium/Thermo-Plastic Flooring –   3.1  5.0   m2/hr
 Thermo-Plastic Floor Tiles –   3.3  5.6   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, lay blocks –   1.5  2.1   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, sand and polish –   3.1  –    m2/hr
Underlay & Grippers –   5.0 6.0  m2/hr
 Carpeting, Fully Fitted –   2.0  3.0  m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, small areas –   3.7  4.1   m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, large areas –   6.6  7.2   m2/hr
Metalwork
 Install Metal Door and Frame –   0.2  –    no/hr
 Install Balustrade & Railings –   1.5  –    m/hr
General Rate – (Flights) 4 No/wk
Ceramic Tiling
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.3 1.5   no/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, setout and level –   55.5  –    m/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, fix, grout and clean –   1.5  –    m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Ledges/Upstands 20.4  27.1  32.0   no/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas under 1.5m2 per room 0.9  1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas of 1.5-2.5m2 per room 1.4  1.6  1.9   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas over 2.5m2 per room 1.5  1.7  2.1   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles, Grouting Works 2.2  2.5  2.6   m2/hr
Painting
 Prepare Walls –   14.2  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Doors –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Door Frames –   25.0  –    m/hr
 Burn Off / Heat Strip Paintwork –   1.1  –    m2/hr
Timber, knot, 1 primer, stop, 2 undercoat, 1 gloss –   1.7  2.1   m2/hr
Timber, touchup primer, 1 undercoat, 1 coat gloss –   3.1  3.8   m2/hr
 Internal Timber, polyurethane varnish, 2 coats –   3.3  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 2 coats wood preservative –   4.0  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 3 coats polyurethane varnish –   2.0  –    m2/hr
(For all the above take 50% of rate if for frames)
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   8.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to brick/blockwork –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 mist, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss to plaster –   2.3  –    m2/hr
Portaflec Spray 10 m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to render/concrete –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to brick/blockwork –   2.0  –    m2/hr
 Floors, epoxy paint –   2.9  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 2 coats –   6.1  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 3 coats –   5.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Steelwork, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss 1.3  2.4  –    m2/hr
 External Steelwork, 1 primer, 2 undercoats, 1 gloss 0.9  1.7  –    m2/hr
Wallpapering
 Strip Existing Wallpaper (3 layers) & Prepare Walls –   4.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Wallpaper and lining paper –   6.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Vinyl and Washable paper –   4.2  –    m2/hr
 Fix Ceiling Lining Paper –   4.0  –    m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Lifts & Escalators

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Lift Installations
Install 2 to 3 storeys –   3.0  –    wks/floor
Install 4 storeys and above –   2.0  –    wks/floor
Testing allow 2 wks plus –   1.0  –    day/floor
 Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver –   18 26  wks
 Non-Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver 75.0  65.0  52.0   wks
Escalator Installations
Develop concept design and gain client approval –   16.0  –    wks
Prepare preliminary design and gain approval –   12.0  –    wks
 Assemble truss , position/level –   1.0  –    wks
Install decking and glazing etc –   3.0 –    wks
Performance testing –   1.0 –    wks
Full load testing –   1.0 –    wks
Final test and inspection –   1.0 –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Fitting Out

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Kitchen Fit Out
 Overall Installation for 100 persons or 50m2 –   3.0  –    wks
 Overall Installation for 500 persons or 150m2 –   5.0  –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

_1075538782.xls

Notes on Rates

Notes on Output Rates
GENERAL
Outputs are for carrying out major works with clear access and large enough areas to permit
ease of material deliveries and rubbish away with no double handling, and sufficient work volumes
for continuous employment of plant and labour.
For contracts which dictate conditions that differ to those stated above additional time needs to be
added into the individual time outputs.
Outputs reflect the actual man operative time taken to carry out the works inclusive of material
deliveries and rubbish away, if any, but account for the operative time only. Therefore they should
not be used for pricing purposes before applying a gang factor.
DEMOLITION
Exclusions:
Removal of asbestos or other contaminants.
Production and approval of method statements by Local Authority.
Erecting temporary works or hand balling around temporary works.
Making good.
Comments
“Dealing with hard materials” – some buildings take longer due to their individually constructed
peculiarities e.g. grillage reinforced concrete/setting aside special listed features/underground
bunkers/restrictions to city centre sites to working hours/retaining backgrounds which may collapse
due to the age of the building.
Removal of floor boarding includes for de-nailing joists.
Removal of staircase is for a floor to ceiling height of 2.70 metres in timber.
Soft stripping of offices assumes an open plan type of arrangement.
EXCAVATE AND FILL
Comments
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Strip topsoil assumes topsoil for setting aside for re-use. If removed as a bulk dig exercise outputs
would be as per reduce level excavation.
Basement excavation assumes a traditional “bottom up” dig.
Basement and large dig exercises are significantly dependant upon the volume of soil that can
be removed from Site -. e.g. County Hall basement (size 140mx40m with access to one long side
total 50,000m3 approx 9m deep) peaked at 4,000m3 per week removal from Site in a continual
operation. – averaged 2,500m3 week due to wet weather etc.
Soil capacity on one lorry load = 10m3/load as dug.
Excavation in underpinning by hand shallow – 6 hours/m3 deep 10hr/m3
DRAINAGE
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Trench excavation (page 4 excavate and fill) – outputs are to open trench “continuous” style
service trenches with no time allowed to set aside or dispose of soil or to sheet up sides.
Manholes and gullies (page 5 drainage) – outputs are for the elements only shown ie manhole
rings/bricks etc and do not include for excavation, jointing in pipes, benchings, channels
ROADS/EXTERNAL WORKS
Sub base – weight of type 1 fill :2.2tonnes/m3
Road surfacing/kerbs/paviors – reduce by half -ie double the time for areas to building projects.
Fencing/atreetlighting/landscaping – reduce by half – ie double the time for areas to building
projects.
PILING AND GROUND ENGINEERING
Piling – outputs are per piling rig
Secant piling outputs exclude time taken for constructing a guide wall – guide wall time
same as in Diaphragm Walling
Pile trimming – outputs are per man
Vibrocompaction output is per nett treated floor area based on vibro columns at 2.20m ctrs both
ways for stone columns up to 8m deep.
FOUNDATIONS/CONCRETE STRUCTURES
Formwork outputs are per m2 nett area of formwork per shuttering carpenter
Holorib decking/concrete topping – see suspended slabs/formwork
Placing concrete by tower crane – outputs dependant on hook time cycle and are per crane/gang
STRUCTURAL STEELWORK
Outputs include for use of a crane on a crane/gang resource.
WALLS AND SCAFFOLDS
Outputs for masonry are for quantities per bricklayer trowel.
Outputs are for general masonry. Walls incorporating cutting to accommodate different types
of bricks/small areas/protruding or recessed panels/contrasting bands/building in white mortar/
laying blocks flat on face are excluded.
Outputs are for building in stretcher bond (half brick)English bond (I brick)
Reduce outputs by 10% for building in dpc/expansion jointing/head structural restraints.
Adjust precast lintol outputs for large boot lintols to 0.50 per hour.
EXTERNAL CLADDING
Stone/cladding restoration outputs are totally dependant on works to be carried out ie stitch new
stones or bricks in,resin repair cracks – advice needed from specialists for job in question.
Stone cladding outputs are for a gang hour and include for structural fixings.
Carpentry carcassing/roof carcassing/carpentry second fix outputs are per Carpenter.
Roof trusses are assumed to be in timber. Large trusses (exceeding 6m span) 0.5 per hour.
Timber staircases assume per 2.60m storey height in one single flight.
Stud partitioning outputs for gyproc to ceilings assume areas of rooms in a domestic location.
Toilet partitioning outputs assume outputs per Carpenter and exclude back panellling (1m2 per hour)
ROOF FINISHES
Outputs for roof tiling include for felt and battening and are per tiler.
BUILDING FINISHES
Outputs for raised access flooring assume large open plan arangement
&L&”Times New Roman,Regular”Tool T028&C&”Times New Roman,Bold”&14Costain Limited
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&A

Demolition

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Out Finishes per man
 Remove & Cart away, Lathe and Plaster Ceilings 3.2  4.6  5.0   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Plaster to Walls 2.1  3.1  5.9   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, External Render –   2.5 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, sand & cement Floor Screed –   3.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, grano or reinforced Floor Screed 1.5 2.0  m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Concrete Paving –   4.0  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 1.0 brick thick –   1.5  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 0.5 brick thick –   1.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Floor Boards –   2.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Staircase –   8.0 –    hrs/no
Soft Strip Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Hard Demolition Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Removal of Pavings
Concrete Slabs
Non reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 20.0 m2/hr
Reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 5.0 10.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Excavate & Fill

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Top Soil per excavator
Excavate & Load Lorry 10 m3/hr
General Bulk Excavation & Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 35.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 30.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Hard Ground 13.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Hard Ground 20.0  m3/hr
Large Volume Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator,>2m3 bucket, gravel/clay ground 2500.0  m3/day
Basement Excavation and Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 25.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, >1m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 35.0  m3/hr
Bottom Up Excavation By Hand 6.0 m2/hr
Excavate & Remove From Site overall
Central London (Large Project) 4000.0 5,000 m3/Week
London Perimeter (Large Project) 5000.0 7,500 m3/Week
Excavate Foundations per excavator
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Pits 5.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Trenches 6.0  m3/hr
Soil Bulking Factors & Densities
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Sand/Soil –   15.0   %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Gravel –   33.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Clay/Chalk –   40.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Boulder Clay –   45.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Rock –   60.0  –    %
 Spoil Weight, Rock –   2.5  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Concrete –   2.4  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Landfill/CDG –   1.9  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Sand –   1.8  –    Te/m3
Spoil Weight, Clay 2.0  Te/m3
Breaking Out (By Machine)
per excavator
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 30.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 20.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 10.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 1.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 2.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 2.8  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 3.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 6.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 0.3  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   0.4 –    hrs/m3
Breaking Out (By Hand)
per man
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 5.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 6.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 9.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 8.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 10.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 3.0  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   3.5 –    hrs/m3
Brickwork
 Brickwork, walls and columns 3.0  hrs/m3
 Brickwork, foundations 3.5  hrs/m3
Dewatering System
 Setup large 15 hole system –   21.0  –    days
Spread & Level Fill per excavator
Hardcore Layers 100-150mm 5.0 6.0 10.0 m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 13.9  20.4  25.0   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 11.6  16.9  21.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 23.8  28.5  35.7   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 19.6  24.5  30.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, over 200m2, Hardcore 47.6  51.6  55.6   m3/hr
Trench Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.2  22.2  26.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 26.3  28.6  33.2   m3/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, < 2.0m wide 3.0  4.2  6.5   m2/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, > 2.0m wide 6.2  6.7  9.2   m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Drainage

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Excavate Drain Trenches
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 10 m/day
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 6 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 3 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 35 m/day
Drain Laying
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Lay Small Diameter Pipes up to 150mm 30 m/day
Lay Large Diameter Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Lay large Diameter Pipes up to 450mm 8 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 70 m/day
Connecting Drainage per gang
 PVC Drainage, 3m pipes, 150-200mm dia, 5-30m run –   10.6  –    m/hr
 Hepsleve Rubber Joint System, over 375mm dia, 5-30m run –   2.3  –    m/hr
Land Drains
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, 5-30m run 6.0 –   14.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, over 30m run 10.0 –   19.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, 5-30m run 4.0 –   10.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, over 30m run 6.0 –   12.0  m/hr
Manholes & Gullies
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 610 x 455 x 51 mm –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 990 x 610 x 64 mm –   1.6  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.0 brick engineering –   0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.5 brick engineering –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Benching to Manhole, under 0.5m2 –   0.9  –    hrs/no
 Benching to Manhole, 0.5-0.75m2 –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, under 150mm dia –   0.1  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, 150-225mm dia –   0.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in cast iron covers 0.6   hrs/no
 Yard Gulleys, 75-150mm dia pipes, bed and level –   2.2  –    no/hr
 Yard Gulleys, 150-225mm dia pipes, bed and level –   1.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 600mm deep, bed and level –   1.2  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 750mm deep, bed and level –   0.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 1,200mm deep, bed and level –   0.3  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, install gratings –   5.0  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roads & External Works

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Sub Base
Large Road Job gang day
Spread & level Granular Material 1200 T/day
Trim Fill 1500 m2/day
Concrete Road Surfacing per gang
 Concrete Road surfacing, 150mm thick –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 200mm thick –   7.7  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 300mm thick –   6.7  –    m2/hr
Tarmac Road Surfacing per gang
Barbour Greene Large Sized Project
Road Base
Winter Working 300 1200 m2/day
Summer Working 700 2500 m2/day
Wearing Course 500 Te/day
12,000 m2/day
Barbour Greene Medium Sized Project
Tarmacadam 160 m2/hr
Asphalt 145 m2/hr
Manual Laying
Tarmacadam 8.0 m2/hr
Asphalt 5.0 m2/hr
Road Markings 180 500 m/day
Kerbs & Haunching per man
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 5m radius –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 10m radius –   3.0 –    m/hr
 Stone/Granite Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid straight –   6.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 5m radius –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 10m radius –   4.5 –    m/hr
Pavings & Paviors
 Concrete Slabs, laid on bedding, to slight falls 2.0 4.0  m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid in mortar, to falls 1.5 2.3   m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid on sand, to falls 2.0 2.8   m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, no patterns 0.3  –    m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, with patterns 0.2  –    m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, straight joints 1.3  1.9   m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, herringbone pattern –   1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Gravel Paths, including preparation of sub-base –   10.5  –    m2/hr
Fencing
Small/Medium sized Project per gang
 Fence Erection, Chainlink, posts at 2.0m –   4.4  –    m/hr
 Post Erection, Timber / Metal, dig, erect, fix 3.3  4.5  –    no/hr
 Fence Erection, Chestnut Pailings, posts at 2.0m –   33.3  –    m/hr
Safety Fencing – (Large Road Project)
– Driven Posts 400 m/day
– Augered Posts 200 m/day
Streetlighting & U/Ground Services
 Lay Street Lighting Cables and connect –   6 8  m/hr
Communications Duct & pit Installation 60 100 m/day
Lighting Columns 3 4 no/day
Commissioning 2 weeks
Landscaping
 Top Soil, spread, level and prepare for turf or seeding –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 Top Soil, rake in fertilizer for seeding –   25.0  –    m2/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, under 750mm high –   4.0  –    no/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, over 750mm high –   1.5  –    no/hr
 Planting, Saplings, under 3.0m high –   1.7  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Piling & Grnd Eng.

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/rig
Bored Concrete Piling per rig
CFA Piling <15m Long 6.0 8.0 10.0 no/day
CFA Piling 15 – 25m Long 5.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Short augered piles <6m long <750mm dia 15.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling < 750mm Dia 6.0 7.0 9.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 750 – 1200mm Dia 2.0 3.0 4.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 1200 – 2000mm Dia 1.0 1.5 2.0 no/day
Contiguous Pile Wall 15-20m long 8.0 9.0 10.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/Hard 2.0 4.0 5.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/soft 6.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Tripod Piling 8 m/day
Precast & Steel Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
 H Piles, driven steel H-beams 200.0  350.0  500.0   m/day
Precast Concrete Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
Steel Sheet Piling
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 10m deep Sand –   55.0  60.0   m/day
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 35m deep Sand 3.5  32.0  10.5   m/day
King Post Temporary Wall
Posts at 3m Centres 58 m2/wk
Mini Piling
 Mini Piles, driven 235mm dia, 35m deep 2.5 3  m/hr
Hand Dug Piling per man
 Excave shaft by grab, general fill/uppr levels –   3.5  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, sand/minor rubble –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, marinve/aluvium –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Install reinforcement cages –   2.0  –    hrs/no
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after excavation –   8.0  –    hrs
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after cage installed –   2.0  –    hrs
 Shaft concreting/extract casing 5-70m deep –   12.0  –    hrs
Cut Down Piles
 Concrete Piles, 300-750mm deep and 0.6m dia 2.0  hrs/no
 Concrete Piles 300-750mm deep and 1.1m dia 5.0  hrs/no
Diaphram Walls
 Guide Walls, construction 0.3  0.5  0.8   m/Mhr
Construct Diaphram Wall – retained face 70.0 m2/rigday
Ground Anchors
 Drill 30m shaft –   7.0  –    hrs
 Install strands/setup anchor –   6.0  –    hrs
 Grout in strands –   2.0  –    hrs
Soil Nailing
–   –  
–   –  
Ground Improvement
Vibrocompaction (8m long 2.2m ctrs) 1000 m2/rig/wk
Dynamic Compaction m2/rig/wk
Sundry Activities
 Grout curtain installation –   6.2  –    hrs/m run
 Dig Caisson 800mm dia, 26m deep 55.0  33.0  25.0   days/no
Site Investigation
 Pre Drilling, Rercussive or Rotary, soft deposits 8.0  10.0  14.0   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Wash Boring, grade V/IV rock 2.5  3.2  3.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Triple Tube Sampling, grade V/IV rock 0.4  0.8  0.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Rotary, grade III/II rock 0.2  0.5  0.7   m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Tunnelling

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Conventional Tunneling
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 6m diameter 0.4  0.6 0.8  m/day
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 10m diameter 0.5 0.7 0.9  m/day
Cut & Cover
Formwork Tunnel Forms, Wall and Slab poured as one –   15.6  17.5   m2/hr
NATM
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter under 7.0m 2.5  2.9  3.2   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m 1.5  2.0  2.5   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter over 10.0m 1.0  1.3  1.5   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 2.0-7.0m 1.5  1.8  2.0   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m –   1.5  –    m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter over 10.0m –   1.0  1.5   m/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 2 crews 190.0  225.0  279.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 4 crews 255.0  300.0  366.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 2 access with 4 crews 382.0  450.0  549.0   m3/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter under 6.5m 2.1  2.5  2.8   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter over 6.5m 1.5  2.0  2.4   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Vertical Shafts, diameter over 6.5m 2.2  2.5  3.1   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnel Junctions –   0.2  0.3   m/day
 Insitu Permanent Lining, 12m bays, 350-400mm reinforced with PCV backing –   3 4  m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time , Running Tunnels 3.2  4.0  4.9   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Station Access Adits 3.3  3.9  4.2   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Concourse Tunnels 2.2  2.5  2.7   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Escalator Tunnels 1.2  1.5  1.7   m/day
Rock Tunnelling
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, cycle time 8.0  6.0  5.5   mins
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class I Granite 0.3  0.9  1.2   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class II Granite 2.0  2.6  2.9   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class III Granite 1.2  1.4  1.8   m3/cycle
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Foundations

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/man
Formwork per man
 Pilecaps, small 0.7  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, medium-large 1.0  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, large 1.3  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, < 0.7m2 0.8  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 0.7-1.5m2 1  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 3.0-5.0m2 1.2  m2/hr
Reinforcement
40mm 8 9 12 hrs/tonne
32mm 10 12 14 hrs/tonne
20mm 14 18 20 hrs/tonne
16mm 12 15 20 hrs/tonne
Concrete Placing
large Sized Pours (pump) 20.0 40.0 m3/hr
Medium Sized Pours (direct discharge) 8.0 12.0 m3/hr
Small Pours (Backactor) 3.0 4.0 m3/hr
Underpinning
 Concrete Pinning, every 4th/5th pin cycle –   1.2  2.2   m/day
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.0 brick thick –   0.4  0.7   m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.5 brick thick 0.1  0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 2.0 brick thick –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 102mm wall –   0.8  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 215mm wall –   0.7  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 317mm wall –   0.5  –    m/hr
Trench Support
Open Boarding 4 m2/hr
Close Boarding 3 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Concrete Structures

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/man
Formwork
Walls Including Stop-ends etc per man
 Walls,1.0-2.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, 2.0-5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, over 5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 5.0-15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, over 15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
Columns
 Columns, Square Timber csa < 0.1m2 0.65  m2/manhr
 Columns, Square Timber csa 0.1-0.4m2 0.65  m2/manhr
Slabs & Beams
Suspended Plain Slab Soffit 1  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width 300-500mm 0.5  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width over 750mm 0.5  m2/manhr
Troughed/Waffle Slabs 0.65  m2/manhr
 Table Form, Aluminum System, 400m2 bays 100 150  m2/gangday
 Stop Ends, no perforations 2.5 3  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, minor perforations 1.2 1.6  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, dense perforations 0.6 0.9  m2/manhr
 Box Outs, 0.01-0.05m2 6 8  no/manhr
 Box Outs, over 0.05m2 3 5  no/manhr
Staircases
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Sloping 0.6 0.8  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Flat Landing 0.8 1  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Wall Strings 0.4 –    m2/manhr
Reinforcement
Reinforcement Ratios
 Pile Cap, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   14.8  –    % ratio
 Base Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   13.2  14.1   % ratio
 Suspended Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 13.0 18.0 23.0  % ratio
 Columns, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 15.8  18.7  28.7   % ratio
 Walls, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 14.7  15.0  –    % ratio
General Steelfixing rates
Links 30.0 25.0 hrs/tonne
10mm 30.0 20.0 hrs/tonne
12mm 25.0 16.0  hrs/tonne
16mm 20.0 15.0  hrs/tonne
20mm 18.0 13.0  hrs/tonne
25mm 15.0 12.0  hrs/tonne
32mm 12.0 11.0  hrs/tonne
40mm 12.0 9.0  hrs/tonne
General Column Construction rate
Formwork, Reinforcement & Concrete (3man gang) 2 6 No/day
Slip Forming
 Shaft Slip Forming –   300 400  mm/hr
Post Tensioned Concrete
 Lag for Initial Stress Tensioning after 1st bay cast –   48.0  –    hrs
 Lag for Final Stress Tensioning after Initial Stress –   120.0  –    hrs
Concrete Placing
 Hollorib Decking, concrete topping 2000 2500  m2/week
 Hollorib concrete topping, incl PowerFloat 50.0  70.0   m2/hr
Tower Crane & Skip, Slabs over 150mm thick 4 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Beams over 150mm thick 4 5  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Walls 3 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Columns 2.5 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Stairs and Landings 2 4  m3/hr
Pumping To Slabs 20 40  m3/hr
Pumping To Walls with Tremie Pipe 6 8  m3/hr
Concrete Finishing
Wood Float By Hand 20 30  m2/hr
Power Float 30 40  m2/hr
Wire Brush, expose aggregate 25 35  m2/hr
Precast Concrete
 Precast Floor Planks 0.4  0.2  0.1   hrs/plank
 Precast Stair units 0.5 0.3  hrs/plank
Beams,Columns & Slabs 500 600 m2/week
Car Park Precast elements 70 75 No/Week
Sundry Information
 Concrete Weight, 1m3 –   2.4  –    Tonnes
 Readymix Lorry, Length –   8.3  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Width –   2.5  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Height –   3.7  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Turning Circle –   16.4  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Allowable Ramp Gradient –   17.0  20.0   degrees
Lorry Weight 24 Tonnes
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Structural Steelwork

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/gang
Structural Steel Frames
Heavy Structural Steel Frame 10.0  Tons/day
Medium Sized Structural Steel Frame 9.0  Tons/day
 Light Steel Frame and Roof Members 4.0   Tons/day
 Wall Frame, Bow String Truss and Frame –   1.6  –    Tons/day
Metal Deck Flooring
 Hollorib Decking, lay deck –   300 350  m2/day
 Hollorib Decking, shear connecting studs –   225 250  m2/day
General Guides
Tonnage of steel in a building 43 54 Kg/m2
Office Building 60 Kg/m2
Fire Protection
Sprayed Fire protection 40 50 tonnes/week
 Spray Protection to Steelwork –   200 –   m2/week
Board Fire Protection 150 m2/week
Intumescent Paint 250 m2/week
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Walls & Scaffolds

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/Mn
Brickwork Fairfaced per man
Stretcher Bond, 0.5 Brick thick 0.75  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1 Brick thick 0.42  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1.5 Brick thick 0.28  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 2 Brick thick 0.2  m2/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Coping 1.5 –   m/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Canted Cills 1.5 –   m/hr
Face finish as work proceeds incl
Special Bricks 0.3 m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Flush and Rubbed 2.0   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Struck Pointing 1.3   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Bucket Handle 2.7   m2/hr
Common Bricks 0.5 Brick 1.0  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1 Brick 0.5  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1.5 Brick 0.35  m2/hr
Blockwork
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.50  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.30  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.25  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 0.65  m2/hr
Metal Angle Restraints
Vertical Posts 2.0 no/hr
Head Restraints 3.0 m/hr
Ext Support Angle 2.0 m/hr
Sundries
Concrete Lintels 1.0 no/hr
Steel lintels 2.0 no/hr
Access Scaffolding
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 2m lifts 5.0  m run/hr
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 3m lifts 4.0  m run/hr
 Metal Tube and Fittings, 5-6 Boards wide 3.5  m run/hr
Fix Hop-ups Kwickstage 14.0 m run/hr
Re-position Hop-ups Kwickstage 20.0 m run/hr
Birdcage Scaffolding
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 50-250m3 14.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 250-1000m3 16.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, over 1000m3 18.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, striking 200.0   % x erect
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

