I want two answers and (two responses to 2 of my classmates’ answers.)

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I want two answers and (two responses to 2 of my classmates’ answers.)

please remember that – simple responses without advance vocabulary ( international students).

– less than half page each response.

– I need them with references.

–Firs question:

Describe the role of the Public Information Officer in media relations and reporting during an incident. Why is this role so crucial? How can the PIO beneficially utilize the media for Risk Communication activities during the event? What pre-event activities lead to success in these relationships?

–Second question:

Provide a synopsis of the Volunteer Protection Act. What protection does this act provide? Any major omissions in coverage from the volunteer’s perspective? Does participation in a NVOAD agency provide any benefit to the volunteer? Any benefit to the Incident Command organization?

and these are my friends’ answers and I want a response for each of their answers:

1-Top of Form

In the event of a disaster, volunteers are often needed to aid disaster victims, rebuild communities, educate the public and prepare for future disasters. This type of volunteerism called Spontaneous volunteers also called convergent, those who are appearing at the scene of a disaster or call a response center willing to offer assistance, but they are not associated with any recognized disaster response agency. As a resource for disaster services, these volunteers can possess additional human resources, a delegation of work to more individuals, faster response, and recovery. On the other hand, frequently the contributions of spontaneous volunteers may be refused because volunteer organizations on the scene are unprepared to utilize their assistance; and sometimes the volunteers’ lack of disaster-specific training is seen as a liability to the overall response operation, and some disaster scene is not appropriate for volunteers to enter. Moreover, poor management of spontaneous volunteers in disaster events mostly led to confusion, interference, and situations termed ‘disaster within the disaster.’

Incident Commander Responsibilities are:

1- Set up a clear plan for the volunteers to follow.

2- Develop procedures and tasks for the volunteers.

3- Orient, provide situational updates, and train volunteers.

4- Account for and document the use of volunteers.

5- Assign roles and responsibilities.

6- Monitor volunteer activities

Bottom of Form

2- Spontaneous volunteers are priceless when managed properly, a liability when they are not organized. They can help in all of the disaster phases, starting with preparedness and ending with recovery. Volunteers who arrive spontaneously to the disaster scene can greatly help with administrative work, freeing the responders of this burden and letting them focus on their actual work, which is responding to and relieving disasters. even though the logistic work is important, it can be performed by volunteers, especially in the personnel under the logistics chief. Moreover, the volunteers can be a huge relief in terms of financing, rather than having a big number of responders that can overburden the financial status of the response, spontaneous volunteers offer a good alternative to the organizations involved in the ICS. When responding with the help of spontaneous volunteers, the IC can utilize them as a backup for any injured responder. When any section chief losses a team member, his/her team dynamic will be disturbed and will need a replacement immediately, spontaneous volunteers will be a good option to look at.

As far as the negatives of having spontaneous volunteers in the response, the biggest one would be how much of a burden they will be when responding to a limited resources community. When disaster strikes an area with limited resources, the IC will have a problem in his/her hands, where he needs to utilize as many people with the limited resources available. In situations like terrorist attacks, the more people are on-site, the more casualties and fatal injuries, so it is recommended that the IC involve as few people as possible to protect the lives of the responders. The same goes for the health and well-being of the volunteers, if they can’t protect themselves or the ICS members can’t protect them, their safety is a priority, just like the safety of the responders, or the victims.

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