# Excel MID Function

The Excel MID function extracts a given number of characters from the middle of a supplied text string. For example, =MID("apple",2,3) returns "ppl".

**text**- The text to extract from.**start_num**- The location of the first character to extract.**num_chars**- The number of characters to extract.

The MID function extracts a given number of characters from the *middle* of a supplied text string. MID takes three arguments, all of which are required. The first argument, *text*, is the text string to start with. The second argument, *start_num*, is the position of the first character to extract. The third argument, *num_chars*, is the number of characters to extract. If *num_chars* is greater than the number of characters available, MID returns all remaining characters.

### Examples

The formula below returns 3 characters starting at the 5th character:

=MID("The cat in the hat",5,3) // returns "cat"

This formula will extract 3 characters starting at character 16:

=MID("The cat in the hat",16,3) // returns "hat"

If *num_chars* is greater than remaining characters, MID will all remaining characters:

=MID("apple",3,100) // returns "ple"

MID can extract text from numbers, but the result is text:

=MID(12348,3,4) // returns "348" as text

### Related functions

Use the MID function to extract from the *middle* of text. Use the LEFT function to extract text from the *left* side of a text string and the RIGHT function to extract text starting from the *right *side of text. The LEN function returns the length of text as a count of characters. Use FIND or SEARCH to locate an unknown start position.

### Notes

*num_chars*is optional and defaults to 1.- MID will extract text from numeric values, but the result is text
- Number formatting is not counted or extracted.

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