External Cladding

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Curtain Walling Per gang
 Glazed Curtain Wall –   20.0 30.0  m2/day
 High Quality Glazed Curtain Walling –   15.0 25.0  m2/day
Rule of Thumb- Multi-Storey Office Block 3.0 wks/Flr
Windows & Glazing per gang
 Vertical Glazed Lights, 6m x 2.5m –   15.0 –    m2/day
 Vertical Glazed Walls, large scale –   50.0 –    m2/day
 Clerestory Frame/Glazing, 3m x 4m –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Oriel Window Frame/Glazing, 4m x 2m –   35.0  –    m2/day
Patent Glazing 90.0 m2/wk
Windows general 1.0 m2/manhr
Metal Cladding
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
 VE Panel Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 1.0  1.4  1.9   m2/day
Stone Facade Restoration per man
 Façade Cleaning, Water Jetting –   25.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Acid Etching –   9.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Grit Blasting –   12.0  –    m2/day
 Cladding Restoration, Brickwork seek specialist advice
 Cladding Restoration, Stonework courses seek specialist advice
Stone Cladding per gang
 Fix 0.5m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix 0.5-0.75m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.35   m2/hr
 Fix 0.75-1.0m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.4 0.4  m2/hr
 Fix Curved Stone Cladding 0.2 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Edge Beams/Window Reveals 0.25  0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Soffits 0.3 0.4  m2/hr
 Stone Floors 1.0 1.5  m2/hr
 Granite/Marble Wall Panels 0.6 0.8  m2/hr
Portland Stone Final Wash down 300.0 350.0 m2/week
Precast Concrete Cladding
Large storey height panels 2.0 3.0 No/day
(Largely Dependant on Deliveries)
Profiled Metal Sheet Cladding
Large areas factory bldg 400.0 m2/gangwk
Specialist Ext Wall Finishes
Terracotta Tiles 30.0 m2/gangday
Sto Render (with insulation) 2.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Dry Int. Carcassing

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Carpentry Carcassing per man
 Windows, Timber Frames for Bricklaying 0.5  0.1   hrs/no
 Windows, Drill, Screw & Plug extra over 0.1  –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 1.0-3.0m2 1.8 –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 2.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Access Hatch 0.3  –    no/hr
 Floor Joists, 26 30 m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 30 35 m/hr
 Floor Boards, Butt Jointed 2.5 3  m2/hr
 Floor Boards, T&G Boards 3 3.5  m2/hr
 Plywood Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 4 5  m2/hr
 Chipboard Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 5.1  5.8   m2/hr
 Windows, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 0.4  0.3   hrs/no
 Windows, Softwood, 7.0-10.0m2 0.9  0.6   hrs/no
 Fix Metal and Timber Windows After Wall Complete 2.0  –    m2/hr
 Window Glazing 1.3  –    m2/hr
Roof Carcassing per man
 Roof Trusses 1.3  –    no/hr
 Wall Plates 3.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Rafters 1.2  –    m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 8.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Jack Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Soffits, Softwood, screwed 4.0 –    m/hr
Carpentry 2nd Fix per man
 Window Boards, screwed 0.3  hrs/m
 Mouldings, Softwood, Screwed 6.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Screwed 4.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Gun Nailed 6.0  m/hr
 Skirting 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave, Fix to Doors 1.0 –    hrs/door
 Door Stop Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Glazed Bead Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Hanging Doors, Softwood, Single Pair Butts 1.5  hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Softwood 0.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Hardwood 0.6  –    hrs/no
General Door & Frame Fixing Rates(per Pair)
External Double Leaf 1.5 No/day
Internal Double Leaf 2 No/day
Internal Single Leaf 3 No/day
Fix Bath Panel 0.4  –    hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Floor Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Wall Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Shelf Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, simple, straight flight 1.5   hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, 2 straight flights, 1 landing 2.9   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix horizontal 0.6   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix raking 0.5   hrs/no
Timber Panelling Pine 1 m2/hr
Timber Panelling Hardwood 0.5 m2/hr
Stud Partitioning/Dry Lining
Gyproc Partitions (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Partitions (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
 Boarding to Stud-work/Metal Lathes 4.0 6.0  m2/manhr
 Boarding 19mm nailed to studding 6.0 10.0  m2/manhr
 Tape, Joint Sand and Top Coat Plasterboard 1.5   m2/manhr
 Skimming to Plasterboard 6.1   m2/manhr
Gyproc Dry Lining System – Walls 5 7  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (single layer) 6 10  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (double layer) 3 5  m2/manhr
Acoustic Ceiling Lining 170 250 m2/wk
Acoustic Wall Lining 200 330 m2/wk
Steelwork Encasement (single layer) 2  m2/manhr
Steelwork Encasement (double layer) 1  m2/manhr
Proprietary Partitions
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Separation panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Wall Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, End Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Hang Door to Panel –   0.4  –    hrs/no
 100mm Pine Paneling, excluding studding time 0.8  1.1  1.4   m2/hr
General rate for Toilet Cubicle 2 No/manday
Demountable Partitions (Full Height) 1 m/manhour
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Bldg Services

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plumbing
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Pipes –   1.2  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Branches –   2.2  –    hrs/no
 Cast Iron Spigot Joint Pipes, 100mm –   1.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 150-200mm dia –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 1,050mm dia –   0.4  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 200mm dia –   1.8  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 300mm dia –   1.2  –    m/hr
 UPVC Downpipes, 75mm –   3.3  –    m/hr
 UPVC Guttering, 75mm –   3.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Downpipes, 75mm –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Guttering, 75mm –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron RWP Fittings, 75mm –   2.2  –    no/hr
Rule of Thumb
Deduct 15% for OH&P
Labour Cost on Systems
Electrical 33 %
Mechanical & sprinklers 30 %
Plumbing 33 %
Hot Water 25 %
Ventillation 17 %
Air Conditioning 9 %
Divide amount by anticipated weekly gross labour rate to derive No of man weeks
Test & commissioning
Radiator & Convector System 4 7 weeks
Simple ventillation System 8 weeks
Full Air Conditioning System 12 16 weeks
Hospital/laboratory Systems 16 24 weeks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roof Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Asphalt & Felt Roofing per gang
 Asphalt Roof in layers –   50 –    m2/day
 Felt Roofs, large areas –   35 52  m2/day
 Felt Roofs, small or complicated –   20 30  m2/day
 Asphalt coatings, horizontal surfaces 3.5  4.2  5.8   m2/hr
 Asphalt coatings, vertical surfaces 1.2  1.7  2.2   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 2 coats 4.8  5.0  6.3   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 3 coats 3.3  3.5  4.4   m2/hr
 Bituminous Sheets, horizontal surfaces 3.8  4.0  4.8   m2/hr
 Polythene Sheets, horizontal surfaces –   20.0  –    m2/hr
Roof Screeding per gang
Laid in Medium sized Bays to falls –   50 –    m2/day
Laid in Large Bays (pumped) –   100 –    m2/day
Membrane Roof Sheeting
Trocal Single Ply Membrane 300 400 m2/wk
Metal Decking & Roofing per gang
 Metal Decking, large areas –   70.0  –    m2/day
 Metal Decking, small or complicated –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Titanium Sheeted Roofs –   9.5  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, flat work –   3.0  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, sloping work –   2.7  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, flat work –   2.4  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, flat work –   2.8  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, sloping work –   1.9  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat work –   2.5  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, dormer cheeks –   1.3  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat gutters –   88.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, flat copings –   76.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, stepped gutters –   3.5  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, shaped copings –   3.3  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, cover step flashings –   3.2  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, rooflight flashings –   0.8  –    no/day
 Lead Roofs, domed roof coverings –   0.7  –    m2/day
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
Insulation
 Polystyrene Boards –   8.5  –    m2/hr
 Glass Fibre, low pitch –   12.0  –    m2/hr
Slates & Tiles per man
 Slate Roofs, Welsh Slate 3-5mm –   12.0 18.0  m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Cumbrian Slate 8-11mm –   8.5  –    m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Asbestos Slates –   24.0 36.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Concrete Tiles –   40.0 52.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Clay Pan Tiles –   12.0 20.0  m2/day
Roof Windows & Atrium per gang
Rooflights –   1 –   no/day
Velux Type windows 2 no/day
Atrium Roof Glazing 60 70 m2/wk
Rainwater Goods per man
Gutters –   2 2.5 m/hr
Downpipes 2.5 3 m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Wet Bldg Trades

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plastering
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 2.8  3.1   m2/hr
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 2.6  2.8   m2/hr
 Covings 4.0 –    m/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 6.7  7.3   m2/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 6.1  6.7   m2/hr
General Plastering rate – (2+1 gang) 150 200 m2/week
Fibrous Plaster -General 25 m2/week
Rendering
 Large Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   2.2  2.7   m2/hr
 Small Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   1.5  1.7   m2/hr
 Narrow Widths, applied in 2 coats –   1.2  1.4   m2/hr
Floor Screed
Hoist & Barrow (2+1 Gang)
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 20-40mm thick 35 50  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 40-65mm thick 30 40  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 65-100mm thick 25 30  m2/day
170 m2/day
Cutting Chases
 Concrete, cutting by hand, 50-75mm wide 1.0  1.4  2.1   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 1.8  2.4  3.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 25-50mm wide 1.6  2.3  3.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 75-100mm wide 1.2  1.6  2.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 3.3  4.5  6.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
Cutting Switchboxes
 Cutting in Concrete, small box 7.1  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Concrete, large box 3.6  4.5  5.6   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, small box 6.6  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, large box 4.2  5.3  6.3   no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Building Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Suspended Ceilings
 Suspended Ceilings, office situations –   2.6  3.5   m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, First Fix –   1.4  –    m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, Second Fix –   1.2  –    m2/hr
Flooring Finishes
 Raised Flooring, metal system –   7.0 8.0  m2/hr
 Granolithic Flooring –   3.1  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, in-situ –   3.6  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, pre-cast –   4.6  5.1   m2/hr
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.5  2.2   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, small areas, much cutting –   0.8  1.1   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, large areas, little cutting –   2.2  2.8   m2/hr
 Linolium/Thermo-Plastic Flooring –   3.1  5.0   m2/hr
 Thermo-Plastic Floor Tiles –   3.3  5.6   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, lay blocks –   1.5  2.1   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, sand and polish –   3.1  –    m2/hr
Underlay & Grippers –   5.0 6.0  m2/hr
 Carpeting, Fully Fitted –   2.0  3.0  m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, small areas –   3.7  4.1   m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, large areas –   6.6  7.2   m2/hr
Metalwork
 Install Metal Door and Frame –   0.2  –    no/hr
 Install Balustrade & Railings –   1.5  –    m/hr
General Rate – (Flights) 4 No/wk
Ceramic Tiling
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.3 1.5   no/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, setout and level –   55.5  –    m/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, fix, grout and clean –   1.5  –    m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Ledges/Upstands 20.4  27.1  32.0   no/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas under 1.5m2 per room 0.9  1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas of 1.5-2.5m2 per room 1.4  1.6  1.9   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas over 2.5m2 per room 1.5  1.7  2.1   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles, Grouting Works 2.2  2.5  2.6   m2/hr
Painting
 Prepare Walls –   14.2  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Doors –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Door Frames –   25.0  –    m/hr
 Burn Off / Heat Strip Paintwork –   1.1  –    m2/hr
Timber, knot, 1 primer, stop, 2 undercoat, 1 gloss –   1.7  2.1   m2/hr
Timber, touchup primer, 1 undercoat, 1 coat gloss –   3.1  3.8   m2/hr
 Internal Timber, polyurethane varnish, 2 coats –   3.3  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 2 coats wood preservative –   4.0  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 3 coats polyurethane varnish –   2.0  –    m2/hr
(For all the above take 50% of rate if for frames)
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   8.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to brick/blockwork –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 mist, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss to plaster –   2.3  –    m2/hr
Portaflec Spray 10 m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to render/concrete –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to brick/blockwork –   2.0  –    m2/hr
 Floors, epoxy paint –   2.9  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 2 coats –   6.1  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 3 coats –   5.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Steelwork, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss 1.3  2.4  –    m2/hr
 External Steelwork, 1 primer, 2 undercoats, 1 gloss 0.9  1.7  –    m2/hr
Wallpapering
 Strip Existing Wallpaper (3 layers) & Prepare Walls –   4.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Wallpaper and lining paper –   6.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Vinyl and Washable paper –   4.2  –    m2/hr
 Fix Ceiling Lining Paper –   4.0  –    m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Lifts & Escalators

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Lift Installations
Install 2 to 3 storeys –   3.0  –    wks/floor
Install 4 storeys and above –   2.0  –    wks/floor
Testing allow 2 wks plus –   1.0  –    day/floor
 Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver –   18 26  wks
 Non-Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver 75.0  65.0  52.0   wks
Escalator Installations
Develop concept design and gain client approval –   16.0  –    wks
Prepare preliminary design and gain approval –   12.0  –    wks
 Assemble truss , position/level –   1.0  –    wks
Install decking and glazing etc –   3.0 –    wks
Performance testing –   1.0 –    wks
Full load testing –   1.0 –    wks
Final test and inspection –   1.0 –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Fitting Out

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Kitchen Fit Out
 Overall Installation for 100 persons or 50m2 –   3.0  –    wks
 Overall Installation for 500 persons or 150m2 –   5.0  –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

_1075538846.xls

Notes on Rates

Notes on Output Rates
GENERAL
Outputs are for carrying out major works with clear access and large enough areas to permit
ease of material deliveries and rubbish away with no double handling, and sufficient work volumes
for continuous employment of plant and labour.
For contracts which dictate conditions that differ to those stated above additional time needs to be
added into the individual time outputs.
Outputs reflect the actual man operative time taken to carry out the works inclusive of material
deliveries and rubbish away, if any, but account for the operative time only. Therefore they should
not be used for pricing purposes before applying a gang factor.
DEMOLITION
Exclusions:
Removal of asbestos or other contaminants.
Production and approval of method statements by Local Authority.
Erecting temporary works or hand balling around temporary works.
Making good.
Comments
“Dealing with hard materials” – some buildings take longer due to their individually constructed
peculiarities e.g. grillage reinforced concrete/setting aside special listed features/underground
bunkers/restrictions to city centre sites to working hours/retaining backgrounds which may collapse
due to the age of the building.
Removal of floor boarding includes for de-nailing joists.
Removal of staircase is for a floor to ceiling height of 2.70 metres in timber.
Soft stripping of offices assumes an open plan type of arrangement.
EXCAVATE AND FILL
Comments
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Strip topsoil assumes topsoil for setting aside for re-use. If removed as a bulk dig exercise outputs
would be as per reduce level excavation.
Basement excavation assumes a traditional “bottom up” dig.
Basement and large dig exercises are significantly dependant upon the volume of soil that can
be removed from Site -. e.g. County Hall basement (size 140mx40m with access to one long side
total 50,000m3 approx 9m deep) peaked at 4,000m3 per week removal from Site in a continual
operation. – averaged 2,500m3 week due to wet weather etc.
Soil capacity on one lorry load = 10m3/load as dug.
Excavation in underpinning by hand shallow – 6 hours/m3 deep 10hr/m3
DRAINAGE
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Trench excavation (page 4 excavate and fill) – outputs are to open trench “continuous” style
service trenches with no time allowed to set aside or dispose of soil or to sheet up sides.
Manholes and gullies (page 5 drainage) – outputs are for the elements only shown ie manhole
rings/bricks etc and do not include for excavation, jointing in pipes, benchings, channels
ROADS/EXTERNAL WORKS
Sub base – weight of type 1 fill :2.2tonnes/m3
Road surfacing/kerbs/paviors – reduce by half -ie double the time for areas to building projects.
Fencing/atreetlighting/landscaping – reduce by half – ie double the time for areas to building
projects.
PILING AND GROUND ENGINEERING
Piling – outputs are per piling rig
Secant piling outputs exclude time taken for constructing a guide wall – guide wall time
same as in Diaphragm Walling
Pile trimming – outputs are per man
Vibrocompaction output is per nett treated floor area based on vibro columns at 2.20m ctrs both
ways for stone columns up to 8m deep.
FOUNDATIONS/CONCRETE STRUCTURES
Formwork outputs are per m2 nett area of formwork per shuttering carpenter
Holorib decking/concrete topping – see suspended slabs/formwork
Placing concrete by tower crane – outputs dependant on hook time cycle and are per crane/gang
STRUCTURAL STEELWORK
Outputs include for use of a crane on a crane/gang resource.
WALLS AND SCAFFOLDS
Outputs for masonry are for quantities per bricklayer trowel.
Outputs are for general masonry. Walls incorporating cutting to accommodate different types
of bricks/small areas/protruding or recessed panels/contrasting bands/building in white mortar/
laying blocks flat on face are excluded.
Outputs are for building in stretcher bond (half brick)English bond (I brick)
Reduce outputs by 10% for building in dpc/expansion jointing/head structural restraints.
Adjust precast lintol outputs for large boot lintols to 0.50 per hour.
EXTERNAL CLADDING
Stone/cladding restoration outputs are totally dependant on works to be carried out ie stitch new
stones or bricks in,resin repair cracks – advice needed from specialists for job in question.
Stone cladding outputs are for a gang hour and include for structural fixings.
Carpentry carcassing/roof carcassing/carpentry second fix outputs are per Carpenter.
Roof trusses are assumed to be in timber. Large trusses (exceeding 6m span) 0.5 per hour.
Timber staircases assume per 2.60m storey height in one single flight.
Stud partitioning outputs for gyproc to ceilings assume areas of rooms in a domestic location.
Toilet partitioning outputs assume outputs per Carpenter and exclude back panellling (1m2 per hour)
ROOF FINISHES
Outputs for roof tiling include for felt and battening and are per tiler.
BUILDING FINISHES
Outputs for raised access flooring assume large open plan arangement
&L&”Times New Roman,Regular”Tool T028&C&”Times New Roman,Bold”&14Costain Limited
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&A

Demolition

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Out Finishes per man
 Remove & Cart away, Lathe and Plaster Ceilings 3.2  4.6  5.0   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Plaster to Walls 2.1  3.1  5.9   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, External Render –   2.5 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, sand & cement Floor Screed –   3.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, grano or reinforced Floor Screed 1.5 2.0  m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Concrete Paving –   4.0  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 1.0 brick thick –   1.5  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 0.5 brick thick –   1.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Floor Boards –   2.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Staircase –   8.0 –    hrs/no
Soft Strip Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Hard Demolition Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Removal of Pavings
Concrete Slabs
Non reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 20.0 m2/hr
Reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 5.0 10.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Excavate & Fill

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Top Soil per excavator
Excavate & Load Lorry 10 m3/hr
General Bulk Excavation & Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 35.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 30.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Hard Ground 13.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Hard Ground 20.0  m3/hr
Large Volume Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator,>2m3 bucket, gravel/clay ground 2500.0  m3/day
Basement Excavation and Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 25.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, >1m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 35.0  m3/hr
Bottom Up Excavation By Hand 6.0 m2/hr
Excavate & Remove From Site overall
Central London (Large Project) 4000.0 5,000 m3/Week
London Perimeter (Large Project) 5000.0 7,500 m3/Week
Excavate Foundations per excavator
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Pits 5.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Trenches 6.0  m3/hr
Soil Bulking Factors & Densities
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Sand/Soil –   15.0   %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Gravel –   33.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Clay/Chalk –   40.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Boulder Clay –   45.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Rock –   60.0  –    %
 Spoil Weight, Rock –   2.5  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Concrete –   2.4  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Landfill/CDG –   1.9  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Sand –   1.8  –    Te/m3
Spoil Weight, Clay 2.0  Te/m3
Breaking Out (By Machine)
per excavator
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 30.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 20.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 10.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 1.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 2.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 2.8  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 3.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 6.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 0.3  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   0.4 –    hrs/m3
Breaking Out (By Hand)
per man
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 5.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 6.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 9.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 8.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 10.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 3.0  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   3.5 –    hrs/m3
Brickwork
 Brickwork, walls and columns 3.0  hrs/m3
 Brickwork, foundations 3.5  hrs/m3
Dewatering System
 Setup large 15 hole system –   21.0  –    days
Spread & Level Fill per excavator
Hardcore Layers 100-150mm 5.0 6.0 10.0 m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 13.9  20.4  25.0   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 11.6  16.9  21.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 23.8  28.5  35.7   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 19.6  24.5  30.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, over 200m2, Hardcore 47.6  51.6  55.6   m3/hr
Trench Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.2  22.2  26.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 26.3  28.6  33.2   m3/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, < 2.0m wide 3.0  4.2  6.5   m2/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, > 2.0m wide 6.2  6.7  9.2   m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Drainage

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Excavate Drain Trenches
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 10 m/day
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 6 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 3 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 35 m/day
Drain Laying
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Lay Small Diameter Pipes up to 150mm 30 m/day
Lay Large Diameter Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Lay large Diameter Pipes up to 450mm 8 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 70 m/day
Connecting Drainage per gang
 PVC Drainage, 3m pipes, 150-200mm dia, 5-30m run –   10.6  –    m/hr
 Hepsleve Rubber Joint System, over 375mm dia, 5-30m run –   2.3  –    m/hr
Land Drains
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, 5-30m run 6.0 –   14.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, over 30m run 10.0 –   19.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, 5-30m run 4.0 –   10.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, over 30m run 6.0 –   12.0  m/hr
Manholes & Gullies
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 610 x 455 x 51 mm –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 990 x 610 x 64 mm –   1.6  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.0 brick engineering –   0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.5 brick engineering –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Benching to Manhole, under 0.5m2 –   0.9  –    hrs/no
 Benching to Manhole, 0.5-0.75m2 –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, under 150mm dia –   0.1  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, 150-225mm dia –   0.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in cast iron covers 0.6   hrs/no
 Yard Gulleys, 75-150mm dia pipes, bed and level –   2.2  –    no/hr
 Yard Gulleys, 150-225mm dia pipes, bed and level –   1.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 600mm deep, bed and level –   1.2  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 750mm deep, bed and level –   0.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 1,200mm deep, bed and level –   0.3  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, install gratings –   5.0  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roads & External Works

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Sub Base
Large Road Job gang day
Spread & level Granular Material 1200 T/day
Trim Fill 1500 m2/day
Concrete Road Surfacing per gang
 Concrete Road surfacing, 150mm thick –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 200mm thick –   7.7  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 300mm thick –   6.7  –    m2/hr
Tarmac Road Surfacing per gang
Barbour Greene Large Sized Project
Road Base
Winter Working 300 1200 m2/day
Summer Working 700 2500 m2/day
Wearing Course 500 Te/day
12,000 m2/day
Barbour Greene Medium Sized Project
Tarmacadam 160 m2/hr
Asphalt 145 m2/hr
Manual Laying
Tarmacadam 8.0 m2/hr
Asphalt 5.0 m2/hr
Road Markings 180 500 m/day
Kerbs & Haunching per man
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 5m radius –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 10m radius –   3.0 –    m/hr
 Stone/Granite Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid straight –   6.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 5m radius –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 10m radius –   4.5 –    m/hr
Pavings & Paviors
 Concrete Slabs, laid on bedding, to slight falls 2.0 4.0  m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid in mortar, to falls 1.5 2.3   m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid on sand, to falls 2.0 2.8   m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, no patterns 0.3  –    m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, with patterns 0.2  –    m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, straight joints 1.3  1.9   m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, herringbone pattern –   1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Gravel Paths, including preparation of sub-base –   10.5  –    m2/hr
Fencing
Small/Medium sized Project per gang
 Fence Erection, Chainlink, posts at 2.0m –   4.4  –    m/hr
 Post Erection, Timber / Metal, dig, erect, fix 3.3  4.5  –    no/hr
 Fence Erection, Chestnut Pailings, posts at 2.0m –   33.3  –    m/hr
Safety Fencing – (Large Road Project)
– Driven Posts 400 m/day
– Augered Posts 200 m/day
Streetlighting & U/Ground Services
 Lay Street Lighting Cables and connect –   6 8  m/hr
Communications Duct & pit Installation 60 100 m/day
Lighting Columns 3 4 no/day
Commissioning 2 weeks
Landscaping
 Top Soil, spread, level and prepare for turf or seeding –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 Top Soil, rake in fertilizer for seeding –   25.0  –    m2/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, under 750mm high –   4.0  –    no/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, over 750mm high –   1.5  –    no/hr
 Planting, Saplings, under 3.0m high –   1.7  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Piling & Grnd Eng.

