28 questions on evolution

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28 questions on evolution multiple choice questions are attached to the document

Question 1 (2 points)

Different alleles:

Question 1 options:

A)

have different nucleotide sequences.

B)

code for related, but different, proteins or RNA.

C)

are necessary for evolution.

D)

all of the above are correct.

Save


Question 2 (2 points)

Natural selection favors disadvantageous intermediate forms:

Question 2 options:

A)

when the ultimate product of evolution is better than the intermediate.

B)

when they leave fewer offspring than other forms.

C)

when females select against these intermediates.

D)

none of the above.

Save


Question 3 (2 points)

Sexual selection:

Question 3 options:

A)

includes cases where males are more likely eaten by wolves than females.

B)

includes cases where one gender selects mates of the opposite gender.

C)

is oddly absent in birds.

D)

is none of the above.

Save


Question 4 (2 points)

Which violation of Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium is best explained by sexual selection?

Question 4 options:

A)

Non-random mating

B)

Gene flow

C)

Mutation

D)

Genetic drift

Save


Question 5 (2 points)

When a population is challenged by changing environmental conditions:

Question 5 options:

A)

it may go extinct if the alleles necessary for success do not already exist in that population.

B)

mutations increase so that the needed allele can be found faster by natural selection.

C)

genetic drift decreases due to non-random mating.

D)

none of the above.

Save

Question 6 (5 points)

Dr. Coyne describes an experiment in which dark mice have a higher survival rate than light mice on dark soil when owls are present. We would expect that the mouse population would get darker over time. Explain this phenomenon with reference to the relevant (and violated) Hardy Weinberg assumptions.

Question 6 options:

Save

Question 7 (5 points)

Microevolution is in some ways random, while in other ways it is not. Explain. What does this mean in regards to the potential of a mutation saving a species facing extinction?

Question 7 options:

Save


Question 8 (2 points)

Tigers and lions are considered separate species under the Biological Species Concept because:

Question 8 options:

A)

they look obviously different.

B)

they cannot interbreed successfully in the wild.

C)

their hybrids are more vigorous than either parent species.

D)

none of the above.

Save


Question 9 (2 points)

Macroevolution:

Question 9 options:

A)

is the process by which new species originate from existing species.

B)

unlike microevolution never involves mutations.

C)

is simply a change in the gene pool of a single species.

D)

operates on species over 3 kg only.

Save


Question 10 (2 points)

You were introduced in a short video to several groups of salamanders that serve to illustrate macroevolution in action. Which of the following statements about their story is true?

Question 10 options:

A)

As the original population migrated south, it split into geographically isolated subpopulations.

B)

By the time that the subpopulations reunited in the south, they could no longer produce offspring.

C)

The salamanders became cryptic species that were visually indistinguishable.

D)

None of the above is true.

Save

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Question 1 (2 points)

Different alleles:

Question 1 options:

A)

have different nucleotide sequences.

B)

code for related, but different, proteins or RNA.

C)

are necessary for evolution.

D)

all of the above are correct.

Save


Question 2 (2 points)

Natural selection favors disadvantageous intermediate forms:

Question 2 options:

A)

when the ultimate product of evolution is better than the intermediate.

B)

when they leave fewer offspring than other forms.

C)

when females select against these intermediates.

D)

none of the above.

Save


Question 3 (2 points)

Sexual selection:

Question 3 options:

A)

includes cases where males are more likely eaten by wolves than females.

B)

includes cases where one gender selects mates of the opposite gender.

C)

is oddly absent in birds.

D)

is none of the above.

Save


Question 4 (2 points)

Which violation of Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium is best explained by sexual selection?

Question 4 options:

A)

Non-random mating

B)

Gene flow

C)

Mutation

D)

Genetic drift

Save


Question 5 (2 points)

When a population is challenged by changing environmental conditions:

Question 5 options:

A)

it may go extinct if the alleles necessary for success do not already exist in that population.

B)

mutations increase so that the needed allele can be found faster by natural selection.

C)

genetic drift decreases due to non-random mating.

D)

none of the above.

Save

Question 6 (5 points)

Dr. Coyne describes an experiment in which dark mice have a higher survival rate than light mice on dark soil when owls are present. We would expect that the mouse population would get darker over time. Explain this phenomenon with reference to the relevant (and violated) Hardy Weinberg assumptions.

Question 6 options:

Save

Question 7 (5 points)

Microevolution is in some ways random, while in other ways it is not. Explain. What does this mean in regards to the potential of a mutation saving a species facing extinction?

Question 7 options:

Save


Question 8 (2 points)

Tigers and lions are considered separate species under the Biological Species Concept because:

Question 8 options:

A)

they look obviously different.

B)

they cannot interbreed successfully in the wild.

C)

their hybrids are more vigorous than either parent species.

D)

none of the above.

Save


Question 9 (2 points)

Macroevolution:

Question 9 options:

A)

is the process by which new species originate from existing species.

B)

unlike microevolution never involves mutations.

C)

is simply a change in the gene pool of a single species.

D)

operates on species over 3 kg only.

Save


Question 10 (2 points)

You were introduced in a short video to several groups of salamanders that serve to illustrate macroevolution in action. Which of the following statements about their story is true?

Question 10 options:

A)

As the original population migrated south, it split into geographically isolated subpopulations.

B)

By the time that the subpopulations reunited in the south, they could no longer produce offspring.

C)

The salamanders became cryptic species that were visually indistinguishable.

D)

None of the above is true.

Save

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Quiz

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Question 21 (5 points)

How are modern humans distinct from Paranthropus robustus? Was P. robustus a human? Why or why not?

Question 21 options:

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Question 22 (2 points)

Which of the following is not a step of the scientific method?

Question 22 options:

Make observations

Formulate a hypothesis

Make predictions

Prove your hypothesis

Save


Question 23 (2 points)

Which of the following was at play in the evolution of the peppered moth following the Industrial Revolution?

Question 23 options:

Migration (gene flow)

Founder effect

Bottleneck event

Natural selection

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Question 24 (2 points)

Which of the following did NOT contribute to an increase in antibiotic resistance in bacteria?

Question 24 options:

Prescribing of antibiotics for viral infections

Addition of antibiotic to common household products, such as hand soap

Failure by hospitals to sterilize surgical tools

All of the above contributed to antibiotic resistance in bacteria.

Save


Question 25 (2 points)

Cancer is subject to evolution due to:

Question 25 options:

Gene flow

Tumor cells experiencing a bottleneck event due to chemotherapy

Natural selection and competition between cells of two different tumors

Natural selection and competition between cells of the same tumor

Save


Question 26 (2 points)

Which statement is true?

Question 26 options:

Intelligent design offers an explanation for the origins of all life.

The Intelligent Design concept has been criticized as a form of creationism.

Intelligent Design provides scientists with testable explanations for biological diversity.

None of the above.

Save

Question 27 (5 points)

Select an aspect of evolution that has been subjected to the scientific method. Detail the steps of the scientific method and how it was applied to your particular example of evolutionary theory.

Question 27 options:

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Question 28 (5 points)

Provide an example where knowledge of evolution has informed the field of modern medicine. Be sure to include specific details of what aspect of evolution is at play.

Question 28 options:

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