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/rig
Bored Concrete Piling per rig
CFA Piling <15m Long 6.0 8.0 10.0 no/day
CFA Piling 15 – 25m Long 5.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Short augered piles <6m long <750mm dia 15.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling < 750mm Dia 6.0 7.0 9.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 750 – 1200mm Dia 2.0 3.0 4.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 1200 – 2000mm Dia 1.0 1.5 2.0 no/day
Contiguous Pile Wall 15-20m long 8.0 9.0 10.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/Hard 2.0 4.0 5.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/soft 6.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Tripod Piling 8 m/day
Precast & Steel Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
 H Piles, driven steel H-beams 200.0  350.0  500.0   m/day
Precast Concrete Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
Steel Sheet Piling
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 10m deep Sand –   55.0  60.0   m/day
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 35m deep Sand 3.5  32.0  10.5   m/day
King Post Temporary Wall
Posts at 3m Centres 58 m2/wk
Mini Piling
 Mini Piles, driven 235mm dia, 35m deep 2.5 3  m/hr
Hand Dug Piling per man
 Excave shaft by grab, general fill/uppr levels –   3.5  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, sand/minor rubble –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, marinve/aluvium –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Install reinforcement cages –   2.0  –    hrs/no
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after excavation –   8.0  –    hrs
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after cage installed –   2.0  –    hrs
 Shaft concreting/extract casing 5-70m deep –   12.0  –    hrs
Cut Down Piles
 Concrete Piles, 300-750mm deep and 0.6m dia 2.0  hrs/no
 Concrete Piles 300-750mm deep and 1.1m dia 5.0  hrs/no
Diaphram Walls
 Guide Walls, construction 0.3  0.5  0.8   m/Mhr
Construct Diaphram Wall – retained face 70.0 m2/rigday
Ground Anchors
 Drill 30m shaft –   7.0  –    hrs
 Install strands/setup anchor –   6.0  –    hrs
 Grout in strands –   2.0  –    hrs
Soil Nailing
–   –  
–   –  
Ground Improvement
Vibrocompaction (8m long 2.2m ctrs) 1000 m2/rig/wk
Dynamic Compaction m2/rig/wk
Sundry Activities
 Grout curtain installation –   6.2  –    hrs/m run
 Dig Caisson 800mm dia, 26m deep 55.0  33.0  25.0   days/no
Site Investigation
 Pre Drilling, Rercussive or Rotary, soft deposits 8.0  10.0  14.0   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Wash Boring, grade V/IV rock 2.5  3.2  3.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Triple Tube Sampling, grade V/IV rock 0.4  0.8  0.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Rotary, grade III/II rock 0.2  0.5  0.7   m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Tunnelling

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Conventional Tunneling
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 6m diameter 0.4  0.6 0.8  m/day
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 10m diameter 0.5 0.7 0.9  m/day
Cut & Cover
Formwork Tunnel Forms, Wall and Slab poured as one –   15.6  17.5   m2/hr
NATM
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter under 7.0m 2.5  2.9  3.2   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m 1.5  2.0  2.5   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter over 10.0m 1.0  1.3  1.5   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 2.0-7.0m 1.5  1.8  2.0   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m –   1.5  –    m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter over 10.0m –   1.0  1.5   m/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 2 crews 190.0  225.0  279.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 4 crews 255.0  300.0  366.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 2 access with 4 crews 382.0  450.0  549.0   m3/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter under 6.5m 2.1  2.5  2.8   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter over 6.5m 1.5  2.0  2.4   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Vertical Shafts, diameter over 6.5m 2.2  2.5  3.1   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnel Junctions –   0.2  0.3   m/day
 Insitu Permanent Lining, 12m bays, 350-400mm reinforced with PCV backing –   3 4  m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time , Running Tunnels 3.2  4.0  4.9   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Station Access Adits 3.3  3.9  4.2   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Concourse Tunnels 2.2  2.5  2.7   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Escalator Tunnels 1.2  1.5  1.7   m/day
Rock Tunnelling
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, cycle time 8.0  6.0  5.5   mins
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class I Granite 0.3  0.9  1.2   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class II Granite 2.0  2.6  2.9   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class III Granite 1.2  1.4  1.8   m3/cycle
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Foundations

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/man
Formwork per man
 Pilecaps, small 0.7  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, medium-large 1.0  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, large 1.3  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, < 0.7m2 0.8  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 0.7-1.5m2 1  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 3.0-5.0m2 1.2  m2/hr
Reinforcement
40mm 8 9 12 hrs/tonne
32mm 10 12 14 hrs/tonne
20mm 14 18 20 hrs/tonne
16mm 12 15 20 hrs/tonne
Concrete Placing
large Sized Pours (pump) 20.0 40.0 m3/hr
Medium Sized Pours (direct discharge) 8.0 12.0 m3/hr
Small Pours (Backactor) 3.0 4.0 m3/hr
Underpinning
 Concrete Pinning, every 4th/5th pin cycle –   1.2  2.2   m/day
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.0 brick thick –   0.4  0.7   m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.5 brick thick 0.1  0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 2.0 brick thick –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 102mm wall –   0.8  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 215mm wall –   0.7  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 317mm wall –   0.5  –    m/hr
Trench Support
Open Boarding 4 m2/hr
Close Boarding 3 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Concrete Structures

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/man
Formwork
Walls Including Stop-ends etc per man
 Walls,1.0-2.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, 2.0-5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, over 5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 5.0-15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, over 15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
Columns
 Columns, Square Timber csa < 0.1m2 0.65  m2/manhr
 Columns, Square Timber csa 0.1-0.4m2 0.65  m2/manhr
Slabs & Beams
Suspended Plain Slab Soffit 1  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width 300-500mm 0.5  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width over 750mm 0.5  m2/manhr
Troughed/Waffle Slabs 0.65  m2/manhr
 Table Form, Aluminum System, 400m2 bays 100 150  m2/gangday
 Stop Ends, no perforations 2.5 3  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, minor perforations 1.2 1.6  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, dense perforations 0.6 0.9  m2/manhr
 Box Outs, 0.01-0.05m2 6 8  no/manhr
 Box Outs, over 0.05m2 3 5  no/manhr
Staircases
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Sloping 0.6 0.8  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Flat Landing 0.8 1  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Wall Strings 0.4 –    m2/manhr
Reinforcement
Reinforcement Ratios
 Pile Cap, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   14.8  –    % ratio
 Base Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   13.2  14.1   % ratio
 Suspended Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 13.0 18.0 23.0  % ratio
 Columns, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 15.8  18.7  28.7   % ratio
 Walls, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 14.7  15.0  –    % ratio
General Steelfixing rates
Links 30.0 25.0 hrs/tonne
10mm 30.0 20.0 hrs/tonne
12mm 25.0 16.0  hrs/tonne
16mm 20.0 15.0  hrs/tonne
20mm 18.0 13.0  hrs/tonne
25mm 15.0 12.0  hrs/tonne
32mm 12.0 11.0  hrs/tonne
40mm 12.0 9.0  hrs/tonne
General Column Construction rate
Formwork, Reinforcement & Concrete (3man gang) 2 6 No/day
Slip Forming
 Shaft Slip Forming –   300 400  mm/hr
Post Tensioned Concrete
 Lag for Initial Stress Tensioning after 1st bay cast –   48.0  –    hrs
 Lag for Final Stress Tensioning after Initial Stress –   120.0  –    hrs
Concrete Placing
 Hollorib Decking, concrete topping 2000 2500  m2/week
 Hollorib concrete topping, incl PowerFloat 50.0  70.0   m2/hr
Tower Crane & Skip, Slabs over 150mm thick 4 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Beams over 150mm thick 4 5  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Walls 3 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Columns 2.5 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Stairs and Landings 2 4  m3/hr
Pumping To Slabs 20 40  m3/hr
Pumping To Walls with Tremie Pipe 6 8  m3/hr
Concrete Finishing
Wood Float By Hand 20 30  m2/hr
Power Float 30 40  m2/hr
Wire Brush, expose aggregate 25 35  m2/hr
Precast Concrete
 Precast Floor Planks 0.4  0.2  0.1   hrs/plank
 Precast Stair units 0.5 0.3  hrs/plank
Beams,Columns & Slabs 500 600 m2/week
Car Park Precast elements 70 75 No/Week
Sundry Information
 Concrete Weight, 1m3 –   2.4  –    Tonnes
 Readymix Lorry, Length –   8.3  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Width –   2.5  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Height –   3.7  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Turning Circle –   16.4  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Allowable Ramp Gradient –   17.0  20.0   degrees
Lorry Weight 24 Tonnes
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Structural Steelwork

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/gang
Structural Steel Frames
Heavy Structural Steel Frame 10.0  Tons/day
Medium Sized Structural Steel Frame 9.0  Tons/day
 Light Steel Frame and Roof Members 4.0   Tons/day
 Wall Frame, Bow String Truss and Frame –   1.6  –    Tons/day
Metal Deck Flooring
 Hollorib Decking, lay deck –   300 350  m2/day
 Hollorib Decking, shear connecting studs –   225 250  m2/day
General Guides
Tonnage of steel in a building 43 54 Kg/m2
Office Building 60 Kg/m2
Fire Protection
Sprayed Fire protection 40 50 tonnes/week
 Spray Protection to Steelwork –   200 –   m2/week
Board Fire Protection 150 m2/week
Intumescent Paint 250 m2/week
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Walls & Scaffolds

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/Mn
Brickwork Fairfaced per man
Stretcher Bond, 0.5 Brick thick 0.75  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1 Brick thick 0.42  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1.5 Brick thick 0.28  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 2 Brick thick 0.2  m2/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Coping 1.5 –   m/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Canted Cills 1.5 –   m/hr
Face finish as work proceeds incl
Special Bricks 0.3 m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Flush and Rubbed 2.0   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Struck Pointing 1.3   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Bucket Handle 2.7   m2/hr
Common Bricks 0.5 Brick 1.0  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1 Brick 0.5  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1.5 Brick 0.35  m2/hr
Blockwork
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.50  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.30  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.25  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 0.65  m2/hr
Metal Angle Restraints
Vertical Posts 2.0 no/hr
Head Restraints 3.0 m/hr
Ext Support Angle 2.0 m/hr
Sundries
Concrete Lintels 1.0 no/hr
Steel lintels 2.0 no/hr
Access Scaffolding
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 2m lifts 5.0  m run/hr
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 3m lifts 4.0  m run/hr
 Metal Tube and Fittings, 5-6 Boards wide 3.5  m run/hr
Fix Hop-ups Kwickstage 14.0 m run/hr
Re-position Hop-ups Kwickstage 20.0 m run/hr
Birdcage Scaffolding
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 50-250m3 14.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 250-1000m3 16.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, over 1000m3 18.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, striking 200.0   % x erect
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

External Cladding

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Curtain Walling Per gang
 Glazed Curtain Wall –   20.0 30.0  m2/day
 High Quality Glazed Curtain Walling –   15.0 25.0  m2/day
Rule of Thumb- Multi-Storey Office Block 3.0 wks/Flr
Windows & Glazing per gang
 Vertical Glazed Lights, 6m x 2.5m –   15.0 –    m2/day
 Vertical Glazed Walls, large scale –   50.0 –    m2/day
 Clerestory Frame/Glazing, 3m x 4m –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Oriel Window Frame/Glazing, 4m x 2m –   35.0  –    m2/day
Patent Glazing 90.0 m2/wk
Windows general 1.0 m2/manhr
Metal Cladding
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
 VE Panel Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 1.0  1.4  1.9   m2/day
Stone Facade Restoration per man
 Façade Cleaning, Water Jetting –   25.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Acid Etching –   9.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Grit Blasting –   12.0  –    m2/day
 Cladding Restoration, Brickwork seek specialist advice
 Cladding Restoration, Stonework courses seek specialist advice
Stone Cladding per gang
 Fix 0.5m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix 0.5-0.75m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.35   m2/hr
 Fix 0.75-1.0m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.4 0.4  m2/hr
 Fix Curved Stone Cladding 0.2 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Edge Beams/Window Reveals 0.25  0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Soffits 0.3 0.4  m2/hr
 Stone Floors 1.0 1.5  m2/hr
 Granite/Marble Wall Panels 0.6 0.8  m2/hr
Portland Stone Final Wash down 300.0 350.0 m2/week
Precast Concrete Cladding
Large storey height panels 2.0 3.0 No/day
(Largely Dependant on Deliveries)
Profiled Metal Sheet Cladding
Large areas factory bldg 400.0 m2/gangwk
Specialist Ext Wall Finishes
Terracotta Tiles 30.0 m2/gangday
Sto Render (with insulation) 2.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Dry Int. Carcassing

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Carpentry Carcassing per man
 Windows, Timber Frames for Bricklaying 0.5  0.1   hrs/no
 Windows, Drill, Screw & Plug extra over 0.1  –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 1.0-3.0m2 1.8 –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 2.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Access Hatch 0.3  –    no/hr
 Floor Joists, 26 30 m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 30 35 m/hr
 Floor Boards, Butt Jointed 2.5 3  m2/hr
 Floor Boards, T&G Boards 3 3.5  m2/hr
 Plywood Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 4 5  m2/hr
 Chipboard Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 5.1  5.8   m2/hr
 Windows, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 0.4  0.3   hrs/no
 Windows, Softwood, 7.0-10.0m2 0.9  0.6   hrs/no
 Fix Metal and Timber Windows After Wall Complete 2.0  –    m2/hr
 Window Glazing 1.3  –    m2/hr
Roof Carcassing per man
 Roof Trusses 1.3  –    no/hr
 Wall Plates 3.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Rafters 1.2  –    m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 8.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Jack Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Soffits, Softwood, screwed 4.0 –    m/hr
Carpentry 2nd Fix per man
 Window Boards, screwed 0.3  hrs/m
 Mouldings, Softwood, Screwed 6.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Screwed 4.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Gun Nailed 6.0  m/hr
 Skirting 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave, Fix to Doors 1.0 –    hrs/door
 Door Stop Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Glazed Bead Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Hanging Doors, Softwood, Single Pair Butts 1.5  hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Softwood 0.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Hardwood 0.6  –    hrs/no
General Door & Frame Fixing Rates(per Pair)
External Double Leaf 1.5 No/day
Internal Double Leaf 2 No/day
Internal Single Leaf 3 No/day
Fix Bath Panel 0.4  –    hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Floor Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Wall Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Shelf Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, simple, straight flight 1.5   hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, 2 straight flights, 1 landing 2.9   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix horizontal 0.6   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix raking 0.5   hrs/no
Timber Panelling Pine 1 m2/hr
Timber Panelling Hardwood 0.5 m2/hr
Stud Partitioning/Dry Lining
Gyproc Partitions (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Partitions (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
 Boarding to Stud-work/Metal Lathes 4.0 6.0  m2/manhr
 Boarding 19mm nailed to studding 6.0 10.0  m2/manhr
 Tape, Joint Sand and Top Coat Plasterboard 1.5   m2/manhr
 Skimming to Plasterboard 6.1   m2/manhr
Gyproc Dry Lining System – Walls 5 7  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (single layer) 6 10  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (double layer) 3 5  m2/manhr
Acoustic Ceiling Lining 170 250 m2/wk
Acoustic Wall Lining 200 330 m2/wk
Steelwork Encasement (single layer) 2  m2/manhr
Steelwork Encasement (double layer) 1  m2/manhr
Proprietary Partitions
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Separation panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Wall Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, End Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Hang Door to Panel –   0.4  –    hrs/no
 100mm Pine Paneling, excluding studding time 0.8  1.1  1.4   m2/hr
General rate for Toilet Cubicle 2 No/manday
Demountable Partitions (Full Height) 1 m/manhour
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Bldg Services

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plumbing
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Pipes –   1.2  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Branches –   2.2  –    hrs/no
 Cast Iron Spigot Joint Pipes, 100mm –   1.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 150-200mm dia –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 1,050mm dia –   0.4  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 200mm dia –   1.8  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 300mm dia –   1.2  –    m/hr
 UPVC Downpipes, 75mm –   3.3  –    m/hr
 UPVC Guttering, 75mm –   3.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Downpipes, 75mm –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Guttering, 75mm –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron RWP Fittings, 75mm –   2.2  –    no/hr
Rule of Thumb
Deduct 15% for OH&P
Labour Cost on Systems
Electrical 33 %
Mechanical & sprinklers 30 %
Plumbing 33 %
Hot Water 25 %
Ventillation 17 %
Air Conditioning 9 %
Divide amount by anticipated weekly gross labour rate to derive No of man weeks
Test & commissioning
Radiator & Convector System 4 7 weeks
Simple ventillation System 8 weeks
Full Air Conditioning System 12 16 weeks
Hospital/laboratory Systems 16 24 weeks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roof Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Asphalt & Felt Roofing per gang
 Asphalt Roof in layers –   50 –    m2/day
 Felt Roofs, large areas –   35 52  m2/day
 Felt Roofs, small or complicated –   20 30  m2/day
 Asphalt coatings, horizontal surfaces 3.5  4.2  5.8   m2/hr
 Asphalt coatings, vertical surfaces 1.2  1.7  2.2   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 2 coats 4.8  5.0  6.3   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 3 coats 3.3  3.5  4.4   m2/hr
 Bituminous Sheets, horizontal surfaces 3.8  4.0  4.8   m2/hr
 Polythene Sheets, horizontal surfaces –   20.0  –    m2/hr
Roof Screeding per gang
Laid in Medium sized Bays to falls –   50 –    m2/day
Laid in Large Bays (pumped) –   100 –    m2/day
Membrane Roof Sheeting
Trocal Single Ply Membrane 300 400 m2/wk
Metal Decking & Roofing per gang
 Metal Decking, large areas –   70.0  –    m2/day
 Metal Decking, small or complicated –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Titanium Sheeted Roofs –   9.5  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, flat work –   3.0  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, sloping work –   2.7  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, flat work –   2.4  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, flat work –   2.8  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, sloping work –   1.9  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat work –   2.5  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, dormer cheeks –   1.3  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat gutters –   88.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, flat copings –   76.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, stepped gutters –   3.5  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, shaped copings –   3.3  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, cover step flashings –   3.2  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, rooflight flashings –   0.8  –    no/day
 Lead Roofs, domed roof coverings –   0.7  –    m2/day
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
Insulation
 Polystyrene Boards –   8.5  –    m2/hr
 Glass Fibre, low pitch –   12.0  –    m2/hr
Slates & Tiles per man
 Slate Roofs, Welsh Slate 3-5mm –   12.0 18.0  m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Cumbrian Slate 8-11mm –   8.5  –    m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Asbestos Slates –   24.0 36.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Concrete Tiles –   40.0 52.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Clay Pan Tiles –   12.0 20.0  m2/day
Roof Windows & Atrium per gang
Rooflights –   1 –   no/day
Velux Type windows 2 no/day
Atrium Roof Glazing 60 70 m2/wk
Rainwater Goods per man
Gutters –   2 2.5 m/hr
Downpipes 2.5 3 m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Wet Bldg Trades

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plastering
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 2.8  3.1   m2/hr
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 2.6  2.8   m2/hr
 Covings 4.0 –    m/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 6.7  7.3   m2/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 6.1  6.7   m2/hr
General Plastering rate – (2+1 gang) 150 200 m2/week
Fibrous Plaster -General 25 m2/week
Rendering
 Large Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   2.2  2.7   m2/hr
 Small Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   1.5  1.7   m2/hr
 Narrow Widths, applied in 2 coats –   1.2  1.4   m2/hr
Floor Screed
Hoist & Barrow (2+1 Gang)
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 20-40mm thick 35 50  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 40-65mm thick 30 40  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 65-100mm thick 25 30  m2/day
170 m2/day
Cutting Chases
 Concrete, cutting by hand, 50-75mm wide 1.0  1.4  2.1   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 1.8  2.4  3.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 25-50mm wide 1.6  2.3  3.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 75-100mm wide 1.2  1.6  2.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 3.3  4.5  6.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
Cutting Switchboxes
 Cutting in Concrete, small box 7.1  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Concrete, large box 3.6  4.5  5.6   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, small box 6.6  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, large box 4.2  5.3  6.3   no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Building Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Suspended Ceilings
 Suspended Ceilings, office situations –   2.6  3.5   m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, First Fix –   1.4  –    m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, Second Fix –   1.2  –    m2/hr
Flooring Finishes
 Raised Flooring, metal system –   7.0 8.0  m2/hr
 Granolithic Flooring –   3.1  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, in-situ –   3.6  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, pre-cast –   4.6  5.1   m2/hr
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.5  2.2   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, small areas, much cutting –   0.8  1.1   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, large areas, little cutting –   2.2  2.8   m2/hr
 Linolium/Thermo-Plastic Flooring –   3.1  5.0   m2/hr
 Thermo-Plastic Floor Tiles –   3.3  5.6   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, lay blocks –   1.5  2.1   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, sand and polish –   3.1  –    m2/hr
Underlay & Grippers –   5.0 6.0  m2/hr
 Carpeting, Fully Fitted –   2.0  3.0  m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, small areas –   3.7  4.1   m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, large areas –   6.6  7.2   m2/hr
Metalwork
 Install Metal Door and Frame –   0.2  –    no/hr
 Install Balustrade & Railings –   1.5  –    m/hr
General Rate – (Flights) 4 No/wk
Ceramic Tiling
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.3 1.5   no/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, setout and level –   55.5  –    m/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, fix, grout and clean –   1.5  –    m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Ledges/Upstands 20.4  27.1  32.0   no/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas under 1.5m2 per room 0.9  1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas of 1.5-2.5m2 per room 1.4  1.6  1.9   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas over 2.5m2 per room 1.5  1.7  2.1   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles, Grouting Works 2.2  2.5  2.6   m2/hr
Painting
 Prepare Walls –   14.2  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Doors –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Door Frames –   25.0  –    m/hr
 Burn Off / Heat Strip Paintwork –   1.1  –    m2/hr
Timber, knot, 1 primer, stop, 2 undercoat, 1 gloss –   1.7  2.1   m2/hr
Timber, touchup primer, 1 undercoat, 1 coat gloss –   3.1  3.8   m2/hr
 Internal Timber, polyurethane varnish, 2 coats –   3.3  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 2 coats wood preservative –   4.0  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 3 coats polyurethane varnish –   2.0  –    m2/hr
(For all the above take 50% of rate if for frames)
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   8.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to brick/blockwork –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 mist, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss to plaster –   2.3  –    m2/hr
Portaflec Spray 10 m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to render/concrete –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to brick/blockwork –   2.0  –    m2/hr
 Floors, epoxy paint –   2.9  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 2 coats –   6.1  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 3 coats –   5.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Steelwork, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss 1.3  2.4  –    m2/hr
 External Steelwork, 1 primer, 2 undercoats, 1 gloss 0.9  1.7  –    m2/hr
Wallpapering
 Strip Existing Wallpaper (3 layers) & Prepare Walls –   4.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Wallpaper and lining paper –   6.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Vinyl and Washable paper –   4.2  –    m2/hr
 Fix Ceiling Lining Paper –   4.0  –    m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Lifts & Escalators

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Lift Installations
Install 2 to 3 storeys –   3.0  –    wks/floor
Install 4 storeys and above –   2.0  –    wks/floor
Testing allow 2 wks plus –   1.0  –    day/floor
 Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver –   18 26  wks
 Non-Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver 75.0  65.0  52.0   wks
Escalator Installations
Develop concept design and gain client approval –   16.0  –    wks
Prepare preliminary design and gain approval –   12.0  –    wks
 Assemble truss , position/level –   1.0  –    wks
Install decking and glazing etc –   3.0 –    wks
Performance testing –   1.0 –    wks
Full load testing –   1.0 –    wks
Final test and inspection –   1.0 –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Fitting Out

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Kitchen Fit Out
 Overall Installation for 100 persons or 50m2 –   3.0  –    wks
 Overall Installation for 500 persons or 150m2 –   5.0  –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

_1075538914.xls

Notes on Rates

Notes on Output Rates
GENERAL
Outputs are for carrying out major works with clear access and large enough areas to permit
ease of material deliveries and rubbish away with no double handling, and sufficient work volumes
for continuous employment of plant and labour.
For contracts which dictate conditions that differ to those stated above additional time needs to be
added into the individual time outputs.
Outputs reflect the actual man operative time taken to carry out the works inclusive of material
deliveries and rubbish away, if any, but account for the operative time only. Therefore they should
not be used for pricing purposes before applying a gang factor.
DEMOLITION
Exclusions:
Removal of asbestos or other contaminants.
Production and approval of method statements by Local Authority.
Erecting temporary works or hand balling around temporary works.
Making good.
Comments
“Dealing with hard materials” – some buildings take longer due to their individually constructed
peculiarities e.g. grillage reinforced concrete/setting aside special listed features/underground
bunkers/restrictions to city centre sites to working hours/retaining backgrounds which may collapse
due to the age of the building.
Removal of floor boarding includes for de-nailing joists.
Removal of staircase is for a floor to ceiling height of 2.70 metres in timber.
Soft stripping of offices assumes an open plan type of arrangement.
EXCAVATE AND FILL
Comments
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Strip topsoil assumes topsoil for setting aside for re-use. If removed as a bulk dig exercise outputs
would be as per reduce level excavation.
Basement excavation assumes a traditional “bottom up” dig.
Basement and large dig exercises are significantly dependant upon the volume of soil that can
be removed from Site -. e.g. County Hall basement (size 140mx40m with access to one long side
total 50,000m3 approx 9m deep) peaked at 4,000m3 per week removal from Site in a continual
operation. – averaged 2,500m3 week due to wet weather etc.
Soil capacity on one lorry load = 10m3/load as dug.
Excavation in underpinning by hand shallow – 6 hours/m3 deep 10hr/m3
DRAINAGE
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Trench excavation (page 4 excavate and fill) – outputs are to open trench “continuous” style
service trenches with no time allowed to set aside or dispose of soil or to sheet up sides.
Manholes and gullies (page 5 drainage) – outputs are for the elements only shown ie manhole
rings/bricks etc and do not include for excavation, jointing in pipes, benchings, channels
ROADS/EXTERNAL WORKS
Sub base – weight of type 1 fill :2.2tonnes/m3
Road surfacing/kerbs/paviors – reduce by half -ie double the time for areas to building projects.
Fencing/atreetlighting/landscaping – reduce by half – ie double the time for areas to building
projects.
PILING AND GROUND ENGINEERING
Piling – outputs are per piling rig
Secant piling outputs exclude time taken for constructing a guide wall – guide wall time
same as in Diaphragm Walling
Pile trimming – outputs are per man
Vibrocompaction output is per nett treated floor area based on vibro columns at 2.20m ctrs both
ways for stone columns up to 8m deep.
FOUNDATIONS/CONCRETE STRUCTURES
Formwork outputs are per m2 nett area of formwork per shuttering carpenter
Holorib decking/concrete topping – see suspended slabs/formwork
Placing concrete by tower crane – outputs dependant on hook time cycle and are per crane/gang
STRUCTURAL STEELWORK
Outputs include for use of a crane on a crane/gang resource.
WALLS AND SCAFFOLDS
Outputs for masonry are for quantities per bricklayer trowel.
Outputs are for general masonry. Walls incorporating cutting to accommodate different types
of bricks/small areas/protruding or recessed panels/contrasting bands/building in white mortar/
laying blocks flat on face are excluded.
Outputs are for building in stretcher bond (half brick)English bond (I brick)
Reduce outputs by 10% for building in dpc/expansion jointing/head structural restraints.
Adjust precast lintol outputs for large boot lintols to 0.50 per hour.
EXTERNAL CLADDING
Stone/cladding restoration outputs are totally dependant on works to be carried out ie stitch new
stones or bricks in,resin repair cracks – advice needed from specialists for job in question.
Stone cladding outputs are for a gang hour and include for structural fixings.
Carpentry carcassing/roof carcassing/carpentry second fix outputs are per Carpenter.
Roof trusses are assumed to be in timber. Large trusses (exceeding 6m span) 0.5 per hour.
Timber staircases assume per 2.60m storey height in one single flight.
Stud partitioning outputs for gyproc to ceilings assume areas of rooms in a domestic location.
Toilet partitioning outputs assume outputs per Carpenter and exclude back panellling (1m2 per hour)
ROOF FINISHES
Outputs for roof tiling include for felt and battening and are per tiler.
BUILDING FINISHES
Outputs for raised access flooring assume large open plan arangement
&L&”Times New Roman,Regular”Tool T028&C&”Times New Roman,Bold”&14Costain Limited
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&A

Demolition

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Out Finishes per man
 Remove & Cart away, Lathe and Plaster Ceilings 3.2  4.6  5.0   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Plaster to Walls 2.1  3.1  5.9   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, External Render –   2.5 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, sand & cement Floor Screed –   3.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, grano or reinforced Floor Screed 1.5 2.0  m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Concrete Paving –   4.0  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 1.0 brick thick –   1.5  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 0.5 brick thick –   1.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Floor Boards –   2.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Staircase –   8.0 –    hrs/no
Soft Strip Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Hard Demolition Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Removal of Pavings
Concrete Slabs
Non reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 20.0 m2/hr
Reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 5.0 10.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Excavate & Fill

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Top Soil per excavator
Excavate & Load Lorry 10 m3/hr
General Bulk Excavation & Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 35.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 30.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Hard Ground 13.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Hard Ground 20.0  m3/hr
Large Volume Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator,>2m3 bucket, gravel/clay ground 2500.0  m3/day
Basement Excavation and Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 25.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, >1m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 35.0  m3/hr
Bottom Up Excavation By Hand 6.0 m2/hr
Excavate & Remove From Site overall
Central London (Large Project) 4000.0 5,000 m3/Week
London Perimeter (Large Project) 5000.0 7,500 m3/Week
Excavate Foundations per excavator
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Pits 5.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Trenches 6.0  m3/hr
Soil Bulking Factors & Densities
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Sand/Soil –   15.0   %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Gravel –   33.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Clay/Chalk –   40.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Boulder Clay –   45.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Rock –   60.0  –    %
 Spoil Weight, Rock –   2.5  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Concrete –   2.4  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Landfill/CDG –   1.9  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Sand –   1.8  –    Te/m3
Spoil Weight, Clay 2.0  Te/m3
Breaking Out (By Machine)
per excavator
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 30.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 20.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 10.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 1.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 2.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 2.8  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 3.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 6.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 0.3  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   0.4 –    hrs/m3
Breaking Out (By Hand)
per man
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 5.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 6.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 9.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 8.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 10.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 3.0  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   3.5 –    hrs/m3
Brickwork
 Brickwork, walls and columns 3.0  hrs/m3
 Brickwork, foundations 3.5  hrs/m3
Dewatering System
 Setup large 15 hole system –   21.0  –    days
Spread & Level Fill per excavator
Hardcore Layers 100-150mm 5.0 6.0 10.0 m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 13.9  20.4  25.0   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 11.6  16.9  21.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 23.8  28.5  35.7   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 19.6  24.5  30.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, over 200m2, Hardcore 47.6  51.6  55.6   m3/hr
Trench Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.2  22.2  26.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 26.3  28.6  33.2   m3/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, < 2.0m wide 3.0  4.2  6.5   m2/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, > 2.0m wide 6.2  6.7  9.2   m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Drainage

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Excavate Drain Trenches
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 10 m/day
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 6 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 3 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 35 m/day
Drain Laying
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Lay Small Diameter Pipes up to 150mm 30 m/day
Lay Large Diameter Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Lay large Diameter Pipes up to 450mm 8 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 70 m/day
Connecting Drainage per gang
 PVC Drainage, 3m pipes, 150-200mm dia, 5-30m run –   10.6  –    m/hr
 Hepsleve Rubber Joint System, over 375mm dia, 5-30m run –   2.3  –    m/hr
Land Drains
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, 5-30m run 6.0 –   14.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, over 30m run 10.0 –   19.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, 5-30m run 4.0 –   10.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, over 30m run 6.0 –   12.0  m/hr
Manholes & Gullies
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 610 x 455 x 51 mm –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 990 x 610 x 64 mm –   1.6  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.0 brick engineering –   0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.5 brick engineering –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Benching to Manhole, under 0.5m2 –   0.9  –    hrs/no
 Benching to Manhole, 0.5-0.75m2 –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, under 150mm dia –   0.1  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, 150-225mm dia –   0.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in cast iron covers 0.6   hrs/no
 Yard Gulleys, 75-150mm dia pipes, bed and level –   2.2  –    no/hr
 Yard Gulleys, 150-225mm dia pipes, bed and level –   1.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 600mm deep, bed and level –   1.2  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 750mm deep, bed and level –   0.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 1,200mm deep, bed and level –   0.3  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, install gratings –   5.0  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roads & External Works

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Sub Base
Large Road Job gang day
Spread & level Granular Material 1200 T/day
Trim Fill 1500 m2/day
Concrete Road Surfacing per gang
 Concrete Road surfacing, 150mm thick –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 200mm thick –   7.7  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 300mm thick –   6.7  –    m2/hr
Tarmac Road Surfacing per gang
Barbour Greene Large Sized Project
Road Base
Winter Working 300 1200 m2/day
Summer Working 700 2500 m2/day
Wearing Course 500 Te/day
12,000 m2/day
Barbour Greene Medium Sized Project
Tarmacadam 160 m2/hr
Asphalt 145 m2/hr
Manual Laying
Tarmacadam 8.0 m2/hr
Asphalt 5.0 m2/hr
Road Markings 180 500 m/day
Kerbs & Haunching per man
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 5m radius –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 10m radius –   3.0 –    m/hr
 Stone/Granite Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid straight –   6.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 5m radius –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 10m radius –   4.5 –    m/hr
Pavings & Paviors
 Concrete Slabs, laid on bedding, to slight falls 2.0 4.0  m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid in mortar, to falls 1.5 2.3   m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid on sand, to falls 2.0 2.8   m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, no patterns 0.3  –    m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, with patterns 0.2  –    m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, straight joints 1.3  1.9   m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, herringbone pattern –   1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Gravel Paths, including preparation of sub-base –   10.5  –    m2/hr
Fencing
Small/Medium sized Project per gang
 Fence Erection, Chainlink, posts at 2.0m –   4.4  –    m/hr
 Post Erection, Timber / Metal, dig, erect, fix 3.3  4.5  –    no/hr
 Fence Erection, Chestnut Pailings, posts at 2.0m –   33.3  –    m/hr
Safety Fencing – (Large Road Project)
– Driven Posts 400 m/day
– Augered Posts 200 m/day
Streetlighting & U/Ground Services
 Lay Street Lighting Cables and connect –   6 8  m/hr
Communications Duct & pit Installation 60 100 m/day
Lighting Columns 3 4 no/day
Commissioning 2 weeks
Landscaping
 Top Soil, spread, level and prepare for turf or seeding –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 Top Soil, rake in fertilizer for seeding –   25.0  –    m2/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, under 750mm high –   4.0  –    no/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, over 750mm high –   1.5  –    no/hr
 Planting, Saplings, under 3.0m high –   1.7  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Piling & Grnd Eng.

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/rig
Bored Concrete Piling per rig
CFA Piling <15m Long 6.0 8.0 10.0 no/day
CFA Piling 15 – 25m Long 5.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Short augered piles <6m long <750mm dia 15.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling < 750mm Dia 6.0 7.0 9.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 750 – 1200mm Dia 2.0 3.0 4.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 1200 – 2000mm Dia 1.0 1.5 2.0 no/day
Contiguous Pile Wall 15-20m long 8.0 9.0 10.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/Hard 2.0 4.0 5.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/soft 6.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Tripod Piling 8 m/day
Precast & Steel Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
 H Piles, driven steel H-beams 200.0  350.0  500.0   m/day
Precast Concrete Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
Steel Sheet Piling
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 10m deep Sand –   55.0  60.0   m/day
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 35m deep Sand 3.5  32.0  10.5   m/day
King Post Temporary Wall
Posts at 3m Centres 58 m2/wk
Mini Piling
 Mini Piles, driven 235mm dia, 35m deep 2.5 3  m/hr
Hand Dug Piling per man
 Excave shaft by grab, general fill/uppr levels –   3.5  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, sand/minor rubble –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, marinve/aluvium –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Install reinforcement cages –   2.0  –    hrs/no
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after excavation –   8.0  –    hrs
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after cage installed –   2.0  –    hrs
 Shaft concreting/extract casing 5-70m deep –   12.0  –    hrs
Cut Down Piles
 Concrete Piles, 300-750mm deep and 0.6m dia 2.0  hrs/no
 Concrete Piles 300-750mm deep and 1.1m dia 5.0  hrs/no
Diaphram Walls
 Guide Walls, construction 0.3  0.5  0.8   m/Mhr
Construct Diaphram Wall – retained face 70.0 m2/rigday
Ground Anchors
 Drill 30m shaft –   7.0  –    hrs
 Install strands/setup anchor –   6.0  –    hrs
 Grout in strands –   2.0  –    hrs
Soil Nailing
–   –  
–   –  
Ground Improvement
Vibrocompaction (8m long 2.2m ctrs) 1000 m2/rig/wk
Dynamic Compaction m2/rig/wk
Sundry Activities
 Grout curtain installation –   6.2  –    hrs/m run
 Dig Caisson 800mm dia, 26m deep 55.0  33.0  25.0   days/no
Site Investigation
 Pre Drilling, Rercussive or Rotary, soft deposits 8.0  10.0  14.0   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Wash Boring, grade V/IV rock 2.5  3.2  3.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Triple Tube Sampling, grade V/IV rock 0.4  0.8  0.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Rotary, grade III/II rock 0.2  0.5  0.7   m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Tunnelling

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Conventional Tunneling
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 6m diameter 0.4  0.6 0.8  m/day
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 10m diameter 0.5 0.7 0.9  m/day
Cut & Cover
Formwork Tunnel Forms, Wall and Slab poured as one –   15.6  17.5   m2/hr
NATM
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter under 7.0m 2.5  2.9  3.2   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m 1.5  2.0  2.5   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter over 10.0m 1.0  1.3  1.5   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 2.0-7.0m 1.5  1.8  2.0   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m –   1.5  –    m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter over 10.0m –   1.0  1.5   m/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 2 crews 190.0  225.0  279.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 4 crews 255.0  300.0  366.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 2 access with 4 crews 382.0  450.0  549.0   m3/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter under 6.5m 2.1  2.5  2.8   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter over 6.5m 1.5  2.0  2.4   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Vertical Shafts, diameter over 6.5m 2.2  2.5  3.1   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnel Junctions –   0.2  0.3   m/day
 Insitu Permanent Lining, 12m bays, 350-400mm reinforced with PCV backing –   3 4  m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time , Running Tunnels 3.2  4.0  4.9   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Station Access Adits 3.3  3.9  4.2   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Concourse Tunnels 2.2  2.5  2.7   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Escalator Tunnels 1.2  1.5  1.7   m/day
Rock Tunnelling
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, cycle time 8.0  6.0  5.5   mins
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class I Granite 0.3  0.9  1.2   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class II Granite 2.0  2.6  2.9   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class III Granite 1.2  1.4  1.8   m3/cycle
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Foundations

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/man
Formwork per man
 Pilecaps, small 0.7  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, medium-large 1.0  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, large 1.3  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, < 0.7m2 0.8  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 0.7-1.5m2 1  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 3.0-5.0m2 1.2  m2/hr
Reinforcement
40mm 8 9 12 hrs/tonne
32mm 10 12 14 hrs/tonne
20mm 14 18 20 hrs/tonne
16mm 12 15 20 hrs/tonne
Concrete Placing
large Sized Pours (pump) 20.0 40.0 m3/hr
Medium Sized Pours (direct discharge) 8.0 12.0 m3/hr
Small Pours (Backactor) 3.0 4.0 m3/hr
Underpinning
 Concrete Pinning, every 4th/5th pin cycle –   1.2  2.2   m/day
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.0 brick thick –   0.4  0.7   m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.5 brick thick 0.1  0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 2.0 brick thick –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 102mm wall –   0.8  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 215mm wall –   0.7  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 317mm wall –   0.5  –    m/hr
Trench Support
Open Boarding 4 m2/hr
Close Boarding 3 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Concrete Structures

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/man
Formwork
Walls Including Stop-ends etc per man
 Walls,1.0-2.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, 2.0-5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, over 5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 5.0-15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, over 15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
Columns
 Columns, Square Timber csa < 0.1m2 0.65  m2/manhr
 Columns, Square Timber csa 0.1-0.4m2 0.65  m2/manhr
Slabs & Beams
Suspended Plain Slab Soffit 1  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width 300-500mm 0.5  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width over 750mm 0.5  m2/manhr
Troughed/Waffle Slabs 0.65  m2/manhr
 Table Form, Aluminum System, 400m2 bays 100 150  m2/gangday
 Stop Ends, no perforations 2.5 3  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, minor perforations 1.2 1.6  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, dense perforations 0.6 0.9  m2/manhr
 Box Outs, 0.01-0.05m2 6 8  no/manhr
 Box Outs, over 0.05m2 3 5  no/manhr
Staircases
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Sloping 0.6 0.8  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Flat Landing 0.8 1  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Wall Strings 0.4 –    m2/manhr
Reinforcement
Reinforcement Ratios
 Pile Cap, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   14.8  –    % ratio
 Base Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   13.2  14.1   % ratio
 Suspended Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 13.0 18.0 23.0  % ratio
 Columns, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 15.8  18.7  28.7   % ratio
 Walls, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 14.7  15.0  –    % ratio
General Steelfixing rates
Links 30.0 25.0 hrs/tonne
10mm 30.0 20.0 hrs/tonne
12mm 25.0 16.0  hrs/tonne
16mm 20.0 15.0  hrs/tonne
20mm 18.0 13.0  hrs/tonne
25mm 15.0 12.0  hrs/tonne
32mm 12.0 11.0  hrs/tonne
40mm 12.0 9.0  hrs/tonne
General Column Construction rate
Formwork, Reinforcement & Concrete (3man gang) 2 6 No/day
Slip Forming
 Shaft Slip Forming –   300 400  mm/hr
Post Tensioned Concrete
 Lag for Initial Stress Tensioning after 1st bay cast –   48.0  –    hrs
 Lag for Final Stress Tensioning after Initial Stress –   120.0  –    hrs
Concrete Placing
 Hollorib Decking, concrete topping 2000 2500  m2/week
 Hollorib concrete topping, incl PowerFloat 50.0  70.0   m2/hr
Tower Crane & Skip, Slabs over 150mm thick 4 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Beams over 150mm thick 4 5  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Walls 3 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Columns 2.5 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Stairs and Landings 2 4  m3/hr
Pumping To Slabs 20 40  m3/hr
Pumping To Walls with Tremie Pipe 6 8  m3/hr
Concrete Finishing
Wood Float By Hand 20 30  m2/hr
Power Float 30 40  m2/hr
Wire Brush, expose aggregate 25 35  m2/hr
Precast Concrete
 Precast Floor Planks 0.4  0.2  0.1   hrs/plank
 Precast Stair units 0.5 0.3  hrs/plank
Beams,Columns & Slabs 500 600 m2/week
Car Park Precast elements 70 75 No/Week
Sundry Information
 Concrete Weight, 1m3 –   2.4  –    Tonnes
 Readymix Lorry, Length –   8.3  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Width –   2.5  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Height –   3.7  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Turning Circle –   16.4  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Allowable Ramp Gradient –   17.0  20.0   degrees
Lorry Weight 24 Tonnes
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Structural Steelwork

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/gang
Structural Steel Frames
Heavy Structural Steel Frame 10.0  Tons/day
Medium Sized Structural Steel Frame 9.0  Tons/day
 Light Steel Frame and Roof Members 4.0   Tons/day
 Wall Frame, Bow String Truss and Frame –   1.6  –    Tons/day
Metal Deck Flooring
 Hollorib Decking, lay deck –   300 350  m2/day
 Hollorib Decking, shear connecting studs –   225 250  m2/day
General Guides
Tonnage of steel in a building 43 54 Kg/m2
Office Building 60 Kg/m2
Fire Protection
Sprayed Fire protection 40 50 tonnes/week
 Spray Protection to Steelwork –   200 –   m2/week
Board Fire Protection 150 m2/week
Intumescent Paint 250 m2/week
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Walls & Scaffolds

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/Mn
Brickwork Fairfaced per man
Stretcher Bond, 0.5 Brick thick 0.75  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1 Brick thick 0.42  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1.5 Brick thick 0.28  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 2 Brick thick 0.2  m2/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Coping 1.5 –   m/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Canted Cills 1.5 –   m/hr
Face finish as work proceeds incl
Special Bricks 0.3 m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Flush and Rubbed 2.0   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Struck Pointing 1.3   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Bucket Handle 2.7   m2/hr
Common Bricks 0.5 Brick 1.0  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1 Brick 0.5  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1.5 Brick 0.35  m2/hr
Blockwork
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.50  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.30  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.25  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 0.65  m2/hr
Metal Angle Restraints
Vertical Posts 2.0 no/hr
Head Restraints 3.0 m/hr
Ext Support Angle 2.0 m/hr
Sundries
Concrete Lintels 1.0 no/hr
Steel lintels 2.0 no/hr
Access Scaffolding
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 2m lifts 5.0  m run/hr
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 3m lifts 4.0  m run/hr
 Metal Tube and Fittings, 5-6 Boards wide 3.5  m run/hr
Fix Hop-ups Kwickstage 14.0 m run/hr
Re-position Hop-ups Kwickstage 20.0 m run/hr
Birdcage Scaffolding
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 50-250m3 14.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 250-1000m3 16.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, over 1000m3 18.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, striking 200.0   % x erect
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

External Cladding

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Curtain Walling Per gang
 Glazed Curtain Wall –   20.0 30.0  m2/day
 High Quality Glazed Curtain Walling –   15.0 25.0  m2/day
Rule of Thumb- Multi-Storey Office Block 3.0 wks/Flr
Windows & Glazing per gang
 Vertical Glazed Lights, 6m x 2.5m –   15.0 –    m2/day
 Vertical Glazed Walls, large scale –   50.0 –    m2/day
 Clerestory Frame/Glazing, 3m x 4m –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Oriel Window Frame/Glazing, 4m x 2m –   35.0  –    m2/day
Patent Glazing 90.0 m2/wk
Windows general 1.0 m2/manhr
Metal Cladding
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
 VE Panel Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 1.0  1.4  1.9   m2/day
Stone Facade Restoration per man
 Façade Cleaning, Water Jetting –   25.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Acid Etching –   9.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Grit Blasting –   12.0  –    m2/day
 Cladding Restoration, Brickwork seek specialist advice
 Cladding Restoration, Stonework courses seek specialist advice
Stone Cladding per gang
 Fix 0.5m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix 0.5-0.75m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.35   m2/hr
 Fix 0.75-1.0m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.4 0.4  m2/hr
 Fix Curved Stone Cladding 0.2 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Edge Beams/Window Reveals 0.25  0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Soffits 0.3 0.4  m2/hr
 Stone Floors 1.0 1.5  m2/hr
 Granite/Marble Wall Panels 0.6 0.8  m2/hr
Portland Stone Final Wash down 300.0 350.0 m2/week
Precast Concrete Cladding
Large storey height panels 2.0 3.0 No/day
(Largely Dependant on Deliveries)
Profiled Metal Sheet Cladding
Large areas factory bldg 400.0 m2/gangwk
Specialist Ext Wall Finishes
Terracotta Tiles 30.0 m2/gangday
Sto Render (with insulation) 2.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Dry Int. Carcassing

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Carpentry Carcassing per man
 Windows, Timber Frames for Bricklaying 0.5  0.1   hrs/no
 Windows, Drill, Screw & Plug extra over 0.1  –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 1.0-3.0m2 1.8 –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 2.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Access Hatch 0.3  –    no/hr
 Floor Joists, 26 30 m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 30 35 m/hr
 Floor Boards, Butt Jointed 2.5 3  m2/hr
 Floor Boards, T&G Boards 3 3.5  m2/hr
 Plywood Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 4 5  m2/hr
 Chipboard Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 5.1  5.8   m2/hr
 Windows, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 0.4  0.3   hrs/no
 Windows, Softwood, 7.0-10.0m2 0.9  0.6   hrs/no
 Fix Metal and Timber Windows After Wall Complete 2.0  –    m2/hr
 Window Glazing 1.3  –    m2/hr
Roof Carcassing per man
 Roof Trusses 1.3  –    no/hr
 Wall Plates 3.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Rafters 1.2  –    m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 8.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Jack Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Soffits, Softwood, screwed 4.0 –    m/hr
Carpentry 2nd Fix per man
 Window Boards, screwed 0.3  hrs/m
 Mouldings, Softwood, Screwed 6.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Screwed 4.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Gun Nailed 6.0  m/hr
 Skirting 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave, Fix to Doors 1.0 –    hrs/door
 Door Stop Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Glazed Bead Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Hanging Doors, Softwood, Single Pair Butts 1.5  hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Softwood 0.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Hardwood 0.6  –    hrs/no
General Door & Frame Fixing Rates(per Pair)
External Double Leaf 1.5 No/day
Internal Double Leaf 2 No/day
Internal Single Leaf 3 No/day
Fix Bath Panel 0.4  –    hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Floor Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Wall Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Shelf Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, simple, straight flight 1.5   hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, 2 straight flights, 1 landing 2.9   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix horizontal 0.6   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix raking 0.5   hrs/no
Timber Panelling Pine 1 m2/hr
Timber Panelling Hardwood 0.5 m2/hr
Stud Partitioning/Dry Lining
Gyproc Partitions (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Partitions (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
 Boarding to Stud-work/Metal Lathes 4.0 6.0  m2/manhr
 Boarding 19mm nailed to studding 6.0 10.0  m2/manhr
 Tape, Joint Sand and Top Coat Plasterboard 1.5   m2/manhr
 Skimming to Plasterboard 6.1   m2/manhr
Gyproc Dry Lining System – Walls 5 7  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (single layer) 6 10  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (double layer) 3 5  m2/manhr
Acoustic Ceiling Lining 170 250 m2/wk
Acoustic Wall Lining 200 330 m2/wk
Steelwork Encasement (single layer) 2  m2/manhr
Steelwork Encasement (double layer) 1  m2/manhr
Proprietary Partitions
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Separation panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Wall Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, End Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Hang Door to Panel –   0.4  –    hrs/no
 100mm Pine Paneling, excluding studding time 0.8  1.1  1.4   m2/hr
General rate for Toilet Cubicle 2 No/manday
Demountable Partitions (Full Height) 1 m/manhour
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Bldg Services

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plumbing
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Pipes –   1.2  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Branches –   2.2  –    hrs/no
 Cast Iron Spigot Joint Pipes, 100mm –   1.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 150-200mm dia –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 1,050mm dia –   0.4  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 200mm dia –   1.8  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 300mm dia –   1.2  –    m/hr
 UPVC Downpipes, 75mm –   3.3  –    m/hr
 UPVC Guttering, 75mm –   3.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Downpipes, 75mm –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Guttering, 75mm –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron RWP Fittings, 75mm –   2.2  –    no/hr
Rule of Thumb
Deduct 15% for OH&P
Labour Cost on Systems
Electrical 33 %
Mechanical & sprinklers 30 %
Plumbing 33 %
Hot Water 25 %
Ventillation 17 %
Air Conditioning 9 %
Divide amount by anticipated weekly gross labour rate to derive No of man weeks
Test & commissioning
Radiator & Convector System 4 7 weeks
Simple ventillation System 8 weeks
Full Air Conditioning System 12 16 weeks
Hospital/laboratory Systems 16 24 weeks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roof Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Asphalt & Felt Roofing per gang
 Asphalt Roof in layers –   50 –    m2/day
 Felt Roofs, large areas –   35 52  m2/day
 Felt Roofs, small or complicated –   20 30  m2/day
 Asphalt coatings, horizontal surfaces 3.5  4.2  5.8   m2/hr
 Asphalt coatings, vertical surfaces 1.2  1.7  2.2   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 2 coats 4.8  5.0  6.3   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 3 coats 3.3  3.5  4.4   m2/hr
 Bituminous Sheets, horizontal surfaces 3.8  4.0  4.8   m2/hr
 Polythene Sheets, horizontal surfaces –   20.0  –    m2/hr
Roof Screeding per gang
Laid in Medium sized Bays to falls –   50 –    m2/day
Laid in Large Bays (pumped) –   100 –    m2/day
Membrane Roof Sheeting
Trocal Single Ply Membrane 300 400 m2/wk
Metal Decking & Roofing per gang
 Metal Decking, large areas –   70.0  –    m2/day
 Metal Decking, small or complicated –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Titanium Sheeted Roofs –   9.5  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, flat work –   3.0  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, sloping work –   2.7  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, flat work –   2.4  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, flat work –   2.8  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, sloping work –   1.9  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat work –   2.5  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, dormer cheeks –   1.3  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat gutters –   88.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, flat copings –   76.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, stepped gutters –   3.5  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, shaped copings –   3.3  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, cover step flashings –   3.2  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, rooflight flashings –   0.8  –    no/day
 Lead Roofs, domed roof coverings –   0.7  –    m2/day
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
Insulation
 Polystyrene Boards –   8.5  –    m2/hr
 Glass Fibre, low pitch –   12.0  –    m2/hr
Slates & Tiles per man
 Slate Roofs, Welsh Slate 3-5mm –   12.0 18.0  m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Cumbrian Slate 8-11mm –   8.5  –    m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Asbestos Slates –   24.0 36.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Concrete Tiles –   40.0 52.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Clay Pan Tiles –   12.0 20.0  m2/day
Roof Windows & Atrium per gang
Rooflights –   1 –   no/day
Velux Type windows 2 no/day
Atrium Roof Glazing 60 70 m2/wk
Rainwater Goods per man
Gutters –   2 2.5 m/hr
Downpipes 2.5 3 m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Wet Bldg Trades

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plastering
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 2.8  3.1   m2/hr
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 2.6  2.8   m2/hr
 Covings 4.0 –    m/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 6.7  7.3   m2/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 6.1  6.7   m2/hr
General Plastering rate – (2+1 gang) 150 200 m2/week
Fibrous Plaster -General 25 m2/week
Rendering
 Large Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   2.2  2.7   m2/hr
 Small Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   1.5  1.7   m2/hr
 Narrow Widths, applied in 2 coats –   1.2  1.4   m2/hr
Floor Screed
Hoist & Barrow (2+1 Gang)
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 20-40mm thick 35 50  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 40-65mm thick 30 40  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 65-100mm thick 25 30  m2/day
170 m2/day
Cutting Chases
 Concrete, cutting by hand, 50-75mm wide 1.0  1.4  2.1   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 1.8  2.4  3.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 25-50mm wide 1.6  2.3  3.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 75-100mm wide 1.2  1.6  2.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 3.3  4.5  6.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
Cutting Switchboxes
 Cutting in Concrete, small box 7.1  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Concrete, large box 3.6  4.5  5.6   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, small box 6.6  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, large box 4.2  5.3  6.3   no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Building Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Suspended Ceilings
 Suspended Ceilings, office situations –   2.6  3.5   m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, First Fix –   1.4  –    m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, Second Fix –   1.2  –    m2/hr
Flooring Finishes
 Raised Flooring, metal system –   7.0 8.0  m2/hr
 Granolithic Flooring –   3.1  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, in-situ –   3.6  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, pre-cast –   4.6  5.1   m2/hr
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.5  2.2   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, small areas, much cutting –   0.8  1.1   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, large areas, little cutting –   2.2  2.8   m2/hr
 Linolium/Thermo-Plastic Flooring –   3.1  5.0   m2/hr
 Thermo-Plastic Floor Tiles –   3.3  5.6   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, lay blocks –   1.5  2.1   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, sand and polish –   3.1  –    m2/hr
Underlay & Grippers –   5.0 6.0  m2/hr
 Carpeting, Fully Fitted –   2.0  3.0  m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, small areas –   3.7  4.1   m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, large areas –   6.6  7.2   m2/hr
Metalwork
 Install Metal Door and Frame –   0.2  –    no/hr
 Install Balustrade & Railings –   1.5  –    m/hr
General Rate – (Flights) 4 No/wk
Ceramic Tiling
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.3 1.5   no/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, setout and level –   55.5  –    m/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, fix, grout and clean –   1.5  –    m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Ledges/Upstands 20.4  27.1  32.0   no/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas under 1.5m2 per room 0.9  1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas of 1.5-2.5m2 per room 1.4  1.6  1.9   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas over 2.5m2 per room 1.5  1.7  2.1   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles, Grouting Works 2.2  2.5  2.6   m2/hr
Painting
 Prepare Walls –   14.2  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Doors –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Door Frames –   25.0  –    m/hr
 Burn Off / Heat Strip Paintwork –   1.1  –    m2/hr
Timber, knot, 1 primer, stop, 2 undercoat, 1 gloss –   1.7  2.1   m2/hr
Timber, touchup primer, 1 undercoat, 1 coat gloss –   3.1  3.8   m2/hr
 Internal Timber, polyurethane varnish, 2 coats –   3.3  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 2 coats wood preservative –   4.0  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 3 coats polyurethane varnish –   2.0  –    m2/hr
(For all the above take 50% of rate if for frames)
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   8.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to brick/blockwork –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 mist, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss to plaster –   2.3  –    m2/hr
Portaflec Spray 10 m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to render/concrete –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to brick/blockwork –   2.0  –    m2/hr
 Floors, epoxy paint –   2.9  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 2 coats –   6.1  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 3 coats –   5.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Steelwork, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss 1.3  2.4  –    m2/hr
 External Steelwork, 1 primer, 2 undercoats, 1 gloss 0.9  1.7  –    m2/hr
Wallpapering
 Strip Existing Wallpaper (3 layers) & Prepare Walls –   4.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Wallpaper and lining paper –   6.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Vinyl and Washable paper –   4.2  –    m2/hr
 Fix Ceiling Lining Paper –   4.0  –    m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Lifts & Escalators

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Lift Installations
Install 2 to 3 storeys –   3.0  –    wks/floor
Install 4 storeys and above –   2.0  –    wks/floor
Testing allow 2 wks plus –   1.0  –    day/floor
 Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver –   18 26  wks
 Non-Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver 75.0  65.0  52.0   wks
Escalator Installations
Develop concept design and gain client approval –   16.0  –    wks
Prepare preliminary design and gain approval –   12.0  –    wks
 Assemble truss , position/level –   1.0  –    wks
Install decking and glazing etc –   3.0 –    wks
Performance testing –   1.0 –    wks
Full load testing –   1.0 –    wks
Final test and inspection –   1.0 –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Fitting Out

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Kitchen Fit Out
 Overall Installation for 100 persons or 50m2 –   3.0  –    wks
 Overall Installation for 500 persons or 150m2 –   5.0  –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

_1075538733.xls

Notes on Rates

Notes on Output Rates
GENERAL
Outputs are for carrying out major works with clear access and large enough areas to permit
ease of material deliveries and rubbish away with no double handling, and sufficient work volumes
for continuous employment of plant and labour.
For contracts which dictate conditions that differ to those stated above additional time needs to be
added into the individual time outputs.
Outputs reflect the actual man operative time taken to carry out the works inclusive of material
deliveries and rubbish away, if any, but account for the operative time only. Therefore they should
not be used for pricing purposes before applying a gang factor.
DEMOLITION
Exclusions:
Removal of asbestos or other contaminants.
Production and approval of method statements by Local Authority.
Erecting temporary works or hand balling around temporary works.
Making good.
Comments
“Dealing with hard materials” – some buildings take longer due to their individually constructed
peculiarities e.g. grillage reinforced concrete/setting aside special listed features/underground
bunkers/restrictions to city centre sites to working hours/retaining backgrounds which may collapse
due to the age of the building.
Removal of floor boarding includes for de-nailing joists.
Removal of staircase is for a floor to ceiling height of 2.70 metres in timber.
Soft stripping of offices assumes an open plan type of arrangement.
EXCAVATE AND FILL
Comments
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Strip topsoil assumes topsoil for setting aside for re-use. If removed as a bulk dig exercise outputs
would be as per reduce level excavation.
Basement excavation assumes a traditional “bottom up” dig.
Basement and large dig exercises are significantly dependant upon the volume of soil that can
be removed from Site -. e.g. County Hall basement (size 140mx40m with access to one long side
total 50,000m3 approx 9m deep) peaked at 4,000m3 per week removal from Site in a continual
operation. – averaged 2,500m3 week due to wet weather etc.
Soil capacity on one lorry load = 10m3/load as dug.
Excavation in underpinning by hand shallow – 6 hours/m3 deep 10hr/m3
DRAINAGE
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Trench excavation (page 4 excavate and fill) – outputs are to open trench “continuous” style
service trenches with no time allowed to set aside or dispose of soil or to sheet up sides.
Manholes and gullies (page 5 drainage) – outputs are for the elements only shown ie manhole
rings/bricks etc and do not include for excavation, jointing in pipes, benchings, channels
ROADS/EXTERNAL WORKS
Sub base – weight of type 1 fill :2.2tonnes/m3
Road surfacing/kerbs/paviors – reduce by half -ie double the time for areas to building projects.
Fencing/atreetlighting/landscaping – reduce by half – ie double the time for areas to building
projects.
PILING AND GROUND ENGINEERING
Piling – outputs are per piling rig
Secant piling outputs exclude time taken for constructing a guide wall – guide wall time
same as in Diaphragm Walling
Pile trimming – outputs are per man
Vibrocompaction output is per nett treated floor area based on vibro columns at 2.20m ctrs both
ways for stone columns up to 8m deep.
FOUNDATIONS/CONCRETE STRUCTURES
Formwork outputs are per m2 nett area of formwork per shuttering carpenter
Holorib decking/concrete topping – see suspended slabs/formwork
Placing concrete by tower crane – outputs dependant on hook time cycle and are per crane/gang
STRUCTURAL STEELWORK
Outputs include for use of a crane on a crane/gang resource.
WALLS AND SCAFFOLDS
Outputs for masonry are for quantities per bricklayer trowel.
Outputs are for general masonry. Walls incorporating cutting to accommodate different types
of bricks/small areas/protruding or recessed panels/contrasting bands/building in white mortar/
laying blocks flat on face are excluded.
Outputs are for building in stretcher bond (half brick)English bond (I brick)
Reduce outputs by 10% for building in dpc/expansion jointing/head structural restraints.
Adjust precast lintol outputs for large boot lintols to 0.50 per hour.
EXTERNAL CLADDING
Stone/cladding restoration outputs are totally dependant on works to be carried out ie stitch new
stones or bricks in,resin repair cracks – advice needed from specialists for job in question.
Stone cladding outputs are for a gang hour and include for structural fixings.
Carpentry carcassing/roof carcassing/carpentry second fix outputs are per Carpenter.
Roof trusses are assumed to be in timber. Large trusses (exceeding 6m span) 0.5 per hour.
Timber staircases assume per 2.60m storey height in one single flight.
Stud partitioning outputs for gyproc to ceilings assume areas of rooms in a domestic location.
Toilet partitioning outputs assume outputs per Carpenter and exclude back panellling (1m2 per hour)
ROOF FINISHES
Outputs for roof tiling include for felt and battening and are per tiler.
BUILDING FINISHES
Outputs for raised access flooring assume large open plan arangement
&L&”Times New Roman,Regular”Tool T028&C&”Times New Roman,Bold”&14Costain Limited
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&A

Demolition

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Out Finishes per man
 Remove & Cart away, Lathe and Plaster Ceilings 3.2  4.6  5.0   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Plaster to Walls 2.1  3.1  5.9   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, External Render –   2.5 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, sand & cement Floor Screed –   3.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, grano or reinforced Floor Screed 1.5 2.0  m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Concrete Paving –   4.0  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 1.0 brick thick –   1.5  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 0.5 brick thick –   1.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Floor Boards –   2.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Staircase –   8.0 –    hrs/no
Soft Strip Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Hard Demolition Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Removal of Pavings
Concrete Slabs
Non reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 20.0 m2/hr
Reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 5.0 10.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Excavate & Fill

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Top Soil per excavator
Excavate & Load Lorry 10 m3/hr
General Bulk Excavation & Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 35.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 30.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Hard Ground 13.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Hard Ground 20.0  m3/hr
Large Volume Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator,>2m3 bucket, gravel/clay ground 2500.0  m3/day
Basement Excavation and Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 25.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, >1m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 35.0  m3/hr
Bottom Up Excavation By Hand 6.0 m2/hr
Excavate & Remove From Site overall
Central London (Large Project) 4000.0 5,000 m3/Week
London Perimeter (Large Project) 5000.0 7,500 m3/Week
Excavate Foundations per excavator
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Pits 5.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Trenches 6.0  m3/hr
Soil Bulking Factors & Densities
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Sand/Soil –   15.0   %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Gravel –   33.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Clay/Chalk –   40.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Boulder Clay –   45.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Rock –   60.0  –    %
 Spoil Weight, Rock –   2.5  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Concrete –   2.4  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Landfill/CDG –   1.9  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Sand –   1.8  –    Te/m3
Spoil Weight, Clay 2.0  Te/m3
Breaking Out (By Machine)
per excavator
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 30.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 20.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 10.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 1.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 2.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 2.8  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 3.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 6.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 0.3  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   0.4 –    hrs/m3
Breaking Out (By Hand)
per man
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 5.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 6.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 9.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 8.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 10.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 3.0  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   3.5 –    hrs/m3
Brickwork
 Brickwork, walls and columns 3.0  hrs/m3
 Brickwork, foundations 3.5  hrs/m3
Dewatering System
 Setup large 15 hole system –   21.0  –    days
Spread & Level Fill per excavator
Hardcore Layers 100-150mm 5.0 6.0 10.0 m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 13.9  20.4  25.0   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 11.6  16.9  21.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 23.8  28.5  35.7   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 19.6  24.5  30.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, over 200m2, Hardcore 47.6  51.6  55.6   m3/hr
Trench Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.2  22.2  26.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 26.3  28.6  33.2   m3/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, < 2.0m wide 3.0  4.2  6.5   m2/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, > 2.0m wide 6.2  6.7  9.2   m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Drainage

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Excavate Drain Trenches
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 10 m/day
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 6 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 3 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 35 m/day
Drain Laying
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Lay Small Diameter Pipes up to 150mm 30 m/day
Lay Large Diameter Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Lay large Diameter Pipes up to 450mm 8 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 70 m/day
Connecting Drainage per gang
 PVC Drainage, 3m pipes, 150-200mm dia, 5-30m run –   10.6  –    m/hr
 Hepsleve Rubber Joint System, over 375mm dia, 5-30m run –   2.3  –    m/hr
Land Drains
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, 5-30m run 6.0 –   14.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, over 30m run 10.0 –   19.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, 5-30m run 4.0 –   10.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, over 30m run 6.0 –   12.0  m/hr
Manholes & Gullies
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 610 x 455 x 51 mm –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 990 x 610 x 64 mm –   1.6  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.0 brick engineering –   0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.5 brick engineering –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Benching to Manhole, under 0.5m2 –   0.9  –    hrs/no
 Benching to Manhole, 0.5-0.75m2 –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, under 150mm dia –   0.1  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, 150-225mm dia –   0.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in cast iron covers 0.6   hrs/no
 Yard Gulleys, 75-150mm dia pipes, bed and level –   2.2  –    no/hr
 Yard Gulleys, 150-225mm dia pipes, bed and level –   1.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 600mm deep, bed and level –   1.2  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 750mm deep, bed and level –   0.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 1,200mm deep, bed and level –   0.3  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, install gratings –   5.0  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roads & External Works

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Sub Base
Large Road Job gang day
Spread & level Granular Material 1200 T/day
Trim Fill 1500 m2/day
Concrete Road Surfacing per gang
 Concrete Road surfacing, 150mm thick –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 200mm thick –   7.7  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 300mm thick –   6.7  –    m2/hr
Tarmac Road Surfacing per gang
Barbour Greene Large Sized Project
Road Base
Winter Working 300 1200 m2/day
Summer Working 700 2500 m2/day
Wearing Course 500 Te/day
12,000 m2/day
Barbour Greene Medium Sized Project
Tarmacadam 160 m2/hr
Asphalt 145 m2/hr
Manual Laying
Tarmacadam 8.0 m2/hr
Asphalt 5.0 m2/hr
Road Markings 180 500 m/day
Kerbs & Haunching per man
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 5m radius –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 10m radius –   3.0 –    m/hr
 Stone/Granite Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid straight –   6.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 5m radius –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 10m radius –   4.5 –    m/hr
Pavings & Paviors
 Concrete Slabs, laid on bedding, to slight falls 2.0 4.0  m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid in mortar, to falls 1.5 2.3   m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid on sand, to falls 2.0 2.8   m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, no patterns 0.3  –    m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, with patterns 0.2  –    m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, straight joints 1.3  1.9   m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, herringbone pattern –   1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Gravel Paths, including preparation of sub-base –   10.5  –    m2/hr
Fencing
Small/Medium sized Project per gang
 Fence Erection, Chainlink, posts at 2.0m –   4.4  –    m/hr
 Post Erection, Timber / Metal, dig, erect, fix 3.3  4.5  –    no/hr
 Fence Erection, Chestnut Pailings, posts at 2.0m –   33.3  –    m/hr
Safety Fencing – (Large Road Project)
– Driven Posts 400 m/day
– Augered Posts 200 m/day
Streetlighting & U/Ground Services
 Lay Street Lighting Cables and connect –   6 8  m/hr
Communications Duct & pit Installation 60 100 m/day
Lighting Columns 3 4 no/day
Commissioning 2 weeks
Landscaping
 Top Soil, spread, level and prepare for turf or seeding –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 Top Soil, rake in fertilizer for seeding –   25.0  –    m2/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, under 750mm high –   4.0  –    no/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, over 750mm high –   1.5  –    no/hr
 Planting, Saplings, under 3.0m high –   1.7  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
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Piling & Grnd Eng.

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/rig
Bored Concrete Piling per rig
CFA Piling <15m Long 6.0 8.0 10.0 no/day
CFA Piling 15 – 25m Long 5.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Short augered piles <6m long <750mm dia 15.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling < 750mm Dia 6.0 7.0 9.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 750 – 1200mm Dia 2.0 3.0 4.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 1200 – 2000mm Dia 1.0 1.5 2.0 no/day
Contiguous Pile Wall 15-20m long 8.0 9.0 10.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/Hard 2.0 4.0 5.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/soft 6.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Tripod Piling 8 m/day
Precast & Steel Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
 H Piles, driven steel H-beams 200.0  350.0  500.0   m/day
Precast Concrete Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
Steel Sheet Piling
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 10m deep Sand –   55.0  60.0   m/day
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 35m deep Sand 3.5  32.0  10.5   m/day
King Post Temporary Wall
Posts at 3m Centres 58 m2/wk
Mini Piling
 Mini Piles, driven 235mm dia, 35m deep 2.5 3  m/hr
Hand Dug Piling per man
 Excave shaft by grab, general fill/uppr levels –   3.5  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, sand/minor rubble –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, marinve/aluvium –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Install reinforcement cages –   2.0  –    hrs/no
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after excavation –   8.0  –    hrs
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after cage installed –   2.0  –    hrs
 Shaft concreting/extract casing 5-70m deep –   12.0  –    hrs
Cut Down Piles
 Concrete Piles, 300-750mm deep and 0.6m dia 2.0  hrs/no
 Concrete Piles 300-750mm deep and 1.1m dia 5.0  hrs/no
Diaphram Walls
 Guide Walls, construction 0.3  0.5  0.8   m/Mhr
Construct Diaphram Wall – retained face 70.0 m2/rigday
Ground Anchors
 Drill 30m shaft –   7.0  –    hrs
 Install strands/setup anchor –   6.0  –    hrs
 Grout in strands –   2.0  –    hrs
Soil Nailing
–   –  
–   –  
Ground Improvement
Vibrocompaction (8m long 2.2m ctrs) 1000 m2/rig/wk
Dynamic Compaction m2/rig/wk
Sundry Activities
 Grout curtain installation –   6.2  –    hrs/m run
 Dig Caisson 800mm dia, 26m deep 55.0  33.0  25.0   days/no
Site Investigation
 Pre Drilling, Rercussive or Rotary, soft deposits 8.0  10.0  14.0   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Wash Boring, grade V/IV rock 2.5  3.2  3.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Triple Tube Sampling, grade V/IV rock 0.4  0.8  0.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Rotary, grade III/II rock 0.2  0.5  0.7   m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Tunnelling

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Conventional Tunneling
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 6m diameter 0.4  0.6 0.8  m/day
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 10m diameter 0.5 0.7 0.9  m/day
Cut & Cover
Formwork Tunnel Forms, Wall and Slab poured as one –   15.6  17.5   m2/hr
NATM
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter under 7.0m 2.5  2.9  3.2   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m 1.5  2.0  2.5   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter over 10.0m 1.0  1.3  1.5   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 2.0-7.0m 1.5  1.8  2.0   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m –   1.5  –    m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter over 10.0m –   1.0  1.5   m/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 2 crews 190.0  225.0  279.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 4 crews 255.0  300.0  366.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 2 access with 4 crews 382.0  450.0  549.0   m3/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter under 6.5m 2.1  2.5  2.8   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter over 6.5m 1.5  2.0  2.4   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Vertical Shafts, diameter over 6.5m 2.2  2.5  3.1   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnel Junctions –   0.2  0.3   m/day
 Insitu Permanent Lining, 12m bays, 350-400mm reinforced with PCV backing –   3 4  m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time , Running Tunnels 3.2  4.0  4.9   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Station Access Adits 3.3  3.9  4.2   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Concourse Tunnels 2.2  2.5  2.7   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Escalator Tunnels 1.2  1.5  1.7   m/day
Rock Tunnelling
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, cycle time 8.0  6.0  5.5   mins
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class I Granite 0.3  0.9  1.2   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class II Granite 2.0  2.6  2.9   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class III Granite 1.2  1.4  1.8   m3/cycle
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Foundations

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/man
Formwork per man
 Pilecaps, small 0.7  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, medium-large 1.0  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, large 1.3  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, < 0.7m2 0.8  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 0.7-1.5m2 1  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 3.0-5.0m2 1.2  m2/hr
Reinforcement
40mm 8 9 12 hrs/tonne
32mm 10 12 14 hrs/tonne
20mm 14 18 20 hrs/tonne
16mm 12 15 20 hrs/tonne
Concrete Placing
large Sized Pours (pump) 20.0 40.0 m3/hr
Medium Sized Pours (direct discharge) 8.0 12.0 m3/hr
Small Pours (Backactor) 3.0 4.0 m3/hr
Underpinning
 Concrete Pinning, every 4th/5th pin cycle –   1.2  2.2   m/day
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.0 brick thick –   0.4  0.7   m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.5 brick thick 0.1  0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 2.0 brick thick –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 102mm wall –   0.8  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 215mm wall –   0.7  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 317mm wall –   0.5  –    m/hr
Trench Support
Open Boarding 4 m2/hr
Close Boarding 3 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Concrete Structures

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/man
Formwork
Walls Including Stop-ends etc per man
 Walls,1.0-2.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, 2.0-5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, over 5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 5.0-15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, over 15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
Columns
 Columns, Square Timber csa < 0.1m2 0.65  m2/manhr
 Columns, Square Timber csa 0.1-0.4m2 0.65  m2/manhr
Slabs & Beams
Suspended Plain Slab Soffit 1  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width 300-500mm 0.5  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width over 750mm 0.5  m2/manhr
Troughed/Waffle Slabs 0.65  m2/manhr
 Table Form, Aluminum System, 400m2 bays 100 150  m2/gangday
 Stop Ends, no perforations 2.5 3  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, minor perforations 1.2 1.6  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, dense perforations 0.6 0.9  m2/manhr
 Box Outs, 0.01-0.05m2 6 8  no/manhr
 Box Outs, over 0.05m2 3 5  no/manhr
Staircases
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Sloping 0.6 0.8  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Flat Landing 0.8 1  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Wall Strings 0.4 –    m2/manhr
Reinforcement
Reinforcement Ratios
 Pile Cap, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   14.8  –    % ratio
 Base Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   13.2  14.1   % ratio
 Suspended Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 13.0 18.0 23.0  % ratio
 Columns, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 15.8  18.7  28.7   % ratio
 Walls, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 14.7  15.0  –    % ratio
General Steelfixing rates
Links 30.0 25.0 hrs/tonne
10mm 30.0 20.0 hrs/tonne
12mm 25.0 16.0  hrs/tonne
16mm 20.0 15.0  hrs/tonne
20mm 18.0 13.0  hrs/tonne
25mm 15.0 12.0  hrs/tonne
32mm 12.0 11.0  hrs/tonne
40mm 12.0 9.0  hrs/tonne
General Column Construction rate
Formwork, Reinforcement & Concrete (3man gang) 2 6 No/day
Slip Forming
 Shaft Slip Forming –   300 400  mm/hr
Post Tensioned Concrete
 Lag for Initial Stress Tensioning after 1st bay cast –   48.0  –    hrs
 Lag for Final Stress Tensioning after Initial Stress –   120.0  –    hrs
Concrete Placing
 Hollorib Decking, concrete topping 2000 2500  m2/week
 Hollorib concrete topping, incl PowerFloat 50.0  70.0   m2/hr
Tower Crane & Skip, Slabs over 150mm thick 4 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Beams over 150mm thick 4 5  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Walls 3 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Columns 2.5 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Stairs and Landings 2 4  m3/hr
Pumping To Slabs 20 40  m3/hr
Pumping To Walls with Tremie Pipe 6 8  m3/hr
Concrete Finishing
Wood Float By Hand 20 30  m2/hr
Power Float 30 40  m2/hr
Wire Brush, expose aggregate 25 35  m2/hr
Precast Concrete
 Precast Floor Planks 0.4  0.2  0.1   hrs/plank
 Precast Stair units 0.5 0.3  hrs/plank
Beams,Columns & Slabs 500 600 m2/week
Car Park Precast elements 70 75 No/Week
Sundry Information
 Concrete Weight, 1m3 –   2.4  –    Tonnes
 Readymix Lorry, Length –   8.3  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Width –   2.5  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Height –   3.7  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Turning Circle –   16.4  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Allowable Ramp Gradient –   17.0  20.0   degrees
Lorry Weight 24 Tonnes
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Structural Steelwork

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/gang
Structural Steel Frames
Heavy Structural Steel Frame 10.0  Tons/day
Medium Sized Structural Steel Frame 9.0  Tons/day
 Light Steel Frame and Roof Members 4.0   Tons/day
 Wall Frame, Bow String Truss and Frame –   1.6  –    Tons/day
Metal Deck Flooring
 Hollorib Decking, lay deck –   300 350  m2/day
 Hollorib Decking, shear connecting studs –   225 250  m2/day
General Guides
Tonnage of steel in a building 43 54 Kg/m2
Office Building 60 Kg/m2
Fire Protection
Sprayed Fire protection 40 50 tonnes/week
 Spray Protection to Steelwork –   200 –   m2/week
Board Fire Protection 150 m2/week
Intumescent Paint 250 m2/week
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Walls & Scaffolds

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/Mn
Brickwork Fairfaced per man
Stretcher Bond, 0.5 Brick thick 0.75  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1 Brick thick 0.42  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1.5 Brick thick 0.28  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 2 Brick thick 0.2  m2/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Coping 1.5 –   m/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Canted Cills 1.5 –   m/hr
Face finish as work proceeds incl
Special Bricks 0.3 m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Flush and Rubbed 2.0   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Struck Pointing 1.3   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Bucket Handle 2.7   m2/hr
Common Bricks 0.5 Brick 1.0  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1 Brick 0.5  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1.5 Brick 0.35  m2/hr
Blockwork
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.50  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.30  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.25  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 0.65  m2/hr
Metal Angle Restraints
Vertical Posts 2.0 no/hr
Head Restraints 3.0 m/hr
Ext Support Angle 2.0 m/hr
Sundries
Concrete Lintels 1.0 no/hr
Steel lintels 2.0 no/hr
Access Scaffolding
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 2m lifts 5.0  m run/hr
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 3m lifts 4.0  m run/hr
 Metal Tube and Fittings, 5-6 Boards wide 3.5  m run/hr
Fix Hop-ups Kwickstage 14.0 m run/hr
Re-position Hop-ups Kwickstage 20.0 m run/hr
Birdcage Scaffolding
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 50-250m3 14.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 250-1000m3 16.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, over 1000m3 18.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, striking 200.0   % x erect
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

External Cladding

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Curtain Walling Per gang
 Glazed Curtain Wall –   20.0 30.0  m2/day
 High Quality Glazed Curtain Walling –   15.0 25.0  m2/day
Rule of Thumb- Multi-Storey Office Block 3.0 wks/Flr
Windows & Glazing per gang
 Vertical Glazed Lights, 6m x 2.5m –   15.0 –    m2/day
 Vertical Glazed Walls, large scale –   50.0 –    m2/day
 Clerestory Frame/Glazing, 3m x 4m –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Oriel Window Frame/Glazing, 4m x 2m –   35.0  –    m2/day
Patent Glazing 90.0 m2/wk
Windows general 1.0 m2/manhr
Metal Cladding
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
 VE Panel Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 1.0  1.4  1.9   m2/day
Stone Facade Restoration per man
 Façade Cleaning, Water Jetting –   25.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Acid Etching –   9.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Grit Blasting –   12.0  –    m2/day
 Cladding Restoration, Brickwork seek specialist advice
 Cladding Restoration, Stonework courses seek specialist advice
Stone Cladding per gang
 Fix 0.5m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix 0.5-0.75m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.35   m2/hr
 Fix 0.75-1.0m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.4 0.4  m2/hr
 Fix Curved Stone Cladding 0.2 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Edge Beams/Window Reveals 0.25  0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Soffits 0.3 0.4  m2/hr
 Stone Floors 1.0 1.5  m2/hr
 Granite/Marble Wall Panels 0.6 0.8  m2/hr
Portland Stone Final Wash down 300.0 350.0 m2/week
Precast Concrete Cladding
Large storey height panels 2.0 3.0 No/day
(Largely Dependant on Deliveries)
Profiled Metal Sheet Cladding
Large areas factory bldg 400.0 m2/gangwk
Specialist Ext Wall Finishes
Terracotta Tiles 30.0 m2/gangday
Sto Render (with insulation) 2.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Dry Int. Carcassing

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Carpentry Carcassing per man
 Windows, Timber Frames for Bricklaying 0.5  0.1   hrs/no
 Windows, Drill, Screw & Plug extra over 0.1  –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 1.0-3.0m2 1.8 –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 2.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Access Hatch 0.3  –    no/hr
 Floor Joists, 26 30 m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 30 35 m/hr
 Floor Boards, Butt Jointed 2.5 3  m2/hr
 Floor Boards, T&G Boards 3 3.5  m2/hr
 Plywood Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 4 5  m2/hr
 Chipboard Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 5.1  5.8   m2/hr
 Windows, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 0.4  0.3   hrs/no
 Windows, Softwood, 7.0-10.0m2 0.9  0.6   hrs/no
 Fix Metal and Timber Windows After Wall Complete 2.0  –    m2/hr
 Window Glazing 1.3  –    m2/hr
Roof Carcassing per man
 Roof Trusses 1.3  –    no/hr
 Wall Plates 3.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Rafters 1.2  –    m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 8.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Jack Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Soffits, Softwood, screwed 4.0 –    m/hr
Carpentry 2nd Fix per man
 Window Boards, screwed 0.3  hrs/m
 Mouldings, Softwood, Screwed 6.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Screwed 4.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Gun Nailed 6.0  m/hr
 Skirting 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave, Fix to Doors 1.0 –    hrs/door
 Door Stop Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Glazed Bead Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Hanging Doors, Softwood, Single Pair Butts 1.5  hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Softwood 0.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Hardwood 0.6  –    hrs/no
General Door & Frame Fixing Rates(per Pair)
External Double Leaf 1.5 No/day
Internal Double Leaf 2 No/day
Internal Single Leaf 3 No/day
Fix Bath Panel 0.4  –    hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Floor Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Wall Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Shelf Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, simple, straight flight 1.5   hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, 2 straight flights, 1 landing 2.9   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix horizontal 0.6   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix raking 0.5   hrs/no
Timber Panelling Pine 1 m2/hr
Timber Panelling Hardwood 0.5 m2/hr
Stud Partitioning/Dry Lining
Gyproc Partitions (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Partitions (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
 Boarding to Stud-work/Metal Lathes 4.0 6.0  m2/manhr
 Boarding 19mm nailed to studding 6.0 10.0  m2/manhr
 Tape, Joint Sand and Top Coat Plasterboard 1.5   m2/manhr
 Skimming to Plasterboard 6.1   m2/manhr
Gyproc Dry Lining System – Walls 5 7  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (single layer) 6 10  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (double layer) 3 5  m2/manhr
Acoustic Ceiling Lining 170 250 m2/wk
Acoustic Wall Lining 200 330 m2/wk
Steelwork Encasement (single layer) 2  m2/manhr
Steelwork Encasement (double layer) 1  m2/manhr
Proprietary Partitions
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Separation panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Wall Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, End Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Hang Door to Panel –   0.4  –    hrs/no
 100mm Pine Paneling, excluding studding time 0.8  1.1  1.4   m2/hr
General rate for Toilet Cubicle 2 No/manday
Demountable Partitions (Full Height) 1 m/manhour
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Bldg Services

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plumbing
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Pipes –   1.2  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Branches –   2.2  –    hrs/no
 Cast Iron Spigot Joint Pipes, 100mm –   1.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 150-200mm dia –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 1,050mm dia –   0.4  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 200mm dia –   1.8  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 300mm dia –   1.2  –    m/hr
 UPVC Downpipes, 75mm –   3.3  –    m/hr
 UPVC Guttering, 75mm –   3.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Downpipes, 75mm –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Guttering, 75mm –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron RWP Fittings, 75mm –   2.2  –    no/hr
Rule of Thumb
Deduct 15% for OH&P
Labour Cost on Systems
Electrical 33 %
Mechanical & sprinklers 30 %
Plumbing 33 %
Hot Water 25 %
Ventillation 17 %
Air Conditioning 9 %
Divide amount by anticipated weekly gross labour rate to derive No of man weeks
Test & commissioning
Radiator & Convector System 4 7 weeks
Simple ventillation System 8 weeks
Full Air Conditioning System 12 16 weeks
Hospital/laboratory Systems 16 24 weeks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roof Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Asphalt & Felt Roofing per gang
 Asphalt Roof in layers –   50 –    m2/day
 Felt Roofs, large areas –   35 52  m2/day
 Felt Roofs, small or complicated –   20 30  m2/day
 Asphalt coatings, horizontal surfaces 3.5  4.2  5.8   m2/hr
 Asphalt coatings, vertical surfaces 1.2  1.7  2.2   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 2 coats 4.8  5.0  6.3   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 3 coats 3.3  3.5  4.4   m2/hr
 Bituminous Sheets, horizontal surfaces 3.8  4.0  4.8   m2/hr
 Polythene Sheets, horizontal surfaces –   20.0  –    m2/hr
Roof Screeding per gang
Laid in Medium sized Bays to falls –   50 –    m2/day
Laid in Large Bays (pumped) –   100 –    m2/day
Membrane Roof Sheeting
Trocal Single Ply Membrane 300 400 m2/wk
Metal Decking & Roofing per gang
 Metal Decking, large areas –   70.0  –    m2/day
 Metal Decking, small or complicated –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Titanium Sheeted Roofs –   9.5  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, flat work –   3.0  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, sloping work –   2.7  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, flat work –   2.4  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, flat work –   2.8  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, sloping work –   1.9  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat work –   2.5  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, dormer cheeks –   1.3  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat gutters –   88.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, flat copings –   76.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, stepped gutters –   3.5  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, shaped copings –   3.3  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, cover step flashings –   3.2  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, rooflight flashings –   0.8  –    no/day
 Lead Roofs, domed roof coverings –   0.7  –    m2/day
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
Insulation
 Polystyrene Boards –   8.5  –    m2/hr
 Glass Fibre, low pitch –   12.0  –    m2/hr
Slates & Tiles per man
 Slate Roofs, Welsh Slate 3-5mm –   12.0 18.0  m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Cumbrian Slate 8-11mm –   8.5  –    m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Asbestos Slates –   24.0 36.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Concrete Tiles –   40.0 52.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Clay Pan Tiles –   12.0 20.0  m2/day
Roof Windows & Atrium per gang
Rooflights –   1 –   no/day
Velux Type windows 2 no/day
Atrium Roof Glazing 60 70 m2/wk
Rainwater Goods per man
Gutters –   2 2.5 m/hr
Downpipes 2.5 3 m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Wet Bldg Trades

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plastering
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 2.8  3.1   m2/hr
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 2.6  2.8   m2/hr
 Covings 4.0 –    m/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 6.7  7.3   m2/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 6.1  6.7   m2/hr
General Plastering rate – (2+1 gang) 150 200 m2/week
Fibrous Plaster -General 25 m2/week
Rendering
 Large Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   2.2  2.7   m2/hr
 Small Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   1.5  1.7   m2/hr
 Narrow Widths, applied in 2 coats –   1.2  1.4   m2/hr
Floor Screed
Hoist & Barrow (2+1 Gang)
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 20-40mm thick 35 50  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 40-65mm thick 30 40  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 65-100mm thick 25 30  m2/day
170 m2/day
Cutting Chases
 Concrete, cutting by hand, 50-75mm wide 1.0  1.4  2.1   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 1.8  2.4  3.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 25-50mm wide 1.6  2.3  3.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 75-100mm wide 1.2  1.6  2.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 3.3  4.5  6.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
Cutting Switchboxes
 Cutting in Concrete, small box 7.1  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Concrete, large box 3.6  4.5  5.6   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, small box 6.6  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, large box 4.2  5.3  6.3   no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Building Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Suspended Ceilings
 Suspended Ceilings, office situations –   2.6  3.5   m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, First Fix –   1.4  –    m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, Second Fix –   1.2  –    m2/hr
Flooring Finishes
 Raised Flooring, metal system –   7.0 8.0  m2/hr
 Granolithic Flooring –   3.1  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, in-situ –   3.6  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, pre-cast –   4.6  5.1   m2/hr
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.5  2.2   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, small areas, much cutting –   0.8  1.1   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, large areas, little cutting –   2.2  2.8   m2/hr
 Linolium/Thermo-Plastic Flooring –   3.1  5.0   m2/hr
 Thermo-Plastic Floor Tiles –   3.3  5.6   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, lay blocks –   1.5  2.1   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, sand and polish –   3.1  –    m2/hr
Underlay & Grippers –   5.0 6.0  m2/hr
 Carpeting, Fully Fitted –   2.0  3.0  m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, small areas –   3.7  4.1   m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, large areas –   6.6  7.2   m2/hr
Metalwork
 Install Metal Door and Frame –   0.2  –    no/hr
 Install Balustrade & Railings –   1.5  –    m/hr
General Rate – (Flights) 4 No/wk
Ceramic Tiling
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.3 1.5   no/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, setout and level –   55.5  –    m/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, fix, grout and clean –   1.5  –    m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Ledges/Upstands 20.4  27.1  32.0   no/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas under 1.5m2 per room 0.9  1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas of 1.5-2.5m2 per room 1.4  1.6  1.9   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas over 2.5m2 per room 1.5  1.7  2.1   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles, Grouting Works 2.2  2.5  2.6   m2/hr
Painting
 Prepare Walls –   14.2  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Doors –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Door Frames –   25.0  –    m/hr
 Burn Off / Heat Strip Paintwork –   1.1  –    m2/hr
Timber, knot, 1 primer, stop, 2 undercoat, 1 gloss –   1.7  2.1   m2/hr
Timber, touchup primer, 1 undercoat, 1 coat gloss –   3.1  3.8   m2/hr
 Internal Timber, polyurethane varnish, 2 coats –   3.3  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 2 coats wood preservative –   4.0  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 3 coats polyurethane varnish –   2.0  –    m2/hr
(For all the above take 50% of rate if for frames)
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   8.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to brick/blockwork –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 mist, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss to plaster –   2.3  –    m2/hr
Portaflec Spray 10 m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to render/concrete –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to brick/blockwork –   2.0  –    m2/hr
 Floors, epoxy paint –   2.9  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 2 coats –   6.1  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 3 coats –   5.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Steelwork, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss 1.3  2.4  –    m2/hr
 External Steelwork, 1 primer, 2 undercoats, 1 gloss 0.9  1.7  –    m2/hr
Wallpapering
 Strip Existing Wallpaper (3 layers) & Prepare Walls –   4.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Wallpaper and lining paper –   6.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Vinyl and Washable paper –   4.2  –    m2/hr
 Fix Ceiling Lining Paper –   4.0  –    m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Lifts & Escalators

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Lift Installations
Install 2 to 3 storeys –   3.0  –    wks/floor
Install 4 storeys and above –   2.0  –    wks/floor
Testing allow 2 wks plus –   1.0  –    day/floor
 Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver –   18 26  wks
 Non-Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver 75.0  65.0  52.0   wks
Escalator Installations
Develop concept design and gain client approval –   16.0  –    wks
Prepare preliminary design and gain approval –   12.0  –    wks
 Assemble truss , position/level –   1.0  –    wks
Install decking and glazing etc –   3.0 –    wks
Performance testing –   1.0 –    wks
Full load testing –   1.0 –    wks
Final test and inspection –   1.0 –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Fitting Out

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Kitchen Fit Out
 Overall Installation for 100 persons or 50m2 –   3.0  –    wks
 Overall Installation for 500 persons or 150m2 –   5.0  –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

_1075538556.xls

Notes on Rates

Notes on Output Rates
GENERAL
Outputs are for carrying out major works with clear access and large enough areas to permit
ease of material deliveries and rubbish away with no double handling, and sufficient work volumes
for continuous employment of plant and labour.
For contracts which dictate conditions that differ to those stated above additional time needs to be
added into the individual time outputs.
Outputs reflect the actual man operative time taken to carry out the works inclusive of material
deliveries and rubbish away, if any, but account for the operative time only. Therefore they should
not be used for pricing purposes before applying a gang factor.
DEMOLITION
Exclusions:
Removal of asbestos or other contaminants.
Production and approval of method statements by Local Authority.
Erecting temporary works or hand balling around temporary works.
Making good.
Comments
“Dealing with hard materials” – some buildings take longer due to their individually constructed
peculiarities e.g. grillage reinforced concrete/setting aside special listed features/underground
bunkers/restrictions to city centre sites to working hours/retaining backgrounds which may collapse
due to the age of the building.
Removal of floor boarding includes for de-nailing joists.
Removal of staircase is for a floor to ceiling height of 2.70 metres in timber.
Soft stripping of offices assumes an open plan type of arrangement.
EXCAVATE AND FILL
Comments
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Strip topsoil assumes topsoil for setting aside for re-use. If removed as a bulk dig exercise outputs
would be as per reduce level excavation.
Basement excavation assumes a traditional “bottom up” dig.
Basement and large dig exercises are significantly dependant upon the volume of soil that can
be removed from Site -. e.g. County Hall basement (size 140mx40m with access to one long side
total 50,000m3 approx 9m deep) peaked at 4,000m3 per week removal from Site in a continual
operation. – averaged 2,500m3 week due to wet weather etc.
Soil capacity on one lorry load = 10m3/load as dug.
Excavation in underpinning by hand shallow – 6 hours/m3 deep 10hr/m3
DRAINAGE
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Trench excavation (page 4 excavate and fill) – outputs are to open trench “continuous” style
service trenches with no time allowed to set aside or dispose of soil or to sheet up sides.
Manholes and gullies (page 5 drainage) – outputs are for the elements only shown ie manhole
rings/bricks etc and do not include for excavation, jointing in pipes, benchings, channels
ROADS/EXTERNAL WORKS
Sub base – weight of type 1 fill :2.2tonnes/m3
Road surfacing/kerbs/paviors – reduce by half -ie double the time for areas to building projects.
Fencing/atreetlighting/landscaping – reduce by half – ie double the time for areas to building
projects.
PILING AND GROUND ENGINEERING
Piling – outputs are per piling rig
Secant piling outputs exclude time taken for constructing a guide wall – guide wall time
same as in Diaphragm Walling
Pile trimming – outputs are per man
Vibrocompaction output is per nett treated floor area based on vibro columns at 2.20m ctrs both
ways for stone columns up to 8m deep.
FOUNDATIONS/CONCRETE STRUCTURES
Formwork outputs are per m2 nett area of formwork per shuttering carpenter
Holorib decking/concrete topping – see suspended slabs/formwork
Placing concrete by tower crane – outputs dependant on hook time cycle and are per crane/gang
STRUCTURAL STEELWORK
Outputs include for use of a crane on a crane/gang resource.
WALLS AND SCAFFOLDS
Outputs for masonry are for quantities per bricklayer trowel.
Outputs are for general masonry. Walls incorporating cutting to accommodate different types
of bricks/small areas/protruding or recessed panels/contrasting bands/building in white mortar/
laying blocks flat on face are excluded.
Outputs are for building in stretcher bond (half brick)English bond (I brick)
Reduce outputs by 10% for building in dpc/expansion jointing/head structural restraints.
Adjust precast lintol outputs for large boot lintols to 0.50 per hour.
EXTERNAL CLADDING
Stone/cladding restoration outputs are totally dependant on works to be carried out ie stitch new
stones or bricks in,resin repair cracks – advice needed from specialists for job in question.
Stone cladding outputs are for a gang hour and include for structural fixings.
Carpentry carcassing/roof carcassing/carpentry second fix outputs are per Carpenter.
Roof trusses are assumed to be in timber. Large trusses (exceeding 6m span) 0.5 per hour.
Timber staircases assume per 2.60m storey height in one single flight.
Stud partitioning outputs for gyproc to ceilings assume areas of rooms in a domestic location.
Toilet partitioning outputs assume outputs per Carpenter and exclude back panellling (1m2 per hour)
ROOF FINISHES
Outputs for roof tiling include for felt and battening and are per tiler.
BUILDING FINISHES
Outputs for raised access flooring assume large open plan arangement
&L&”Times New Roman,Regular”Tool T028&C&”Times New Roman,Bold”&14Costain Limited
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&A

Demolition

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Out Finishes per man
 Remove & Cart away, Lathe and Plaster Ceilings 3.2  4.6  5.0   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Plaster to Walls 2.1  3.1  5.9   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, External Render –   2.5 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, sand & cement Floor Screed –   3.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, grano or reinforced Floor Screed 1.5 2.0  m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Concrete Paving –   4.0  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 1.0 brick thick –   1.5  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 0.5 brick thick –   1.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Floor Boards –   2.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Staircase –   8.0 –    hrs/no
Soft Strip Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Hard Demolition Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Removal of Pavings
Concrete Slabs
Non reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 20.0 m2/hr
Reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 5.0 10.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Excavate & Fill

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Top Soil per excavator
Excavate & Load Lorry 10 m3/hr
General Bulk Excavation & Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 35.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 30.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Hard Ground 13.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Hard Ground 20.0  m3/hr
Large Volume Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator,>2m3 bucket, gravel/clay ground 2500.0  m3/day
Basement Excavation and Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 25.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, >1m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 35.0  m3/hr
Bottom Up Excavation By Hand 6.0 m2/hr
Excavate & Remove From Site overall
Central London (Large Project) 4000.0 5,000 m3/Week
London Perimeter (Large Project) 5000.0 7,500 m3/Week
Excavate Foundations per excavator
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Pits 5.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Trenches 6.0  m3/hr
Soil Bulking Factors & Densities
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Sand/Soil –   15.0   %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Gravel –   33.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Clay/Chalk –   40.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Boulder Clay –   45.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Rock –   60.0  –    %
 Spoil Weight, Rock –   2.5  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Concrete –   2.4  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Landfill/CDG –   1.9  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Sand –   1.8  –    Te/m3
Spoil Weight, Clay 2.0  Te/m3
Breaking Out (By Machine)
per excavator
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 30.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 20.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 10.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 1.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 2.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 2.8  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 3.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 6.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 0.3  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   0.4 –    hrs/m3
Breaking Out (By Hand)
per man
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 5.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 6.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 9.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 8.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 10.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 3.0  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   3.5 –    hrs/m3
Brickwork
 Brickwork, walls and columns 3.0  hrs/m3
 Brickwork, foundations 3.5  hrs/m3
Dewatering System
 Setup large 15 hole system –   21.0  –    days
Spread & Level Fill per excavator
Hardcore Layers 100-150mm 5.0 6.0 10.0 m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 13.9  20.4  25.0   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 11.6  16.9  21.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 23.8  28.5  35.7   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 19.6  24.5  30.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, over 200m2, Hardcore 47.6  51.6  55.6   m3/hr
Trench Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.2  22.2  26.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 26.3  28.6  33.2   m3/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, < 2.0m wide 3.0  4.2  6.5   m2/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, > 2.0m wide 6.2  6.7  9.2   m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Drainage

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Excavate Drain Trenches
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 10 m/day
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 6 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 3 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 35 m/day
Drain Laying
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Lay Small Diameter Pipes up to 150mm 30 m/day
Lay Large Diameter Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Lay large Diameter Pipes up to 450mm 8 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 70 m/day
Connecting Drainage per gang
 PVC Drainage, 3m pipes, 150-200mm dia, 5-30m run –   10.6  –    m/hr
 Hepsleve Rubber Joint System, over 375mm dia, 5-30m run –   2.3  –    m/hr
Land Drains
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, 5-30m run 6.0 –   14.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, over 30m run 10.0 –   19.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, 5-30m run 4.0 –   10.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, over 30m run 6.0 –   12.0  m/hr
Manholes & Gullies
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 610 x 455 x 51 mm –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 990 x 610 x 64 mm –   1.6  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.0 brick engineering –   0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.5 brick engineering –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Benching to Manhole, under 0.5m2 –   0.9  –    hrs/no
 Benching to Manhole, 0.5-0.75m2 –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, under 150mm dia –   0.1  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, 150-225mm dia –   0.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in cast iron covers 0.6   hrs/no
 Yard Gulleys, 75-150mm dia pipes, bed and level –   2.2  –    no/hr
 Yard Gulleys, 150-225mm dia pipes, bed and level –   1.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 600mm deep, bed and level –   1.2  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 750mm deep, bed and level –   0.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 1,200mm deep, bed and level –   0.3  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, install gratings –   5.0  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roads & External Works

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Sub Base
Large Road Job gang day
Spread & level Granular Material 1200 T/day
Trim Fill 1500 m2/day
Concrete Road Surfacing per gang
 Concrete Road surfacing, 150mm thick –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 200mm thick –   7.7  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 300mm thick –   6.7  –    m2/hr
Tarmac Road Surfacing per gang
Barbour Greene Large Sized Project
Road Base
Winter Working 300 1200 m2/day
Summer Working 700 2500 m2/day
Wearing Course 500 Te/day
12,000 m2/day
Barbour Greene Medium Sized Project
Tarmacadam 160 m2/hr
Asphalt 145 m2/hr
Manual Laying
Tarmacadam 8.0 m2/hr
Asphalt 5.0 m2/hr
Road Markings 180 500 m/day
Kerbs & Haunching per man
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 5m radius –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 10m radius –   3.0 –    m/hr
 Stone/Granite Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid straight –   6.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 5m radius –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 10m radius –   4.5 –    m/hr
Pavings & Paviors
 Concrete Slabs, laid on bedding, to slight falls 2.0 4.0  m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid in mortar, to falls 1.5 2.3   m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid on sand, to falls 2.0 2.8   m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, no patterns 0.3  –    m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, with patterns 0.2  –    m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, straight joints 1.3  1.9   m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, herringbone pattern –   1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Gravel Paths, including preparation of sub-base –   10.5  –    m2/hr
Fencing
Small/Medium sized Project per gang
 Fence Erection, Chainlink, posts at 2.0m –   4.4  –    m/hr
 Post Erection, Timber / Metal, dig, erect, fix 3.3  4.5  –    no/hr
 Fence Erection, Chestnut Pailings, posts at 2.0m –   33.3  –    m/hr
Safety Fencing – (Large Road Project)
– Driven Posts 400 m/day
– Augered Posts 200 m/day
Streetlighting & U/Ground Services
 Lay Street Lighting Cables and connect –   6 8  m/hr
Communications Duct & pit Installation 60 100 m/day
Lighting Columns 3 4 no/day
Commissioning 2 weeks
Landscaping
 Top Soil, spread, level and prepare for turf or seeding –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 Top Soil, rake in fertilizer for seeding –   25.0  –    m2/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, under 750mm high –   4.0  –    no/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, over 750mm high –   1.5  –    no/hr
 Planting, Saplings, under 3.0m high –   1.7  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Piling & Grnd Eng.

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/rig
Bored Concrete Piling per rig
CFA Piling <15m Long 6.0 8.0 10.0 no/day
CFA Piling 15 – 25m Long 5.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Short augered piles <6m long <750mm dia 15.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling < 750mm Dia 6.0 7.0 9.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 750 – 1200mm Dia 2.0 3.0 4.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 1200 – 2000mm Dia 1.0 1.5 2.0 no/day
Contiguous Pile Wall 15-20m long 8.0 9.0 10.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/Hard 2.0 4.0 5.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/soft 6.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Tripod Piling 8 m/day
Precast & Steel Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
 H Piles, driven steel H-beams 200.0  350.0  500.0   m/day
Precast Concrete Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
Steel Sheet Piling
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 10m deep Sand –   55.0  60.0   m/day
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 35m deep Sand 3.5  32.0  10.5   m/day
King Post Temporary Wall
Posts at 3m Centres 58 m2/wk
Mini Piling
 Mini Piles, driven 235mm dia, 35m deep 2.5 3  m/hr
Hand Dug Piling per man
 Excave shaft by grab, general fill/uppr levels –   3.5  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, sand/minor rubble –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, marinve/aluvium –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Install reinforcement cages –   2.0  –    hrs/no
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after excavation –   8.0  –    hrs
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after cage installed –   2.0  –    hrs
 Shaft concreting/extract casing 5-70m deep –   12.0  –    hrs
Cut Down Piles
 Concrete Piles, 300-750mm deep and 0.6m dia 2.0  hrs/no
 Concrete Piles 300-750mm deep and 1.1m dia 5.0  hrs/no
Diaphram Walls
 Guide Walls, construction 0.3  0.5  0.8   m/Mhr
Construct Diaphram Wall – retained face 70.0 m2/rigday
Ground Anchors
 Drill 30m shaft –   7.0  –    hrs
 Install strands/setup anchor –   6.0  –    hrs
 Grout in strands –   2.0  –    hrs
Soil Nailing
–   –  
–   –  
Ground Improvement
Vibrocompaction (8m long 2.2m ctrs) 1000 m2/rig/wk
Dynamic Compaction m2/rig/wk
Sundry Activities
 Grout curtain installation –   6.2  –    hrs/m run
 Dig Caisson 800mm dia, 26m deep 55.0  33.0  25.0   days/no
Site Investigation
 Pre Drilling, Rercussive or Rotary, soft deposits 8.0  10.0  14.0   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Wash Boring, grade V/IV rock 2.5  3.2  3.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Triple Tube Sampling, grade V/IV rock 0.4  0.8  0.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Rotary, grade III/II rock 0.2  0.5  0.7   m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Tunnelling

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Conventional Tunneling
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 6m diameter 0.4  0.6 0.8  m/day
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 10m diameter 0.5 0.7 0.9  m/day
Cut & Cover
Formwork Tunnel Forms, Wall and Slab poured as one –   15.6  17.5   m2/hr
NATM
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter under 7.0m 2.5  2.9  3.2   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m 1.5  2.0  2.5   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter over 10.0m 1.0  1.3  1.5   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 2.0-7.0m 1.5  1.8  2.0   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m –   1.5  –    m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter over 10.0m –   1.0  1.5   m/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 2 crews 190.0  225.0  279.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 4 crews 255.0  300.0  366.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 2 access with 4 crews 382.0  450.0  549.0   m3/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter under 6.5m 2.1  2.5  2.8   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter over 6.5m 1.5  2.0  2.4   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Vertical Shafts, diameter over 6.5m 2.2  2.5  3.1   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnel Junctions –   0.2  0.3   m/day
 Insitu Permanent Lining, 12m bays, 350-400mm reinforced with PCV backing –   3 4  m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time , Running Tunnels 3.2  4.0  4.9   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Station Access Adits 3.3  3.9  4.2   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Concourse Tunnels 2.2  2.5  2.7   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Escalator Tunnels 1.2  1.5  1.7   m/day
Rock Tunnelling
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, cycle time 8.0  6.0  5.5   mins
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class I Granite 0.3  0.9  1.2   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class II Granite 2.0  2.6  2.9   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class III Granite 1.2  1.4  1.8   m3/cycle
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Foundations

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/man
Formwork per man
 Pilecaps, small 0.7  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, medium-large 1.0  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, large 1.3  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, < 0.7m2 0.8  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 0.7-1.5m2 1  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 3.0-5.0m2 1.2  m2/hr
Reinforcement
40mm 8 9 12 hrs/tonne
32mm 10 12 14 hrs/tonne
20mm 14 18 20 hrs/tonne
16mm 12 15 20 hrs/tonne
Concrete Placing
large Sized Pours (pump) 20.0 40.0 m3/hr
Medium Sized Pours (direct discharge) 8.0 12.0 m3/hr
Small Pours (Backactor) 3.0 4.0 m3/hr
Underpinning
 Concrete Pinning, every 4th/5th pin cycle –   1.2  2.2   m/day
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.0 brick thick –   0.4  0.7   m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 1.5 brick thick 0.1  0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Pinning, 2.0 brick thick –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 102mm wall –   0.8  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 215mm wall –   0.7  –    m/hr
 Wedge and Pin Method, 317mm wall –   0.5  –    m/hr
Trench Support
Open Boarding 4 m2/hr
Close Boarding 3 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Concrete Structures

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/man
Formwork
Walls Including Stop-ends etc per man
 Walls,1.0-2.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, 2.0-5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, over 5.0m2 0.8  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 5.0-15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, over 15.0m2 1.0  m2/manhr
Columns
 Columns, Square Timber csa < 0.1m2 0.65  m2/manhr
 Columns, Square Timber csa 0.1-0.4m2 0.65  m2/manhr
Slabs & Beams
Suspended Plain Slab Soffit 1  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width 300-500mm 0.5  m2/manhr
 Beams, on falsework, width over 750mm 0.5  m2/manhr
Troughed/Waffle Slabs 0.65  m2/manhr
 Table Form, Aluminum System, 400m2 bays 100 150  m2/gangday
 Stop Ends, no perforations 2.5 3  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, minor perforations 1.2 1.6  m2/manhr
 Stop Ends, dense perforations 0.6 0.9  m2/manhr
 Box Outs, 0.01-0.05m2 6 8  no/manhr
 Box Outs, over 0.05m2 3 5  no/manhr
Staircases
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Sloping 0.6 0.8  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Flat Landing 0.8 1  m2/manhr
 Staircases, Wall Strings 0.4 –    m2/manhr
Reinforcement
Reinforcement Ratios
 Pile Cap, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   14.8  –    % ratio
 Base Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes –   13.2  14.1   % ratio
 Suspended Slab, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 13.0 18.0 23.0  % ratio
 Columns, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 15.8  18.7  28.7   % ratio
 Walls, Concrete m3 x Ratio = Rebar Tonnes 14.7  15.0  –    % ratio
General Steelfixing rates
Links 30.0 25.0 hrs/tonne
10mm 30.0 20.0 hrs/tonne
12mm 25.0 16.0  hrs/tonne
16mm 20.0 15.0  hrs/tonne
20mm 18.0 13.0  hrs/tonne
25mm 15.0 12.0  hrs/tonne
32mm 12.0 11.0  hrs/tonne
40mm 12.0 9.0  hrs/tonne
General Column Construction rate
Formwork, Reinforcement & Concrete (3man gang) 2 6 No/day
Slip Forming
 Shaft Slip Forming –   300 400  mm/hr
Post Tensioned Concrete
 Lag for Initial Stress Tensioning after 1st bay cast –   48.0  –    hrs
 Lag for Final Stress Tensioning after Initial Stress –   120.0  –    hrs
Concrete Placing
 Hollorib Decking, concrete topping 2000 2500  m2/week
 Hollorib concrete topping, incl PowerFloat 50.0  70.0   m2/hr
Tower Crane & Skip, Slabs over 150mm thick 4 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Beams over 150mm thick 4 5  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Walls 3 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Columns 2.5 4  m3/hr
Tower Crane & Skip Stairs and Landings 2 4  m3/hr
Pumping To Slabs 20 40  m3/hr
Pumping To Walls with Tremie Pipe 6 8  m3/hr
Concrete Finishing
Wood Float By Hand 20 30  m2/hr
Power Float 30 40  m2/hr
Wire Brush, expose aggregate 25 35  m2/hr
Precast Concrete
 Precast Floor Planks 0.4  0.2  0.1   hrs/plank
 Precast Stair units 0.5 0.3  hrs/plank
Beams,Columns & Slabs 500 600 m2/week
Car Park Precast elements 70 75 No/Week
Sundry Information
 Concrete Weight, 1m3 –   2.4  –    Tonnes
 Readymix Lorry, Length –   8.3  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Width –   2.5  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Height –   3.7  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Turning Circle –   16.4  –    m
 Readymix Lorry, Allowable Ramp Gradient –   17.0  20.0   degrees
Lorry Weight 24 Tonnes
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Structural Steelwork

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/gang
Structural Steel Frames
Heavy Structural Steel Frame 10.0  Tons/day
Medium Sized Structural Steel Frame 9.0  Tons/day
 Light Steel Frame and Roof Members 4.0   Tons/day
 Wall Frame, Bow String Truss and Frame –   1.6  –    Tons/day
Metal Deck Flooring
 Hollorib Decking, lay deck –   300 350  m2/day
 Hollorib Decking, shear connecting studs –   225 250  m2/day
General Guides
Tonnage of steel in a building 43 54 Kg/m2
Office Building 60 Kg/m2
Fire Protection
Sprayed Fire protection 40 50 tonnes/week
 Spray Protection to Steelwork –   200 –   m2/week
Board Fire Protection 150 m2/week
Intumescent Paint 250 m2/week
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Walls & Scaffolds

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units/Mn
Brickwork Fairfaced per man
Stretcher Bond, 0.5 Brick thick 0.75  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1 Brick thick 0.42  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 1.5 Brick thick 0.28  m2/hr
Stretcher Bond, 2 Brick thick 0.2  m2/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Coping 1.5 –   m/hr
 Building Brick on Edge Canted Cills 1.5 –   m/hr
Face finish as work proceeds incl
Special Bricks 0.3 m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Flush and Rubbed 2.0   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Struck Pointing 1.3   m2/hr
 Face Finish after completion, Bucket Handle 2.7   m2/hr
Common Bricks 0.5 Brick 1.0  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1 Brick 0.5  m2/hr
Common Bricks 1.5 Brick 0.35  m2/hr
Blockwork
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.50  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.30  m2/hr
 Lightweight Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100mm thick 1.25  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, under 100-150mm thick 1.00  m2/hr
Dense Concrete Blockwork, over 150mm thick 0.65  m2/hr
Metal Angle Restraints
Vertical Posts 2.0 no/hr
Head Restraints 3.0 m/hr
Ext Support Angle 2.0 m/hr
Sundries
Concrete Lintels 1.0 no/hr
Steel lintels 2.0 no/hr
Access Scaffolding
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 2m lifts 5.0  m run/hr
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 3m lifts 4.0  m run/hr
 Metal Tube and Fittings, 5-6 Boards wide 3.5  m run/hr
Fix Hop-ups Kwickstage 14.0 m run/hr
Re-position Hop-ups Kwickstage 20.0 m run/hr
Birdcage Scaffolding
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 50-250m3 14.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 250-1000m3 16.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, over 1000m3 18.0  m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, striking 200.0   % x erect
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

External Cladding

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Curtain Walling Per gang
 Glazed Curtain Wall –   20.0 30.0  m2/day
 High Quality Glazed Curtain Walling –   15.0 25.0  m2/day
Rule of Thumb- Multi-Storey Office Block 3.0 wks/Flr
Windows & Glazing per gang
 Vertical Glazed Lights, 6m x 2.5m –   15.0 –    m2/day
 Vertical Glazed Walls, large scale –   50.0 –    m2/day
 Clerestory Frame/Glazing, 3m x 4m –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Oriel Window Frame/Glazing, 4m x 2m –   35.0  –    m2/day
Patent Glazing 90.0 m2/wk
Windows general 1.0 m2/manhr
Metal Cladding
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
 VE Panel Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 1.0  1.4  1.9   m2/day
Stone Facade Restoration per man
 Façade Cleaning, Water Jetting –   25.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Acid Etching –   9.0  –    m2/day
 Façade Cleaning, Grit Blasting –   12.0  –    m2/day
 Cladding Restoration, Brickwork seek specialist advice
 Cladding Restoration, Stonework courses seek specialist advice
Stone Cladding per gang
 Fix 0.5m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix 0.5-0.75m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.3 0.35   m2/hr
 Fix 0.75-1.0m2 Stones to Metal Support Frame 0.4 0.4  m2/hr
 Fix Curved Stone Cladding 0.2 0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Edge Beams/Window Reveals 0.25  0.3  m2/hr
 Fix Stone Soffits 0.3 0.4  m2/hr
 Stone Floors 1.0 1.5  m2/hr
 Granite/Marble Wall Panels 0.6 0.8  m2/hr
Portland Stone Final Wash down 300.0 350.0 m2/week
Precast Concrete Cladding
Large storey height panels 2.0 3.0 No/day
(Largely Dependant on Deliveries)
Profiled Metal Sheet Cladding
Large areas factory bldg 400.0 m2/gangwk
Specialist Ext Wall Finishes
Terracotta Tiles 30.0 m2/gangday
Sto Render (with insulation) 2.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Dry Int. Carcassing

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Carpentry Carcassing per man
 Windows, Timber Frames for Bricklaying 0.5  0.1   hrs/no
 Windows, Drill, Screw & Plug extra over 0.1  –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 1.0-3.0m2 1.8 –    hrs/no
 Door Frames, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 2.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Access Hatch 0.3  –    no/hr
 Floor Joists, 26 30 m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 30 35 m/hr
 Floor Boards, Butt Jointed 2.5 3  m2/hr
 Floor Boards, T&G Boards 3 3.5  m2/hr
 Plywood Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 4 5  m2/hr
 Chipboard Sheeting, Butt Jointed, screwed 5.1  5.8   m2/hr
 Windows, Softwood, 3.0-7.0m2 0.4  0.3   hrs/no
 Windows, Softwood, 7.0-10.0m2 0.9  0.6   hrs/no
 Fix Metal and Timber Windows After Wall Complete 2.0  –    m2/hr
 Window Glazing 1.3  –    m2/hr
Roof Carcassing per man
 Roof Trusses 1.3  –    no/hr
 Wall Plates 3.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Rafters 1.2  –    m/hr
 Ceiling Joists 8.0 –    m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Common Rafters, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Jack Rafters, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, 3-6mm 8.0  m/hr
 Roof Carcass, Purlins, over 6m 6.0  m/hr
 Roof Soffits, Softwood, screwed 4.0 –    m/hr
Carpentry 2nd Fix per man
 Window Boards, screwed 0.3  hrs/m
 Mouldings, Softwood, Screwed 6.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Screwed 4.0  m/hr
 Mouldings, Hardwood, Gun Nailed 6.0  m/hr
 Skirting 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Architrave, Fix to Doors 1.0 –    hrs/door
 Door Stop Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Glazed Bead Mouldings 6.0  m/hr
 Hanging Doors, Softwood, Single Pair Butts 1.5  hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Softwood 0.5 –    hrs/no
 Cut Mortice to Receive Lock, Hardwood 0.6  –    hrs/no
General Door & Frame Fixing Rates(per Pair)
External Double Leaf 1.5 No/day
Internal Double Leaf 2 No/day
Internal Single Leaf 3 No/day
Fix Bath Panel 0.4  –    hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Floor Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Wall Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Kitchen Cupboards, Shelf Units 1.0  hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, simple, straight flight 1.5   hrs/no
 Staircase, pre-made, 2 straight flights, 1 landing 2.9   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix horizontal 0.6   hrs/no
 Staircase, Balustrades/Handrails, fix raking 0.5   hrs/no
Timber Panelling Pine 1 m2/hr
Timber Panelling Hardwood 0.5 m2/hr
Stud Partitioning/Dry Lining
Gyproc Partitions (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Partitions (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (single layer) 1  m2/manhr
Gyproc Shaftwall (double layer) 0.5  m2/manhr
 Boarding to Stud-work/Metal Lathes 4.0 6.0  m2/manhr
 Boarding 19mm nailed to studding 6.0 10.0  m2/manhr
 Tape, Joint Sand and Top Coat Plasterboard 1.5   m2/manhr
 Skimming to Plasterboard 6.1   m2/manhr
Gyproc Dry Lining System – Walls 5 7  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (single layer) 6 10  m2/manhr
Gyproc Boarding to Ceilings (double layer) 3 5  m2/manhr
Acoustic Ceiling Lining 170 250 m2/wk
Acoustic Wall Lining 200 330 m2/wk
Steelwork Encasement (single layer) 2  m2/manhr
Steelwork Encasement (double layer) 1  m2/manhr
Proprietary Partitions
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Separation panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Wall Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, End Front Panels –   1.5 –    hrs/no
 Fix Toilet Partition System, Hang Door to Panel –   0.4  –    hrs/no
 100mm Pine Paneling, excluding studding time 0.8  1.1  1.4   m2/hr
General rate for Toilet Cubicle 2 No/manday
Demountable Partitions (Full Height) 1 m/manhour
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Bldg Services

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plumbing
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Pipes –   1.2  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron TimeSaver 100mm Branches –   2.2  –    hrs/no
 Cast Iron Spigot Joint Pipes, 100mm –   1.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 150-200mm dia –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Water Mains, 1,050mm dia –   0.4  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 200mm dia –   1.8  –    m/hr
 Gas Mains, 300mm dia –   1.2  –    m/hr
 UPVC Downpipes, 75mm –   3.3  –    m/hr
 UPVC Guttering, 75mm –   3.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Downpipes, 75mm –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron Guttering, 75mm –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Cast Iron RWP Fittings, 75mm –   2.2  –    no/hr
Rule of Thumb
Deduct 15% for OH&P
Labour Cost on Systems
Electrical 33 %
Mechanical & sprinklers 30 %
Plumbing 33 %
Hot Water 25 %
Ventillation 17 %
Air Conditioning 9 %
Divide amount by anticipated weekly gross labour rate to derive No of man weeks
Test & commissioning
Radiator & Convector System 4 7 weeks
Simple ventillation System 8 weeks
Full Air Conditioning System 12 16 weeks
Hospital/laboratory Systems 16 24 weeks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roof Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Asphalt & Felt Roofing per gang
 Asphalt Roof in layers –   50 –    m2/day
 Felt Roofs, large areas –   35 52  m2/day
 Felt Roofs, small or complicated –   20 30  m2/day
 Asphalt coatings, horizontal surfaces 3.5  4.2  5.8   m2/hr
 Asphalt coatings, vertical surfaces 1.2  1.7  2.2   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 2 coats 4.8  5.0  6.3   m2/hr
 Bituminous Brushed application, 3 coats 3.3  3.5  4.4   m2/hr
 Bituminous Sheets, horizontal surfaces 3.8  4.0  4.8   m2/hr
 Polythene Sheets, horizontal surfaces –   20.0  –    m2/hr
Roof Screeding per gang
Laid in Medium sized Bays to falls –   50 –    m2/day
Laid in Large Bays (pumped) –   100 –    m2/day
Membrane Roof Sheeting
Trocal Single Ply Membrane 300 400 m2/wk
Metal Decking & Roofing per gang
 Metal Decking, large areas –   70.0  –    m2/day
 Metal Decking, small or complicated –   28.0  –    m2/day
 Titanium Sheeted Roofs –   9.5  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, flat work –   3.0  –    m2/day
 Copper Roofs, sloping work –   2.7  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, flat work –   2.4  –    m2/day
 Zinc Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, flat work –   2.8  –    m2/day
 Aluminium Roofs, sloping work –   1.9  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat work –   2.5  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, sloping work –   2.1  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, dormer cheeks –   1.3  –    m2/day
 Lead Roofs, flat gutters –   88.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, flat copings –   76.0  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, stepped gutters –   3.5  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, shaped copings –   3.3  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, cover step flashings –   3.2  –    m/day
 Lead Roofs, rooflight flashings –   0.8  –    no/day
 Lead Roofs, domed roof coverings –   0.7  –    m2/day
 Sub-Frame Installation, 1.5×0.5m panels 12.2  15.0  17.5   m2/day
Insulation
 Polystyrene Boards –   8.5  –    m2/hr
 Glass Fibre, low pitch –   12.0  –    m2/hr
Slates & Tiles per man
 Slate Roofs, Welsh Slate 3-5mm –   12.0 18.0  m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Cumbrian Slate 8-11mm –   8.5  –    m2/day
 Slate Roofs, Asbestos Slates –   24.0 36.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Concrete Tiles –   40.0 52.0  m2/day
 Tiled Roofs, Clay Pan Tiles –   12.0 20.0  m2/day
Roof Windows & Atrium per gang
Rooflights –   1 –   no/day
Velux Type windows 2 no/day
Atrium Roof Glazing 60 70 m2/wk
Rainwater Goods per man
Gutters –   2 2.5 m/hr
Downpipes 2.5 3 m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Wet Bldg Trades

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Plastering
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 2.8  3.1   m2/hr
 Browning (undercoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 2.6  2.8   m2/hr
 Covings 4.0 –    m/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls under 2.5m high 6.7  7.3   m2/hr
 Skimming (topcoat), Internal Walls over 2.5m high 6.1  6.7   m2/hr
General Plastering rate – (2+1 gang) 150 200 m2/week
Fibrous Plaster -General 25 m2/week
Rendering
 Large Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   2.2  2.7   m2/hr
 Small Wall Areas, applied in 2 coats –   1.5  1.7   m2/hr
 Narrow Widths, applied in 2 coats –   1.2  1.4   m2/hr
Floor Screed
Hoist & Barrow (2+1 Gang)
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 20-40mm thick 35 50  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 40-65mm thick 30 40  m2/day
 Sand/Cement Floor Screed, 65-100mm thick 25 30  m2/day
170 m2/day
Cutting Chases
 Concrete, cutting by hand, 50-75mm wide 1.0  1.4  2.1   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
 Concrete, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 1.8  2.4  3.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 25-50mm wide 1.6  2.3  3.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by hand, 75-100mm wide 1.2  1.6  2.5   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 25-50mm wide 3.3  4.5  6.7   m/hr
 Brickwork, cutting by machine, 75-100mm wide 2.5  3.3  5.0   m/hr
Cutting Switchboxes
 Cutting in Concrete, small box 7.1  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Concrete, large box 3.6  4.5  5.6   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, small box 6.6  9.5  12.5   no/hr
 Cutting in Brickwork, large box 4.2  5.3  6.3   no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Building Finishes

Ref Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Suspended Ceilings
 Suspended Ceilings, office situations –   2.6  3.5   m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, First Fix –   1.4  –    m2/hr
 Suspended Ceilings, Second Fix –   1.2  –    m2/hr
Flooring Finishes
 Raised Flooring, metal system –   7.0 8.0  m2/hr
 Granolithic Flooring –   3.1  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, in-situ –   3.6  –    m2/hr
 Terrazzo Flooring, pre-cast –   4.6  5.1   m2/hr
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.5  2.2   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, small areas, much cutting –   0.8  1.1   m2/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, large areas, little cutting –   2.2  2.8   m2/hr
 Linolium/Thermo-Plastic Flooring –   3.1  5.0   m2/hr
 Thermo-Plastic Floor Tiles –   3.3  5.6   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, lay blocks –   1.5  2.1   m2/hr
 Wood Block Flooring, sand and polish –   3.1  –    m2/hr
Underlay & Grippers –   5.0 6.0  m2/hr
 Carpeting, Fully Fitted –   2.0  3.0  m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, small areas –   3.7  4.1   m2/hr
 Hardboard Sheeting Coverings, large areas –   6.6  7.2   m2/hr
Metalwork
 Install Metal Door and Frame –   0.2  –    no/hr
 Install Balustrade & Railings –   1.5  –    m/hr
General Rate – (Flights) 4 No/wk
Ceramic Tiling
 Mosaic Tiling, 0.045×0.045m –   1.3 1.5   no/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, setout and level –   55.5  –    m/hr
 Clay, quarry Tiles, Window Cills, fix, grout and clean –   1.5  –    m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Ledges/Upstands 20.4  27.1  32.0   no/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas under 1.5m2 per room 0.9  1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas of 1.5-2.5m2 per room 1.4  1.6  1.9   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles 150x150mm, Areas over 2.5m2 per room 1.5  1.7  2.1   m2/hr
 Ceramic Tiles, Grouting Works 2.2  2.5  2.6   m2/hr
Painting
 Prepare Walls –   14.2  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Doors –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Prepare Door Frames –   25.0  –    m/hr
 Burn Off / Heat Strip Paintwork –   1.1  –    m2/hr
Timber, knot, 1 primer, stop, 2 undercoat, 1 gloss –   1.7  2.1   m2/hr
Timber, touchup primer, 1 undercoat, 1 coat gloss –   3.1  3.8   m2/hr
 Internal Timber, polyurethane varnish, 2 coats –   3.3  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 2 coats wood preservative –   4.0  –    m2/hr
 External Timber, 3 coats polyurethane varnish –   2.0  –    m2/hr
(For all the above take 50% of rate if for frames)
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   8.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 2 coats emulsion to brick/blockwork –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 mist, 2 coats emulsion to plaster –   6.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Walls, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss to plaster –   2.3  –    m2/hr
Portaflec Spray 10 m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to render/concrete –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 External Walls, 2 coats sandtex to brick/blockwork –   2.0  –    m2/hr
 Floors, epoxy paint –   2.9  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 2 coats –   6.1  –    m2/hr
 Ceilings, emulsion paint, 3 coats –   5.0  –    m2/hr
 Internal Steelwork, 1 primer, 1 undercoat, 1 gloss 1.3  2.4  –    m2/hr
 External Steelwork, 1 primer, 2 undercoats, 1 gloss 0.9  1.7  –    m2/hr
Wallpapering
 Strip Existing Wallpaper (3 layers) & Prepare Walls –   4.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Wallpaper and lining paper –   6.0 –    m2/hr
 Fix Vinyl and Washable paper –   4.2  –    m2/hr
 Fix Ceiling Lining Paper –   4.0  –    m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Lifts & Escalators

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Lift Installations
Install 2 to 3 storeys –   3.0  –    wks/floor
Install 4 storeys and above –   2.0  –    wks/floor
Testing allow 2 wks plus –   1.0  –    day/floor
 Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver –   18 26  wks
 Non-Standard Lift, Manufacture, test and deliver 75.0  65.0  52.0   wks
Escalator Installations
Develop concept design and gain client approval –   16.0  –    wks
Prepare preliminary design and gain approval –   12.0  –    wks
 Assemble truss , position/level –   1.0  –    wks
Install decking and glazing etc –   3.0 –    wks
Performance testing –   1.0 –    wks
Full load testing –   1.0 –    wks
Final test and inspection –   1.0 –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Fitting Out

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Kitchen Fit Out
 Overall Installation for 100 persons or 50m2 –   3.0  –    wks
 Overall Installation for 500 persons or 150m2 –   5.0  –    wks
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

_1075538612.xls

Notes on Rates

Notes on Output Rates
GENERAL
Outputs are for carrying out major works with clear access and large enough areas to permit
ease of material deliveries and rubbish away with no double handling, and sufficient work volumes
for continuous employment of plant and labour.
For contracts which dictate conditions that differ to those stated above additional time needs to be
added into the individual time outputs.
Outputs reflect the actual man operative time taken to carry out the works inclusive of material
deliveries and rubbish away, if any, but account for the operative time only. Therefore they should
not be used for pricing purposes before applying a gang factor.
DEMOLITION
Exclusions:
Removal of asbestos or other contaminants.
Production and approval of method statements by Local Authority.
Erecting temporary works or hand balling around temporary works.
Making good.
Comments
“Dealing with hard materials” – some buildings take longer due to their individually constructed
peculiarities e.g. grillage reinforced concrete/setting aside special listed features/underground
bunkers/restrictions to city centre sites to working hours/retaining backgrounds which may collapse
due to the age of the building.
Removal of floor boarding includes for de-nailing joists.
Removal of staircase is for a floor to ceiling height of 2.70 metres in timber.
Soft stripping of offices assumes an open plan type of arrangement.
EXCAVATE AND FILL
Comments
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Strip topsoil assumes topsoil for setting aside for re-use. If removed as a bulk dig exercise outputs
would be as per reduce level excavation.
Basement excavation assumes a traditional “bottom up” dig.
Basement and large dig exercises are significantly dependant upon the volume of soil that can
be removed from Site -. e.g. County Hall basement (size 140mx40m with access to one long side
total 50,000m3 approx 9m deep) peaked at 4,000m3 per week removal from Site in a continual
operation. – averaged 2,500m3 week due to wet weather etc.
Soil capacity on one lorry load = 10m3/load as dug.
Excavation in underpinning by hand shallow – 6 hours/m3 deep 10hr/m3
DRAINAGE
Outputs are per excavator/excavation gang
Trench excavation (page 4 excavate and fill) – outputs are to open trench “continuous” style
service trenches with no time allowed to set aside or dispose of soil or to sheet up sides.
Manholes and gullies (page 5 drainage) – outputs are for the elements only shown ie manhole
rings/bricks etc and do not include for excavation, jointing in pipes, benchings, channels
ROADS/EXTERNAL WORKS
Sub base – weight of type 1 fill :2.2tonnes/m3
Road surfacing/kerbs/paviors – reduce by half -ie double the time for areas to building projects.
Fencing/atreetlighting/landscaping – reduce by half – ie double the time for areas to building
projects.
PILING AND GROUND ENGINEERING
Piling – outputs are per piling rig
Secant piling outputs exclude time taken for constructing a guide wall – guide wall time
same as in Diaphragm Walling
Pile trimming – outputs are per man
Vibrocompaction output is per nett treated floor area based on vibro columns at 2.20m ctrs both
ways for stone columns up to 8m deep.
FOUNDATIONS/CONCRETE STRUCTURES
Formwork outputs are per m2 nett area of formwork per shuttering carpenter
Holorib decking/concrete topping – see suspended slabs/formwork
Placing concrete by tower crane – outputs dependant on hook time cycle and are per crane/gang
STRUCTURAL STEELWORK
Outputs include for use of a crane on a crane/gang resource.
WALLS AND SCAFFOLDS
Outputs for masonry are for quantities per bricklayer trowel.
Outputs are for general masonry. Walls incorporating cutting to accommodate different types
of bricks/small areas/protruding or recessed panels/contrasting bands/building in white mortar/
laying blocks flat on face are excluded.
Outputs are for building in stretcher bond (half brick)English bond (I brick)
Reduce outputs by 10% for building in dpc/expansion jointing/head structural restraints.
Adjust precast lintol outputs for large boot lintols to 0.50 per hour.
EXTERNAL CLADDING
Stone/cladding restoration outputs are totally dependant on works to be carried out ie stitch new
stones or bricks in,resin repair cracks – advice needed from specialists for job in question.
Stone cladding outputs are for a gang hour and include for structural fixings.
Carpentry carcassing/roof carcassing/carpentry second fix outputs are per Carpenter.
Roof trusses are assumed to be in timber. Large trusses (exceeding 6m span) 0.5 per hour.
Timber staircases assume per 2.60m storey height in one single flight.
Stud partitioning outputs for gyproc to ceilings assume areas of rooms in a domestic location.
Toilet partitioning outputs assume outputs per Carpenter and exclude back panellling (1m2 per hour)
ROOF FINISHES
Outputs for roof tiling include for felt and battening and are per tiler.
BUILDING FINISHES
Outputs for raised access flooring assume large open plan arangement
&L&”Times New Roman,Regular”Tool T028&C&”Times New Roman,Bold”&14Costain Limited
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&A

Demolition

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Out Finishes per man
 Remove & Cart away, Lathe and Plaster Ceilings 3.2  4.6  5.0   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Plaster to Walls 2.1  3.1  5.9   m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, External Render –   2.5 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, sand & cement Floor Screed –   3.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, grano or reinforced Floor Screed 1.5 2.0  m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Concrete Paving –   4.0  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 1.0 brick thick –   1.5  –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Brickwork Walls, 0.5 brick thick –   1.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Floor Boards –   2.0 –    m2/Mhr
 Remove & Cart away, Staircase –   8.0 –    hrs/no
Soft Strip Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Hard Demolition Rule of Thumb Rates
Office Block per gang
1000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
2000m2 Flr Plate 1.5 weeks/flr
Removal of Pavings
Concrete Slabs
Non reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 20.0 m2/hr
Reinforced up to 200mm thick (using excavator) 5.0 10.0 m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Output Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Excavate & Fill

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Strip Top Soil per excavator
Excavate & Load Lorry 10 m3/hr
General Bulk Excavation & Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 35.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 30.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Hard Ground 13.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Hard Ground 20.0  m3/hr
Large Volume Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator,>2m3 bucket, gravel/clay ground 2500.0  m3/day
Basement Excavation and Load Lorry
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 18.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 16.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.7m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 25.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, >1m3 bucket, Clay/Gravel 35.0  m3/hr
Bottom Up Excavation By Hand 6.0 m2/hr
Excavate & Remove From Site overall
Central London (Large Project) 4000.0 5,000 m3/Week
London Perimeter (Large Project) 5000.0 7,500 m3/Week
Excavate Foundations per excavator
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Pits 5.0  m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Trenches 6.0  m3/hr
Soil Bulking Factors & Densities
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Sand/Soil –   15.0   %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Gravel –   33.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Clay/Chalk –   40.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Boulder Clay –   45.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Rock –   60.0  –    %
 Spoil Weight, Rock –   2.5  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Concrete –   2.4  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Landfill/CDG –   1.9  –    Te/m3
 Spoil Weight, Sand –   1.8  –    Te/m3
Spoil Weight, Clay 2.0  Te/m3
Breaking Out (By Machine)
per excavator
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 30.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 20.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 10.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0 m2/hr
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 1.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 2.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 2.8  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 3.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 6.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 0.3  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   0.4 –    hrs/m3
Breaking Out (By Hand)
per man
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 50-150mm 5.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, unreinforced 150-300mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 50-150mm 6.5  hrs/m3
 Concrete Slabs, reinforced 150-300mm 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Walls, reinforced 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, unreinforced 6.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Foundations, reinforced 9.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Beams 8.0  hrs/m3
 Concrete Columns 8.0  hrs/m3
Grillage Reinforced Foundation 10.0  hrs/m3
Tarmac
 Tarmac paving 50-100mm thick 3.0  hrs/m3
 Tarmac roadway 150mm thick –   3.5 –    hrs/m3
Brickwork
 Brickwork, walls and columns 3.0  hrs/m3
 Brickwork, foundations 3.5  hrs/m3
Dewatering System
 Setup large 15 hole system –   21.0  –    days
Spread & Level Fill per excavator
Hardcore Layers 100-150mm 5.0 6.0 10.0 m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 13.9  20.4  25.0   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 0.8m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 11.6  16.9  21.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 23.8  28.5  35.7   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 19.6  24.5  30.3   m3/hr
 Crawler Shovel, 1.2m3 bucket, over 200m2, Hardcore 47.6  51.6  55.6   m3/hr
Trench Excavation
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.2  22.2  26.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 26.3  28.6  33.2   m3/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, < 2.0m wide 3.0  4.2  6.5   m2/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, > 2.0m wide 6.2  6.7  9.2   m2/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Drainage

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Excavate Drain Trenches
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 225mm 10 m/day
Up to 2m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 6 m/day
Up to 4m deep for Pipes up to 450mm 3 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 35 m/day
Drain Laying
Small-Medium Sized Projects per gang
Lay Small Diameter Pipes up to 150mm 30 m/day
Lay Large Diameter Pipes up to 225mm 20 m/day
Lay large Diameter Pipes up to 450mm 8 m/day
Large Road Projects
250-450mm pipes 70 m/day
Connecting Drainage per gang
 PVC Drainage, 3m pipes, 150-200mm dia, 5-30m run –   10.6  –    m/hr
 Hepsleve Rubber Joint System, over 375mm dia, 5-30m run –   2.3  –    m/hr
Land Drains
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, 5-30m run 6.0 –   14.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, under 150mm dia, over 30m run 10.0 –   19.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, 5-30m run 4.0 –   10.0  m/hr
Concrete, butt jointed, 150-225mm dia, over 30m run 6.0 –   12.0  m/hr
Manholes & Gullies
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 610 x 455 x 51 mm –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Concrete Pre-Cast Manhole Units, 990 x 610 x 64 mm –   1.6  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.0 brick engineering –   0.3  –    m2/hr
 Brickwork Manhole, 1.5 brick engineering –   0.2  –    m2/hr
 Benching to Manhole, under 0.5m2 –   0.9  –    hrs/no
 Benching to Manhole, 0.5-0.75m2 –   1.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, under 150mm dia –   0.1  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in pipes, 150-225mm dia –   0.2  –    hrs/no
 Brickwork Manhole, build in cast iron covers 0.6   hrs/no
 Yard Gulleys, 75-150mm dia pipes, bed and level –   2.2  –    no/hr
 Yard Gulleys, 150-225mm dia pipes, bed and level –   1.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 600mm deep, bed and level –   1.2  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 750mm deep, bed and level –   0.8  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, 1,200mm deep, bed and level –   0.3  –    no/hr
 Road Gulleys, install gratings –   5.0  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Roads & External Works

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Sub Base
Large Road Job gang day
Spread & level Granular Material 1200 T/day
Trim Fill 1500 m2/day
Concrete Road Surfacing per gang
 Concrete Road surfacing, 150mm thick –   12.5  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 200mm thick –   7.7  –    m2/hr
 Concrete Road surfacing, 300mm thick –   6.7  –    m2/hr
Tarmac Road Surfacing per gang
Barbour Greene Large Sized Project
Road Base
Winter Working 300 1200 m2/day
Summer Working 700 2500 m2/day
Wearing Course 500 Te/day
12,000 m2/day
Barbour Greene Medium Sized Project
Tarmacadam 160 m2/hr
Asphalt 145 m2/hr
Manual Laying
Tarmacadam 8.0 m2/hr
Asphalt 5.0 m2/hr
Road Markings 180 500 m/day
Kerbs & Haunching per man
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 5m radius –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Kerbs or Channels, laid to 10m radius –   3.0 –    m/hr
 Stone/Granite Kerbs or Channels, laid straight –   2.5 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid straight –   6.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 5m radius –   4.0 –    m/hr
 Concrete Edging, laid to 10m radius –   4.5 –    m/hr
Pavings & Paviors
 Concrete Slabs, laid on bedding, to slight falls 2.0 4.0  m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid in mortar, to falls 1.5 2.3   m2/hr
 Concrete Slabs, laid on sand, to falls 2.0 2.8   m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, no patterns 0.3  –    m2/hr
 Cobble Stones, laid in mortar, with patterns 0.2  –    m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, straight joints 1.3  1.9   m2/hr
 Brick Paviors, in mortar, herringbone pattern –   1.0  1.2   m2/hr
 Gravel Paths, including preparation of sub-base –   10.5  –    m2/hr
Fencing
Small/Medium sized Project per gang
 Fence Erection, Chainlink, posts at 2.0m –   4.4  –    m/hr
 Post Erection, Timber / Metal, dig, erect, fix 3.3  4.5  –    no/hr
 Fence Erection, Chestnut Pailings, posts at 2.0m –   33.3  –    m/hr
Safety Fencing – (Large Road Project)
– Driven Posts 400 m/day
– Augered Posts 200 m/day
Streetlighting & U/Ground Services
 Lay Street Lighting Cables and connect –   6 8  m/hr
Communications Duct & pit Installation 60 100 m/day
Lighting Columns 3 4 no/day
Commissioning 2 weeks
Landscaping
 Top Soil, spread, level and prepare for turf or seeding –   2.5  –    m2/hr
 Top Soil, rake in fertilizer for seeding –   25.0  –    m2/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, under 750mm high –   4.0  –    no/hr
 Planting, Shrubs and Hedges, over 750mm high –   1.5  –    no/hr
 Planting, Saplings, under 3.0m high –   1.7  –    no/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Piling & Grnd Eng.

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Unit/rig
Bored Concrete Piling per rig
CFA Piling <15m Long 6.0 8.0 10.0 no/day
CFA Piling 15 – 25m Long 5.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Short augered piles <6m long <750mm dia 15.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling < 750mm Dia 6.0 7.0 9.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 750 – 1200mm Dia 2.0 3.0 4.0 no/day
Rotary Bored Piling 1200 – 2000mm Dia 1.0 1.5 2.0 no/day
Contiguous Pile Wall 15-20m long 8.0 9.0 10.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/Hard 2.0 4.0 5.0 no/day
Secant Wall Piling 15-20m long Hard/soft 6.0 7.0 8.0 no/day
Tripod Piling 8 m/day
Precast & Steel Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
 H Piles, driven steel H-beams 200.0  350.0  500.0   m/day
Precast Concrete Piling
 West Piling, pre-cast concrete shells 75.0  100.0  120.0   m/day
 Balken Piling, pre-cast concrete piles 80.0  120.0  135.0   m/day
Steel Sheet Piling
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 10m deep Sand –   55.0  60.0   m/day
 Vibro/Drop Hammer, 35m deep Sand 3.5  32.0  10.5   m/day
King Post Temporary Wall
Posts at 3m Centres 58 m2/wk
Mini Piling
 Mini Piles, driven 235mm dia, 35m deep 2.5 3  m/hr
Hand Dug Piling per man
 Excave shaft by grab, general fill/uppr levels –   3.5  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, sand/minor rubble –   2.1  –    m/hr
 Excave shaft by grab, marinve/aluvium –   2.5  –    m/hr
 Install reinforcement cages –   2.0  –    hrs/no
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after excavation –   8.0  –    hrs
 Shaft cleaning, air lifting after cage installed –   2.0  –    hrs
 Shaft concreting/extract casing 5-70m deep –   12.0  –    hrs
Cut Down Piles
 Concrete Piles, 300-750mm deep and 0.6m dia 2.0  hrs/no
 Concrete Piles 300-750mm deep and 1.1m dia 5.0  hrs/no
Diaphram Walls
 Guide Walls, construction 0.3  0.5  0.8   m/Mhr
Construct Diaphram Wall – retained face 70.0 m2/rigday
Ground Anchors
 Drill 30m shaft –   7.0  –    hrs
 Install strands/setup anchor –   6.0  –    hrs
 Grout in strands –   2.0  –    hrs
Soil Nailing
–   –  
–   –  
Ground Improvement
Vibrocompaction (8m long 2.2m ctrs) 1000 m2/rig/wk
Dynamic Compaction m2/rig/wk
Sundry Activities
 Grout curtain installation –   6.2  –    hrs/m run
 Dig Caisson 800mm dia, 26m deep 55.0  33.0  25.0   days/no
Site Investigation
 Pre Drilling, Rercussive or Rotary, soft deposits 8.0  10.0  14.0   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Wash Boring, grade V/IV rock 2.5  3.2  3.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Triple Tube Sampling, grade V/IV rock 0.4  0.8  0.9   m/hr
 Pre Drilling, Rotary, grade III/II rock 0.2  0.5  0.7   m/hr
&CCostain Ltd
Planning Production Rates
&C&P&R&”Arial,Bold”&14&A

Tunnelling

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Conventional Tunneling
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 6m diameter 0.4  0.6 0.8  m/day
 Excavate vertical access shaft, 10m diameter 0.5 0.7 0.9  m/day
Cut & Cover
Formwork Tunnel Forms, Wall and Slab poured as one –   15.6  17.5   m2/hr
NATM
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter under 7.0m 2.5  2.9  3.2   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m 1.5  2.0  2.5   m/day
 Excavation, London Clay, internal diameter over 10.0m 1.0  1.3  1.5   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 2.0-7.0m 1.5  1.8  2.0   m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter 7.0-10.0m –   1.5  –    m/day
 Excavation, Woolwich/Reading Beds, internal diameter over 10.0m –   1.0  1.5   m/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 2 crews 190.0  225.0  279.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 1 access with 4 crews 255.0  300.0  366.0   m3/day
 Mucking Capacity, 2 access with 4 crews 382.0  450.0  549.0   m3/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter under 6.5m 2.1  2.5  2.8   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnels, diameter over 6.5m 1.5  2.0  2.4   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Vertical Shafts, diameter over 6.5m 2.2  2.5  3.1   m/day
 Sprayed Secondary Lining, Tunnel Junctions –   0.2  0.3   m/day
 Insitu Permanent Lining, 12m bays, 350-400mm reinforced with PCV backing –   3 4  m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time , Running Tunnels 3.2  4.0  4.9   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Station Access Adits 3.3  3.9  4.2   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Concourse Tunnels 2.2  2.5  2.7   m/day
 Excavate and Line Cycle Time, Escalator Tunnels 1.2  1.5  1.7   m/day
Rock Tunnelling
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, cycle time 8.0  6.0  5.5   mins
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class I Granite 0.3  0.9  1.2   m3/cycle
 Excavation, non explosive chemical method, Class II Granite 2.0  2.6  2.9   m3/cycle